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Nota Geografi Tingkatan 2

Nota Geografi Tingkatan 2

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GEOGRAFI

NOTA DAN LATIHAN
NAMA: ___________________________________________________
TINGKATAN: _____________________________________________
DISEDIAKAN OLEH
PN. NORHANIM BT BASIRAN
1
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TINGKATAN
2
BAHAGIAN A:
KEMAHIRAN
GEOGRA$I
2
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BAHAGIAN A:
KEMAHIRAN
GEOGRAFI
Bab
1
Kedudukan
(BT ms 1 hingga 30
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
1(1: )a#i#ud dan &*ngi#ud
1(+: Men$a#akan kedudukan di a#as g&*b
1(3: Mengi'a ,ak#u #em%a#an
1(-: .ak#u %ia,ai
1(1: )a#i#ud dan &*ngi#ud
1. L!t'tu( '!!) *!+',-*!+', .!"* /e"u"0u11!" 0!+!1 !"t!+! ,e,u!tu te/2!t 1e ut!+! !t!u
1e ,e!t!" K)!tu',t'3!.
2. L4"*'tu( 2u! be+/!1,u( 1e(u(u1!" ,e,u!tu te/2!t 1e t'/u+ !t!u 1e b!+!t G!+',!"
Me+'('!" P!"*1! 5GMP6.
3. L!t'tu( (!" 4"*'tu( !(!!) *!+',!" .!"* ('u1', 2!(! !t!, (!" *4b.
&. Ke(u(u1!" !t'tu( ('".!t!1!" (!!/ u"'t __________ 5BT /, 36 .!"* ('be+'1!" ,'/b4
5

6.
7. G!+',!" ____________________________ 5BT /, 36 !(!!) !t'tu( .!"* te+2!"0!"* (!"
/e/b!)!*'1!" bu/' 1e2!(! (u! )e/',8e+!.
6. L4"*'tu( ut!/! ('u1', /e!u' b!"(!+ _____________________ 5BT /, &6 (' L4"(4".
%. I! tu+ut ('1e"!' ,eb!*!' ___________________________________________________ 5GMP6 5BT
/, &6.
9. L4"*'tu( 190

T (!" 190

B !(!!) *!+',!" .!"* ,!/! (!" ('1e"!' ,eb!*!'
___________________________ _________________________ 5GTA 5BT /, &6.
#. T!+'1) !1!" be+ub!) !3! ,!tu )!+' 0'1! /e'"t!,' GTA (!+' b!+!t 1e t'/u+. Seb!'1".!:
t!+'1) !1!" /e"0!(' e3!t ,!tu )!+' 0'1! /e+e"t!,' GTA (!+' t'/u+ 1e b!+!t.
3
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1(+: Men$a#akan kedudukan di a#as g&*b
1. Ke(u(u1!" ,e,u!tu te/2!t 2!(! *4b (!2!t ('te"tu1!" /e!u' t't'1 2e+,'!"*!" !"t!+!
!t'tu( (!" 4"*'tu(.
2. L!t'tu( G be+(!,!+1!" *4b (' b!3!) '!!) __________
/!"!1!! 4"*'tu(".! '!!) __________. Oe) 'tu: 1e(u(u1!"
G 2!(! *4b (' b!3!) '!!) ____________________.
1(3: Mengi'a ,ak#u #em%a#an
1. <!1tu te/2!t!" !(!!)
__________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________ 5BT /, 96.
2. L!t'tu( = L4"*'tu( 5>24t4"* .!"* ,!!)6 ('*u"!1!" u"tu1 /e"*'+! 2e+be?!!" 3!1tu t'
te/2!t .!"* be+be?!.
3. Bu/' /e/bu!t ,!tu 2ut!+!" (!!/ _______ 0!/ 5BT /, #6.
&. S!tu 2ut!+!" bu/' be+,!/!!" (e"*!" 360

.
7. Oe) 'tu: ,et'!2 ,!tu 0!/: bu/' be+2ut!+ 2!(! 0!+!1 ____________________5BT /, #6 '!'tu
5360

@ 2& 0!/ A 6.
6. M!,! .!"* ('!/b' u"tu1 bu/' be+2ut!+ 2!(! 0!+!1 1

'!!) & /'"'t 5'!'tu 560 @17 A &
/'"'t6.
%. <!1tu te/2!t!" .!"* te+et!1 (' ,ebe!) t'/u+ !(!!) eb) (!)uu (!+'2!(! 3!1tu
te/2!t!" .!"* te+et!1 (' ,ebe!) _____________.
9. P!"(u!" /e"*'+! 3!1tu te/2!t!"
Te+(!2!t t'*! !"*1!) (!!/ /e"*'+! 3!1tu te/2!t!":
I. K'+! ,e',') 4"*'tu(
• Se1'+!".! 2e"*'+!!" te+,ebut t'(!1 /e!u' 0 : ,e',') 4"*'tu( 2e+u ('t4!1 ◦
,2t B4"t4) 1.
• Se1'+!".! 2e"*'+!!" te+,ebut /e!u' 0

: ,e',') 4"*'tu( 2e+u ('t!/b!) ,2t
B4"t4) 3.
II. K'+! 2e+be?!!" /!,!
III. K'+! 3!1tu te/2!t!"
• ;'1! 3!1tu +u0u1!" be+!(! (' ,ebe!) 1!"!" (!" 3!1tu .!"* '"*'" ('C!+'
be+!(! (' ,ebe!) 1'+': t4!1 3!1tu +u0u1!" (e"*!" 2e+be?!!" /!,! ,e2e+t'
(!!/ B4"t4) 3.
• ;'1! 3!1tu +u0u1!" be+!(! (' ,ebe!) 1'+' (!" 3!1tu .!"* '"*'" ('C!+' be+!(!
(' ,ebe!) 1!"!": t!/b!) 3!1tu +u0u1!" (e"*!" 2e+be?!!" /!,! ,e2e+t' (!!/
B4"t4) &.
/*n#*h 1
A2!1!) 3!1tu te/2!t!" (' B 530

T6 0'1! 1et'1!
'tu 3!1tu te/2!t!" (' 0

'!!) 7.00 2!*'D
Pe"*'+!!" 0!3!2!":
<!1tu te/2!t!" (' 0

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A 2 0!/
/*n#*h +
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'tu 3!1tu te/2!t!" (' 0

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<!1tu te/2!t!" (' 0

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<!1tu te/2!t!" (' B A7.00 2!*' G 2 0!/
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<!1tu te/2!t!" (' B A7.00 2!*' - 2 0!/
&0 /'"'t
A 2.20 2!*'
/*n#*h 3
A2!1!) 3!1tu te/2!t!" (' D 530

T6 0'1! 1et'1!
'tu 3!1tu te/2!t!" (' &0

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<!1tu te/2!t!" (' 0

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A _________________
<!1tu te/2!t!" (' B A 3.00
2et!"* G ____________
A_______________
/*n#*h -
A2!1!) 3!1tu te/2!t!" (' D 530

T6 0'1! 1et'1!
'tu 3!1tu te/2!t!" (' 90

B

'!!) 3.00 2et!"*D
Pe"*'+!!" 0!3!2!":
<!1tu te/2!t!" (' 0

A 3 2et!"*
Se',') 4"*'tu( A 90

G 30

A _____
Pe+be?!!" 1

A & /'"'t
______ A ______ F &
A __________ @ 60 /'"'t
A _______________
<!1tu te/2!t!" (' B A7.00 2!*' G % 0!/
20 /'"'t
A 12.20 te"*!)!+'
1(-: .ak#u %ia,ai
1. <!1tu 2'!3!' ('*u"!1!" b!*' /e"e"tu1!" 3!1tu te/2!t!" (' Ne*!+! /e+e1!.
2. Bu/' /e/2u".!' _______ 5BT /, 116 ?4" 3!1tu.
3. Pe+be?!!" b!*' ,et'!2 ?4" 3!1tu '!!) ______ !t!u ________ 5BT /, 116.
7
II
I
II
II
I
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II
II
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3.00 2et!"* D D
90

B 30

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5G6
BAHAGIAN A:
KEMAHIRAN
GEOGRAFI
Bab
+
A'ah
(BT ms 10 hingga 11
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
+(1: Bea'ing sudu#an
+(+: Menguku' bea'ing sudu#an ku'ang da'i%ada 120

+(3: Menguku' bea'ing sudu#an &ebih da'i%ada 120

+(1: Bea'ing sudu#an
1. Be!+'"* '!!)
____________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________ 5BT /, 166.
2. Be!+'"* ,u(ut!" be+/!1,u( ________________________________________________________
.!"* ('u1u+ (!+' !+!) ut!+! /e"*'1ut 2u,'"*!" 0!/ 5BT /, 166.
+(+: Menguku' bea'ing sudu#an ku'ang da'i%ada 120

1. Lu1', ,!tu *!+',!" u+u, (!"
2!"0!"* .!"* /e+e"t!,' (u! te/2!t
.!"* )e"(!1 ('u1u+. D!!/ 1e, '"':
!(!!) (!+' H 1e I
2. Lu1', ,!tu *!+',!" u+u, ut!+! E ,e!t!"
/e!u' t't'1 +u0u1!" 5(!!/ 1e, '"': t't'1
+u0u1!"".! !(!!) (' H.
3. Let!11!" 0!"*1! ,u(ut te2!t ('
!t!, *!+',!" ut!+! E ,e!t!". P!,t'1!"
t't'1 te"*!) 0!"*1! ,u(ut be+t'"(')
(e"*!" H.
&. U1u+ ,u(ut /e"*'1ut !+!) 0!/. B!C!!"
2!(! 0!"*1! ,u(ut '!!) 60

. Oe) 'tu:
be!+'"* ,u(ut!" I (!+' H '!!) 60

.
6
H
I
H
I
H
I
H
I
60

+(3: Menguku' bea'ing sudu#an &ebih da'i%ada 120

1. Lu1', ,!tu *!+',!" u+u, (!"
2!"0!"* .!"* /e+e"t!,' (u! te/2!t
.!"* )e"(!1 ('u1u+. D!!/ 1e, '"':
!(!!) (!+' A 1e B
2. Lu1', ,!tu *!+',!" u+u, ut!+! E ,e!t!"
/e!u' t't'1 +u0u1!" 5(!!/ 1e, '"': t't'1
+u0u1!"".! !(!!) (' B6.
3. Let!11!" 0!"*1! ,u(ut (' ,ebe!)
t'/u+ *!+',!" ut!+! E ,e!t!" (!"
(!2!t1!" b!C!!" 190

. Ke/u('!"/
et!11!" 2u! 0!"*1! ,u(ut 'tu ('
,ebe!) b!+!t *!+',!" ut!+! E ,e!t!"
(!" ')!t b!C!!"".!.
&. U1u+ ,u(ut /e"*'1ut !+!) 0!/. B!C!!"
2!(! 0!"*1! ,u(ut '!!) 60

. Oe) 'tu:
be!+'"* ,u(ut!" I (!+' H '!!) 60

.
U"tu1 /e/2e+4e) be!+'"* ,u(ut!" A 1e B:
C!/2u+1!" 190

(!" 120

'!'tu 300

. ;!(':
be!+'"* ,u(ut!" A (!+' B '!!) 300

.
%
A
B
A
B
A
B
190

A
B
120

BAHAGIAN A:
KEMAHIRAN
GEOGRAFI
Bab
3
3ka&a dan 4a'ak
(BT ms +0 hingga 30
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
3(1: Menguku' !a'ak di an#a'a dua #em%a# %ada %e#a dengan menggunakan
ska&a &u'us
3(+: Menuka'kan !a'ak %ada %e#a ke%ada !a'ak sebena' dengan
menggunakan ska&a &u'us
3(3: Menuka'kan !a'ak di &a%angan ke%ada !a'ak %ada %e#a dengan
menggunakan ska&a &u'us
3(1 Menguku' !a'ak di an#a'a #em%a# %ada %e#a dengan menggunakan ska&a
&u'us
1. ;!+!1 2!(! 2et! (!2!t ('u1u+ ,eC!+! u+u, !t!u2u" ,eC!+! /ee"*1u"*.
2. B!)!" .!"* ('*u"!1!" u"tu1 /e"*u1u+ 0!+!1 2!(! 2et! ,eC!+! u+u, !(!!):
!. _______________________________________
b. _______________________________________
C. _______________________________________
3. B!)!" .!"* ('*u"!1!" u"tu1 /e"*u1u+ 0!+!1 2!(! 2et! ,eC!+! /ee"*1u"* !(!!):
!. _______________________________________
b. _______________________________________
&. L!"*1!)-!"*1!) b!*' /e"*u1u+ 0!+!1 2!(! 2et! ,eC!+! &u'us (e"*!" /e"**u"!1!"
!angka #*&*k '!!):
!. Te"tu1!" 41!,' .!"* )e"(!1 ('u1u+ (!" t!"(!1!" ,!tu t't'1 2!(! ,et'!2 te/2!t
.!"* /!)u ('u1u+.
b. Let!11!" 1e(u!-(u! )u0u"* 0!"*1! t441 2!(! 1e(u!-(u! t't'1 te+,ebut.
C. T!"2! /e"*ub!) 0!+!1 !"t!+! 1e(u!-(u! )u0u"* t441 'tu: u1u+ bu1!!"".! 2!(!
,1!! u+u,.
(. B!C! 0!+!1 ,ebe"!+.
7. L!"*1!)-!"*1!) b!*' /e"*u1u+ 0!+!1 2!(! 2et! ,eC!+! &u'us (e"*!" /e"**u"!1!"
%emba'is '!!):
!. Te"tu1!" 41!,' .!"* )e"(!1 ('u1u+ (!" t!"(!1!" ,!tu t't'1 2!(! ,et'!2 te/2!t
.!"* /!)u ('u1u+.
b. Let!11!" 2e/b!+', 2!(! te/2!t .!"* )e"(!1 ('u1u+.
C. B!C! u1u+!" 2!(! 2e/b!+',.
6. L!"*1!)-!"*1!) b!*' /e"*u1u+ 0!+!1 2!(! 2et! ,eC!+! &u'us (e"*!" /e"**u"!1!"
!a&u' ke'#as '!!):
9
!. Te"tu1!" 41!,' .!"* )e"(!1 ('u1u+ (!" t!"(!1!" ,!tu t't'1 2!(! ,et'!2 te/2!t
.!"* /!)u ('u1u+.
b. Bu!t ,!tu t!"(! 2!(! 0!u+ 1e+t!, (!" et!11!" 2!(! ,!!) ,!tu t't'1 .!"* ('bu!t
t!('.
C. Ke/u('!": t!"(!1!" 0!+!1 (!" 2'"(!)1!" u1u+!"".! 1e !t!, ,1!! u+u,.
(. B!C! u1u+!"".!.
%. L!"*1!)-!"*1!) b!*' /e"*u1u+ 0!+!1 2!(! 2et! ,eC!+! me&engkung (e"*!"
/e"**u"!1!" benang:
!. T!"(!1!" ,!tu t't'1 (' te"*!)-te"*!) te/2!t .!"* )e"(!1 ('u1u+.
b. T!"(!1!" ,!tu t!"(! 2!(! ,!tu )u0u"* be"!"* (e"*!" 2e".
C. Let!11!" b!)!*'!" .!"* be+t!"(! 'tu (' ,!!) ,!tu te/2!t .!"* )e"(!1 ('u1u+.
(. Let!11!" be"!"* /e"*'1ut e"*1u"*!" 1e te/2!t .!"* ,!tu !*'.
e. Ke/u('!": et!11!" be"!"* 'tu (' !t!, ,1!! u+u,.
8. B!C! u1u+!"".!.
9. L!"*1!)-!"*1!) b!*' /e"*u1u+ 0!+!1 2!(! 2et! ,eC!+! me&engkung (e"*!"
/e"**u"!1!" !a&u' ke'#as:
!. T!"(!1!" ,!tu t't'1 (' te"*!)-te"*!) te/2!t .!"* )e"(!1 ('u1u+.
b. T!"(!1!" ,!tu t!"(! 2!(! 1e+t!, (e"*!" 2e" !t!u 2e",e.
C. Let!11!" b!)!*'!" .!"* be+t!"(! 'tu (' ,!!) ,!tu te/2!t .!"* )e"(!1 ('u1u+.
(. Ge+!11!" 0!u+ 1e+t!, (' ,e2!"0!"* b!)!*'!" u+u, .!"* 2e+t!/!: 1e(u! (!"
,ete+u,".! ,e)'"**! ,!/2!' 1e t't'1 .!"* ,!tu !*'.
e. Ke/u('!": !')1!" 0!u+ 1e+t!, 'tu 2!(! ,1!! u+u,. B!C! 0!+!1 ,ebe"!+.
3(+: Menuka'kan !a'ak %ada %e#a ke%ada !a'ak sebena' dengan
menggunakan ska&a &u'us
1. ;!+!1 2!(! 2et! b4e) ('tu1!+1!" 1e2!(! 0!+!1 ,ebe"!+ (e"*!" /e"**u"!1!" ,1!!
u+u, .!"* (',e('!1!".
#
Bu1't Se"t4,!
Ru/!)H!,
!"
Ru/!)S)!
/'
2. U1u+ 0!+!1 2!(! 2et! (' !t!, 1e2!(! 0!+!1 ,ebe"!+ (e"*!" /e"**u"!1!" ,1!! u+u,.
B'. Te/2!t ;!+!1 2!(!
2et!
;!+!1
,ebe"!+
1. ;!+!1 !"t!+! )!(!2!" +u/!) S)!/' 1e )!(!2!"
+u/!) H!,!" /e!u' 0!!" +!.!
2. ;!+!1 /e"*'1ut 0!!" +!.! !"t!+! ,'/2!"* K*.
L!"*,!t 1e )!(!2!" +u/!) H!,!"
3. ;!+!1 u+u, (!+' 2u"C!1 Bu1't Se"t4,! 1e +u/!)
S)!/'
&. ;!+!1 !"t!+! 1'!"* 1e K* S4/ /e"*'1ut 0!!"
1e+et!2' e,tet
10
3(3: Menuka'kan !a'ak di &a%angan ke%ada !a'ak %ada %e#a dengan
menggunakan ska&a &u'us
R!0!) 3.1: Ke(u(u1!" K!/2u"* P!"*'/!
1. ;!+!1 ,ebe"!+ (' 2e+/u1!!" bu/' (e"*!" /e/b!)!*'1!" 0!+!1 ,ebe"!+ (e"*!" ,1!!
u+u,.
2. Pe"*'+!!" b!*' /e"u1!+1!" 0!+!1 ,ebe"!+ 1e2!(! 0!+!1 2!(! 2et!.
3. Be+'1ut '!!) 0!+!1 2!(! 2et! b!*' +!0!) 3.1 ,ete!) ('b!)!*'1!" 0!+!1 ,ebe"!+".!.
11
;!+!1 ,ebe"!+ ;!!" S!3!) Se/2!(!" A
S1!! u+u, A 1 C/ /e3!1'' 2 1/
Oe) 'tu: 0!+!1 2!(! 2et! A ____ A _____ C/
2
T!,'1 B'+u
P!,!+ Ru/!) A/+'
M!,0'(
B!!' P4',
Ke(!' Bu1u
B!!' +!.!
Se14!)
Bu1't Su+'!
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Pet! 3.1: Pet! K!/2u"* P!"*'/! /e"*'1ut ,1!! 1C/ : 2 1/
BAHAGIAN A:
KEMAHIRAN
GEOGRAFI
Bab
-
G'a5
(BT ms 31 hingga -0
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
-(1: G'a5 Ba' Be'ganda
-(+: G'a5 Ga'isan Be'ganda
-(1: G'a5 Ba' Be'ganda
1. G+!8 0e"', '"' ('*u"!1!" u"tu1
_____________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________ 5BT /, 316.
2. ;!(u! &.1 /e"u"0u11!" /!1u/!t .!"* (',u,u" ,eC!+! 1!,!+.
T'"*1!t!
"
Le!1' Pe+e/2u!" ;u/!)
1 IIII IIII IIII III IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII III &6
2 IIII IIII IIII IIII II IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII III 70
3 IIII IIII IIII IIII
IIII I
IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII
IIII
60
;u/!) Be,!+ 176
3. ;!(u! &.2 2u! /e"u"0u11!" /!1u/!t .!"* (',u,u" ,eC!+! eb') te+!tu+.
T'"*1!t!
"
Le!1
'
Pe+e/2u!
"
;u/!)
1 &6
2 70
3 60
;u/!) Be,!+ 176
&. G+!8 &.1 '!!) C4"t4) *+!8 b!+ be+*!"(!.
&.1.1: P!"(u!" Meu1', G+!8 Be+*!"(!
• Lu1', *+!8 b!+ be+*!"(! be+(!,!+1!" 0!(u! (' b!3!) /e"*e"!' b'!"*!" !)'
+u/!) ,u1!" SMKK; b!*' t'"*1!t!" 2.
Ru/!)
Su1!"
Le!1
'
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"
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2e!0!+
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Me+!) 20 20 &0
B'+u 27 20 &7
12
Ku"'"* 19 22 &0
;u/!) 93 %2 160
1. Lu1', 2!1,' /e"(!t!+ (!" !be1!" +u/!) ,u1!"
2. Lu1', 2!1,' /e"e*!1 (!" !be1!" b'!"*!" 2e!0!+. P'') ,1!! .!"* ,e,u!'.
3. Lu1', b!+ .!"* /e"u"0u11!" b'!"*!" 2e!0!+ e!1' +u/!) ,u1!" )'0!u.
&. Lu1', b!+ .!"* /e"u"0u11!" b'!"*!" 2e!0!+ 2e+e/2u!" +u/!) ,u1!" )'0!u ('
,ebe!)".!.
7. Lu1', b!+ u"tu1 !)' +u/!) ,u1!" .!"* !'".
6. Tu', t!0u1 *+!8 .!"* ,e,u!'.
%. Lu1', 2etu"0u1 u"tu1 /e/be?!1!" 0!"t'"!.
&.1.2: Me"t!8,'+1!" ;!(u! (!" G+!8 B!+ Be+*!"(!
1. Pe+)!t'1!" t!0u1 0!(u! u"tu1 /e"(!2!t1!" /!1u/!t +'"*1!,.
2. _________________________________________________________________ 5BT /, 376
3. Pe+)!t'1!" "'!' te+t'"**' (!" "'!' te+e"(!) b!*' ,et'!2 (!t!.
&. Bu!t 2e+b!"('"*!" u"tu1 /e"(!2!t1!" 2e+be?!!" (!" 2e+,!/!!".
7. B4"t4) t!8,'+!" !(!!) ,e2e+t' be+'1ut:
13
T!/2! *+!8 .!"* !"(! u1', (!!/ 1e+t!, *+!8 (' ,'"'.
G+!8 (' !t!, /e"u"0u11!" 0u/!)
________________________________________
__________________________________. Ru/!) B'+u /e/2u".!' 0u/!)
!)' .!"* 2!'"* +!/!' '!'tu ,eb!".!1 _______ 4+!"* be+b!"('"*
+u/!)-+u/!) !'". ;u/!) !)' e!1' b!*' +u/!)__________ (!" +u/!)
________ !(!!) ,!/! b!".!1 '!'tu ,e+!/!' _______ 4+!"* b!*' ,et'!2
+u/!). M!"!1!! +u/!) ___________ (!" _________ /e/2u".!' 2e!0!+
2e+e/2u!" .!"* ,!/! b!".!1 '!'tu ,e+!/!' 20 4+!"*. Ru/!)
________ /e/2u".!' !)' 2e+e/2u!" .!"* 2!'"* ,e('1't '!'tu ,e+!/!'
-(+: G'a5 Ga'isan Be'ganda
1. G+!8 0e"', '"' /e/2e+,e/b!)1!" (!t! (!!/ be"tu1 _____________________.
2. G!+',!"-*!+',!" '"' _______________________________________________________. 5B4* A /,
116. T't'1-t't'1 '"' /e/2u".!' "'!' .!"* be+!'"!".
3. G+!8 0e"', '"' __________________________________________ 5B4* A /,. 126: '!'tu 2 !t!u
eb'). Oe) 'tu: 2e+b!"('"*!" (!2!t ('')!t (e"*!" 0e!,.
&. B!+! /e"t!8,'+ *+!8 *!+',!" ,!/! (e"*!" *+!8 b!+ be+*!"(!.
&.1.1: P!"(u!" Meu1', G+!8 G!+',!" Be+*!"(!
;e"', 1e+et! ;!"u!+
'
$eb+u!+
'
M!C A2+' Me' ;u"
Pe+4(u!
K!"C'
9 6 6 10 9 10
P+4t4" <'+! 6 & & 6 6 9
1. Lu1', 2!1,' /e"(!t!+ (!" !be1!" bu!"-bu!"".!.
2. Lu1', 2!1,' /e"e*!1 (!" !be1!" b'!"*!" 0u!!" 1e+et! ,et'!2 bu!". P'') ,1!!
.!"* ,e,u!'.
3. T!"(!1!" 24'" F .!"* /e"u"0u11!" b'!"*!" 0u!!" 1e+et! b!*' 1e+et! P+4t4".
&. T!"(!1!" 24'" ● .!"* /e"u"0u11!" b'!"*!" 0u!!" 1e+et! b!*' 1e+et! Pe+4(u!.
7. Tu', t!0u1 *+!8 .!"* ,e,u!'.
6. L!be *!+',!".
1&
T!/2! *+!8 .!"* !"(! u1', (!!/ 1e+t!, *+!8 (' ,'"'.
BAHAGIAN A:
KEMAHIRAN
GEOGRAFI
Bab
6
Ra!ah
(BT ms -1 hingga 61
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
6(1: Ra!ah Ki#a'an
6(+: 7e#a Minda
N4t!: R!0!) !(!!) b!)!" *+!8'1 __________________________________________________
,e+t! ('2e+,e/b!)1!" (e"*!" C!+! .!"* ______________________________________.
6(1: Ra!ah Ki#a'an
1. R!0!) 1't!+!" '!!) ________________________________________
2. M!1u/!t b!*' /e"*)!,'1!" ,!tu +!0!) 1't!+!" 2e+u ('1u/2u te+eb') (!)uu
,ebeu/ /eu1', +!0!) 1't!+!".
3. B!*' /e"t!8,'+ +!0!) 1't!+!" 2u!: 2e!0!+ 2e+u /e/e+)!t'1!" t!0u1 +!0!). L')!t u+ut!"
"4/b4+ !t!u !+!) !"!1 2!"!).
&. B!C! )u+!'!" +'"*1!, .!"* ('be+'1!".

6(+: 7e#a Minda
1. Pet! /'"(! !(!!) +!0!) .!"* ('u1', u"tu1 /e+'"*1!,1!" /!1u/!t.
2. B!+! /e"t!8,'+ 2et! /'"(! )!/2'+ ,!/! (e"*!" C!+! /e"t!8,'+ +!0!) 1't!+!".
17
U!t beu"C!,
Ke24/24"*
Teu+
R!/!-+!/!
R!/!-+!/!
1eu!+ (!+'
1e24/24"*
Ki#a'an hidu%
seek*' 'ama"
'ama
R!0!) '"' /e"u"0u11!" _________________________________________.
See14+ +!/!-+!/! b4e) be+teu+ 2u+!t! ,eb!".!1 200 b'0'. D!+' ,eb'0'
___________ 'tu: !1!" !)'+ _______________________. U!t buu '"' !1!"
)'(u2 ,e!/! (u! )'"**! t'*! /'"**u ,ebeu/ '! 1e/u('!"".!
be+tu1!+ /e"0!(' _____________________. Sete!) bebe+!2! !/!:
____________________ ____________________________ (!" /e"0e/!
/e"0!(' ___________________________.
1
7
2
3
&
3. Lu1', ,ebu!) 2et! /'"(! /e"*e"!' 2e+!!t!" .!"* ('*u"!1!" b!*' /e"*u1u+ 0!+!1
u+u, (!" 0!+!1 /ee"*1u"*.
16
;!+!1 ;!+!1 u+u,
;!+!1
/ee"*1u"*
BAHAGIAN A:
KEMAHIRAN
GEOGRAFI
Bab
0
7e#a
(BT ms 6+ hingga 0+
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
0(1: 7e#a Be'gamba'
0(1: 7e#a Be'gamba' (B&*g A ms 1-
1. Pet! 0e"', '"' ('*u"!1!" u"tu1
_____________________________________________________________ .
2. Te+(!2!t t'*! 0e"', ,'/b4 '!'tu _______________________________________________ .
3. S'/b4 be+*!/b!+ /e+u2!1!"
_____________________________________________________________.
&. S'/b4 )u+u8 __________________________________________________.
7. S'/b4 !"*1! _________________________________________________.
6. S'/b4-,'/b4 '"' /e"u"0u11!" t!bu+!" C'+'-C'+' 8'?'1! (!" bu(!.! ,e,u!tu te/2!t.
%. A"t!+! C'+'-C'+' 8'?'1! !(!!) ,e2e+t' be+'1ut:
B' B'+' 8'?'1! B4"t4)
1. Be"tu1 /u1! bu/' Gu"u"*: bu1't: t!"!) 2!/!): teu1
(!" 2u!u.
2. Tu/bu)-tu/bu)!"
,e/u! 0!('
Hut!" 2!.!: beu1!+: +u/2ut (!"
)ut!" +'/b!
3. S!'+!" Su"*!': t!,'1: 2!+'t (!" 2!.!
9. B'+'-C'+' bu(!.! 2u! !(!!) ,e2e+t' be+'1ut:
B'. B'+'-C'+' bu(!.! B4"t4)
1. Pete/2!t!" B!"*u"!": ,e14!): /!,0'(: 1e(!': (!" b!!' 24',
2. Pe"*!"*1ut!" ;!!" +!.!: 0!!" 1e+et! !2': ,te,e" b!, (!"
!2!"*!" te+b!"*
3. Pe+)ubu"*!" Ste,e" +!('4 (!" teeJ',.e"
&. Ke*'!t!"
e14"4/'
Pe"!"!/!" 2!(': 2e+4/b4"*!" b'0') t'/!) (!"
2e!"C4"*!"
#. Se"!+!'1!" '/! C'+' 8'?'1! (!" C'+' bu(!.! .!"* te+(!2!t 2!(! 2et! be+*!/b!+ ('
b!3!):
B' B'+' $'?'1! B'+' Bu(!.!
1.
1%
2.
3.
&.
7.
19
T!/2! *!/b!+ /, BT 60
BAHAGIAN B:
GEOGRA$I
$IKIKAL
L
MANUSIA
1#
BAHAGIAN B:
GEOGRAFI FI8IKA) 9
MAN:3IA
Bab
;
Tabu'an 7enduduk
(BT ms 0- hingga ;-
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
;(1: Tabu'an %enduduk Ma&a$sia
;(+: Fak#*'"5ak#*' $ang mem%enga'uhi #abu'an %enduduk Ma&a$sia
;(1: Tabu'an %enduduk Ma&a$sia (BT ms 0- "00
1. T!bu+!" 2e"(u(u1 be+/!1,u(
_____________________________________________________________.
2. Ke2!(!t!" 2e"(u(u1 2u! be+/!1,u(
_______________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________.
3. Ke2!(!t!" 2e"(u(u1 b4e) ('1'+! ,e2e+t' be+'1ut:
&. SeC!+! u/u/".!: t!bu+!" 2e"(u(u1 M!!.,'! t'(!1 ,e1!t!. I! te+b!)!*' 1e2!(!:
K!3!,!" be+2e"(u(u1
2!(!t
K!3!,!" be+2e"(u(u1
,e(e+)!"!
K!3!,!"
be+2e"(u(u1 0!+!"*
De8'"',' Pe"(u(u1 eb')
(!+'2!(! ________
4+!"*.
Pe"(u(u1 !"t!+! ____
)'"**! ______ 4+!"*
Pe"(u(u1 1u+!"*
(!+'2!(! _____ 4+!"*
K!3!,!"
te+'b!t
B4"t4)
te/2!t
Se/e"!"0u"*
M!!.,'!
-
-
-
-
-
S!b!)
-
-
-
S!+!3!1
-
-
-
Se/e"!"0u"*
M!!.,'!
-
-
-
-
-
S!b!)
-
-
-
S!+!3!1
-
-
-
Se/e"!"0u"*
M!!.,'!
-
-
-
-
-
S!b!)
-
-
-
S!+!3!1
-
-
-
20
Ke2!(!t!" 2e"(u(u1 A ;u/!)
2e"(u(u1
u!, 1!3!,!"
;(+: Fak#*'"5ak#*' $ang mem%enga'uhi #abu'an %enduduk Ma&a$sia
1. T!bu+!" 2e"(u(u1 .!"* t'(!1 ,e1!t! (' M!!.,'! ('2e"*!+u)' 4e) bebe+!2! 8!1t4+
'!'tu:
!. ______________________________
___
b. ______________________________
___
C. ______________________________
___
(. ______________________________
_______
e. ______________________________
_______
$!1t4+-8!1t4+ .!"* /e/2e"*!+u)' t!bu+!" 2e"(u(u1 M!!.,'!
Be"tu1 /u1!
bu/'
• K!3!,!" t!"!)
2!/!)
• T!"!)".! ,ubu+
• Se,u!' u"tu1 2e/b'"!!" 1!3!,!"
2e"e/2!t!".
• K!3!,!" be+,!'+!"
b!'1
• A'+ 2e"t'"* u"tu1 1e)'(u2!"
• Te/2!t .!"* /e/2u".!' ,!'+!" .!"* b!'1
!1!" /e"0!(' tu/2u!" 2e"(u(u1.
• K!3!,!" *u"u"* (!"
1!3!,!" 2e(!!/!"
be+)ut!" teb!
• K!3!,!" 0e"', '"' b'!,!".! /e/2u".!'
t!bu+!" 2e"(u(u1 .!"* 0!+!"* 1e+!"!
2e/b'"!!" 2eb!*!' 1e/u(!)!" /e/e+u1!"
be!"0! .!"* t'"**'
• A(! 0u*! t!"!) t'"**' .!"* /e/2u".!'
1e2!(!t!" 2e"(u(u1 .!"* t'"**' ,e2e+t'
Ku"(!,!"* (' S!b!) (!" B!/e+4" H'*)!"(,.
Ke*'!t!" S4,'4-
e14"4/'
• Pe+1e/b!"*!" ,e1t4+
e14"4/'
• I! /e/be+ 2eu!"* 2e1e+0!!" 1e2!(! +!/!'
2e"(u(u1
• Ke/u(!)!" .!"*
(',e('!1!"
• A(!".! 1e/u(!)!" '"8+!,t+u1tu+ .!"* b!'1
• Me"0!(' 2u,!t !1t'J't' 1e+!"! 1e/u(!)!"
.!"* (',e('!1!".
Su/be+
M'"e+!
• Pe+4/b4"*!"
• I! /!/2u /e/b!"*u"1!" ,e,u!tu te/2!t
D!,!+ Ke+!0!!"
• D!,!+ Pe+'"(u,t+'!"
Ne*!+!
• I! /e"**!!11!" 2e/b'"!!" 1!3!,!"
2e+'"(u,t+'!" .!"* te+!"C!"*
• B4"t4)".! B!.!" Le2!, (!" Pe+!' (' Pu!u
P'"!"*: Su"*e' <!. (!" Te41 P!"*'/!
G!+!"* (' Se!"*4+
• D!,!+ Pe+t!"'!"
Ne*!+!
• U,!)! u"tu1 /e/b!"*u"1!" 1!3!,!"
2e+t!"'!"
Pe"*!"*1ut!"
(!"
Pe+)ubu"*!"
• Ke/u(!)!"
2e"*!"*1ut!" (!"
2e+)ubu"*!"
• K!3!,!" .!"* /e/2u".!' ,.,te/
2e"*!"*1ut!" .!"* b!'1 /e/2u".!' t!bu+!"
2e"(u(u1 .!"* 2!(!t.
• I! /e/b!"tu 1!3!,!" te+,ebut u"tu1
be+*e+!1 (!" be+1e/b!"* (e"*!" b!'1.
21
BAHAGIAN B:
GEOGRAFI FI8IKA) 9
MAN:3IA
Bab
2
7e'ubahan 7enduduk
(BT ms 26 hingga ;-
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
2(1: <e5inisi %e'ubahan %enduduk dan is#i&ah"is#i&ah be'kai#an
2(+: Fak#*'"5ak#*' $ang mem%enga'uhi %e'ubahan %enduduk
2(1: <e5inisi %e'ubahan %enduduk dan is#i&ah"is#i&ah (BT ms ;6 " ;0
1. Pe+ub!)!" 2e"(u(u1 !(!!) ________________________________________ !t!u
____________________ (!!/ ,et!)u" !1'b!t _________________________ (!"
_________________.
2. K!(!+ 1e!)'+!" 2u! !(!!)
_______________________________________________________________.
3. K!(!+ 1e/!t'!" be+/!1,u( 0u/!) 1e/!t'!" b!*' ,et'!2 __________ 2e"(u(u1 (!!/
t!)u" te+te"tu.
&. M'*+!,' 2u! !(!!) __________________________________ (!+' ,!tu te/2!t 1e ,!tu te/2!t
.!"* !'" (e"*!" tu0u!" ______________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________.
7. Pe+t!/b!)!" ,e/u! 0!(' be+/!1,u( 2e+be?!!" !"t!+! ________________________________
(e"*!" __________________________.
6. I/'*+!,' 2u! !(!!) ____________________________________ 1e ,e,u!tu 1!3!,!".
%. E/'*+!,' 2u! be+/!1,u( 2e+2'"(!)!" 2e"(u(u1 1eu!+ (!+' ,!tu-,!tu 1!3!,!".
2(+: Fak#*'"5ak#*' $ang mem%enga'uhi %e'ubahan %enduduk
9.2.1: K!(!+ 1e!)'+!"
1. K!(!+ 1e!)'+!" 1!,!+
2. $!1t4+-8!1t4+ .!"* /e/2e"*!+u)' 1!(!+ 1e!)'+!" !(!!):
<asa' Ke%endudukan Nega'a
• Ke+!0!!" /e"**!!11!" 2e+t!/b!)!"
2e"(u(u1 ____________ 4+!"*
Ama&an %e'an=angan ke&ua'ga
• I! /e"*e)!(1!" ,!'? 1eu!+*!.
• D!+' ,u(ut 24,'t'8".!: !"!1 /e"(!2!t
22
K!(!+
1e!)'+!"
$!1t4+ 2e+ub!)!" 2e"(u(u1
K!(!+ 1e!)'+!" 1!,!+ A 0u/!) 1e!)'+!" (!!/ ,et!)u"
F 1000
;u/!) 2e"(u(u1 2!(! 2e+te"*!)!"
/e"0e!"* !b!( 1e-____.
• Me/be+' 1e/u(!)!" Cut' be+,!'"
• ________________________________
________________________________
eb') 2e+)!t'!" (!+'2!(! 'bu b!2!.
Ke'!a$a dan s#a#us
• Pe"(u(u1 .!"* be+1e+0!.! (!"
be+1!)3'" /!/2u /e"'"*1!t1!"
1!(!+ 1e!)'+!".
7e'kah,inan
• Pe+1!)3'"!" !3! 2!(! u,'! /u(!
b4e) /e"'"*1!t1!" 1!(!+ 1e!)'+!"
1e+!"! 2!(! 3!1tu 'tu: 1!(!+
1e,ubu+!" eb') t'"**'.
Ta'a5 dan ek*n*mi ke&ua'ga
• Ke!(!!" e14"4/' 1eu!+*!
/e/2e"*!+u)' 1!(!+ 1e!)'+!".
• E14"4/' 1eu!+*! .!"* b!'1 /!/2u
_________________ 1!(!+ 1e!)'+!".
7e&uang %eke'!aan
• Peb!*!' 2eu!"* 2e1e+0!!"
/e/bu!t1!" +!/!' 2e"(u(u1 .!"*
,'bu1 be1e+0!.
• I"' /e"*e)!(1!" 1!(!+ 1e!)'+!".
3*si*buda$a dan agama
• Pe+be?!!" t!"**!2!" te+)!(!2
1e!)'+!" tu+ut /e/2e"*!+u)' 1!(!+
1e!)'+!".
Ta'a5 %endidikan
• Ke,e(!+!" te"t!"* 1e2e"t'"*!"
2e"('('1!" te!) ________________.
• I"' /e".eb!b1!" +!/!' 3!"'t!
be+2e!0!+!" t'"**' (!" /e".eb!b1!"
1eb!".!1!" /e+e1!
________________________.
9.2.1: K!(!+ 1e/!t'!"
1. K!(!+ 1e/!t'!" 1!,!+
2. $!1t4+-8!1t4+ .!"* /e/2e"*!+u)' 1!(!+ 1e/!t'!" !(!!) 5BT /, 906:
23
K!(!+ 1e/!t'!" 1!,!+ A 0u/!) 1e/!t'!" (!!/ ,et!)u"
F 1000
;u/!) 2e"(u(u1 2!(! 2e+te"*!)!"
$!1t4+-8!1t4+ .!"*
/e/2e"*!+u)'
1!(!+ 1e/!t'!"
9.3.1: M'*+!,' 5BT /, 926
1. Te+(!2!t (u! *44"*!" '/'*+!" 52e"(!t!"* !,'"*6 (' "e*!+! 1't! '!'tu:
!. _______________________________
b. _______________________________
2. Pe1e+0! /!)'+ b'!,!".! be1e+0! (' ,e1t4+
_____________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________.
3. Pe1e+0! t'(!1 /!)'+ 2u! be1e+0! (' ,e1t4+
____________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________.
&. $!1t4+-8!1t4+ .!"* /e/2e"*!+u)' '/'*+!,' (!" e/'*+!,'
I/*'+!,' E/'*+!,'
Ke!(!!" 24't'1 .!"*
,t!b'
Peu!"* 2e1e+0!!" .!"*
b!'1
Peu!"* 2e1e+0!!" Peu!"* 2e"('('1!"
$!1t4+ 2e+'b!(' $!1t4+ 2e+'b!('
2&
BAHAGIAN B:
GEOGRAFI FI8IKA) 9
MAN:3IA
Bab
1
Mig'asi 7enduduk
(BT ms 20 hingga 11
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
1(1: Mig'asi %enduduk
1(+: 4enis"!enis mig'asi
1(3: Mig'asi %enduduk da'i &ua' banda' ke banda'
1(-: Mig'asi %enduduk da'i &ua' banda' ke &ua' banda'
1(1: Mig'asi %enduduk (BT ms 20
1. M'*+!,' 2e"(u(u1 /e'b!t1!" ____________________ !t!u 2e"*)'0+!)!" ,e,e4+!"* (!+'
,e,u!tu te/2!t 1e te/2!t .!"* !'".
2. M'*+!,' te+b!)!*' 1e2!(! (u! '!'tu:
1(+: 4enis"!enis mig'asi (BT ms( 20
1. Te+(!2!t e/2!t 0e"', /'*+!,' .!"* be+!1u '!'tu:
!. M'*+!,' (!+' ________________ 1e _____________________.
b. M'*+!,' (!+' ___________________________ 1e ___________________________.
C. M'*+!,' (!+' ___________________________ 1e ________________.
(. M'*+!,' (!+' ________________ 1e ___________________________.
2. D!!/ b!b '"': 1't! )!".! !1!" /e/b'C!+!1!" te"t!"* (u! 0e"', /'*+!,' '!'tu /'*+!,'
u!+ b!"(!+ 1e b!"(!+ (!" /'*+!,' u!+ b!"(!+ 1e u!+ b!"(!+.
1(3: Mig'asi %enduduk da'i &ua' banda' ke banda' (BT ms 2;
1. M'*+!,' 2e"(u(u1 (!+' u!+ b!"(!+ 1e b!"(!+ '!!) 2e+*e+!1!" 2e"(u(u1 1e
__________________.
2. Keb!".!1!"".! be+tu/2u 1e ______________: ___________________________ (!" 1!3!,!"
____________________________.
3. M'*+!,' 0e"', '"' /e".eb!b1!" 2e+tu/bu)!" b'!"*!" 2e"(u(u1 (' ___________________.
&. $!1t4+-8!1t4+ .!"* /e"!+'1 2e"(u(u1 u!+ b!"(!+ be+2'"(!) 1e b!"(!+ !(!!) 1e+!"!:
!. _______________________________
b. D!,!+ 1e+!0!!"
C. _______________________________
(. _______________________________
27
M'*+!,'
_______________________
M'*+!,'
_______________________
Pe"*)'0+!)!" 2e"(u(u1 (!+'
______ ___________ 1e
_______________.
Pe+2'"(!)!" te/2!t t'"**!
,eC!+! _________ !t!u
______________ (!!/
,e,ebu!) "e*!+!.
e. _______________________________
8. Pe"'"*1!t!" t!+!8 2e"('('1!"
*. Keu!+*!
). Be"C!"! !!/
1(-: Mig'asi %enduduk da'i &ua' banda' ke &ua' banda'
1. M'*+!,' 2e"(u(u1 (!+' u!+ b!"(!+ 1e u!+ b!"(!+ /e+u2!1!" ___________________ 5BT
/, 9#6 .!"* be+!1u !"t!+! "e*e+' !t!u 1!3!,!" (!!/ "e*e+'.
2. I! be+1!'t!" (e"*!" 2e/bu1!!" t!"!) +!"C!"*!" 4e) 2')!1 1e+!0!!" 1)u,u,".!
/e!u' $ELDA.
3. M'*+!,' 0e"', '"' be+tu0u!" u"tu1 /e"*u+!"*1!" 1!(!+ 1e/',1'"!".
26
BAHAGIAN B:
GEOGRAFI FI8IKA) 9
MAN:3IA
Bab
10
Kesan 7e'ubahan
7enduduk #e'hada% A&am
3eki#a'
(BT ms 1+ hingga 103
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
10(1: Kesan %e'ubahan %enduduk #e'hada% %ene'*kaan sumbe' #anih
10(+: Kesan %e'ubahan %enduduk #e'hada% %ene'*kaan sumbe' hu#an
10(3: Kesan %e'ubahan %enduduk #e'hada% %ene'*kaan sumbe' ai'
10(-: )angkah"&angkah %ene'*kaan sumbe' se=a'a #e'an=ang
10(1: Kesan %e'ubahan %enduduk #e'hada% %ene'*kaan sumbe' #anih
Kesan %*si#i5 (BT ms 13 Kesan nega#i5 (BT ms 1-
1. Pe"e+41!!" t!"!)
• T!"!) ('te+41! u"tu1
('0!('1!"
_______________________________
b!*' /e"!/2u"* 1e2e+u!"
/!1!"!" 2e"(u(u1.
1. T!"!) t'(!1 ,ubu+
• I! be+!1u (',eb!b1!" 4e)
2e"!"!/!" .!"* ('!1u1!" ,eC!+!
____________________ t!"2! +e)!t.
2. Ke*'!t!" 2e+4/b4"*!"
• Ke*'!t!" '"' ('0!!"1!"
b!*' _____________________________
,e2e+t' b'0') t'/!) (!" b'0') be,'.
2. Pe"Ce/!+!"
• Pe"**u"!!"
___________________________ ,e2e+t' b!0!
1'/'!: +!Cu" ,e+!"**! (!" ,eb!*!'".!
b!*' /e"'"*1!t1!" )!,' t!"!/!"
/e".eb!b1!" 2e"Ce/!+!" 1e2!(!
t!"!).
10(+: Kesan %e'ubahan %enduduk #e'hada% %ene'*kaan sumbe' hu#an
Kesan %*si#i5 (BT ms 16 Kesan nega#i5 (BT ms 16
1. Me/be1!1!" 1!.u-1!.!" (!"
)!,' )ut!"
• Hut!" (' M!!.,'! !(!!)
0e"', _______ _________________.
• A"t!+! 24141 1!.u 1e+!,
.!"* be+"'!' t'"**' !(!!)
,e2e+t' ________________
_________________________________
________________________________.
1. Me/u,"!)1!" )!b't!t 84+! (!" 8!u"!
• _________________________________
___ ____________________________________
____________________________________.
2%
2. Me/b!"*u"1!" 2eb!*!'
1e*'!t!" e14"4/'
• A(!".! 2u,!t +e1+e!,'
.!"* /!/2u /e"0!"! e14"4/'
"e*!+!.
• E1,24+t 1!.u-1!.!"
be+"'!' t'"**'.
2. H!1',!" t!"!)
• Pe"eb!"*!" )ut!" ,eC!+!
be+eb')!" /e"*!1'b!t1!" )!1',!"
__________________
_____________________________.
• A'+ !+'!" 2e+/u1!!" be+/!1,u(
___________
______________________________________
_____________________________________.
29
10(3: Kesan %e'ubahan %enduduk #e'hada% %ene'*kaan sumbe' ai'
Kesan %*si#i5 (BT ms 10 Kesan +1nega#i5 (BT ms 1;
1. Pe/b'"!!" e/2!"*!" u"tu1
be1!!" !'+ 1e2!(! 2e"(u(u1:
2e+t!"'!" (!" 2e+'"(u,t+'!".
1. _________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
2. Me/be1!1!" te"!*!
)'(+4ee1t+'1
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
2. _________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
3. Pe+'1!"!"
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
3. Pe"Ce/!+!" !'+
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
&. E142e!"C4"*!"
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
10(-: )angkah"&angkah %ene'*kaan sumbe' se=a'a #e'an=ang
1. Pe"e+41!!" ,u/be+ .!"* te+!"C!"* /!/2u /e"*u+!"*1!" 1e,!"-1e,!" "e*!t'8
1e*'!t!" te+,ebut te+)!(!2 !!/ ,e1't!+.
2. L!"*1!)-!"*1!) 1e !+!) 2e"e+41!!" ,u/be+ ,eC!+! te+!"C!"* !(!!):
Su/be+ t!"') 5BT /, #96 Su/be+ )ut!" 5BT /, ##6 Su/be+ !'+ 5BT /, ##-1006
1. Pe"**u"!!" b!0! 4+*!"'1
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
________________________
1. Me"ubu)1!" !(!"*
)ut!"
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
2. Me"ebu, *u"! 1!3!,!"
te+b'!+
B4"t4)-C4"t4)".! !(!!)
,e2e+t' ___________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
2. K!3!,!" 4/b4"*
('tebu, *u"!
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
2#
_________________________
3. Pe+t!"'!" te+e,
Keb!'1!"".! '!!)
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
&. Pe"**u"!!" te1"'1
2e+t!"'!" /4(e"
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
30
BAHAGIAN B:
GEOGRAFI FI8IKA) 9
MAN:3IA
Bab
11
Hubungan
Ke%endudukan
dengan 3umbe'
(BT ms 10- hingga 116
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
11(1: Tak'i5an k*nse%
11(+: /i'i"=i'i> kesan dan =*n#*h nega'a $ang mem%un$ai %enduduk
be'&ebihan
11(3: /i'i"=i'i> kesan dan =*n#*h nega'a $ang ku'ang %enduduk
11(-: Kesan dan =*n#*h nega'a $ang mem%un$ai %enduduk be'&ebihan dan
$ang ku'ang %enduduk
11(1: Tak'i5an k*nse% (BT ms 10-
1. Pe"(u(u1 be+eb')!" be+/!1,u( 0u/!) 2e"(u(u1 (' ,e,u!tu 1!3!,!" .!"*
________________ be1!!" ,u/be+ ,e/u! 0!(' ,e('! !(!.
2. Ku+!"* 2e"(u(u1 be+/!1,u( ____________________________________________ t'(!1
/e"Cu1u2' u"tu1 /e/!0u1!"
___________________________________________________________________ ,e2e"u)".! (e"*!"
te1"44*' ,e('! !(!.
3. Pe"(u(u1 42t'/u/ 2u! '!!) "e*!+! .!"* /e/2u".!'
________________________________________ _______________________________________ (e"*!"
_______________________________________.
&. Su/be+ /e/b!3! /!1,u(
_______________________________________________________________ b!*' tu0u!"
_________________________ (!" _______________________________________________.
11(+: /i'i"=i'i nega'a $ang mem%un$ai %enduduk be'&ebihan (BT ms 106
31
B'+'-C'+' 2e"(u(u1
be+eb')!"
11(3: /i'i"=i'i nega'a $ang ku'ang %enduduk (BT ms 101
11(-: Kesan dan =*n#*h nega'a $ang mem%un$ai %enduduk be'&ebihan dan
$ang ku'ang %enduduk
Pe+".!t!!"
Ne*!+! be+eb')!" 2e"(u(u1
5BT /, 106 E 1096
Ne*!+! 1u+!"* 2e"(u(u1
5BT /, 110 - 1126
D!+' ,e*' ,u/be+ /!1!"!"
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
D!+' ,e*' te/2!t t'"**!
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
D!+' ,e*' 2eu!"*
2e1e+0!!"
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
D!+' ,e*' 1e/u(!)!"
1e,')!t!"
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
D!+' ,e*' 1e/u(!)!" !,!,
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
D!+' ,e*' t!+!8 )'(u2
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
D!+' ,e*' 1!(!+
2e+t!/b!)!" ,e/u! 0!('
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
B4"t4) "e*!+!
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
32
B'+'-C'+' 1u+!"*
2e"(u(u1
BAHAGIAN B:
GEOGRAFI FI8IKA) 9
MAN:3IA
Bab
1+
7e#em%a#an
(BT ms 110 hingga 136
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
1+(1: Men$a#akan &*kasi %e#em%a#an a,a&
1+(+: 4enis %e#em%a#an
1+(3: Fak#*'"5ak#*' $ang mem%enga'uhi %e#em%a#an &ua' banda'
1+(-: 7*&a %e#em%a#an &ua' banda'
1+(6: Fungsi %e#em%a#an &ua' banda'
1+(1: Men$a#akan &*kasi %e#em%a#an a,a&
1. Pete/2!t!" '!!)
_______________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________ 5BT /, 1166.
2. A"t!+! !1t'J't' 'tu te+/!,u1!)
_____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________ 5BT /,
1166.
3. D' M!!.,'!: 2ete/2!t!" be+/u!
__________________________________________________________
____________________________________ 5BT /, 1166.
&. M!"u,'! (!)uu )'(u2 ,eC!+! ___________________ 5BT /, 11%6.
7. Ke/u('!" /!"u,'! /e"*ub!) C!+! )'(u2. Me+e1! /u! 2!"(!'
__________________________________ ___________________________________ (!"
____________________________________5BT /, 11%6.
6. I"' /e".eb!b1!" /!"u,'! t'"**! (!" /e"et!2 (' ,e,u!tu 1!3!,!".
%. Pete/2!t!" !3! (' (u"'! be+/u! (' e/b!"*!" ,u"*!'. Be+'1ut !(!!) 41!,'
1e(u(u1!" 2ete/2!t!" !3! (' (u"'! 5BT /, 11%6:
33
Te1!2 2et! (' /, 11% (!" t!/2!
Pete/2!t!" !3! (' (u"'!
9. $!1t4+-8!1t4+ .!"* /e/2e"*!+u)' 2ete/2!t!" !3! !(!!) 5BT /, 11%6:
!. ______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________.
b. ______________________________________________________________________________.
C. ______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________.
(. ______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________.
#. Pete/2!t!" !3! (' M!!.,'! te+et!1 ('
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________ 5BT /, 1196.
10.A"t!+! 2ete/2!t!" !3! (' M!!.,'! !(!!) 5BT /, 1196:
; A G S N G P A N M G T M A M B P
O K M L ; I H A O P R S M N K O B
H E L E M B A H B U ; A N G D B T
O B $ B E G A H E N U N D O K I A
R R M G L $ K O T A T A M P A N U
L S T U A < M I I ; O K ; L ; I ;
A I D R K N E S $ K T T G S H M O
M H G U A N I A H M P N M N < H R
A H A M I B H K < L K I O L P M K
11.L41!,' 2ete/2!t!" !3! !(!!) ,e2e+t' be+'1ut 5BT /, 1196:
3&
1+(+: 4enis %e#em%a#an
1. Te+(!2!t (u! 0e"', 2ete/2!t!" (' M!!.,'! '!'tu 5BT /, 1206:
!. __________________________________________________________
b. __________________________________________________________
2. Be+'1ut !(!!) 2e+be?!!" !"t!+! 2ete/2!t!" b!"(!+ (!" u!+ b!"(!+ 5BT /, 120 - :
Pe+".!t!!" Pete/2!t!" b!"(!+ Pete/2!t!" u!+ b!"(!+
$u"*,' 50e"', 1e*'!t!"
e14"4/' (!" !1t'J't' ,4,'!
.!"* ('0!!"1!"6
S!'? 2e"(u(u1
Ke2!(!t!" 2e"(u(u1
1+(3: Fak#*'"5ak#*' $ang mem%enga'uhi %e#em%a#an &ua' banda' (BT ms 1+3
? 1+0
1. Be"tu1 /u1! bu/'
!. Pete/2!t!" (' u!+ b!"(! te+et!1 (' 1!3!,!"-1!3!,!" .!"* be+'1ut:
'. _________________________________. K!3!,!" '"' ,e,u!' u"tu1 1e*'!t!"
2e+t!"'!". B4"t4)".! !(!!) ,e2e+t' Su"*!' M!"'1 (' Pe+!1:
_________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________.
''. ________________________________________. B4"t4)".! !(!!) ,e2e+t' ('
Le/b!) Su"*!' P!)!"*.
'''. _________________________________________________. B4"t4)".! ,e2e+t' ('
B!/e+4" H'*)!"(: _________________________ (!"
____________________________ (' S!b!) ,e+t!
_______________________________________ (' S!+!3!1.
2. ________________________________
3. ________________________________
&. ________________________________
7. Kete+,!/2!'!"
!. Kete+,!/2!'!" be+/!1,u(
__________________________________________________________
________________________________________________.
b. K!/2u"* Pe"!+'1 (!" K!/2u"* Me+!"* (' Te+e"**!"u (' b'"! ,e!+' (e"*!"
_________________.
C. K!3!,!" .!"* /e"0!('1!" ,u"*!' ,eb!*!' C!+! 2e"*!"*1ut!" .!"* 2e"t'"*
'!!) (' ____________
_______________________________________________________________________________.
6. ________________________________
1+(-: 7*&a %e#em%a#an &ua' banda'
1. P4! 2ete/2!t!" be+/!1,u(
_____________________________________________________________
___________________________________________ 5BT /, 1266.
37
2. A(! e/2!t 0e"', 24! 2ete/2!t!" u!+ b!"(!+ '!'tu
__________________________________________: ________________________________________:
___________________________________________ (!"
___________________________________________ 5BT /, 1266.
3. Be+'1ut '!!) !1!+!"-!1!+!" b!*' 24!-24! 2ete/2!t!" (' u!+ b!"(!+ 5BT /, 12%6:
24! be+,ee+!1 24! be+0!0!+ 24! be+2u,!t 24! be+1e4/241
&. B'+'-C'+' 24! 2ete/2!t!" !(!!) ,e2e+t' be+'1ut 5BT /, 12% E 12#6:
B'+'-C'+' P4! be+,ee+!1 P4! be+0!0!+ P4! be+2u,!t P4!
be+1e4/241
Ke(u(u1!"
b!"*u"!" (!"
+u/!)
L41!,'
b!"*u"!" (!"
+u/!)
1+(6: Fungsi %e#em%a#an &ua' banda'
B' $u"*,' B4"t4)
1. Me"0!(' 1!3!,!"
2e+t!"'!"
Le/b!) Su"*!' Ke!"t!": Te+e"**!"u (!" Su"*!' Mu(! ('
Ke(!) !(!!) 2e"*eu!+ )!,' 2!('.
2. Pe"*eu!+ b!)!"
/e"t!)
3.
&.
7.
36
6.
BAHAGIAN B:
GEOGRAFI FI8IKA) 9
MAN:3IA
Bab
13
7embanda'an
(BT ms 130 hingga 162
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
13(1: 7'*ses %embanda'an
13(+: Fak#*'"5ak#*' $ang mem%enga'uhi %embanda'an Ma&a$sia
13(3: Fungsi banda' di Ma&a$sia
13(-: Kesan %embanda'an di Ma&a$sia dan nega'a &ain
13(6: )angkah"&angkah mengu'angkan masa&ah %embanda'an di Ma&a$sia
13(1: 7'*ses %embanda'an
1. Pe/b!"(!+!" be+!1u !2!b'!
___________________________________________________________
________________________________________________ 5BT /, 1366.
2. Pe/b!"(!+!" !(!!) 2+4,e, be+te+u,!" .!"* /e'b!t1!" 5BT /, 136 E 13%6:
!. __________________________________________________________
b. __________________________________________________________
C. __________________________________________________________
(. __________________________________________________________
e. __________________________________________________________
3. P+4,e, 2e/b!"(!+!" be+/u! __________________________________________________ 5BT /,
13%6.
&. B4"t4) b!"(!+-b!"(!+ .!"* te+'b!t (e"*!" 2e+4/b4"*!" b'0') t'/!) ,u!tu 1et'1!
(!)uu !(!!)
____________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________ 5BT /, 13%6.
7. A(! 0u*! b!"(!+-b!"(!+ .!"* (!)uu".! te+'b!t (e"*!" 2e"!"!/!" *et!) ,e2e+t'
__________________
_______________________________________________________________________ 5BT /, 13% E
1396.
6. Se,u!tu te/2!t 'tu ('1!te*4+'1!" ,eb!*!' b!"(!+ !2!b'! ,!'? 2e"(u(u1".! !(!!)
_________ 5BT /, 1396 !t!u eb').
13(+: Fak#*'"5ak#*' $ang mem%enga'uhi %embanda'an Ma&a$sia
1. A"t!+! 8!1t4+-8!1t4+ .!"* /e/2e"*!+u)' 2e/b!"(!+!" M!!.,'! '!!) 5BT /, 13# E
1&16:
!. Su/be+ ,e/u! 0!('
b. Peu!"* 2e1e+0!!"
C. __________________________________________________
(. __________________________________________________
3%
e. __________________________________________________
2. $!1t4+ 2e"!+'1 '!!)
______________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________ 5BT /, 1&16.
3. $!1t4+ 2e"4!1 2u! '!!)
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________ 5BT /, 1&16.
13(3: Fungsi banda' di Ma&a$sia
1. A"t!+! 8u"*,'-8u"*,' b!"(!+ (' M!!.,'! '!!) 5BT /, 1&1 E 1&66:
B'. $u"*,' Hu+!'!" B4"t4)
1.
2.
Pu,!t 2e+"'!*!!" (!"
2e+(!*!"*!"
3.
&.
• UKM: B!"*':
Se!"*4+
• U'TM: S)!) A!/:
Se!"*4+
7. Pu,!t 2e!"C4"*!" Te+et!1".! 1!3!,!"-1!3!,!"
2e!"C4"*!" u"tu1 ('!3!t' (!"
/e/2u".!' te/2!t
2e"*'"!2!"
6.
%.
2. Be+'1ut !(!!) ,e"!+!' 13 bu!) "e*e+' (!" ,!tu 3'!.!) 2e+,e1utu!" (' M!!.,'!:
B'. Ne*e+' Ibu "e*e+' B'
.
Ne*e+' Ibu "e*e+'
1. Se!"*4+ 9. Ke(!)
39
2. Se+e/b!" #. ;4)4+ B!)+u
3. P!)!"* 10
.
S!b!)
&. K!"*!+ 11
.
KuC)'"*
7. Pu!u P'"!"* 12
.
Pe+!1
6. Ku!!
Te+e"**!"u
13
.
Me!1!
%. Ke!"t!" 1&
.
<'!.!)
Pe+,e1utu!"
Put+!0!.!
3#
3. Be+'1ut '!!) b!"(!+ .!"* ('t!"(!1!" /e"*'1ut 8u"*,' 5BT /, 1&&6:
Pu,!t Pe"t!(b'+!" B3
P1 B&
P2 B7
P3 Pu,!t Pe+'"(u,t+'!"
P& H1
P7 H2
Pu,!t Pe!"C4"*!" H3
B1 H&
B2 H7
13(-: Kesan %embanda'an di Ma&a$sia dan nega'a &ain
1. Ke,!" 2e/b!"(!+!" b4e) ('b!)!*'1!" 1e2!(! (u! '!'tu 1e,!" 24,'t'8 (!" 1e,!"
"e*!t'Je
2. Ke,!"-1e,!" 24,'t'8 '!!) 5BT /, 1&6 E 1&96:
!. __________________________________________________________
b. __________________________________________________________
C. __________________________________________________________
(. __________________________________________________________
&0
T!/2! 2et! /, 177
e. __________________________________________________________
8. __________________________________________________________
*. __________________________________________________________
3. Ke,!"-1e,!" "e*!t'8 2u! '!!) 5BT /, 1&# E 1706:
!. __________________________________________________________
b. __________________________________________________________
C. __________________________________________________________
(. __________________________________________________________
e. __________________________________________________________
8. __________________________________________________________
13(6: )angkah"&angkah mengu'angkan masa&ah %embanda'an di Ma&a$sia
(BT ms 161 ? 163
B'. Ke,!" L!"*1!) /e"*!t!,'
1. Ke,e,!1!" !u
'"t!,
• __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
• __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
• __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
• __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
• __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
• __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
2. M!,!!)
,et'"**!"
• __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
• __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
• __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
&1
BAHAGIAN B:
GEOGRAFI FI8IKA) 9
MAN:3IA
Bab
1-
Ke%e'&uan 7engangku#an
dan 7e'hubungan
(BT ms 161 hingga 100
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
1-(1: 7engangku#an dan %e'hubungan a,a&
1-(+: Ke%e'&uan %engangku#an dan %e'hubungan a,a&
1-(1: 7engangku#an dan %e'hubungan a,a&
1. I"te+!1,' be+/!1,u(
____________________________________________________________________
________________________________________ 5BT /, 17#6.
2. Sebeu/ 2e"0!0!)!": /!"u,'! /e"**u"!1!" (u! 0!!" u"tu1 /e"*)ubu"*' !"t!+! ,!tu
te/2!t (e"*!" te/2!t .!"* !'" '!'tu __________________________ (!"
____________________________ 5BT /, 17#6.
3. A"t!+! 0!!"-0!!" (!+!t .!"* ('!u' !(!!) 5BT /, 17#6:
!. __________________________________________________
b. __________________________________________________
&. B!*' 2e"*!"*1ut!" (' !ut (!" ,u"*!': /e+e1! /e"**u"!1!" _________________:
_________________ (!" ______________.
7. D!+' ,e*' 2e+)ubu"*!": /!"u,'! /e"**u"!1!" __________________________ (!" 0u*!
_____________________________ 5BT /, 1606.
6. A!t-!!t .!"* ('*u"!1!" u"tu1 /e"*)!,'1!" ',.!+!t bu".' !(!!)
_________________________ (!" ________________________.
%. O+!"* 1!/2u"* 0u*! /e"**u"!1!" bu".' !u"*!" u"tu1 /e/be+'t!)u ,eu+u)
1!/2u"* b!*' /e"*u/2u1!" 4+!"*.
1-(+: Ke%e'&uan %engangku#an dan %e'hubungan a,a&
1. Ket'1! ?!/!" 2e"0!0!)!": /!"u,'! /e"**u"!1!" (u! C!+! u"tu1 /e"*!"*1ut
b!+!"*!" (!+' ,!tu te/2!t 1e ,!tu te/2!t .!"* !'" '!'tu
________________________________ (!" _________________________ 5BT /, 16&6.
2. Pe"*!"*1ut!" (' (!+!t ('!1u1!" /e!u' 0!!" +!.! (!" 0u*! 0!!" 1e+et! !2'.
3. A"t!+! 2e"*!"*1ut!" .!"* ('*u"!1!" /e!u' 0!!" (!+!t '!!) 5BT /, 1616:
!. ____________________________________________
b. ____________________________________________
C. ____________________________________________
&. Ke/!,u1!" B+'t',) b!*' /e"*e1,24't!,'1!" b'0') t'/!) te!) /e/4(e"1!" ,',te/
2e"*!"*1ut!".
7. L!"(!,!" 1e+et! !2' ('b'"! be+)!/2'+!" (e"*!" 1!3!,!" 2e+4/b4"*!" b'0') t'/!)
(!" 2e"!"!/!" *et!).
6. L!"(!,!" 1e+et! !2' ('b'"! ,e2!"0!"* ______1/ 2!(! t!)u" ______________ 5BT /, 1606.
&2
%. R!"*1!'!" 2e"*!"*1ut!" .!"* eb') 2!(!t be+!(! (' b!)!*'!" 2!"t!' b!+!t be+b!"('"*
(' b!)!*'!" t'/u+.
9. Be+'1ut '!!) te/2!t-te/2!t .!"* /e"0!(' !u!" (!" 2e+)e"t'!" 1e+et! !2'.
#. Ke"(e+!!" .!"* ('*u"!1!" /e!u' 0!!" !ut 2u! !(!!) ,e2e+t':
!. ________________________________________________
b. ________________________________________________
C. ________________________________________________
(. ________________________________________________
10.Be+'1ut!" 'tu: 2')!1 B+'t',) te!) /e/bu1! bebe+!2! bu!) 2e!bu)!" ,e2e+t':
!. ________________________________________________
b. ________________________________________________
C. ________________________________________________
(. ________________________________________________
11.T'(!1 ,e2e+t' ?!/!" ,ebeu/ 2e"0!0!)!": C!+! be+)ubu"* 1et'1! ?!/!" 2e"0!0!)!"
!(!!) /4(e" !"t!+!".! '!!):
!. ________________________________________________
b. ________________________________________________
C. ________________________________________________
&3
Te1!2 (!" t!/2! 2et! (' /, 160
Ak#i@i#i
Menegak
1. A!t '"' /e"*)!,'1!" ',.!+!t bu".' b!*' tu0u!" /e"*u/2u1!" 4+!"* 1!/2u"*.
2. L!"(!,!" 1e+et! !2' 2e+t!/! (' Se/e"!"0u"* M!!.,'! /e"*)ubu"*1!" OO 1e P4+t
<e(.
3. Pe+1e/b!"*!" 2e/b'"!!" !"(!,!" 1e+et! !2' (!" 0!!" +!.! /e".eb!b1!"
2e/bu1!!" t!"!) u"tu1 !1t'J't' 2e"!"!/!".
Me&in#ang
&. A!t 2e"*!"*1ut!" '"' 2e"t'"* u"tu1 /e"*!"*1ut b'0') t'/!) (!" *et!) 1e 2e!bu)!".
7. H!,' b!)!" '"' te!) /e/2e+1e"!1!" 2e/b'"!!" 0!+'"*!" 0!!" +!.! (!" 0!!" 1e+et!
!2' (' M!!.,'!.
6. ;!!" 2e"*!"*1ut!" !3! '"' /e"0!(' !u!" b!*' ,!/2!" (!" 1!2!.
&&
1.
&. 2
6
7
3
BAHAGIAN B:
GEOGRAFI FI8IKA) 9
MAN:3IA
Bab
16
7e'kembangan
4a'ingan 7engangku#an
(BT ms 10; hingga 12;
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
16(1: 7e'kembangan !a'ingan %engangku#an
16(+: Fak#*'"5ak#*' $ang mem%enga'uhi !a'ingan %engangku#an Ma&a$sia
16(3: Ke%en#ingan !a'ingan %engangku#an #e'hada% %embangunan di
Ma&a$sia dan Kanada
16(-: Kesan"kesan %e'kembangan %engangku#an dan %e'hubungan #e'hada%
a&am seki#a' di Ma&a$sia dan &angkah"&angkah mengu'angkan kesan
%e'kembangan
16(1: 7e'kembangan !a'ingan %engangku#an
1. ;!+'"*!" 2e"*!"*1ut!" (' M!!.,'! ,e/!1'" be+t!/b!) b!'1 te+ut!/! ,ee2!,
/e+(e1!.
2. I! /e'2ut' t'*! 1!te*4+' '!'tu ________________: _______________ 5BT /, 16%6 (!" u(!+!.
17.1.1: Pe"*!"*1ut!" (!+!t
1. Pe"*!"*1ut!" (!+!t /e'2ut' 0!!" +!.! (!" 0u*! 0!!" 1e+et! !2'.
2. ;!!" +!.! !(!!) 2e"*!"*1ut!" te+2e"t'"* (' M!!.,'!.
3. ;!+'"*!" 0!!" +!.! b!".!1 te+tu/2u (' 1!3!,!"
___________________________________________: _____________________________________ (!"
__________________________________ 5BT /, 1696.
&. A"t!+! ebu) +!.!-ebu) +!.! .!"* !(! (' M!!.,'! '!!) 5BT /, 1696:
B'. N!/! ebu) +!.! ;!+'"*!"".!
1. Lebu) R!.! Ut!+!-Se!t!" Me"*!"0u+ (!+' ut!+! 1e ,e!t!" 2!"t!' b!+!t
Se/e"!"0u"* M!!.,'! (!+' ;4)4+ B!)+u )'"**! 1e
Bu1't K!.u H't!/ /e!u' "e*e+'-"e*e+' (' b!)!*'!"
2!"t!' b!+!t '!'tu _______________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
2. Me"*)ubu"*1!" b!"(!+ +!.! Ku!! Lu/2u+ Pet!'"*
;!.!: S)!) A!/ (!" b!"(!+ K!"*
3. Me"*)ubu"*1!" Ku!! Lu/2u+ (!" K!+!1
&.
7.
6.
&7
%.
9.
#.
7. ;!!" 1e+et! !2' .!"* te+!3! ('b'"! (e"*!" /e"*)ubu"*1!"
____________________________ 1e __________________________________ 2!(! t!)u"
___________________ 5BT /, 1%16.
6. $u"*,' 2e+1)'(/!t!" 1e+et! !2' !(!!) u"tu1
____________________________________________: __________________________________________
(!" ____________________________________ _______________ 5BT /, 1%16.
%. P')!1 1e+!0!!" 0u*! tu+ut /e".e('!1!"
_____________________________________________________ 5BT /, 1%26 .!"* /4(e" (!"
C!"**') (' Le/b!) K!"*.
9. Pe+1)'(/!t!" '"' te+('+' (!+'2!(! ________________________ (!"
_______________________________ ,e2e+t'
________________________________________________________________________________
_________________ 5BT /, 1%26.
#. S',te/ +e be+,e2!(u '"' 2e"t'"* 1e2!(! "e*!+! 1't! 1e+!"! '! (!2!t:
!. ________________________________________________________________________
b. ________________________________________________________________________
C. ________________________________________________________________________
(. ________________________________________________________________________
e. ________________________________________________________________________
17.1.2: Pe"*!"*1ut!" !'+
1. M!!.,'! /e/2u".!' t'*! 0e"', 2e"*!"*u1t!" !'+ '!'tu:
!. ___________________________________________________
b. ___________________________________________________
C. ___________________________________________________
2. D' S!b!) (!" S!+!3!1: 2e"*!"*1ut!" 0e"', '"' /!,') 2e"t'"* ,eb!*!' ,',te/
2e"*!"*1ut!". B4"t4)".!
________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________ 5BT /, 1%36.
3. Be+'1ut !(!!) bebe+!2! b!t!"* ,u"*!' (' S!b!) (!" S!+!3!1 .!"* ('*u"!1!" (!!/
,',te/ 2e"*!"*1ut!" 5BT /, 1%&6:
B'. S!b!) S!+!3!1
1.
2.
3.
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&. Bebe+!2! 2+40e1 /e"'"*1!t1!" 1eu2!.!!" (!" /e/b!"*u"1!" 2e"*!"*1ut!" ,u"*!'
('!1u1!" 4e) 2')!1 1e+!0!!". B4"t4)".!
_____________________________________________________ 5BT /, 1%&6
&%
7. Be+'1ut '!!) ,e"!+!' 2e!bu)!" 1eC': 2e!bu)!" ut!/! (!" 2e!bu)!" 14"te"! ('
M!!.,'! 5BT /, 1%&6:
Pe!bu)!" Ut!/! 6.
1. %.
2. 9.
3. #.
&. 10.
7. 11.
6. 12.
%. 13.
9. Pe!bu)!" 14"te"!
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Pe!bu)!" KeC' 2.
1. 3.
2. &.
3. 7.
&. 6.
7.
17.1.3: Pe"*!"*1ut!" U(!+!
1. Pe"*!"*1ut!" u(!+! !(!!) 0e"', 2e"*!"*1ut!" .!"* Ce2!t (!" 2!"t!, tet!2'
t!/b!"*".! /!)!.
2. M!!.,'! /e/2u".!' !2!"*!" te+b!"* !"t!+!b!"*,! (!" (4/e,t'1 ,e2e+t' 5BT /,
1%%6.
K!3!,!" L!2!"*!" Te+b!"*
A"t!+!b!"*,!
L!2!"*!" Te+b!"* D4/e,t'1
Se/e"!"0u"*
M!!.,'!
S!+!3!1
S!b!)
&9
3. M!!.,'! /e"!3!+1!" (u! 0e"', 2e"e+b!"*!" '!'tu:
!. Pe"e+b!"*!" (4/e,t'1.
__________________________________________________________.
b. Pe"e+b!"*!" !"t!+!b!"*,!.
_______________________________________________________.
&. D' S!b!) (!" S!+!3!1: 2e"*!"*1ut!" 0e"', '"' 2e"t'"* 1e+!"!:
!. Be"tu1 /u1! bu/' .!"* be+*u"u"*-*!"!"* (' 1!3!,!" 2e(!!/!".
b. K!3!,!" t!"!) t'"**' .!"* (''2ut' )ut!" )u0!" t+42'1! .!"* u!,.
C. Te+(!2!t b!".!1 2ete/2!t!" te+2e"C' (' 1!3!,!" 2e(!!/!".
7. Be+'1ut '!!) 1e(u(u1!" !2!"*!" !"t!+!b!"*,! L1 E L7 (!" 2e!bu)!"-2e!bu)!"
ut!/! (' M!!.,'! .!"* be+t!"(! P1 E P7:
Pe!bu)!" ut!/! 5BT /, 1%&6
L!2!"*!" te+b!"* !"t!+!b!"*,! 5BT
/, 1%66
P1 L1
P2 L2
P3 L3
P& L&
P7 L7
&#
T!/2! 2et! /, 197
16(+: Fak#*'"5ak#*' $ang mem%enga'uhi !a'ingan %engangku#an Ma&a$sia
(BT ms 12-
16(3: Ke%en#ingan !a'ingan %engangku#an %ada Ma&a$sia dan Kanada (BT
ms 1;2 ? 121
;e"',
2e"*!"*1ut
!"
M!!.,'! K!"!(!
D!+!t
;!!" +!.!
• M!0u (!" Ce1!2
• ;!+!1".! _________________
1/
• B4"t4): _____________________
____________________________
• ;!/b!t!"
____________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
• M!0u (!" Ce1!2
• ;!+!1".! _________________ 1/
• B4"t4):
________________________
_______________________________
• ;!/b!t!"
______________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
Keb!'1!"".!:
• ________________________________________________________________
• ________________________________________________________________
;!!"
1e+et! !2'
• Ke*u"!!"".!:
________________
____________________________
____________________________
• Ke*u"!!"".!:
___________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
A'+
• Pe!bu)!" 2e"t'"*
• B4"t4) 2e!bu)!":
____________________________
• B4"t4): Su"*!' R!0!"*
• Pe!bu)!" 2e"t'"*
• B4"t4) 2e!bu)!":
______________________________
• B4"t4): _______________________
______________________________
U(!+!
• Pe"t'"*
• $u"*,': /e/b!3!
• Pe"t'"*
• $u"*,': /e/b!3! 2e"u/2!"*:
70
$!1t4+-8!1t4+
0!+'"*!"
2e"*!"*1ut!
"
2e"u/2!"*:
____________________________
• B4"t4): _____________________
____________________________
____________________________
• B4"t4): _____________________
____________________________
16(-: Kesan"kesan %e'kembangan %engangku#an dan %e'hubungan #e'hada%
a&am seki#a' di Ma&a$sia dan &angkah"&angkah mengu'angkan kesan
%e'kembangan
1. Be+'1ut !(!!) /!,!!) 2e+1e/b!"*!" 2e"*!"*1ut!" (!" !"*1!) /e"*!t!,'".! 5BT
/, 191 E 1936:
B' Ke,!" B' L!"*1!)
1. 1.
2. 2.
3. 3.
&.
71
BAHAGIAN B:
GEOGRAFI FI8IKA) 9
MAN:3IA
Bab
10
7e'kembangan
3is#em 7e'hubungan
(BT ms 122 hingga 111
Ta!uk"#a!uk $ang akan di%e&a!a'i da&am bab ini ada&ah:
10(1: 7e'kembangan sis#em %e'hubungan di Ma&a$sia
10(+: 7e'bandingan ke%en#ingan sis#em %e'hubungan di Ma&a$sia dan
Kanada
10(3: Kesan %e'kembangan sis#em %e'hubungan di Ma&a$sia
10(1: 7e'kembangan sis#em %e'hubungan di Ma&a$sia
1. S',te/ 2e+)ubu"*!" be+1e/b!"* ,e'+'"* (e"*!" 1e/!0u!" te1"44*'.
2. A"t!+! ,',te/ 2e+)ubu"*!" .!"* !(! (' M!!.,'! !(!!) ,e2e+t' be+'1ut 5BT /, 19# E
1#16:
A R T E L E $ O N S E L U L A R 3 G
K E M < E R T I U I O P L K ; H G $
G M A K H S < E D B R S A T E L I T
H I N $ E R A D I O E R T E I A S D
T N M A K H S < E D R $ N L B G T I
I T I H T N H I U ; M K I E P L M K
M E K A M E < E D N B $ R N M ; I T
I R N $ E < S K S E R D H I O K N ;
O N I U I H G $ R N E < S S A < E R
P E M ; I T H N $ B G R E I D $ N B
P T B D E < M A S O I R E E < M I U
G G L K ; H G $ D S N A K N H B N B
D $ N M ; K I U I $ A A E R T G B ;
S $ K ; U K O M P U T E R A E $ T I
3. S',te/ 2e+)ubu"*!" be+be"tu1 /e('! ee1t+4"'1 .!"* 2e+t!/! (' M!!.,'! !(!!)
____________ 5BT /, 19#6.
&. ______________________5BT /, 19#6 ('2e+1e"!1!" 2!(! 2# D',e/be+ 1#63.
7. S!te't '!!) ____________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________ 5BT /, 19#6.
6. M!!.,'! /e/2u".!' ,',te/ ,!te't".! .!"* te+,e"('+' .!"* te!) ('!"C!+1!" 2!(! 13
;!"u!+' 1##6. S',te/ te+,ebut ('"!/!1!" ______________ 5BT /, 19#6.!"* /e+u2!1!"
,'"*1!t!" (!+'2!(! __________________________________________________ 5BT /, 19#6.
%. E/2!t ,te,e" ,!te't bu/' .!"* /e"e+'/! /!1u/!t '!!) __________________:
___________________: ______________________ (!" _____________________5BT /, 19#6.
72
9. K4/2ute+ (!" '"te+"e"t 2e"t'"* b!*' 5BT /, 1#06:
!. __________________________________________
b. __________________________________________
C. __________________________________________
#. Ke+!0!!" 0u*! /e/2e+1e"!1!" ,!tu (!,!+ be+1!'t!" tee14/u"'1!,' '!'tu
__________________________ ____________________________________ 5BT /, 1#16.
10.D!,!+ 'tu be+tu0u!"
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________ 5BT /, 1#16.
11.D!!/ R!"C!"*!" M!!.,'! 1e-%:
___________________________________________________________ 5BT /, 1#16 ('2e+1e"!1!".
12.IBT '!!) C!"tu/!" !"t!+! _______________________________________:
_________________________ (!" _______________________ 5BT /, 1#16.
13.Pe"**u"!!" IBT ('2e+u!, (e"*!" 2e"ubu)!"
_________________________________________________ 5BT /, 1#16.
1&.Ob0e1t'8".! !(!!) u"tu1 5BT /, 1#16:
B'. Ob0e1t'8 Hu+!'!"
1.
2.
3.
&.
7.
6.
10(+: 7e'bandingan ke%en#ingan sis#em %e'hubungan di Ma&a$sia dan
Kanada (BT ms 113(
B'. M!!.,'! K!"!(!
K!3!,!" IBT
Me"!+! 2e+)ubu"*!"
Pe"('('1!"
73
10(3: Kesan %e'kembangan sis#em %e'hubungan di Ma&a$sia (BT ms 11- ?
110
B'. Ke,!" 24,'t'8 Ke,!" "e*!t'8
7&
;!3!2!" ,4!!" /, &6
A R T E ) E F O N 3 E ) : ) A R 3 G
K E M < E R T I U I O P L K ; H G $
G M A K H S < E D B R 3 A T E ) I T
H I N $ E R A < I O E R T E A A 3 D
T N M A K H S < E D R $ N ) B G T I
I T I H T N H I U ; M K I E P L M K
M E K A M E < E D N B $ R B M ; I T
I R N $ E < 3 K S E R D H I O K N ;
O N I U I H G F R N E < S 3 A < E R
P E M ; I T H N F B G R E A D $ N B
P T B D E < M A S O I R E E < M I U
G G L K ; H G $ D S N A K N H B N B
D $ N M ; K I U I $ A A E R T G B ;
S $ K ; U K O M 7 : T E R A E F T A
77

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