P. 1
SOALAN SAINS FORM 4

SOALAN SAINS FORM 4

|Views: 37|Likes:
Published by bubbleyogurt

More info:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: bubbleyogurt on Sep 25, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/06/2013

pdf

text

original

Section A [20 marks] Answer all questions in this section. Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini. 1.

A group of students carried out an experiment to study the variation of the types of thumbprints. Diagram 1.1 shows four types of thumbprints : curve,loop,whorl and composite. Sekumpuan pelajar telah menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji variasi kumpulan cap jari. Gambarajah 1.1 menunjukkan empat jenis cap jari : lengkung,gelung,pusar dan komposit.

Gelung

Lengkung Diagram 1.1 Gambarajah 1.1

Pusar

Komposit

The group of students collected the thumbprints of 20 students in a class. Diagram 1.2 shows the thumbprints collected. Kumpulan pelajar itu telah mengumpul sebanyak 20 pelajar di dalam kelas. Gambarajah 1.2 menunjukkan cap-cap jari yang dikumpulkan.

Diagram 1.2 Gambarajah 1.2

1

kira bilangan pelajar di dalam setiap jenis cap jari dan isikan ke dalam Jadual 1. Berdasarkan keputusan dalam Jadual 1.2. Type of thumbprints Jenis cap jari Number of students Bilangan pelajar Loop Gelung Curve Lengkung Whorl Pusar Composite Komposit Table 1 Jadual 1 [2 marks] (b) Based on the results in Table 1. lukiskan carta bar untuk menunjukkan bilangan pelajar melawan jenis-jenis cap jari. count the number of students in each type and fill in Table 1.2.3 Gambarajah 1.3 Type of thumbprint / Jenis cap jari (c) Based on the chart drawn in 1(b).draw a bar chart to show the number of students against the types of thumbprints.(a) Based on Diagram 1. [2 marks] Number of students / Bilangan pelajar Gelung Lengkung Pusar Komposit Diagram 1. apakah kesimpulan terhadap jenis variasi ini? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 2 . Berdasarkan Gambarajah 1. what is the conclusion on this type of variation? Berdasarkan carta yang dilukis dalam 1(b).

yang telah diletakkan ke dalam kelalang kon. which has been placed into a conical flask. Suhu permulaan bagi cecair X ialah 100 ºC. Gambarajah 2 menunjukkan tiub didih yang mengandungi cecair X. Suhu cecair X kemudian direkodkan setiap ½ minit. Keputusan eksperimen adalah seperti yang direkodkan di dalam Jadual 2. The results of the experiment are recorded in Table 2. Lukiskan graf suhu melawan masa dalam kertas graf di bawah dengan menggunakan data dalam Jadual 2. Diagram 2 shows a boiling tube containing liquid X. Time (minute) Masa (minit) Temperature(ºC) Suhu (ºC) 0 100 ½ 88 1 1½ 64 2 60 2½ 60 3 3½ 60 4 60 4½ 52 5 36 Boiling tube / Tiub didih Table 2 Jadual 2 (a) Draw a temperature versus time graph on the graph paper below using data in Table 2. [2 marks] Temperature (ºC) / Suhu (ºC) 3 Time (minute) / Masa (minit) . The liquid is stirred until it becomes solid. Cecair itu dikacau sehingga ia menjadi pepejal.2. Thermometer / Termometer Conical flask / Kelalang kon Liquid X (100 ºC) / Cecair X (100 ºC) Diagram 2 Gambarajah 2 The initial temperature of liquid X is 100 ºC. The temperature of liquid X is then recorded every ½ minute.

Gambarajah 3 menunjukkan radas-radas yang digunakan untuk mengkaji kekonduksian logam. The experiment is repeated using an aluminium rod. The results are recorded in Table 3. tentukan suhu cecair X selepas : (i) (ii) 1 minute / 1 minit : ____________________________________________ 3 minutes / 3 minit : ____________________________________________ [2 marks] (c) What is the freezing point of liquid X? Apakah takat beku bagi cecair X? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] º (d) Why does the temperature remain at 60 C while a change in the state of matter takes place? Kenapakah suhu kekal pada suhu 60 ºC ketika perubahan keadaan jirim sedang berlaku? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [2 marks] 3. Wax / Lilin Iron rod ( Rod besi) /Aluminium rod (Rod aluminium) Thumbtack / Paku tekan Heat / Dipanaskan Diagram 3 Gambarajah 3 The time taken for the thumbtack to drop off the iron rod is recorded. Keputusan dicatat dalam Jadual 3. Diagram 3 shows the apparatus used to study the heat conductivity of metals. Type of metal / Jenis Logam Time taken for the thumbtack to drop off (second) Masa yang diambil bagi paku tekan jatuh (saat) Iron rod / Rod besi Aluminium rod / Rod aluminium 4 35 20 . determine the temperature of liquid X after: Berdasarkan graf dalam 2(a).(b) Based on the graph in 2(a). Masa yang diambil bagi paku tekan itu jatuh daripada rod besi direkodkan. Eksperimen ini diulangi dengan menggunakan rod aluminum.

Nyatakan pembolehubah yang dimalarkan dalam eksperimen ini. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 5 . Eksperimen dalam Gambarajah 4 menunjukkan perubahan keadaan jirim apabila ia dipanaskan. Nyatakan hipotesis yang boleh dibuat daripada eksperimen ini. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [2 marks] (c) State the constant variable in this experiment. Lukiskan susunan zarah-zarah air dalam ketiga-tiga keadaan dan namakan setiap keadaan itu di dalam ruangan di bawah. [3 marks] ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ (b) State whether energy is absorbed or released when ice melts.(a) What is the aim of the experiment? Apakah tujuan eksperimen ini? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) State the hypothesis that can be made from the experiment. Nyatakan sama ada tenaga diserap atau dibebaskan ketika ais melebur. Diagram 4 Gambarajah 4 (a) Draw the arrangement of water particles for the three states and name each state in the spaces below. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 4. The experiment in Diagram 4 shows the changes of states of matter when it is heated.

Adakah semua anak menunjukkan ciri-ciri yang sama? Berikan sebab anda. Lengkapkan Gambarajah 5 untuk menunjukkan jenis kromosom pada gamet dan anak yang dihasilkan. Namakan proses X. Gambarajah 5 menunjukkan pembentukan zigot daripada persenyawaan di antara sperma dan ovum. Diagram 5 shows the formation of zygotes from the fertilisation between sperms and ova. 5. [4 marks] (b) Name process X. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) What is the probability of producing a male child at each birth? Apakah kebarangkalian menghasilkan anak lelaki dalam setiap kelahiran? _____________________________________________________________________ (d) State the sex of child : Nyatakan jantina anak : (i) (ii) P : _____________________ Q :_____________________ [2 marks] [1 mark] (e) Do all the children produced show the same characteristics? Give your reasons. Father / Bapa 44 + XY Mother / Ibu 44 + XX Body cell / Sel Badan Process X / Proses X Gamete / Gamet Offspring / Zuriat Diagram 5 Gambarajah 5 (a) Complete Diagram 5 to show the types of chromosomes of the gametes and the offsprings produced. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [2 marks] 6 . Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.Section B [30 marks] Answer all questions in this section.

Diagram 6 represents the arrangement of the particles in a solid and in a gas. Gambarajah 7 menunjukkan eksperimen yang dijalankan untuk menunjukkan satu jenis tindakbalas manusia. Namakan Proses T. Diagram 7 shows an experiment that is carried out to show a type of reaction among human beings. ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) Decribe briefly the arrangement and movement of the particles in the solid.6. Knee / Lutut Hammer / Tukul Leg / Kaki Diagram 7 Gambarajah 7 7 . ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (d) Give one example of a substance that undergo process T. ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 7. Jelaskan secara ringkas tentang susunan dan pergerakan zarah-zarah dalam pepejal. Gambarajah 6 menunjukkan susunan zarah dalam pepejal dan gas. Berikan satu contoh bahan yang mengalami proses T. Process T Proses T Diagram 6 Gambarajah 6 (a) Which state of matter contains particles with higher energy? Mana satukah keadaan jirim yang mengandungi zarah dengan tenaga yang tinggi? ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) Name Process T.

Namakan urutan lintasan bagi tindakan refleks ini.1 (d) Why is this reaction important to us? Mengapakah tindakbalas ini penting kepada kita? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (e) Give one other example of a similar reaction. Lukiskan anak panah dalam Gambarajah 7. Berikan satu contoh yang mempunyai tindakbalas yang serupa.1 to show how the impulse travels to produce the reaction caused by knocking the lower part of the knee cap. [2 marks] Motor neurone / Neuron motor Grey matter / Jirim kelabu Sensory neurone / Neuron deria Nerve end / Hujung saraf White matter / Jirim putih Diagram 7. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 8 .(a) What can be observed if the bottom part of the kneecap is knocked? Apakah yang boleh diperhatikan jika bahagian bawah tempurung lutut diketuk? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) Name the path of this reflex action. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) Draw arrows on Diagram 7.1 Gambarajah 7.1 bagi menunjukkan bagaimana impuls boleh bergerak untuk menghasilkan tindakbalas yang disebabkan oleh sentakan tempurung lutut.

9 .

Nyatakan dua ciri-ciri kembar yang kamu nyatakan dalam 8(c). Diagram 8 shows the formation of twins. Gambarajah 9 menunjukkan simbol bagi unsur X. 19 9 X 10 Diagram 9 Gambarajah 9 . ____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) Name the process that is labelled as T. Nyatakan proses yang bertanda S. Gambarajah 8 menunjukkan pembentukan kembar. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) What type of twins are produced based on Diagram 8? Apakah jenis kembar yang terhasil seperti dalam Gambarajah 8? _____________________________________________________________________ (d) State two characteristics of the twins that you stated in 8(c).8. (i) [1 mark] _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ (ii) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ [2 marks] 9. Nyatakan proses yang bertanda T. Sperm / Sperma S T Ovum / Ovum Zygote / Zigot Diagram 8 Gambarajah 8 (a) State the process that is labelled as S. Diagram 9 shows a symbol for element X.

Berikan nombor neutron dan elektron dalam satu atom X. (i) (ii) 19 : ______________________ 9 : ______________________ [2 marks] (b) Give the number of neutrons and electrons in one atom of X. (i) (ii) Number of neutrons / bilangan neutron : ____________________________ Number of electrons / bilangan elektron: ____________________________ [2 marks] (c) What is element X? Apakah unsur X? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 11 .(a) What do the following numbers mean? Apakah maksud nombor-nombor di bawah.

[4 marks] (b) Diagram 10 shows a few actions that may happen in the body of a student Gambarajah 10 menunjukkan beberapa tindakan yang boleh berlaku dalam badan seorang pelajar. Heartbeat Denyutan Nadi ACTIONS TINDAKAN Breathing Pernafasan Diagram 10 Gambarajah 10 12 Peristalsis Peristalsis Reflex Action Tindakan refleks .Section C [20 marks] Answer Question 10 and either Question 11 or Question 12. Study the following statement. [1 mark] (b) Describe an experiment to test your hypothesis based on the following criteria. Kaji pernyataan berikut. Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab bahagian ini ialah 40 minit. Kehadiran bendasing akan meningkatkan takat didih. The presence of impurities will affect the boiling point. Nyatakan empat perbezaan di antara tindakan terkawal dan tindakan luar kawal. [1 mark] (i) Aim of the experiment Tujuan eksperimen. (ii) Identification of variables [2 marks] Mengenalpasti pembolehubah-pembolehubah yang terlibat (iii) List of apparatus and materials [1 mark] Senarai radas dan bahan (iv) Procedure or method [4 marks] Prosedur atau cara kerja (v) Tabulation of data [1 mark] Penjadualan data 11. Arahan: Jawab soalan 10 dan sama ada Soalan 11 atau Soalan 12. The time suggested to answer this section is 40 minutes. Terangkan satu eksperimen untuk menguji hipotesis kamu berdasarkan kriteria berikut. (a) State four differences between voluntary action and involuntary action. 10. (a) Suggest a hypothesis to investigate the above statement. Cadangkan satu hipotesis untuk mengkaji pernyataan di atas.

Your answer should be based on the following aspects: Kaji tindakan-tindakan di atas. (a) With a suitable example. Explain how the student is going to purify the table salt. Terangkan bagaimanakah pelajar itu menulenkan garam tersebut. Dengan menggunakan contoh yang sesuai. Penerangan anda mestilah berdasarkan aspek-aspek berikut: (i) Identification of the problem [1 mark] Mengenalpasti masalah (ii) Name of the method [1 mark] Nama bagi cara kerja tersebut.explain what isotopes are. Jawapan anda mestilah berdasarkan aspek-aspek berikut: (i) Identify two common characteristics of involuntary actions [2 marks] Kenalpasti dua ciri tindakan luar kawal. Your explanation should be based on the following aspects: Seorang pelajar mendapati garam (natrium klorida) yang digunakan dalam masakan Adalah tidak tulen. [4 marks] END OF QUESTIONS PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT 13 . (ii) Develop an initial concept of involuntary actions Bina konsep permulaan tindakan luar kawal [1 mark] (iii) Give one example of involuntary actions and one example of vountary actions Berikan satu conto tindakan luar kawal dan satu contoh tindakan terkawal [2 marks] (iv) State the actual concept of involuntary actions. [4 marks] (b) A student found out that a table salt (sodium chloride) used for cooking is not pure. You are required to develop a concept of involuntary actions. [1 mark] 12.terangkan apakah itu isotop. (iii) Steps that must be taken Langkah-langkah yang mesti diambil. Nyatakan konsep sebenar tindakan luar kawal.Study the above actions. Anda dikehendaki membina satu konsep tindakan luar kawal.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->