20

What is the purpose of adding azo and triphenyl compounds in foods?

Apakah tujuan mencampurkan sebatian azo dan trifenil dalam makanan?
A To stabilise the oil in water

Untuk menstabilkan minyak di dalam air
B To enhance the taste and flavour of foods

Untuk meningkatkan rasa dan perisa makanan
C To prevent the foods from being oxidised

Untuk mengelakkan makanan daripada teroksida
D To improve the appearance of foods by restoring their colours

Untuk memperbaiki rupa makanan dengan memulihkan warna makanan berkenaan

19 Which of the following chemical equations represents the reaction of preparation of soap? Diantara persamaan kimia berikut, yang manakah mewakili tindak balas penyediaan sabun? A Ethanoic acid + ethanol  ethyl ethanoate + water Asid etanoik + etanol  etil etanoat + air B Oil + sodium hydroxide  glycerol + sodium palmitate Minyak + natrium hidroksida  gliserol + natrium palmitat C Glucose + yeast  ethanol + carbon dioxide Glukosa + yis  etanol + karbon dioksida D Alkylbenzene sulphonic acid + sodium hydroxide  sodium alkylbenzene sulphonate + water Asid alkilbenzena sulfonik + natrium hidroksida  natrium alkilbenzena sulfonat + air 20 Why detergents more effective than soaps? Kenapakah detergen lebih berkesan berbanding dengan sabun? A Detergents are biodegradable whereas soaps are non biodegradble. Detergen boleh terbiodegradasi manakala sabun tidak terbiodegradasi. Detergents reduce the surface tension of water, whereas soaps do not. Detergen merendahkan ketegangan permukaan air manakala sabun tidak merendahkan ketegangan permukaan air. C Detergents do not form scum in hard water, whereas soaps do. Detergen tidak membentuk kekat didalam air liat manakala sabun membentuk kekat. D Detergents are soluble in grease, whereas soaps are insoluble in grease. Detergen larut dalam gris manakala sabun tidak larut dalam gris.
19 Which of the following medicines is not an analgesic? A Aspirin B Codeine C Paracetamol

B

yang manakah merupakan pengantioksida? A Asid benzoik . She goes to the clinic and the doctor prescribes streptomycin. Dia pergi ke klinik dan doktor memberinya streptomisin. What type of medicine is streptomycin? Apakah jenis ubat streptomisin? A B C D Analgesic Analgesik Antibiotic Antibiotik Antipsychotic Antipsikotik Psychotherapeutic Psikoteraputik 20 Antara bahan tambah makanan berikut. Afiqah merasa tidak sihat.D Streptomycin 20 A B C D Which of the following food additives is an antioxidant ? Benzoic acid Ascorbic acid Sodium nitrate Ethyl ethanoate 49 Which substance is normally used as a substitute for aspartame in food and drinks? Bahan manakah yang biasa diguna sebagai pengganti bagi aspartam dalam makanan dan minuman? A B C D Salt Garam Chilly Cili Sugar Gula Vinegar Cuka 50 Afiqah is not feeling well.

......... (i) What is meant by food additives? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan bahan tambah makanan? ...................................................... semasa Asid benzoik adalah satu contoh bahan tambah makanan yang boleh digunakan memproses makanan........... yang manakah sesuai untuk merawat pesakit tersebut? A Codeine Kodena B Penicilin Penisilin C Barbiturate Barbiturat D Paracetamol Parasetamol 3............. Antara ubat berikut.................... [1 mark] (iii) and fine? What type of food additives that makes the texture of ice cream smooth ...... [1 mark] (ii) What is the function of benzoic acid? Apakah fungsi asid benzoik? ....B Asid askorbik C Natriumnitrat D Etil etanoat 50 A patient is always sad and depress........................................................................ (a) Benzoic acid is an example of food additives that can be used when processing food........................................................... Which of the following medicine is suitable to treat this patient? Seorang pesakit selalu berasa sedih dan murung.....................

............... Jadual 3 menunjukkan maklumat tentang jenis-jenis ubat................................................................... [1 mark] (iv) The implication of taking excess food additives can cause side effects......................... ............... Antibiotik.... ubat psikoterapeutik dan analgesik merupakan beberapa jenis ubat yang untuk mengubati pesakit........................ State one side effect to the consumer.... menyebabkan Implikasi pengambilan bahan tambah makanan yang berlebihan boleh kesan sampingan................. [1 mark] (b) medicine digunakan Antibiotic....... Nyatakan satu kesan sampingan kepada pengguna......... psychotherapeutic medicine and analgesic are several types of used to cure patients......Apakah jenis bahan tambah makanan yang menjadikan tekstur ais krim halus dan sekata? ......................................... Table 3 shows the information about types of medicine........................... Type of medicine Jenis ubat Example Contoh Antibiotic Antibiotik Penicillin Penisilin Psychotherapeutic medicine Ubat psikoterapeutik Tranquilizer Trankuilizer Table 3 Jadual 3 ............

. What is the effect of this action to the patient? Doktor menasihatkan pesakit untuk menghabiskan semua antibiotik yang diberikan................................................ ........................... [1 mark] (iii) Diagram 3 shows the structural formula of aspirin..... Apakah kesan tindakan ini terhadap pesakit? ........................ After two days of taking antibiotic................................................................................... pesakit tersebut berasa sihat dan berhenti mengambil antibiotik itu.............................................. Function of tranquilizer: Fungsi trankuilizer: ....................................................... Selepas dua hari mengambil antibiotik........................................................................................................ ...(i) What are the functions of penicillin and tranquilizer? Apakah fungsi penisilin dan trankuilizer? Function of penicillin: Fungsi penisilin: ..................................................... Rajah 3 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi aspirin... [2 marks] (ii) Doctor advised the patient to finish all the antibiotic given................................................................. the patient feels healthy and stops taking the antibiotic................

............................ H= 1.. O= 16] Hitung jisim molekul relatif bagi aspirin............ [Relative Atomic Mass: C= 12... [2 marks] (iv) Calculate the relative molecular mass of aspirin..................... Empirical formula: Formula empirik: ................... O= 16] [1 mark] ........................ H= 1................................... [Jisim atom relatif: C= 12...Diagram 3 Rajah 3 Write the molecular formula and empirical formula of aspirin? Tuliskan formula molekul dan formula empirik bagi aspirin? Molecular formula: Formula molekul: .

.... The mixture of 5.........1 shows part of the washing action of soap particles on a cloth stained with grease........ Campuran dipanaskan lagi selama 5 minit dan kemudian disejukkan... Nyatakan bahagian zarah sabun yang larut dalam gris........………… [1 mark] b) Diagram 3.............1 (i) State the part of a soap particle that is soluble in water..1 Rajah 3........ Then 3 spatula of solid sodium chloride and 50 cm3 of distilled water are added........………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (ii) Sodium chloride is added into the mixture. Campuran 5..................Why? Natrium klorida ditambah kepada campuran.............3.Mengapa? …………………………………………………………………………………….. Rajah 3...... Water Air Grease Gris Cloth Kain Diagram 3......... .. . Namakan proses yang terlibat.. 3 3 -3 a) (i) Name the process involved...0 cm minyak sawit dan 50 cm larutan natrium hidroksida 5 mol dm dididihkan dalam bikar. Rod kaca digunakan untuk mengacau campuran itu.............. 3 3 spatula pepejal natrium klorida dan 50 cm air suling ditambahkan.... Glass rod is used to stir the mixture..... .......0 cm3 palm oil and 50 cm3 of 5 mol dm -3 sodium hydroxide solutions are boiled in a beaker...1 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada tindakan pencucian oleh zarah-zarah sabun ke atas kotoran bergris pada kain. The mixture is heated for another 5 minutes and then allowed to cool..[1 mark] ........

... Dalam bikar manakah sabun bertindak lebih berkesan sebagai agen pembersih?Terangkan mengapa................2 Berdasarkan Rajah 3................................ ............................................................................................... ....1... terangkan bagaimana anion sabun bertindak ke atas gris? ............2 Beaker Q Bikar Q c) Based on Diagram 3...............................................………………………………………………… [1 mark] (iii) Based on diagram 3........................................................................ .....................................................................................................(ii) What is the effect of soap on the surface tension of water? Apakah kesan sabun ke atas ketegangan permukaan air? ...........................................................................1...........................................................................................................................................2 Rajah 3................................................... ........................... [2 marks] Cloth Kain Soap + soft water Sabun + air lembut Cloth Kain Soap + hard water Sabun + air liat Grease Gris Grease Gris Beaker P Bikar P Diagram 3............................... [2 marks] (ii) In which beaker is the soap more effective as cleaning agent? Explain why............................................................. explain how does the anion of soap act on grease? Berdasarkan rajah 3........................................................................................................ [2 marks] .....................................................2 (i) What is the difference between soft water and hard water? Apakah perbezan antara air lembut dan air liat? .................... .............

3 Diagram 3.1 shows the aloe vera plant. Rajah 3.1 Rajah 3. (a) (i) State one function of aloe vera as a traditional medicine.1 Aloe vera plant can be used as a traditional medicine. Type of medicine Example Jenis ubat X Y Table 3 Contoh Aspirin Aspirin Streptomycin Sreptomisin Jadual 3 Based on the Table 3. answer the following questions : Berdasarkan Jadual 3. Pokok lidah buaya boleh digunakan sebagai ubat tradisional. jawab soalan-soalan berikut : . ………………………………………………………………………………………. Nyatakan satu fungsi pokok lidah buaya sebagai ubat tradisional. ……………………………………………………………………………………….1 menunjukkan pokok lidah buaya. Jadual 3 menunjukkan dua jenis ubat moden dan contohnya. Namakan satu ubat tradisional yang dapat merawat angin dalam badan. [1 mark] (ii) Name one traditional medicine that can cure wind in the body. [1 mark] (b) Table 3 shows the two types of medicine and their example. Diagram 3.

State a suitable medicine that can be prescribed by the doctor. ……………………………………………………………………………………….2 shows the set-up of apparatus set-up to prepare soap. Seorang doktor mendapati pesakitnya mengalami penyakit tibi dan pneumonia . [2 marks] (iii) A doctor found that a patient is suffered with tuberculosis and pneumonia. Rajah 3. Apakah jenis ubat yang sesuai disarankan oleh doktor tersebut. ………………………………………………………………………………………. . [1 mark] (c) Diagram 3.2 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi menyediakan sabun.(i) State X and Y: Nyatakan X dan Y: X : ………………………………………………………………………………… Y : ………………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] (ii) Why must a patient complete all the streptomycin as prescribed by the doctor? Mengapa pesakit perlu mengambil hingga habis ubat streptomisin seperti yang disarankan oleh doctor ? ……………………………………………………………………………………….

Distilled water Air suling Palm oil Minyak sawit + Concentrated Sodium hydroxide solution + Sodium chloride Natrium klorida Larutan natrium hidroksida pekat Heat Panaskan Diagram 3. [1 mark] (iii) The oily stains on cloth cannot be removed when wash in hard water by using soap. [1 mark] (ii) CH3 Diagram 3. Namakan proses bagi penyediaan sabun. CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 C–O O Part X Part Y  Bahagian X Bahagian Y Diagram 3.2 Rajah 3. ………………………………………………………………………………………. Nyatakan bahagian ion sabun yang larut dalam air. ……………………………………………………………………………………….3 State the part of the soap ion that is soluble in water.3 shows the structure of a soap ion. Rajah 3. Kotoran berminyak pada pakaian tidak dapat ditanggalkan apabila .3 menunjukkan struktur satu ion sabun.2 (i) Name the process for the preparation of soap.3 Rajah 3. Explain why.

………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………….dibersihkan dalam air liat dengan menggunakan sabun. ………………………………………………………………………………………. Terangkan mengapa. [2 marks] .

Terangkan perbezaannya.1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu eksperimen untuk membandingkan kekerasan logam tulen dengan aloinya.2.2 Calculate the average diameter for both the blocks. Explain the differences. Type of block Diameter of dent on metal block/cm Diameter of dent on alloy block/cm Diameter of dent/cm 1 2 3. Hitungkan diameter purata untuk kedua-dua blok. [ 2 marks] (b) The results obtained from the experiment are recorded in table 8.90 3.20 2. [8 marks] . 1 kg weight Steel ball Metal block Diagram 8.1 (a) Name a suitable metal block and an alloy of the metal to be used in the experiment.00 1.00 Average/cm Table 8.1 shows the apparatus set up of an experiment to compare the hardness of a pure metal and its alloy. Rajah 8 . Namakan blok logam dan aloi yang sesuai digunakan dalam eksperimen tersebut.8 Diagram 8.

kelaskan jenis bahan tambah yang terkandung dalam minuman ringan ini. Berdasarkan ramuan yang digunakan. Suggest a type of medicine that should be taken by each patient. Nyatakan bahan tambah makanan yang sesuai digunakan untuk tujuan di atas dan terangkan bagaimana bahan ini bertindak.(c) These information are written on the back of a soft drink pack. [4 marks] (d) Patient X suffers from tuberculosis which is caused by a certain bacteria. the prescription that must be followed and a reason why the prescription must be followed by them. classify the types of food additives used in this soft drink. Bahan tambah makanan merupakan bahan kimia yang digunakan dalam makanan yang diproses. Ingredients: Ramuan: Water. Patient Y suffers from long depression caused by an unfortunate accident. aspartame. Cadangkan ubat yang patut diberikan kepada setiap pesakit. Maklumat berikut ditulis di belakang sebuah kotak minuman ringan. [6 marks] [6 markah] [9 marks] [9 markah] . octyl butanoate and tartazine Air. preskripsi yang perlu dipatuhi dan mengapa preskripsi tersebut perlu dipatuhi oleh mereka. Ia menolong menjadikan makanan tahan lama. [6 marks] 9 (a) Food additives are chemicals that are used in processed food. Pesakit X mengalami batuk kering yang disebabkan oleh sejenis bakteria. oktil butanoat dan tartazin Based on the ingredients used. citric acid. aspartame. State the food additives that are suitable to be used for the above purposes and explain how the additives act. look better and taste more delicious. kelihatan menarik dan lebih sedap. asid sitrik. Pesakit Y mengalami tekanan perasaan yang berpanjangan akibat satu kemalangan. They help to make food last longer.

…………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) State the Process Q.1 menunjukkan carta aliran untuk penyediaan detergen B.Na+ O Detergent B Detergen B Diagram 6. bulatkan dan labelkan bahagian hidrofilik dan hidrofobik. [1 mark] [1 markah] Based on the structure of detergent B. Berdasarkan struktur detergen B.6 (a) Diagram 6.. Process P Proses P CH3(CH2)nCH2OH O CH3(CH2)nCH2 – O – S . …………………………………………………………………………………. (b) O .1 (i) Name detergent B.1 Rajah 6. Rajah 6.1 shows the flow chart for the preparation of detergent B. circle and label the hydrophilic part and hydrophobic part..O-H O Alkyl sulphonic acid Asid alkil sulfonik Sodium hydroxide solution Larutan natrium hidroksida Process Q Proses Q O CH3(CH2)nCH2 – O –S . Nyatakan Proses Q.O. Namakan detergen B.

Date: 03112012 Tarikh Luput: 03112012 Diagram 6. Net Weight: 500g Berat Bersih: 500g Exp. Brilliant Blue Sirup glukos. (ii) MINT CANDY ICE CREAM AIS KRIM MINT CANDY Ingredients: Bahan-bahan: Glucose syrup.2 menunjukkan satu label pembungkus makanan. (i) What is hard water? Apakah air liat? 6(c)(i) ………………………………………………………………………………….2 shows a label of food packages. Namakan satu bahan tambah makanan dalam ais krim ini.. [1 mark] [1 markah] Explain why detergent is more effective than soap in hard water.CH3(CH2)nCH2 – O –S – O-H O [2 marks] [2 markah] (c)(i) The cleansing action of a detergent is more effective than soap in hard water. Brilliant Biru Product by: Produk oleh: Wonder Company. . Menthol. Rajah 6.Selangor.2 Rajah 6. Serdang. Mentol. Tindakan pencucian detergen adalah lebih berkesan daripada sabun dalam air liat. …………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………. Terangkan mengapa detergen adalah lebih berkesan daripada sabun dalam air liat.2 (i) Name one food additive used in the ice cream... [2 marks] [2 markah] (d) Diagram 6.

…………………………………………………………………………………. Etil butanoat adalah satu contoh ester. [1 mark] [1 markah] (iii) Ethyl butanoate is an example of ester. [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) State the function of the food additive in (d)(i). Lukiskan formula struktur bagi etil butanoat. [1 mark] [1 markah] .. Draw the structural formula of ethyl butanoate.…………………………………………………………………………………. Nyatakan fungsi bahan tambah makanan dalam (d)(i)..

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