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8. Mengubah Bentuk Pangkat Ke Bentuk Logaritma Dan Sebaliknya Dan Sifat Sifat Logaritma

8. Mengubah Bentuk Pangkat Ke Bentuk Logaritma Dan Sebaliknya Dan Sifat Sifat Logaritma

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Published by Hendrik Alfarisi

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Published by: Hendrik Alfarisi on Mar 11, 2013
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09/13/2015

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1. Nyatakan bentuk-bentuk berikut dalam bentuk logaritma!

a.
2
5 25 =
b.
b
a c =
c.
4
3 81 =
d.
7
2 128 =
e.
0
20 1 =
f.
1
4 4 =

g.
1
10 0,1
÷
=
h.
1
2
100 10 =
i.
2
1
4
2
÷
=
j.
3
4 1
8
16
÷
=
k.
3
2
6 6 6 =

2. Nyatakan setiap bentuk berikut dalam bentuk perpangkatan!
a.
6
log36 2 =
b.
3
log81 4 =

c.
10
log100 2 =
d.
5
log1 0 =
d.
10
log0, 01 2 = ÷
e.
3
1
9
log 2 = ÷
f.
6
log m n =
g. log
p
q r =

3. Tentukanlah nilai x dari setiap persamaan berikut!
a.
4
log 3 x =
b.
5
log 1 x =
c.
4
1
2
log x =
d. log32 5
x
=
e.
1
2
log9
x
=
f.
2 6
log2 x =
g.
( )
3
1
9
log x =
h.
2
log 8 x =
i.
3
log 3 x =

4. Hitunglah nilai dari:
a.
4
log64
b.
3
log81
c.
2
1
32
log
d.
5
1
5
log
e.
5
log5 5
f.
2
log 4 2
g.
8
log 2
h.
125
log 25
i.
3
4 9
16
log
j.
10
log10.000


1. Mengubah bentuk perpangkatan ke dalam bentuk logaritma
a.
2 5
5 25 2 log25 = · =
b. log
b a
a c b c = · =
c.
4 3
3 81 4 log81 = · =
d.
7 2
2 128 7 log128 = · =
e.
0 20
20 1 0 log1 = · =
f.
1 4
4 4 1 log4 = · =

g.
1 10
10 0,1 1 log0,1
÷
= · ÷ =
h.
1
2
100
1
100 10 log10
2
= · =
i.
2 2
1 1
2 2 log
4 4
÷
= · ÷ =
j.
3
4
16
1 3 1
16 log
8 4 8
÷
= · ÷ =
k.
3
2
6
3
6 6 6 log6 6
2
= · =

2. Mengubah bentuk logaritma ke dalam bentuk pangkat
a.
6 2
log36 2 6 36 = · =
b.
3 4
log81 4 3 81 = · =
c.
10 2
log100 2 10 100 = · =
d.
5 0
log1 0 5 1 = · =

e.
10 2
log0, 01 2 10 0, 01
÷
= ÷ · =
f.
3 2
1 1
log 2 3
9 9
÷
= ÷ · =
g.
6
log 6
n
m n m = · =
h. log
p r
q r p q = · =
LATIHAN
PEMBAHASAN
3. Menentukan nilai x
a.
4 3
log 3 4 x x = · =

3
4
64
x
x
=
=

b.
5 1
log 1 5 x x = · =

5 x =
c.
1
2
4
1
2
log 4 x x = · =

1
2
4
4
2
x
x
x
=
=
=

d.
5
log32 5 32
x
x = · =

5 5
2
2
x
x
=
=

e.
1
2 1
2
log9 9
x
x = · =

1 1
2 2
81
81
x
x
=
=

f.
2 6 6
log2 2 2
x
x = · =

6 x =
g.
3
1 1
log 3
9 9
x
x
| |
= · =
|
\ .


( )
1
1
2
2
3 9
3 3
3 3
2
x
x
x
x
÷
÷
÷
=
=
=
= ÷



h.
2
log 8 2 8
x
x = · =

( )
1
2 2
1
2
2
3
2 8
2 8
2 2
3
2 2
2 6
3
x
x
x
x
x
x
=
=
=
=
=
=

i.
3
log 3 3 3
x
x = · =

1
2
3 3
1
2
x
x
=
=


4. Menghitung nilai logaritma
a.
4
log64
4 3
4
log 4
3. log 4
3.1 3
=
=
= =


b.
3
log81
3 4
3
log3
4. log3
4.1 4
=
=
= =


c.
2
1
32
log
2 1
2
2 5
2
log32
1. log32
1. log 2
1.5. log 2
1.5.1 5
÷
=
= ÷
= ÷
= ÷
= ÷ = ÷


d.
5
1
5
log
1
2
1
1
2
5 1
5
5 2
5
log5
log5
log5
2. log5
2.1 2
÷
÷
÷
=
=
=
= ÷
= ÷ = ÷

e.
5
log5 5
1
2
1
2
3
2
5
1 5
5
5
log5.5
log5
log5
3
. log5
2
3 3
.1
2 2
+
=
=
=
=
= =


f.
2
log 4 2
1
2
1
2
5
2
2 2
2 2
2
2
log 2 .2
log 2
log 2
5
. log 2
2
5 5
.1
2 2
+
=
=
=
=
= =

g.
8
log 2
3
1
3
2 1
2
2
log 2
log 2
1
. log 2
3
1 1
.1
3 3
=
=
=
= =

h.
125
log 25
3
2
3
5 2
5
5
log5
log5
2
. log5
3
2 2
.1
3 3
=
=
=
= =


i.
3
4 9
16
log
( )
3
4
3
4
2
3
4
3
4
log
2. log
2.1 2
=
=
= =


j.
10
log10.000
10 4
10
log10
4. log10
4.1 4
=
=
= =

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