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Teralis

Teralis

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Published by Julian Fikri

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Published by: Julian Fikri on Mar 22, 2013
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11/05/2013

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L = 5 500
b = 6
h = 12
a = 36
P = 1242.089
stk// = 85
slt = 100
1. Peninjauan satu batang
Syarat 30 ≤ l1 ≤60
H > b ® I min = 0,289 x b
= 1.734
Untuk l1 max = 60 = 30
L1 max = 104.04 cm L1 min = 52.02 cm
Ambil n = 6 maka
500
6
42 49.39
36
Sin a = 0.759 Cos a = 0.651
Lt = 1/2 L1 /sin a
= 0.55 m
2. Kelangsingan batang terhadap sumbu bebas bahan
Iy = 63936 cm
4
F = 2 (bh)
= 144 cm
2
= 21.07 cm
L1 500
iy 21.071
E = 100000 kg/cm
2
F1 = bh = 72 cm
2
a1 = 1/2(a+b) = 21 cm
c = 600 kg/cm
m = 2
n = 12 (dimisalkan dulu)
23.729
= = ly =
OK
=
..............
Untuk l1 min
tg a = = 1.167 ® a
L1 = = 83 cm
 = ² +

2
.
4². . 1
1. . . ²

= 2
1
12
ℎ³ +2 ℎ
1
2
+
1
2
²
iy =

stk // = 85 kg/cm
2
lw = 49.664 < lx =
Dimana
Lk 500
ix 3.468
3. Perhitungan kekuatan
wx = 6.9716 6.9716
N = 1242.089 kg
F = 2(bh) = 144 cm
2
M = 72677.8 kg/cm (didapat dari tabel cross)
stk// 85
slt 100
Perhitungan omega terhadap sumbu y-y
63936
24
8659.3477 72678 71.73 85
144 5328
4. Merencanakan batang tralis
a. Akibat gaya aksial
P = 1242.089
lw = 49.66 ww =
Untuk lw ≤ 60
25.645
b. Akibat momen
Gaya lintang maximum 169.68 kg (didapat dari perhitungan SAP)
D = DM + DN
= 195.325 kg
Gaya yang bekerja pada batang teralis
St = D / sina
= 257.291 kg
St1 = St/2
= 128.646 kg
c. Dimensi batang tralis
Misalkan ukuran tralis : b1 x h1, dan h1>b1
1.4966
stk//
kg/cm
2
< =
=
cm
3
+ 0.85 =
= 63936
cm
4
=
2664.000
144.18
= = q =
144.18 = lx = =
0.85
= kg
 = ² +

2
.
4². . 1
1. . . ²

 =

+ 
1
2

≤ 
= 2
1
12
ℎ³ +2 ℎ
1
2
+
1
2
²
=

1
2
+

 =

+
1
2

≤ 
=

60


60

l
min
= 0,289. b1
Panjang tekuk Lt = 55 cm
lt
0,289 .b1
b1 = 1.27 Ambil saja nilai b1 = 2 cm
lt 55
0,289 .b1 0.578
w St1 Maka
b1.h1
h1 = 2.03 Ambil saja nilai h1 = 5 cm
Kontrol
w St1 = 345.044
b1.h1 10
= 34.50 < 85 .......... OK
= l maka
stk// =
w =
stk// =
l = = =
94.96
imin = 0.289 * b
= 1.734 cm
lmax = 60 >>>>> 60 = L1
1.734
104.04 cm
lmin = 30 >>>>> 30 = L1
1.734
52.02 cm
jadi ; 52.02 £ L1 £ 104.04
jika n = jumlah medan , maka
n = 4 >>> L1 = 125 oke
n = 5 >>> L1 = 100 oke
oke
n = 6 >>> L1 = 83 oke
oke
> L1 max
cm < L1max
> L1 max
karena h > b, maka :
L1 max =
L1 min =
cm > L1max
cm < L1max
OK
(didapat dari perhitungan SAP)
2.682

Perhitungan kekuatan 𝑡𝑘 = = = 49.85 72678 5328 = 71. Akibat momen Gaya lintang maximum 169.68 kg D = DM + DN = 195.291 kg St1 = St/2 = 128.4966 b.18 144.645 = kg 1. Dimensi batang tralis Misalkan ukuran tralis : b1 x h1.73 kg/cm2 < 85 4.468 = = 144. 𝑐. 𝑛. dan h1>b1 (didapat dari perhitungan SAP) .000 cm 4 𝐼𝑦 1 + 𝑏 2𝑎 𝑊𝑁 1 𝑀 + ≤ 𝑡𝑘 𝐹 2 𝑊 = 63936 24 = cm3 𝑡𝑘 = stk// = 8659. 𝑠𝑖𝑛² lw Dimana lx 3.18 6.9716 1242. 𝐸. 𝐹1 .85 stk// 85 q = = = slt 100 Perhitungan omega terhadap sumbu y-y 𝐼𝑦 = 2 𝑊𝑦 = 1 1 1 ℎ𝑏³ + 2 𝑏ℎ 𝑎 + 𝑏 ² 12 2 2 wx N 𝑊𝑁 1 𝑀 + ≤ 𝑡𝑘 𝐹 2 𝑊 = = = 63936 2664.646 kg c.664 < lx Lk ix = 500 3.8 kg/cm (didapat dari tabel cross) 0.stk // 𝑤 = = 𝑦² + 2 85 kg/cm 𝑚 4². Merencanakan batang tralis a.089 kg 2 F = 2(bh) = 144 cm M = 72677.9716 6. 2 𝑎1.325 kg Gaya yang bekerja pada batang teralis St = D / sina = 257. Akibat gaya aksial P = lw = Untuk lw ≤ 60 𝐷𝑁 = 𝑊𝑤 𝑤 𝑃 60 60 1242.3477 + 144 0.66 = ww 25.089 49.

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