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soalan biologi tingkatan 4

soalan biologi tingkatan 4

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Published by Nur Shafiqa Ali
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Published by: Nur Shafiqa Ali on Apr 05, 2013
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09/19/2013

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SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN SAMA GAGAH UJIAN PRESTASI 1/ 2013 BIOLOGY TINGKATAN 4 NAMA: …………………………………………..

Answer all questions.Jawab semua soalan. Section A / Bahagian A: (20 marks/ 20 markah) 1. Which of the following is a field in Biology that studies microorganisms? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah merupakan satu bidang Biologi yang mengkaji mikroorganisma? A Genetics/ Genetik B Medicine / Perubatan C Microbiology / Mikrobiologi D Zoology/ Zoologi 2 What is anatomy? Apakah itu anatomi? A The study of ant Kajian tentang semut B The study of para sit e s Kajian tentang parasit C The study of the structure of organisms Kajian tentang struktur fizikal organisma D The study of the development of the embryo. Kajian tentang perkembangan embrio. 3 Which of the following steps need not to be considered when planning the investigation? Antara langkah yang berikut, manakah tidak perlu dipertimbangkan semasa merancang penyiasatan? A Controlling the variables Mengawal pemboleh ubah B Determining the procedure Menentu prosedur C Determining the apparatus and materials Menentu radas dan bahan D Observing and collecting data Memerhati dan mengumpul data 1 4 Which of the following structures are present in both plant and animal cells? Antara struktur-struktur berikut, yang manakah terdapat dalam kedua-dua sel tumbuhan dan sel haiwan? A Cell wall and plasma membrane Dinding sel dan membran plasma. B Plasma membrane and nucleus Membran plasma dan nukleus. C Nucleus and chloroplast Nukleus dan kloroplas. D Chloroplast and vacuole. Kloroplas dan vakuol. Questions 5 and 6 are based on Diagram 1 / Soalan 5 dan 6 berdasarkan kepada Rajah 1. 5 Diagram 1 shows a plant cell and animal cell. Rajah 1 menunjukkan sel tumbuhan dan sel haiwan. TINGKATAN: ……………

Which part of each cell contains a large amount of DNA? Bahagian manakah dalam setiap sel mengandungi banyak DNA? A P and Y / P dan Y B Q and X/ Qdan X C R and W/ R dan W D S and Z / S dan Z

Rajah 3 menunjukkan struktur sesuatu organisma. 6 Which of the three structures found in the plant cell is absent in the animal cell? Tiga struktur yang manakah terdapat dalam sel tumbuhan tetapi tidak terdapat dalam sel haiwan? A P, Q and R / P, Q dan R B P, Q and S/ P,Q dan S C P, R and S/ P, R dan S D Q, R and S/ Q, R dan S. 7 Diagram 2 shows four types of cells. Rajah 2 menunjukkan empat jenis sel. Diagram 3/ Rajah 3 Which of the structures P,Q ,R and S is correctly labeled? Antara struktur P, Q, R dan S berikut, yang manakah telah dilabel dengan betul? A P- cell wall P- dinding sel B Q- chloroplast Q- kloroplas C R- mitochondrion R- mitokondrion D S – food vacuole. S- vakuol makanan 10 What is the function of X? Apakah fungsi X? I. Feeding/ Pemakanan II. Reproduction/ Pembiakan III. Respiration/ Respirasi IV. Locomotion/ Pergerakan A I , II and III/ I, II, dan III B I ,III and IV/ I ,III dan IV C II,III and IV/ II,III dan IV D III, and IV/ III, and IV 11 Diagram 4 shows three structures labeled P,Q and R. Rajah 4 menunjukkan tiga struktur berlabel P,Q, dan R.

Which of the cells are animal cells? Yang manakah merupakan sel haiwan? A P, Q and R / P, Q dan R B Q, R and S/ Q,R dan S C R, S and P/ R, S dan P D S, P and Q/ S, P dan Q. 8 Which organelle fits the descriptions below? Antara organel di bawah, yang manakah berpadan dengan huraian berikut? • It is spherical or rod-shaped Ia berbentuk rod atau sfera. • It is surrounded by a double membrane Ia dikelilingi oleh dua membrane The inner membrane folds to form cristae • Membran dalaman berlipat untuk membentuk Krista. A Lysosome Lisosom B Nucleolus Nukleolus C Chloroplast Kloroplas D Mitochondrion Mitokondrion

Questions 9 and 10 are based on Diagram 3/ Soalan 9 dan 10 berdasarkan kepada Rajah 3 9 Diagram 3 shows the structure of an organism. 2

Diagram 4/ Rajah 4 Which of the following is correct for P,Q, and R Antara yang berikut, yang manakah betul bagi P,Q, dan R? Cell Sel A P B Q C R D R Organ Organ Q R P Q Organism Organisma R P Q P

14 Which of the following is not regulated by homeostasis? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah tidak dikawal oleh homeostasis? A Blood sugar level. Paras gula darah. B Secretion of digestive enzymes into the stomach. Rembesan enzim pencernaan ke dalam perut. C Expelling excessive water in the blood. Menyingkirkan air berlebihan daripada darah. D Maintaining the body temperature. Mengekalkan suhu badan. 15 Which component of a cell is semi-permeable to some substances? Bahagian sel yang manakah adalah separa telap kepada sesetengah bahan? A Plasma membrane Membran plasma B Cytoplasm Sitoplasma C Vacuol Vakuol D Breathing Nukleus 16 Which of the following best describes the basic structure of the plasma membrane? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah paling sesuai menerangkan struktur asas membran plasma? A Bipolar hydrophobic / Hidrofobik dwipolar B Dual glycoprotein / Glikoprotein kembar C Phospholipid bilayer / Fosfolipid dwilapisan D Dipolyprotein lipid / Dwilapisan lipid 17 What is the model proposed by Singer and Nicolson in 1972 to explain the basic structure of the plasma membrane? Apakah jenis model yang dicadangkan oleh Singer dan Nicolson pada 1972 untuk menerangkan struktur asas membran plasma? A Flexi multilayer model / Model multilapisan fleksi B Mosaic-permeable model/ Model mozek telap. C Lipid-fluidity model / Model bendalir lipid D Fluid-mosaic model / Model bendalir mozek 18 Diagram 5 show Paramecium in a pond. Rajah 5 menunjukkan Paramecium dalam kolam.

12 Which of the following are the organs of the excretory system? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah organ-organ system perkumuhan? A Ureter, liver,lung, urinary bladder Ureter, hati, peparu, pundi kencing. B Nose, artery, spleen, urethra Hidung, arteri, limpa, uretra C Bronchus, kidney, stomach, large intestine Bronkus, ginjal,perut, usus besar D Kidney, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra. Ginjal, ureter, pundi kencing, uretra 13 Artery, blood, heart and vein are organs in our body. In what system do these organs belong to? Which of the following made up the peripheral nervous system? Arteri, darah, jantung dan vena ialah organ dalam badan kita. Apakah system yang merangkumi organ-organ itu? A Digestive system/ Sistem pencernaan B Respiratory system/ Sistem Respirasi C Circulatory system/ Sistem Peredaran darah. D Reproductive system/ Sistem Pembiakan

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Sel-sel akar mengalami plasmolisis IV The plants wilts Pokok menjadi layu A II and III/ II, dan III B II and IV/ II dan IV C II,III and IV/ II,III dan IV D I,II,III, and IV/ I,II, III, and IV

Diagram 5/ Rajah 5 What is the process involved in the gaseous exchange as shown in Diagram 5? Apakah proses yang terlibat dalam pertukaran gas seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 5? AOsmosis/ Osmosis B Active transport / Pengangkutan aktif C Simple diffusion / Resapan ringkas D Facilitated diffusion / Resapan berbantu 19 Which of the following statements is true about active transport? Antara yang berikut, pernyataan yang manakah benar tentang pengangkutan aktif? A It happens in the villi of the small intestine. Berlaku dalam vilus usus kecil. B It helps root hairs absorbs minerals salts from the soil. Membantu akar rambut menyerap garam mineral daripada tanah. C It transports substances down a concentration gradient Mengangkat bahan menuruni kecerunan kepekatan. D It removes unwanted large molecules from living cells. Mengeluarkan molekul besar yang tidak diperlukan daripada sel hidup. 20 What are the effects on a plant if excessive chemical fertilizers are added to the soil? Apakah kesan-kesan terhadap suatu tumbuhan sekiranya baja kimia yang berlebihan ditambahkan ke dalam tanah? I Sap content of the root cells become hypertonic to the soil solution Kandungan sap dalam sel-sel akar menjadi hipertonik kepada larutan tanah. II Water diffuses out from the root cells by osmosi. Air meresap keluar daripada sel-sel akar secara osmosis. III Root cells become plsmolysed. 4

ANSWERS/ JAWAPAN: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

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