Fungsi Distribusi Bawah pada Distribusi Probabilitas t-Student

dk
0,001
0,005 0,01 0,025
0,05
1 –318,309 –63,657 –31,821 –12,706 –6,314
2 –22,327 –9,925 –6,965 –4,303 –2,920
3 –10,215 –5,841 –4,541 –3,182 –2,353
4
–7,173 –4,604 –3,747 –2,776 –2,132
5
–5,893 –4,032 –3,365 –2,571 –2,015

0,10
–3,078
–1,886
–1,638
–1,533
–1,476

0,20
–1,376
–1,961
–0,978
–0,941
–0,920

0,30
–0,727
–0,617
–0,584
–0,569
–0,559

0,40 dk
–0,325 1
–0,289 2
–0,277 3
–0,271 4
–0,267 5

6
7
8
9
10

–5,208
−4,785
−4,501
−4,297
–4,144

–3,707
−3,499
–3,355
–3,250
–3,169

–3,143
−2,998
–2,896
–2,821
−2,764

–2,447
−2,365
–2,306
–2,262
−2,228

–1,943
−1,895
–1,860
–1,833
−1,812

–1,440
−1,415
–1,397
–1,383
−1,372

–0,906
−0,896
–0,889
–0,833
−0,879

–0,553
−0,549
–0,546
–0,543
−0,542

–0,265 6
−0,263 7
–0,262 8
–0,261 9
−0,260 10

11
12
13
14
15

−4,025
−3,930
−3,852
−3,787
−3,733

–3,106
–3,055
–3,012
–2,977
−2,947

–2,718
–2,681
–2,650
–2,624
−2,602

–2,201
–2,179
–2,160
–2,145
−2,131

–1,796
–1,782
–1,771
–1,761
−1,753

–1,363
–1,356
–1,350
–1,345
−1,341

–0,876
–0,873
–0,870
–0,868
−0,866

–0,540
–0,539
–0,538
–0,537
−0,536

–0,260
–0,259
–0,259
–0,258
−0,258

11
12
13
14
15

16
17
18
19
20

−3,686
−3,646
−3,610
−3,579
−3,552

–2,921
–2,898
–2,878
–2,861
–2,845

–2,583
–2,567
–2,552
–2,539
–2,528

–2,120
–2,110
–2,101
–2,093
–2,086

–1,746
–1,740
–1,734
–1,729
–1,725

–1,337
–1,333
–1,330
–1,328
–1,325

–0,865
–0,863
–0,862
–0,861
–0,860

–0,535
–0,534
–0,534
–0,533
–0,533

–0,258
–0,257
–0,257
–0,257
–0,257

16
17
18
19
20

21
22
23
24
25

−3,527
−3,505
−3,485
−3,467
−3,450

–2,831
–2,819
–2,807
–2,797
–2,787

–2,518
–2,508
–2,500
–2,492
–2,485

–2,080
–2,074
–2,069
–2,064
–2,060

–1,721
–1,717
–1,714
–1,711
–1,708

–1,323
–1,321
–1,319
–1,318
–1,316

–0,859
–0,858
–0,858
–0,857
–0,856

–0,532
–0,532
–0,532
–0,531
–0,531

–0,257
–0,256
–0,256
–0,256
–0,256

21
22
23
24
25

26
27
28
29
30

−3,435
−3,421
−3,408
−3,396
−3,385

–2,779
–2,771
–2,763
–2,756
–2,750

–2,479
–2,473
–2,467
–2,462
–2,457

–2,056
–2,052
–2,048
–2,045
–2,042

–1,706
–1,703
–1,701
–1,699
–1,697

–1,315
–1,314
–1,313
–1,311
–1,310

–0,856
–0,855
–0,855
–0,854
–0,854

–0,531
–0,531
–0,530
–0,530
–0,530

–0,256
–0,256
–0,256
–0,256
–0,256

26
27
28
29
30

31
32
33
34

−3,375
−3,365
−3,356
−3,348

–2,744
–2,738
–2,733
–2,728

–2,453
–2,449
–2,445
–2,441

–2,040
–2,037
–2,035
–2,032

–1,696
–1,694
–1,692
–1,691

–1,309
–1,309
–1,308
–1,307

–0,853
–0,853
–0,853
–0,852

–0,530
–0,530
–0,530
–0,529

–0,256
–0,255
–0,255
–0,255

31
32
33
34

301 −0.997 –1.306 –1.299 –0.994 –1.218 −3.295 –0.527 –0.225 −3.998 –1.396 –2.701 –2.390 –2.005 –2.295 –1.296 –1.655 –2.672 –1.239 −3.394 –2.528 –0.395 –2.265 −3.848 –0.669 –1.006 –2.254 –0.528 –0.849 –0.294 –1.254 –0.665 –2.299 –1.255 –0.300 –1.851 0.254 71 .302 −1.850 −0.686 –1.849 –0.847 –0.416 –2.229 −3.023 –2.254 –0.682 −1.670 –1.527 –0.994 –1.996 –1.648 –2.849 –0.680 –2.297 –1.296 –1.679 –1.527 –0.848 –0.687 –2.234 −3.528 –0.670 –2.303 −1.690 –1.382 –2.651 –2.018 −2.438 –2.277 −3.002 –2.294 –1.340 –2.850 −0.402 –2.248 −3.296 –1.685 –1.255 –02.255 –0.010 –2.299 –1.848 –0.848 –0.852 –0.692 –2.255 –0.851 –0.683 −1.528 −0.675 –1.269 −3.527 –0.654 –2.255 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 −3.847 –0.245 –2.237 −3.682 –2.527 –0.668 –2.303 0.319 −3.847 –0.669 –1.527 –0.676 –1.013 –2.304 –1.326 −3.529 0.255 –0.407 –2.384 –2.715 –2.294 –1.667 –1.255 –0.698 –2.30 –0.255 dk 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 −3.528 −0.708 –2.295 –1.213 −3.255 –0.719 –2.255 –0.527 –0.527 –0.848 –0.007 –2.001 −3.678 –1.527 –0.848 –0.232 –2.255 −0.030 –1.05 –1.995 –1.668 –1.997 –1.656 –2.680 −1.305 –1.688 –1.429 –2.426 –2.676 –2.297 –1.527 –0.681 −1.400 –2.024 –2.55 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 −3.947 –0.255 –0.254 –0.242 −3.423 0.528 –0.254 –0.674 –1.403 –2.255 –0.667 –1.412 −2.851 –0.012 –2.254 –0.659 –2.657 –2.671 –1.220 –2.528 –0.528 –0.223 −3.529 –0.298 –1.647 –2.677 –1.301 −3.005 –2.025 –2.528 –0.527 –0.391 –2.528 −0.255 –0.672 –1.300 –1.421 –2.297 –1.650 –2.209 –2.296 –0.028 –2.255 −0.418 –2.529 –0.998 –1.674 –1.663 –2.660 –2.381 –1.307 0.386 –2.020 −2.301 −1.527 –0.850 –0.677 –1.009 –1.255 –0.392 –2.529 –0.254 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 −3.847 –0.852 –0.850 −0.294 –0.668 –1.405 –2.255 –0.528 –0.669 –1.847 –0.298 –1.704 0.649 –2.273 −3.414 –2.313 −3.389 –2.690 –2.678 –2.017 −2.847 –0.000 –1.527 –0.216 −3.675 –1.670 –1.662 –2.695 –2.255 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 −3.848 –0.385 –2.850 −0.668 –1.528 −0.671 –1.431 –2.302 −1.995 –1.297 –0.002 –2.295 –1.011 –2.527 –0.848 –0.672 –2.254 –0.851 –0.227 −3.255 −3.408 –2.255 –0.20 –0.527 –0.527 –0.667 –2.286 −3.254 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 −3.003 –2.848 –0.281 –2.380 –1.000 –1.296 −3.849 –0.387 –2.724 –2.261 –2.298 –1.40 –0.529 –0.008 –2.304 –1.255 −0.254 –0.306 –0.850 −0.673 –1.35 −3.382 –2.849 –0.021 0.999 –1.10 –1.388 –2.295 –1.667 –1.527 –0.410 –2.399 –2.712 –2.684 0.255 35 dk 36 37 38 39 40 0.847 –0.015 −2.001 –2.849 –0.685 –2.673 –1.294 –0.847 –0.255 –0.004 –1.01 –2.291 −3.397 –2.254 –0.255 −0.679 −1.529 –0.674 –2.383 –2.528 –0.258 −3.214 −3.529 −0.434 –2.254 66 67 68 69 70 71 −3.687 –1.251 −3.652 –2.333 −3.014 −1.847 –0.211 –2.026 –2.

187 −3.661 –1.194 −3.662 –1.377 –1.644 –2.993 –1.989 –1.636 –2.366 –1.986 –1.291 –1.254 dk 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 −3.845 –0.662 –1.846 –0.637 –2.206 −3.666 –1.627 –2.526 –0.663 –1.642 –2.254 –0.984 –1.182 −3.986 –1.025 –1.526 –0.660 –1.526 –0.960 –1.372 –2.191 −3.630 –2.370 –2.180 −3.846 –0.193 −3.845 –0.661 –1.991 –1.181 −3.993 –1.645 –1.292 –1.845 –0.664 –1.526 –0.527 –0.527 –0.664 –1.254 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 −3.20 –0.846 –0.630 –2.292 –0.189 –2.665 –1.254 –0.990 0.290 –1.526 –0.631 –2.663 –1.846 –0.371 –1.663 –1.990 –1.662 –1.988 –1.367 –2.365 –2.254 –0.526 –0.634 –2.293 –1.30 –0.527 –0.254 –0.326 –1.526 –0.379 –2.629 –2.526 –0.202 –2.527 –0.846 –0.254 –0.846 –0.374 0.254 97 –0.526 –0.373 –2.576 –2.254 –0.991 –1.05 –1.987 –1.282 –0.254 –0.254 100 ∞ −3.201 −3.985 –1.986 –1.638 –2.666 –1.663 –1.177 −3.176 −3.635 –2.368 –1.293 –0.376 –2.254 –0.846 –0.254 –0.989 –1.254 –0.254 96 –0.634 –2.207 −3.663 –1.646 –2.987 –1.291 –1.290 –0.174 –2.254 99 –0.368 –2.526 –0.526 –0.291 –0.254 72 73 74 75 dk 76 77 78 79 80 0.645 –2.527 –0.188 −3.204 −3.845 –0.291 –1.290 –1.40 –0.254 98 –0.293 –1.632 –2.375 –2.846 –0.629 –2.845 –0.640 –2.254 –0.198 −3.846 –0.527 –0.01 –2.175 −3.526 –0.666 –1.378 –2.662 –1.292 0.366 –2.254 –0.72 73 74 75 −3.190 −3.291 –1.254 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 −3.373 –2.368 –2.367 –2.636 –2.526 –0.185 −3.526 –0.372 –2.254 –0.292 –1.254 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 −3.526 –0.291 –1.524 –0.179 −3.197 −3.090 –2.364 –1.369 –2.992 –1.662 –1.846 –0.195 0.291 –1.664 0.293 –1.175 −3.665 –1.178 –2.526 –0.846 0.845 –0.626 –2.845 –0.292 –1.846 –0.253 ∞ .291 –1.846 –0.661 –1.365 –2.627 –2.990 –1.370 –2.984 –1.374 –2.254 –0.291 –0.992 –1.293 –1.184 −3.842 –0.988 –1.290 –1.292 –1.526 –0.846 –0.847 –0.643 –2.005 –2.986 –1.183 –2.847 –0.661 –1.988 –1.633 –2.846 –0.985 –1.628 –2.665 –1.626 –2.640 –2.664 –1.661 –1.527 –0.526 0.254 –0.987 –1.254 –0.292 –1.660 –1.846 –0.661 –1.10 –1.001 −3.665 –1.254 –0.984 –1.993 –1.254 –0.985 –1.379 –2.199 −3.846 –0.527 –0.290 –1.291 –1.846 –0.632 –2.641 –2.365 –2.847 –0.369 –2.526 –0.639 0.846 –0.292 –1.526 –0.376 –2.989 –1.293 –1.254 –0.526 –0.

533 0.691 1.069 2.552 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 0.533 0.259 0.797 2.920 2.821 3.878 2.866 1.376 1.855 0.734 1.529 0.527 3.947 4.610 3.408 3.733 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 0.638 1.323 1.583 2.740 1.657 318.727 0.841 10.718 2.179 2.696 1.999 dk 12.883 0.571 3.863 0.144 10 11 12 13 14 15 0.531 0.686 3.529 0.977 2.697 2.310 1.530 0.397 1.015 0.326 37 .040 2.889 0.785 7 4.559 0.257 0.289 0.307 1.965 9.617 0.699 1.896 3.898 2.303 6.852 0.534 0.256 0.440 1.998 3.896 0.060 2.508 2.70 0.169 5.306 2.930 3.421 3.255 0.462 2.042 2.037 2.093 2.228 3.729 1.537 0.263 0.856 0.543 0.143 3.492 2.552 2.569 0.260 0.714 1.438 2.706 31.479 2.201 2.473 2.744 2.250 2.855 0.045 2.721 1.860 1.860 1.345 1.584 0.328 1.256 0.530 0.445 2.255 0.026 2.120 2.746 1.941 0.086 2.753 2.265 0.297 9 4.906 0.706 1.255 0.341 1.052 2.541 5.257 0.542 0.787 3.876 0.337 1.208 6 4.602 3.032 5.895 1.396 3.356 1.833 1.431 2.852 1.131 2.681 2.756 2.529 0.711 1.853 0.725 2.534 0.277 0.356 3.306 1.540 0.064 2.457 2.95 6.340 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 0.262 0.365 3.258 0.311 1.771 2.453 2.256 0.807 2.353 2.865 0.852 3.567 2.764 3.694 1.363 1.920 0.530 0.796 1.449 2.385 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 0.499 2.055 3.854 0.132 2.255 0.536 0.530 0.365 2.257 0.441 2.708 2.485 3.260 0.782 1.859 0.078 1.851 1.256 0.886 1.048 2.761 1.262 2.861 2.256 0.703 1.256 0.688 1.650 2.518 2.728 2.854 1.267 0.724 3.325 0.485 2.532 0.182 4.372 1.106 3.476 0.687 2.857 0.330 1.692 1.256 0.845 3.819 2.327 2 3.733 2.812 2.701 1.546 0.173 4 2.261 0.101 2.831 2.467 3.500 2.309 1.719 2.035 2.447 2.314 2.853 0.925 22.531 0.028 2.258 0.529 0.333 1.747 4.012 2.549 0.861 0.858 0.257 0.501 8 4.750 3.256 0.505 3.821 63.355 2.707 2.383 1.787 3.862 0.879 1.975 0.350 1.852 0.080 2.853 0.415 1.030 2.779 2.056 2.530 0.90 3.316 1.255 0.435 3.535 0.215 3 2.553 0.539 2.530 0.60 0.539 0.717 1.321 1.995 0.532 0.80 1.dk 1 2 3 4 5 0.763 2.365 4.604 7.258 0.348 3.333 36 3.99 0.978 0.738 2.074 2.375 3.257 0.921 2.318 1.776 3.259 0.690 2.025 3.646 3.319 1.256 0.624 2.893 5 6 7 8 9 10 0.771 1.533 1.256 0.032 2.271 0.145 2.870 0.450 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 0.309 1 4.255 0.531 0.309 1.313 1.308 1.538 0.943 1.315 1.110 2.858 0.531 0.467 2.306 1.160 2.325 1.961 0.528 2.715 3.532 0.856 1.579 3.873 0.305 1.314 1.434 2.868 0.

674 1.297 1.527 0.254 0.294 1.99 2.672 1.206 3.213 3.254 0.527 0.295 1.273 3.214 3.649 2.847 0.388 2.255 0.660 3.996 1.669 1.527 0.991 2.383 2.682 1.204 3.254 0.527 0.251 3.245 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 0.255 0.387 2.659 2.847 0.527 0.528 0.994 2.997 1.293 1.675 1.701 2.429 2.421 2.254 0.307 40 dk 41 42 43 44 45 0.416 2.255 0.527 0.261 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 0.663 2.527 0.667 1.225 3.849 0.258 3.90 1.418 2.237 3.003 2.851 0.665 1.999 1.849 0.201 3.527 0.296 1.023 2.254 0.528 0.527 0.665 1.529 0.000 1.642 2.020 2.528 0.254 0.218 3.850 0.848 1.992 2.390 2.668 1.655 2.995 2.676 2.389 2.296 1.255 0.527 0.999 3.667 1.254 0.679 0.708 2.297 1.679 1.527 0.654 3.299 1.848 0.298 1.211 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 0.385 2.849 0.216 3.662 2.671 2.667 2.006 2.255 0.405 2.017 2.313 39 3.669 1.528 0.293 1.686 1.255 0.227 3.528 0.254 0.291 3.255 0.528 0.848 1.248 3.255 0.002 2.846 1.528 0.293 1.70 0.644 2.426 2.286 3.690 0.850 0.712 2.851 1.848 0.399 2.007 2.528 0.528 0.667 1.528 0.301 3.848 0.265 3.529 0.403 2.302 1.665 1.641 3.673 1.255 3.300 1.680 1.682 2.423 2.277 3.672 1.018 2.298 1.294 1.004 2.995 1.672 2.668 3.527 0.993 1.847 1.666 1.993 1.255 0.242 3.295 1.848 0.670 2.301 0.848 0.527 0.254 0.378 2.670 1.392 2.657 2.295 1.000 2.293 1.685 2.297 1.527 0.998 1.656 2.675 1.293 1.643 3.304 1.648 3.850 0.303 1.301 1.294 1.296 3.010 2.850 0.847 0.303 1.849 0.647 2.255 0.674 1.254 0.60 0.209 3.848 0.414 2.851 0.207 3.676 2.021 2.995 1.847 0.395 2.254 0.255 0.255 0.698 2.376 2.677 1.255 0.95 1.673 2.847 0.397 2.527 0.847 0.684 2.255 0.408 2.296 1.683 1.527 0.223 3.412 0.992 1.377 2.002 2.38 39 40 0.670 1.254 0.391 2.668 1.199 76 77 .380 2.650 2.651 2.847 0.847 0.379 2.678 3.528 0.239 3.255 0.232 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 0.254 0.294 1.299 1.255 0.379 2.376 2.008 2.529 0.704 3.001 2.681 1.024 2.304 1.678 1.848 0.300 1.847 1.997 2.407 2.671 1.298 1.850 0.527 0.234 3.386 2.293 1.202 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 0.005 2.692 2.847 0.80 0.381 2.297 1.998 1.014 0.295 1.680 2.382 2.527 0.011 2.695 2.402 2.254 0.645 2.669 2.013 2.674 2.666 1.394 2.009 2.666 1.400 2.296 1.849 0.528 0.529 0.668 1.220 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 0.294 1.846 0.993 1.396 2.255 0.850 0.410 2.687 2.254 0.527 0.281 dk 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 0.646 2.849 1.229 3.255 0.527 0.685 1.254 0.527 0.012 2.527 0.527 0.255 0.299 1.528 0.384 2.846 1.295 1.975 2.319 38 3.255 0.254 0.994 1.847 0.677 1.254 0.665 2.652 2.847 0.302 1.254 0.382 2.015 2.255 0.269 3.

662 1.526 0.633 2.254 0.292 1.665 1.845 0.174 100 ∞ 0.368 2.526 0.846 0.526 0.254 0.291 1.254 0.845 0.180 3.640 2.663 0.291 1.526 0.635 0.254 0.527 0.188 3.374 2.661 1.177 96 3.842 1.664 1.254 0.292 1.631 2.370 2.291 1.526 0.632 2.365 2.846 0.664 1.629 3.254 0.365 2.846 0.662 1.663 1.662 1.195 78 79 80 dk 81 82 83 84 85 0.253 0.989 1.254 0.254 0.526 0.526 0.990 2.988 1.254 0.193 3.636 2.366 2.527 0.991 1.628 2.845 1.290 1.290 1.090 ∞ .985 1.254 0.292 1.95 1.197 3.632 3.663 1.292 1.526 0.627 2.290 1.80 0.626 3.626 2.175 98 3.846 0.368 2.995 2.292 1.326 2.292 1.371 0.190 3.70 0.372 2.660 1.254 0.960 2.987 2.526 0.986 1.636 2.254 0.526 0.990 1.367 2.370 2.846 0.175 99 3.576 3.661 1.662 1.634 2.292 0.662 1.181 3.664 1.254 0.184 3.90 1.630 2.179 3.369 2.988 0.526 0.291 1.178 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 0.637 2.185 3.845 0.629 2.846 0.364 2.176 97 3.526 0.630 2.845 0.254 0.989 1.985 2.990 1.526 0.984 1.99 2.372 2.526 0.645 1.194 3.986 1.846 0.367 2.986 1.999 3.526 0.366 2.189 dk 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 0.846 0.846 0.845 1.187 3.373 2.60 0.254 0.254 0.369 2.282 1.526 0.291 1.627 2.989 1.846 1.254 0.254 0.290 1.368 2.374 2.291 1.254 0.290 1.526 0.254 0.846 0.986 1.373 2.987 1.639 3.375 2.191 3.846 0.663 1.984 2.985 1.661 1.661 1.846 0.291 1.661 1.291 1.661 1.664 1.526 0.845 0.987 1.638 2.254 0.988 1.524 0.634 2.182 3.640 2.78 79 80 0.984 1.292 1.663 1.975 1.846 0.254 0.183 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 0.291 1.365 2.660 1.526 0.526 0.254 0.526 0.291 1.846 0.198 3.846 1.

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