P. 1
Diagnosis Pada Beberapa Penyakit Infeksi

Diagnosis Pada Beberapa Penyakit Infeksi

|Views: 317|Likes:
Published by Lutfi Rensiansi
File ini bukanlah 100% tulisan saya apa lagi kara saya, file ini merupakan hasil dari diskusi kelompok dan merupakan hasil dari beberapa literatur yang kami peroleh dari internet maupun buku, namun kami hanya menuliskan beberapa sumber saja dikarenakan kami lupa literatur mana saja yang telah kami gunakan. semoga file ini dapat memberikan manfaat kepada siapa-pun pembacanya. Trims.
File ini bukanlah 100% tulisan saya apa lagi kara saya, file ini merupakan hasil dari diskusi kelompok dan merupakan hasil dari beberapa literatur yang kami peroleh dari internet maupun buku, namun kami hanya menuliskan beberapa sumber saja dikarenakan kami lupa literatur mana saja yang telah kami gunakan. semoga file ini dapat memberikan manfaat kepada siapa-pun pembacanya. Trims.

More info:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Lutfi Rensiansi on Apr 21, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/06/2014

pdf

text

original

PENYAKIT INFEKSI

NAMA

NIM

ALVINA PERMATA KUSUMA WARDANI

1105025005

CICI LESTARI

1105025008

DEWI SRI RAHAYU

1105025011

FANNY LIASTIWI

1105025017

HENNY NURSIANAWATI

1105025024

LAILY DININGTYASTIKA PUTRI

1105025033

LISA FITRIANI

1105025062

LUTFI RENSIANSI

1105025034

LUTHFIYAH RAFHASANY

1105025035

NURLIA INDAH ADHARI

1105025042

RINI NUR AMALINA

1105025048

TUTI PURBASARI

1105025055

VANI TRI KURNIA SARI

1105025058

Gizi IV B

FAKULTAS ILMU – ILMU KESEHATAN
PROGRAM STUDI ILMU GIZI

UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH PROF. DR. HAMKA

2013

2

DAFTAR ISI

HIV / AIDS 7

Dewi Sri Rahayu
NIM 1105025011

DIAGNOSIS ....................................................................................... 7
DIGNOSIS LABORATORIUM (BIOKIMIA) ............................... 8
Full Blood Count (FBC) ....................................................................................................... 9
Tes antibodi terhadap HIV ................................................................................................. 9
Rapid test .............................................................................................................................. 10
Pemeriksaan ELISA .......................................................................................................... 10
Pemeriksaan antibodi Induplo ( cek ulang dengan duplikasi ) ............................. 12
Tes HIV Viral Load PCR ................................................................................................. 12
Pengukuran CD4+ ............................................................................................................. 12
DIAGNOSIS HIV PADA BAYI ...................................................... 13
BEBERAPA INDIKATOR YANG DAPAT DIJADIKAN
SESEORANG HARUS MENJALANI UJI HIV/AIDS ............... 13

KELOMPOK YANG BERISIKO TERINFEKSI HIV ................ 14

TYPHUS ABDOMINALIS 15

Lisa Fitriani
NIM 1105025062

DIAGNOSIS MIKROBIOLOGIK ................................................. 15
DIAGNOSIS SEROLOGIK ............................................................ 15
DIAGNOSIS KLINIS ...................................................................... 16
DIAGNOSIS LABORATORIUM (BIOKIMIA) .......................... 17
Darah tepi ............................................................................................................................ 17

SYPHILIS 18

Fanny Liastiwi
NIM 1105025017

PENDAHULUAN ............................................................................. 18
DIAGNOSIS KLINIS ...................................................................... 18
Sifilis Primer ....................................................................................................................... 18
Sifilis Sekunder ................................................................................................................... 19
Sifilis Laten .......................................................................................................................... 19
Sifilis Tertier ....................................................................................................................... 19

3

DIAGNOSIS LABORATORIUM (BIOKIMIA) .......................... 20
Tes Serologis Antibodi Non Treponemal ...................................................................... 20
Tes Serologis Antibodi treponemal ................................................................................ 22

LEPRA / MORBUS HANSEN / KUSTA 24

Luthfiyah Rafhasany
NIM 1105025035

DIAGNOSIS PADA PENYAKIT LEPRA ..................................... 24
Uji Klinis .............................................................................................................................. 24
Uji Laboratorium (Biokimia) .......................................................................................... 25
Pemeriksaan Kumam Pembentuk Asam ................................................................................. 25
Pemeriksaan histopatologik ......................................................................................................... 25
Pemeriksaan serologic ................................................................................................................... 25
Uji MLPA (Mycobacterium leprae particle agglutination) .............................................. 26
Uji ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immuno-sorbent Assay) ....................................................... 26
ML dipstick ....................................................................................................................................... 26
Polimerase chain reaction (PCR) ............................................................................................. 26
Pengambilan spesimen bakteri ................................................................................................... 27
Lepromin ........................................................................................................................................... 27

CACAR AIR (VARICELLA) 28

Rini Nur Amalina
NIM 1105025048

DIAGNOSIS KLINIS ...................................................................... 28
DIAGNOSIS LABORATORIUM (BIOKIMIA) .......................... 29

CAMPAK 31

Alvina Permata Kusuma Wardani
NIM 1105025005

DIAGNOSIS KLINIS ...................................................................... 31
DIAGNOSIS LABORATORIUM (BIOKIMIA) .......................... 32
Hasil pemeriksaan .............................................................................................................. 32

HERPES ZOSTER 33

Cici Lestari
NIM 1105025008

DIAGNOSIS KLINIS ...................................................................... 33
DIAGNOSIS LABORATORIUM (BIOKIMIA) .......................... 34

Kultur Virus ........................................................................................................................ 34

4

Deteksi anti gen ................................................................................................................... 34
PCR ....................................................................................................................................... 34


LEPTOSPIROSIS 35

Lutfi Rensiansi
NIM 1105025034

DIAGNOSIS KLINIS ...................................................................... 35
DIAGNOSIS LABORATORIUM (BIOKIMIA) .......................... 37
Microscopic Agglutination Test (MAT) .......................................................................... 37
Microscopic Slide Agglutination Test (MSAT) .............................................................. 38
Dipstick assay ....................................................................................................................... 38
Lateral flow assay ................................................................................................................ 39
Latex bassed agglutination test ......................................................................................... 39
Tes PanBio leptospira IgM ELISA ................................................................................ 39
Prinsip pemeriksaan ....................................................................................................................... 40
Bahan yang tersedia dalam Kit ................................................................................................... 40
prosedur pemeriksaan .................................................................................................................... 41
Perhitungan ....................................................................................................................................... 41
Interpretasi hasil .............................................................................................................................. 42

KELOMPOK YANG BERESIKO TERKENA LEPTOSPIROSIS
............................................................................................................ 42

PERBANDINGAN KADAR SPESIMEN PEMERIKASAAN
PADA PENDERITA LEPTOSPIROSIS TERHADAP KADAR
NORMAL .......................................................................................... 43

CHIKUNGUNYA 46

Tuti Purbasari
NIM 1105025055

DIAGNOSIS KLINIS ...................................................................... 46
DIAGNOSIS LABORATORIUM (BIOKIMIA) .......................... 47

Isolasi .................................................................................................................................... 47
Serodiagnostik .................................................................................................................... 48
RT-PCR ................................................................................................................................ 48
HASIL PEMERIKSAAN LABORATORIUM ............................. 48

FILARIASIS 49

Laily Diningtyastika Putri
NIM 1105025033

DIAGNOSIS KLINIS ...................................................................... 50

5

DIAGNOSIS LABORATORIUM (BIOKIMIA) .......................... 50

ERYSIPELAS 51

Henny Nursianawati
NIM 1105025024

PENGERTIAN ................................................................................. 51
KELOMPOK YANG RENTAN ..................................................... 51
BAGIAN TUBUH YANG SERING DISERANG ......................... 52
DIAGNOSIS KLINIS ...................................................................... 52
DIAGNOSIS LABORATORIUM (BIOKIMIA) .......................... 53
Pemeriksaan dengan cara mencukur ............................................................................ 53
Pemeriksaan dengan cara di pukul ................................................................................ 54
Pemeriksaan dengan pemotongan .................................................................................. 54
Pemeriksaan dengan irisan .............................................................................................. 55

OSTEOMYELITIS 56

Nurlia Indah Adhari
NIM 1105025042

FAKTOR RESIKO .......................................................................... 56
OSTEOMIELITIS HEMATOGEN AKUT ................................... 56
DIAGNOSIS KLINIS ........................................................................................................ 56
DIAGNOSIS LABORATORIUM (BIOKIMIA) ........................................................ 56
Pemeriksaan Laboratorium .......................................................................................................... 56
Pemeriksaan Radiologi ................................................................................................................. 57
Pemeriksaan USG ........................................................................................................................... 57
DIAGNOSIS BANDING .................................................................................................. 57
OSTEOMIELITIS HEMATOGEN SUBAKUT ........................... 57
DIAGNOSIS KLINIS ........................................................................................................ 57
DIAGNOSIS PENUNJANG ............................................................................................ 57
Pemeriksaan Laboratorium .......................................................................................................... 57
Pemeriksaan Laboratorium .......................................................................................................... 58

PNEUMONIA BAKTERIAL 59

Vani Tri Kurnia Sari
NIM 1105025058

PENYAKIT INFEKSI PNEUMONIA BAKTERIAL .................. 59
ORANG YANG BERESIKO .......................................................... 60
DIAGNOSIS KLINIS ...................................................................... 60

6

Tanda-tanda umun dan gejala ........................................................................................ 61
Tanda-tanda bahwa pneumonia mungkin serius ........................................................ 61
Tanda-tanda khusus yang harus diperhatikan pada orang yang lebih tua .......... 61
DIAGNOSIS LABORATORIUM (BIOKIMIA) .......................... 62
Pemeriksaan Radiologi ..................................................................................................... 62
Bercak konsolidasi satulobus pada pneumonia lobaris ............................................. 62

LAMPIRAN 63

NILAI NORMAL LABORATORIUM PATOLOGI KLINIS .... 63

SUMBER ........................................................................................... 69

7

HIV / AIDS

Dewi Sri Rahayu
NIM 1105025011

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->