MATERI 3.

VIABILITAS DAN VIGOR BENIH
I.

PENDAHULUAN

Viabilitas adalah kemampuan benih atau daya hidup benih untuk tumbuh secara normal
pada kondisi optimum. Kondisi optimum yang dimaksud adalah kondisi yang sesuai kebutuhan
tanaman untuk mendukung proses perkecambahan. Uji viabilitas benih dilakukan dengan
beberapa metode, yaitu uji kertas digulung (UKD), uji antar kertas (UAK), dan uji diatas kertas
(UDK). Kertas substrat yang dapat digunakan untuk uji ini adalah kertas buram, kertas merang,
dan kertas stensil. Kriteria kecambah pada uji viabilitas adalah kecambah normal, abnormal,
benih mati,benih segar tidak tumbuh, dan benih keras.
Vigor benih adalah kemampuan benih untuk dapat tumbuh secara normal pada kondisi
suboptimum. Kondisi suboptimum adalah kondisi yang tidak mendukung dan menghambat
perkecambahan benih. Uji vigor dilakukan dengan menanam benih pada media tanam berupa
pasir, kerikil, pecahan batu bata, tanah, kompos, dll. Kriteria kecambah pada uji vigor dibagi
menjadi vigor, less vigor, non vigor/abnormal, dan death (mati). Selanjutnya pada uji ini
dilakukan perhitungan persentase daya tumbuh benih dari keseluruhan benih yang ditanam pada
media dengan kondisi suboptimum.
II.

TUJUAN PRAKTIKUM

Tujuan dari praktikum viabilitas dan vigor benih ini adalah untuk mengetahui dan mengamati
gejala pertumbuhan pada benih.
III.

BAHAN DAN METODE

A. Viabilitas Benih
Alat :

Bahan :

- Cawan

- Benih Tanaman

- Sprayer

- Kertas buram

- Pinset

- Kertas merang

- Gunting

- Plastik

- Germinator

- Air

- Kertas label

Normal (N) tumbuh sempurna dan lengkap.  Uji Kertas Digulung dimiringkan (UKDm).. e. media kertas yang digunakan dilapisi plastik diletakkan dalam germinator dengan posisi berdiri. jika diletakkan dalam germinator dengan posisi tidur. jika media kertas yang digunakan digulung dan diletakkan dalam germinator dengan posisi berdiri.Kamera .Pasir - Alat tulis - sprayer Metode Uji Viabilitas a. Vigor Benih Alat : Bahan : - Bak pasir . Uji Antar Kertas (UAK)  untuk benih besar dan kecil : tanaman pangan dan sayuran (cabai.  Uji Kertas Digulung didirikan ((UKDd).Air - Kamera .  Uji Ketas Digulung didirikan dalam plastik (UKDdp).Alat tulis B.g kotiledon/ perakaran putus  Busuk : akibat serangan/kontaminasi hama dan penyakit  Lambat : pertumbuhan kecambah tidak normal (kerdil) dan lebih lambat pada akhir pengamatan . Uji Kertas Digulung (UKD). Abnormal (Ab)  Cacat : akar pendek (salah satu bagian kecambah hilang)  Rusak : ada struktur/bagian tanaman yang hilang/tidak ada.dll) c.Benih Tanaman - Penggaris . sehat b. b. Untuk benih besar : tanaman pangan seperti jagung. Uji Diatas Kertas (UDK)  untuk benih kecil : sayuran : bayam dan wijen Kriteria kecambah pada uji viabilitas : a. semangka.

Less vigor  tumbuh kurang kuat dan lambat c. batang lemas d. Benih Mati  kecambah mati d.c. Death  kecambah mati atau tidak tumbuh Rumus uji vigor . Benih Segar Tidak Tumbuh  benih mengembang. Vigor  kecambah tumbuh kuat (segar) b. Benih Keras  dormansi : tidak mengalami imbibisi karena kulit keras Kriteria kecambah pada uji vigor : a. tidak tumbuh plumula (mengalami imbibisi) e. Non vigor/ abnormal  tumbuh lemah.

METODE PRAKTIKUM A. UJI VIABILITAS Uji Antar Kertas (UAK) (2 ulangan) Kertas buram 4 lembar (2 alas. 2 tutup) Dibuat lingkaran dan dibasahi Letakkan benih pada kertas Dimasukkan di dalam cawan Dokumentasi Tumpuk Amati 7 hst - Uji Diatas Kertas (UDK) (2 ulangan) Kertas buram dan kertas merang 4 lembar Dibuat kotak Dilembabkan dibagi dua Tanam benih .

Dokumentasi Amati 7 hst(disiram tiap hari) - UKDdp (2 ulangan) Kertas buram 2 lembar alas dilapisi plastic bawahnya 2 lembar tutup Dilembabkan Tanam benih Dokumentasi Digulung  dimasukkan dalam plastik Germinator Amati 7 hst .

UJI VIGOR Bak pasir.B. isi dengan pasir hitam Lembabkan Tanam benih sebanyak 20 benih Amati selama 5 hari Dokumentasi Hitung % Daya Tumbuh .

Benih Baru Parameter Pengamatan Ulangan 1 % Ulangan 2 % Ulangan 1 % Ulangan 2 % Ulangan 1 % Ulangan 2 % Normal (N) Abnormal (Ab) Benih Mati (BM) Benih Segar Tidak Tumbuh (BSTT) Benih Keras (BK) 2. HASIL PENGAMATAN 4.1 HASIL A.IV. Benih Baru Parameter Pengamatan Normal (N) Abnormal (Ab) Benih Mati (BM) Benih Segar Tidak Tumbuh (BSTT) Benih Keras (BK) . Benih Expired Parameter Pengamatan Normal (N) Abnormal (Ab) Benih Mati (BM) Benih Segar Tidak Tumbuh (BSTT) Benih Keras (BK) UDK 1. Uji Viabilitas UAK 1.

............................................................................................ ............................................................................. ........................... ....................................................... Benih Baru Parameter Pengamatan Normal (N) Abnormal (Ab) Benih Mati (BM) Benih Segar Tidak Tumbuh (BSTT) Benih Keras (BK) 2........................................................................................................................2.................... Benih Expired Parameter Pengamatan Normal (N) Abnormal (Ab) Benih Mati (BM) Benih Segar Tidak Tumbuh (BSTT) Benih Keras (BK)  Perhitungan persentase perkecambahan ................................... Benih Expired Parameter Pengamatan Ulangan 1 % Ulangan 2 % Ulangan 1 % Ulangan 2 % Ulangan 1 % Ulangan 2 % Normal (N) Abnormal (Ab) Benih Mati (BM) Benih Segar Tidak Tumbuh (BSTT) Benih Keras (BK) UKDdp 1....

........................................................................... ........................................................... ........................................................................................................ .................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... Uji Vigor Parameter Pengamatan Vigor Less-vigor Non-Vigor/abnormal Benih Mati (tidak tumbuh)  DOKUMENTASI Kedalaman 2 cm 3 cm 4 cm 5 cm ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ .............................. B.................. ........................................................................................................................................... ............................................................ ................................................................

................................................................................................................................................ ........................... .................2 Benih Expired .................................................................................................................. ............................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................1................................................................................................................................................. ..................................................... ............................................2................................. ..........................................................................2..................................................................................................................................................................................................1 Uji Viabilitas 4.......................................................... .................................................................................................. ...................................................................................4.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ..................................................................................... ................................................................................................... ........................................... .............................................2 PEMBAHASAN 4.....2.......... ............................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................................................. ......................................... ........ ........ ..........................................................1..................................... ....................................... .........1 Benih Baru ............................................................... .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4..........................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................. ..................................................................................................... ..................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................... 4............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ......................................................................................................................................... ................................................ ..................................................................................................2.......................................................................................... ............... ........................................................................................................................ ................................................................. ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ...............................................................................1.......................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .............................................................. ....................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ................................ ......................................................................... ................................................................................................................. ................................................ ............................................................................................................................................................................ .......................................................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................. ...........................................................................3 Perbandingan Perlakuan UDK antara Media Kertas Buram dan Kertas Merang .................................................................................................... .........................................

........................................................................ ............. ...... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. .......................................................................................................................................................... .......................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................... ........ ....... .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2.......... ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................2 Uji Vigor ....................................................................................................................................................................... ................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................................... ... ......................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................. ........................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................... .. ...................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................... ..................... 4.................................................................................................................................. .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ..............................

.................................. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................... ..................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................. ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................. ................................... ..... ............................................................................ ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .............. ...................... ............................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ................ .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................... ............................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. ..................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................ ........ ................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................ ..................................................... ................................................................................ .................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................... .................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................ ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................ ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ..... ......................................... ........... .............................................................................................................. ..................................... ................................................................... ........................................................................... ...................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................. ............................................................................................................................... .... ......................................................... .......................... ..................................................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .............. ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................... ...................................... ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

............................................................. ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ .......... ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ......................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........ ................................................... ........ ......................... ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................... ........................................................................... ................................ ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................ ....................................... .............................................................................................. .................... ........................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ... ................................................................................... .................................................................

.................................. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ........................... .... ............................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ........................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................................................. \ . ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................

.............................................................................. ............................................................................................. .........................................V....................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................. ................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... .......................... ............................... ........................ .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................. ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .......................... ....... .............................................................................................. ....................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ .......................................................................................................................................... .............. .................... ......... ................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................. KESIMPULAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................... ........... ............................................. ............................................................................

..................................... .............................................................................................................................................. ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................. .......................................... ................................................................................. .............................................................. ...................................... .................. ..................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... ........................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ .................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................ ................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................... .................................. .................................... ......................................................................................................................................................DAFTAR PUSTAKA ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ .................................................. ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................... ......................................................................................................................................................... .....................................

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful