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4. b4d3e1 Deria Rasa & Bau

4. b4d3e1 Deria Rasa & Bau

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Published by vnatchana
4. b4d3e1 Deria Rasa & Bau
4. b4d3e1 Deria Rasa & Bau

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Published by: vnatchana on May 09, 2013
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Nama: ______________________ Tarikh: __________ B4D3E1: Melabel struktur hidung

Tingkatan: ____________________

Menentukan kedudukan sel deria bau Menentukan kawasan berbeza pada lidah yang bergerak balas terhadap rasa yang berbeza Menghubungkait deria rasa dengan deria bau melalui aktiviti

AKTIVITI 1 / ACTIVITY 1: Tujuan: Aim: Mengenalpasti struktur hidung manusia Identification of human nasal structure Mengenalpasti kedudukan sel deria bau Identification of the position of sense of smell Bahan : Carta, model transperansi yang menunjukkan struktur hidung

Apparatus: Chart or transperansi which shows the structure of the nose Langkah / Procedure: 1. Perhatikan carta atau transperansi yang menunjukkan keratan rentas hidung manusia. Observe the chart or transperansi which shows a cross section of human nose. 2. Bincangkan tentang struktur hidung dengan guru dan rakan-rakan. Discuss the structure of the nose with teachers and friends. 3. Kenal pasti kedudukan sel deria bau di dalam hidung. Identify the position of sense of smell in the nose. 4. Label struktur hidung pada rajah di bawah. Label the nose structure in the diagram below.

1

Namakan bahagian hidung yang menerima rangsangan bau?__________________________ Name the part of the nose that receives the sense of smell? _________________________ 3. 2 .Pemerhatian / Observation: Analisis / Analysis: 1. Kesimpulan: Sel deria bagi deria _______________ terletak di dalam hidung. Dimanakah terletaknya reseptor yang peka terhadap rangsangan bau? Where lies the receptors that are sensitive to odor stimuli? Di bahagian__________________________ rongga hidung. In the ____________________ part of the nasal cavity. Conclusion: Sensory cells for the sense of ______________ is located in the nose. Apakah organ deria bau? / What is the sensory organ for smell? ______________________ 2.

Minta rakan anda membuka mulutnya dan menjelir lidahnya. Dip a cotton swab into each solution and wipe each on either side of the tongue. 3. 3 . Tujuan : Untuk mengenalpasti bahagian lidah yang bergerak balas terhadap rasa yang berlainan. Record observations in the table. Celupkan setiap putik kapas ke dalam setiap larutan dan lapkan pada salah satu bahagian pada lidah. Ask your friend to open his mouth and stick out his tongue. larutan gula. Bahagikan lidahnya secara visual kepada bahagian-bahagian seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam rajah. salt solution. Tutup matanya. Divide tongue visually into sections as shown in the figure. Procedure: Ask your friend to be a subject in this experiment. 2. To determine the different areas of the tongue that respond to different tastes. Minta rakan anda menjadi subjek dalam eksperimen ini. Repeat this test at each side of the tongue. sugar solution. the solution of instant coffee. Ask your friend to guess the taste. Minta rakan anda meneka rasanya. Apparatus: Vinegar solution. 6. Close your friend’s eyes with a handkerchief. larutan garam. Ask your friend to rinse mouth after each test. Minta rakan anda berkumur mulutnya selepas setiap ujian. Ulang ujian ini pada setiap bahagian lidah. putik kapas yang bersih. Aim: To determine the different areas of the tongue that respond to different tastes. Rekodkan permerhatian dalam jadual. Bahan Larutan cuka. larutan kopi segera. 4. 5. a clean cotton bud. Prosedur: 1.AKTIVITI 2: Menentukan kawasan berbeza pada lidah yang bergerak balas terhadap rasa yang berlainan.

4 . Mengapakah mata rakan anda ditutup? / Why was your friend’s eyes closed? ________________________________________________________________________ 2. Adakah gerak balas kawan anda sama bagi setiap bahagian lidahnya? Was your friend’s response the same for every part of his/her tongue? _________________________________________________________________________ 3. Apakah rasa larutan yang digunakan? / What was the taste of the solutions used? (a) Gula / Sugar: ________________________ (b) Garam / Salt: ________________________ (c) Cuka / Vinegar: ________________________ (d) Kopi / Coffee: ________________________ 4.Keputusan / Results: Bahagian lidah Part of tongue Gula / sugar I II III IV V VI Larutan / solution Garam / salt Cuka / vinegar Kopi / coffee Analisis / Analysis: 1. Apakah sebab berkumur mulut sebelum setiap ujian? Why must the mouth rinsed before each test? _________________________________________________________________________ Kesimpulan: Bahagian tertentu pada lidah adalah ______________peka terhadap satu rasa berbanding dengan bahagian lidah yang lain. Particular part of the tongue is ____________________ sensitive to one taste / sense compared to other parts of the tongue. Adakah semua bahagian pada lidah dapat mengesan rasa yang sama? Can all parts of the tongue detect the same taste? _________________________________________________________________________ 5.

5. The fruits are cut into small pieces. fork. 4.AKTIVITI 3: Tujuan: Mengkaji hubungan antara deria bau dan deria rasa. Minta rakan anda menyatakan jenis makanan yang telah dirasa. betik. 6. nanas. Tandakan (⁄) jika tekaan rakan anda betul dan tandakan (x) jika tekaannya salah dalam jadual yang disediakan. Tick (/) if the guess was correct and (x) if the guess was wrong in the table provided. pisang. Aim: To investigate the relationship between sense of smell and sense of taste. Cover the eye of your friend with a black cloth and ask him/her to press his/ her nose. banana. 2. Repeat steps 3 and 4 without pressing the nose. Potong buah-buahan kepada kepingan yang kecil. Keputusan / Results : Jenis makanan Type of food Nanas / Pineapple Betik / Papaya Pisang / Banana Limau / Lime Dengan hidung ditekan With nose pressed Tanpa menekan hidung Without pressing nose 5 . lime and black cloth. Langkah-langkah / Procedure: 1. Bahan dan radas: Pisau. Tutup mata rakan anda dengan kain hitam dan minta dia menekan hidungnya. limau dan kain hitam Materials and apparatus: Knife. garpu. Allow your friend to taste the food that is listed in the table one by one. 3. pineapple. Ulang langkah 3 dan 4 tanpa menekan hidung. Ask your friend to guess the type of food that was tasted. papaya. Benarkan rakan anda merasa makanan yang disenaraikan dalam jadual di bawah satu per satu.

3. Mengapakah seseorang yang mengidapi demam selesema kurang peka terhadap rasa makanan? Why is a person suffering from flu less sensitive to the taste of the food? Mukus berlebihan yang terhasil menghalang makanan daripada merangsangkan _______________________. Name the sensory organ that is used to determine the food type when nose is pressed. Apakah rasa makanan _________________________________ What is the taste of food ________________________________ ketika when hidung nose is ditekan? pressed? 5. 6 . Namakan deria yang digunakan untuk mengesan makanan ketika hidung ditekan. Sense of taste is assisted by the sense of ____________________. _____________________________________________________________________ 4. Dapatkah rakan anda mengenalpasti semua jenis makanan yang diberikan dengan Can your friend determine all the food type with a) Hidung tidak ditekan? ____________________________ Nose not pressed? b) hidung ditekan? Nose pressed? ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ 2. Deria _____________________ dan deria _______________________. __________________________ and ____________________________. Kesimpulan : Conclusion: Deria rasa dibantu oleh ___________________________. Name the sensory organ that is used to determine the food type when nose is not pressed. Namakan organ deria yang digunakan untuk mengesan makanan ketika hidung tidak ditekan. Excess mucous that is formed prevents the food from stimulating the ____________________.Analisis / Analysis: 1.

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