P. 1
Operasi

Operasi

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Published by: Hujan101 on Jun 07, 2013
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10/12/2013

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Operasi-Operasi Bilangan Kompleks

a. Penjumlahan dan Perkalian. Misalkan z1 dan z2 berturut-turut adalah bilangan kompleks (x1,y1) dan (x2,y2) maka : z1 + z2 = (x1 + x2, y1 + y2) = (x1 + x2) + (y1 + y2) i z1 . z2 = (x1.x2 - y1.y2, x1y2 + x2y1) = (x1.x2 - y1.y2) + (x1y2 + x2y1) i / 1) Hukum ….. 1) Hukum Komutatif Penjumlahan.

z1 + z2 = z2 + z1 Bukti : z1 + z2 = (x1 + x2, y1 + y2) = (x2 + x1, y2 + y1) = z2 + z1 2) Hukum Assosiatif Penjumlahan.

(z1 + z2) + z3 = z1 + (z2 + z3) Bukti : (z1 + z2) + z3 = (x1 + x2, y1 + y2) + (x3,y3) = (x1 + x2 + x3, y1 + y2 + y3) = (x1, y1) + (x2 + x3, y2 + y3) = 3) z1 + (z2 + z3) Hukum Komutatif Perkalian.

z1 . z2 = z2 . z1 Bukti : z1 . z2 = (x1.x2 - y1.y2, x1y2 + x2y1) = (x2.x1 - y2.y1, y2×1 + x2y1) = (x2, y2) . (x1, y1)

z3 + z2.x2.z2 = (x1 .y1y3 . (x1y3 + x2y3 + x3y1 + x3y2)) = (x1×3 + x2×3 . y1 . y) adalah bilangan riil non negatif .(x3. x1y3 + x2y3 + x3y1 + x3y2) = (x1×3 . (z1 + z2)z3 = z1 . Harga Mutlak (Modulus).= z2 . x2y3 + x3y2) = z1. d. z3 + z2 . z1 .y1y3. Pembagian. Harga mutlak (modulus) dari bilangan kompleks z = (x.y2y3 . z1 4) Hukum Distributif. Untuk menyatakan harga mutlak (modulus) dari z ditulis dengan Contoh : modulus dari z = 4 + 3i adalah . Pengurangan. x1y3 + x3y1) + (x2×3 .y2) c.y2y3 .z3 b.y3) = (x1×3 + x2×3 . y1 + y2).(y1y3 + y2y3). z3 Bukti : (z1 + z2)z3 = (x1 + x2.

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