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Dinamika Gerak Sma 10

Dinamika Gerak Sma 10

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Published by: Adha Sudah BerQurban on Jun 14, 2013
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04/20/2015

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Mata pelajaran : Fisika

Standar Kompetensi : Menerapkan Konsep dan Prinsip dasar kinematika dan dinamika benda
titik
Kompetensi Dasar : 2.2. Menerapkan hukum Newton sebagai prinsip dasar dinamika untuk
gerak lurus
Kelas/ Semester : / ! "satu#
$lokasi %aktu : !& 'am Pelajaran
BAB 3 DINAMIKA GERAK
RINGKASAN MATERI
Dinamika adalah: (lmu )ang mempelajari tentang gerak suatu benda dengan meninjau pen)ebab dari gerak
benda tersebut.
1. Hukum Newton
a. *ukum ( Newton
*ukum ( Newton men)atakan: +ila resultan ga)a )ang bekerja pada benda sama dengan nol atau
tidak ada ga)a )ang bekerja pada benda, maka benda )ang diam akan tetap diam atau benda )ang
bergerak lurus beraturan akan tetap bergerak lurus beraturan. *ukum ( Newton mengungkapkan
tentang si-at benda )ang .enderung mempertahankan kedudukan)a atau dengan kata lain si-at
kemalasan bendauntuk mengubah kedudukan)a. Si-at ini disebut Kelembaman/ (nersia. *ukum (
Newton disebut juga dengan hukum kelembaman.
Se.ara matematis *ukum ( Newton dapat dituliskan:

=0 F
............................. "/.!#
b. *ukum (( Newton
*ukum (( Newton men)atakan: 0per.epatan )ang dihasilkan oleh resultan ga)a )ang bekerja pada
suatu benda berbanding lurus dengan resultan resultan ga)a )ang bekerja pada benda tersebut dan
berbanding terbalik dengan massa benda itu0
Se.ara matematis *ukum (( Newton dapat dituliskan:
m
F
a

=
atau

=ma F
............................. "/.2#
Keterangan:

F
1 resultan ga)a "N#
m1 massa benda "kg#
a 1 per.epatan benda "m/s
2
#
.. *ukum ((( Newton
*ukum ((( Newton men)atakan: 0 'ika benda pertama mengerjakan
ga)a pada benda kedua, maka benda kedua akan mengerjakan ga)a
pada benda pertama, )ang besarn)a sama tetapi arahn)a
berlawanan. *ukum ((( Newton disebut juga hukum aksi2reaksi.
*ukum (( Newton dapat dituliskan:
aksi Aksi
F F
Re
− =
............................. "/./#
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
1
Gambar 3.1: Mobil yang sidorong dan bergerak dengan
percepatan a
a
F
Aksi
- F
Reaksi
*ukum tersebut dapat diartikan bahwa ga)a han)a hadir sedikitn)a ada dua benda )ang saling
berinteraksi. Pada interaksi ini ga)a2ga)a selalu berpasangan.
Konsep ga)a $ksi2reaksi 3aitu:
!. 4a)a aksi2reaksi hadir jika dua benda berinteraksi
2. 4a)a $ksi2reaksi bekerja pada dua benda )ang berbeda
/. 4a)a $ksi2reaksi besarn)a sama, tetapi arahn)a berlawanan
2. Beberaa !en"# Ga$a% Ma&am Ga$a
a. 4a)a +erat
4a)a berat )aitu: ga)a )ang bekerja pada suatu benda akibat benda tersebut berada dalam
pengaruh gra5itasi bumi.
Se.ara matematis dapat dirumuskan:
mg W =
............................. "/.6#
Keterangan:
% 1 berat benda " N#
m 1 massa "kg#
g 1 Per.epatan gra5itasi "m/s
2
#
7ontoh:
b. 4a)a Normal
4a)a Normal )aitu: ga)a )ang dikerjakan oleh bidang pada benda apabila benda tersebut menekan
bidang, arah ga)a normal selalu tegak lurus dengan permukaan bidang.
7ontoh:
.. 4a)a 8egangan 8ali
4a)a tegangan tali adalah: ga)a )ang dikerjakan oleh tali terhadap sebuah benda )ang diikat
dengan tali tersebut.
7ontoh:
d. 4a)a 4esekan
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
2
%
%
N
N
8
m
8
8
m
m
4a)a gesek )aitu: suatu ga)a )ang bekerja abtara dua permukaan )ang bersentuhan dan bersi-at
melawan ke.enderungan gerak benda.
7ontoh:
Se.ara matematis ga)a gesek dapat dirumuskan:
N f
k Ges
µ =
............................. "/.9#
Keterangan:
Fges1 ga)a gesekan "N#
k
µ
1 Koe-isien gesekan
N1 ga)a Normal "N#
3. 'eneraan Hukum Newton
a. +enda pada bidang datar dan li.in
ma F =
ma Cos F = α . ............................. "/.:#
Keterangan:
F 1 4a)a "N#
m 1 Massa "kg#
a 1 per.epatan benda "m/s
2
#
α 1 Sudut antara ga)a dengan perpindahan
b. +enda pada bidang datar )ang kasar
ma F F
ges
= −
.. +enda pada bidang datar )ang li.in dan ditarik oleh benda )ang lain
 ;ihat massa m!

= a m F
1
a m T W
1 1
= −
a m T g m
1 1
= −
a m g m T
1 1
− = ................"i#
 ;ihat massa m2

= a m F
2
a m T
2
= ............."ii#
Substitusi persamaan "i# ke "ii#
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
3
F -
4esekan
F
m
F
<
m
F
α
F -
4esekan
8
8
m
2
m
!
%
!
a
Keterangan:
m!1 Massa benda ! "kg#
m21 Massa benda 2 "kg#
g 1 Per.epatan 4ra5itasi "m/s
2
#
a 1 Per.epatan benda "m/s
2
#
a m a m g m
2 1 1
= −
a m m g m ) (
2 1 1
+ =
g
m m
m
a
) (
2 1
2
+
=
............................. "/.=#
d. +enda pada bidang miring )ang li.in
 4a)a arah sumbu <

=ma F
x
ma mg = α sin
α sin g a = ............................. "/.>#
 4a)a arah sumbu )

=0
y
F
"?esultan ga)a arah sumbu )1&#
α cos mg N =
............................. "/.@#
e. +enda )ang dihubungkan dengan tali melalui katrol
'ika m2Am!, maka

=ma F
%22%!1 "m!Bm2# . a
m2.g C m!.g 1 "m!Bm2#. a
"m22m!#.g 1 "m!Bm2#. a
g
m m
m m
a
2 1
1 2
) (
+

=
............................. "/.!&#
-. +enda )ang digantung dengan tali
!. +enda diam

=ma F
, a1&, karena benda diam
0 = −mg T
mg T =
............................. "/.!!#
2. +enda bergerak keatas dengan per.epatan a

=ma F
ma mg T = −
ma mg T + =
) ( a g m T + = ............................. "/.!2#
/. +enda bergerak kebawah dengan per.epatan a

=ma F
ma T mg = −
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
4
mg
mg sin D
N
mg .os D
D
D
m
m
!
%
!
8
%
2
m
2
8
a
8
m
W=mg
8
m
W=mg
a
8
m
W=mg
a
ma mg T − =
) ( a g m T − =
............................. "/.!/#
g. Erang )ang berada di dalam li-t
!. ;i-t diam/ bergerak dengan ke.epatan tetap
Maka nilai a1&

=ma F
0 = −mg N
mg N =
............................. "/.!6#
2. ;i-t diper.epat ke atas dengan per.epatan a

=ma F
ma mg N = −
ma mg N + =
) ( a g m N + =
............................. "/.!9#
/. ;i-t diper.epat ke bawah dengan per.epatan a

=ma F
ma N mg = −
ma mg N − =
) ( a g m N − =
............................. "/.!:#
6. ;i-t diperlambat ke bawah
Maka nilai a1 2a

=ma F
) ( a m N mg − = −
ma N mg − = −
ma mg N + =
) ( a g m N + =
............................. "/.!=#
h. +enda )ang digantung dengan dua utas tali pada keadaan setimbang.
γ β α sin sin sin
3 2 1
T T T
= =
............................. "/.!>#
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
5
mg
N
mg
N
a
mg
N
a
mg
N
a
α
β
γ
%
8
!
8
2
8
/
KEGIATAN LABORATORIUM (TUGAS KELOMPOK)
$. Nama Kegiatan : Memahami *ukum Newton
+. 8ujuan : Siswa Mampu menjelaskan dan menganalisis penerapan hukum ( Newton,
(( Newton dan ((( Newton tentang gerak
7. $lat dan +ahan
!. 2 buah uang logam.
2. ! lembar kertas *FS.
/. ! buah 8i.ker timer.
6. ! buah Katrol ke.il.
9. ! buah beban "m# ! kg
:. / buah beban "M# : 2,9 kg, 2 kg, dan !,9 kg.
=. ! rol kertas ti.ker timer dan kertas karbon.
>. 2 buah nera.a pegas.
@. ! buah stati-
Kegiatan !
;angkah kerja
!. 8aruhlah 2 uang logam saling bertindihan diatas kertas *FSG
2. 8arik kertas dengan .epat pada posisi mendatar G
/. Hlangi kegiatan ini beberapa kaliG
6. +erilah kesimpulan dari kegiatan iniG
Kegiatan 2
;angkah kerja
!. ?angkaian alat dan bahan seperti pada gambar di bawah iniG
2. 4unakan beban mulai )ang massa terke.il sampai besar se.ara bergantianG
/. $mati pita ti.ker timer pada setiap beban "M#.
6. $pakah kesimpulan dari kegiatan iniI
Kegiatan /
;angkah kerja
!. (katkan sebuah pegas pada stati-, sedangkan nera.a pegas )ang lain anda biarkan bebas lihat gambar di
bawah ini.
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
6
2. Perlahan2lahan, tariklah ujung nera.a pegas )ang bebas sampai pada skala tertentu. 7atat skala )ang
ditunjukkan oleh kedua nera.a pegas. Hlangi tarikan $nda untuk skala2skala lain )ang berbeda.
/. $pa kesimpulan dari kegiatan iniI
TUGAS INDIVIDU
Jawabla !"r#a$%aa$ &'bawa '$' &"$(a$ )"la* &a$ b"$ar
!. Sebuah benda bermassa m, padan)a bekerja ga)a F, hingga benda memperoleh per.epatan a. 'ika
massa benda dijadikan 2 m dan ga)an)a dijadikan 6F, maka per.epatan benda menjadi JJ
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
2. +erilah .ontoh ga)a gesekan )ang menguntungkan J.
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
7
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
/. Di dalam sebuah li-t ditempatkan sebuah timbangan badan. Saat li-t dalam keadaan diam
seseorang menimbang badann)a, didapatkan bahwa berat orang tersebut 9&& N. 'ika li-t bergerak ke
atas dengan per.epatan tetap 9 m/s
22
, g 1 !& m/s
22
, maka berat orang tersebut menjadi JJ
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6. Perhatikan sistem benda disampingGGG 4esekan tali dan katrol diabaikan "katrol li.in#, maka
per.epatan sistem adalah ......... m/sL
'awab:
9. Perhatikan sistem benda disampingGGG 4esekan tali dan katrol diabaikan "katrol li.in#, maka
tegangan tali sistem adalah ......... N
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
8
li.in
m
2
1 2 kg
m
!
1 ! kg
li.in
m
2
1 2 kg
m
!
1 ! kg
'awab:
'awab:
:. +erilah .ontoh2.ontoh ga)a gesekan )ang merugikan G
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
=. Sebuah mobil bermassa >&& kg pada suatu saat mesinn)a menghasilkan ga)a dorong 96&& N tetapi
han)a mendapat per.epatan :,9 m/sL, maka besar ga)a gesekkan )ang dikerjakan jalan sebesar ......
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
9
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
>. Sebuah benda bermassa : kg bergerak pada bidang datar )ang li.in, ke.epatan benda berkurang
dari 29 m/s menjadi @ m/s setelah bergerak selama 6 sekon besar dan arah ga)a mendatar )ang
bekerja pada benda adalah ......
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
@. Sebuah ele5ator massan)a 6&& kg bergerak 5ertikal keatas dari keadaan diam dengan per.epatan
tetap sebesar 2 m/sL. 'ika per.epatan gra5itasi @,> m/sL, maka tegangan tali penarik ele5ator adalah .....
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
10
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
!&. +enda )ang massan)a !& diletakkan diatas lantai mendatar li.in 'ika benda ditarik dengan ga)a
horisontal /9 N, maka besar per.epatan )ang timbul adalah ........
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
EVALUASI BAB 3 DINAMIKA GERAK
P'l'la *ala *a#+ )awaba$ %a$( !al'$( #"!a# ,
!. 'ika resultan ga)a )ang bekerja pada sebuah benda sama dengan nol, maka:
!# +enda tidak akan diper.epat
2# +enda selalu diam
/# Perubahan ke.epatan benda nol
6# +enda tidak mungkin bergerak
Pern)ataan )ang benar ditunjukkan oleh nomor
a. "!#, "2# dan "/#
b. "!# dan "/#
.. "2# dan "6#
d. "6# saja
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
11
e. "!#, "2#, "/# dan "6#
2. Perhatikan gambar dibawah, 'ika kertas ditariik dengan .epat, maka silinder akan...
a. (kut bergerak bersama kertas
b. +ergerak berlawanan dengan arah gerak kertas
.. +ergerak ke kanan
d. +ergerak ke kiri
e. Diam
/. Suatu benda bisa bergerak karena adan)a...
a. 8enaga
b. Hsaha
.. Mnergi
d. 4a)a
e. 8enaga
6. Satuan per.epatan adalah m/s
2
, jika din)atakan dalam bentuk )ang lain )aitu...
a. N/kg
b. Kg/N
.. m/s
d. .m/s
e. N/s
2
9. Sebuah balok diletakkan diatas meja, balok tersebut bermassa m kg, besar ga)a normal )ang
bekerja pada balok karena dikerjakan olah meja adalah...
a. N1&
b. N1mg
.. N1m
2
d. N12m
e. N1g
:. Sebuah benda bermassa !& kg bekerja resultan ga)a sebesar 6& N. Maka per.epatan )ang dialami
benda adalah....
a. ! m/s
2
b. 2 m/s
2
.. / m/s
2
d. 6 m/s
2
e. 9 m/s
2
=. Sebuah benda bermassa 2 kg, mula2mula benda diam pada lantai datar dan li.in, kemudian ditarik
dengan ga)a konstan > N dengan arah mendatar, berapakah per.epatan bendaI
a. &,29 m/s
2
b. 2 m/s
2
.. 6 m/s
2
d. > m/s
2
e. !: m/s
2
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
12
>. Sebuah mobil )ang sedang melaju dengan kelajuan /: km/jam tiba2tiba di rem hingga berhenti pada
jarak !& m, jika ga)a )ang menghentikan mobil tersebut adalah 2.&&& N, berapakah massa mobil
tersebutI
a. 9.&&& kg
b. 6.&&& kg
.. /.&&& kg
d. 2.&&& kg
e. !.&&& kg
@. +alok bermassa 2& kg diletakkan diatas lantai mendatar )ang li.in, ditarik oleh ga)a 9& N mendatar
ke kanan dan ga)a /& N mendatar ke kiri, maka balok akan bergerak dengan per.epatan...
a. ! m/s
2
ke kanan
b. ! m/s
2
ke kiri
.. 2// m/s
2
ke kanan
d. //2 m/s
2
ke kiri
e. 2 m/s
2
ke kanan
!&. Perhatikan 4ambar berikut ini
4ambar diatas menunjukkan 9 buah benda, diberi ga)a )ang berbeda2beda. 3ang menghasilkan
per.epatan benda paling besar adalah gambar nomor...
a. !
b. 2
.. /
d. 6
e. 9
!!. Sebuah benda bermassa 9 Kg bergerak pada bidang datar )ang li.in, ke.epatan benda bertambah
dari 6 m/s menjadi > m/s setelah menempuh jarak > m. +erapakah besar ga)a )ang men)ebabkan
pertambahan ke.epatan bendaI
a. !&& N
b. :& N
.. /& N
d. !9 N
e. !& N
!2. Dua buah beban bermassa m!dan m2, dihubungkan dengan sebuah katrol "seperti pada gambar#,
'ika m2Am! per.epatan gra5itasi g dan ga)a gesek diabaikan, besarn)a tegangan tali 8! adalah....
a. m!gBm!a
b. m!g2m2g
.. m!g2m!a
d. m2g2m2a
e. m2g2m!a
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
13
T
1
T
1
m
2
m
1
5 Kg
F=10 N
10 Kg
F=20 N
50 Kg
F=150 N
80 Kg
F=160 N
1 Kg
F=5 N
! 2 / 6 9
!/. 'ika katrol li.in dan per.epatan gra5itasi !& m/s
2
, berapakah per.epatan )ang dialami bendaI
a. 6 m/s
2
b. 9 m/s
2
.. : m/s
2
d. = m/s
2
e. > m/s
2
!6. 'ika katrol li.in sistem tersebut bergerak dengan per.epatan 2 m/s
2
, +erapakah besar ga)a
tegangan tali jika g1 !& m/s
2
a. !& N
b. 2& N
.. /& N
d. 6& N
e. 9& N
!9. Sebuah benda diikat dengan seutas tali dan digantung. 'ika benda bermassa 9 kg, berapakah besar
ga)a tegangan tali tersebutI "g 1 !& m/s
2
#
a. !& N
b. 2& N
.. /& N
d. 6& N
e. 9& N
!:. Sebuah ele5ator massan)a /&& kg, bergerak 5ertikal ke atas dari keadaan diam dengan per.epatan
tetap sebesar ! m/s
2
, jika g 1 !& m/s
2
, berapakah besar tegangan tali penarik ele5atorI
a. /&& N
b. :&& N
.. 2=&& N
d. /&&& N
e. //&& N
!=. Seorang anak berada didalam li-t )ang sedang bergerak keatas dengan per.epatan 9 m/s
2
, jika
massa anak tersebut 6& kg, berapakah ga)a normal )ang bekerja pada anak tersebutI "g1!& m/s
2
#
a. 2&& N
b. 6&& N
.. :&& N
d. ::& N
e. >&& N
!>. Pada li-t )ang mulai bergerak ke atas dengan per.epatan 2 m/s
2
, berat seseorang )ang berada
didalam li-t tersebut adalah 6>& N. +erapakah berat orang tersebut dalam keadaan normal "ketika li-t
diam#...
a. :6& N
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
14
8
8
/ kg
Meja li.in
2 kg
8
8
2 kg
Meja li.in
!& kg
b. 9:& N
.. 6>& N
d. 6&& N
e. /2& N
!@. Sebuah balok bermassa !& Kg berada diatas lantai )ang li.in, dan ditarik dengan ga)a mendatar 2
N, berapakah besar per.epatan )ang dialami bendaI
a. &,2 m/s
2
b. ! m/s
2
.. 2 m/s
2
d. 6 m/s
2
e. 9 m/s
2
2&. Sebuah benda )ang bermassa 2 kg berubah ke.epatan)a dari > m/s menjadi 6 m/s dalam waktu 2
sekon kerena dikenai ga)a tetap. +erapakah besara ga)a tersebutI
a. C 2 N
b. C 6 N
.. C : N
d. C > N
e. C !& N
2!. Sebuah benda bermassa 2 kg dikenai sebuah ga)a, menghasilkan per.epatan /m/s
2
. 'ika ga)a
tersebut bekerja pada benda bermassa : kg berapakah per.epatan bendaI
a. ! m/s
2
b. 2 m/s
2
.. / m/s
2
d. 6 m/s
2
e. 9 m/s
2
22. Perhatikan gambar berikutG
+esar dan arah per.epatan )ang dialami balok adalah......
a. !! m/s
2
ke kanan
b. !& m/s
2
ke kiri
.. !& m/s
2
ke kanan
d. 9 m/s
2
ke kanan
e. 9 m/s
2
ke kiri
2/. 'ika balok bermassa 9 kg berada pada lantai )ang li.in ditarik dengan ga)a F1!& N, D1 /&
&
"seperti
terlhat pada gambar#, berapakah per.epatan balokI
a. ! m/s
2
b.
2
m/s
2
.. 3 m/s
2
d. 2 m/s
2
e. 9 m/s
2
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
15
m1 9 kg
F1 !& N
α
F
!
1 2& N
m1 2 kg
F
/
1 !&& N
F
2
1 6& N
F
6
1 :& N
26. Sebuah benda bermassa 2 kg berada pada suatu bidang miring )ang li.in, jika D1 69
&
dan g1!&
m/s
2
, berapakah per.epatan balokI
a. 9 m/s
2
b.
2 5
m/s
2
.. 9 3 m/s
2
d. 2 3 m/s
2
e.
2 2
m/s
2
29. Sebuah benda bermassa m bergerak pada bidang miring )ang li.in dengan sudut θ, jika
per.epatan gra5itasi g. Maka besar per.epatan benda adalah...
a. 2 g sin θ
b. 2 g
.. g
d. g sin θ
e. g .os θ
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19
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'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
21
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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:. Sebuah benda )ang diikatkan pada sebuah dinamometer "seperti pada gambar#, menunjukkan
skala tertentu, men)atakan apa skala tersebutI
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
=. Sebuah balok ka)u seberat !&& N diletakkan diatas lantai. 8entukan besar ga)a normal jika:
a. +agian atas balok ditekan dengan ga)a F!1 /& N dan F212& N
b. +agian atas balok ditekan dengan ga)a F1 6& N dengan arah miring /&
&
ke bawah.
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
22
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
>. Sebuh balok berada diatas bidang miring )ang membentuk sudut /&
&
terhadap arah mendatar, jika
massa balok1 /& kg, g1!& m/s
2
dan balok tidak dikenai ga)a luar, berapakah besarn)a ga)a normal
balok tersebutI
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
@. Seorang dengan massa :& kg berada dalam li-t )ang sedang bergerak ke bawah dengan
per.epatan / ms
22
, desakan kaki orang pada lantai li-t adalahI
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
23
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!&. Suatu benda mempun)ai massa 2 kg dikenai ga)a !&& N )ang membentuk sudut /&
&
dengan arah
perpindahan benda. 8entukan per.epatan bendaG
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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!!. Sebuah mobil )ang bermassa !&&& kg bergerak dari keadaan diam dengan per.epatan konstan ke
lajuan !& m/s dalam waktu 9 sekon pada suatu jalan lurus. +erapakah besar ga)a )ang diperlukan untuk
memper.epat mobil tersebutI
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
24
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
!2. Sebuah peti besar mempun)ai massa :& kg melun.ur pada sebuah bidang miring li.in )ang
memiliki sudut kemiringan /&
&
. 8entukan besarn)a per.epatan dan ga)a normalG
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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Jawabla !"r#a$%aa$ &'bawa '$' &"$(a$ )"la* &a$ b"$ar
!. Sebuah benda mempun)ai massa 6 kg diberikan ga)a !&& N searah dengan perpindahan benda,
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'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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/. Seseorang bermassa 9& kg berdiri di dalam li-t )ang sedang bergerak ke atas dengan per.epatan 9
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2
. 'ika per.epatan gra5itasi bumi adalah g 1 !& ms
22
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. 'ika panjang bidang miring adalah !& meter, tentukanlah waktu )ang dibutuhkan oleh benda
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29
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:. Sebuah mobil dengan massa M, dari keadaan diam ke kelajuan 2& m/s dalam waktu 9s pada suatu
jalan lurus. +erapakah besar ga)a )ang memper.epat gerak mobil ini.
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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=. Sebuah benda bermassa 9kg "g 1 @,> ms
22
# digantungkan dengan seutas tali, tentukanlah ga)a
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'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
30
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>. Dua buah benda m! dan m2 tersusun seperti gambar di bawah ini, m!1 !kg dan m21 2kg. 'ika massa tali
dan massa katrol, diabaikan dan tidak ada gesekan antara tali dan katrol, tentukan per.epatan )ang
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'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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!&. Sebuah benda digantung dengan seutas tali. Dalam keadaan diam, tegangan talin)a adalah !&&N,
"g1!&ms22#. 'ika tali han)a mampu menahan tegangan sebesar !>&N, dengan per.epatan maksimum
berapakah benda tersebut dpt ditarik ke atas, tepat pada saat tali akan putusI
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
32
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!!. Sebuah benda bermassa !& kg "g 1 !& ms
22
# digantungkan dengan seutas tali, tentukanlah ga)a
tegangan tali pada saat sistem bergerak ke atas dengan per.epatan : ms
22.

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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!2. Sebuah benda bermassa 9kg "g 1 !& ms
22
# digantungkan dengan seutas tali, tentukanlah ga)a
tegangan tali pada saat itu:
a. Sistem dalam keadaan diam
b. Sistem bergerak ke atas dengan per.epatan 9 ms
22.
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
33
T
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2
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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!/. 8iga benda masing2masing m! 1 !kg, m2 1 2kg, dan m/ 1 /kg, berada pada bidang datar
li.in, dihubungkan dengan tali seperti pada gambar berikut. Kemudian, sistem tersebut ditarik dengan
ga)a 26 N. 8entukanlah besarn)a tegangan tali 8! dan 82 G
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
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22
ke bawah. 8entukanlah tekanan kaki orang terhadap alas li-tG "g1!&ms
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'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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Jawabla !"r#a$%aa$ &'bawa '$' &"$(a$ )"la* &a$ b"$ar
!. Seorang dengan massa :& kg berada dalam li-t )ang sedang bergerak ke bawah dengan
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22
. +erapakah desakan kaki orang pada lantai li-tI
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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2. Sewaktu berada di dalam li-t )ang diam, berat Sandi adalah 9&& N. Per.epatan gra5itasi 1 !& m s
C2
.
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
35
Sewaktu li-t diper.epat, tegangan tali menjadi =9& N. Dengan demikian per.epatan li-t adalah J
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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/. Sebuah massan)a ! kg balok diletakkan di atas bidang miring li.in dengan sudut kemiringan "D# 1
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o
, sehing2ga benda bergerak dengan per.epatan konstan. +ila g 1 !& m s
C2
, maka ga)a penggerak
balok tersebut adalah J
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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6. +enda bermassa 6 kg terletak pada bidang miring seperti tampak pada gambar di bawah ini.
'ika koe-isien gesek2an statik antara balok dan bidang miring adalah
!
9 P/ dan g 1 !& m s
C2
, maka
resultan ga)a )ang melun.urkan benda adalah J
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
36
/&
o
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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:. Sebuah benda dijatuhkan dari ujung sebuah menara tanpa ke.epatan awal. Setelah 2 detik benda
sampai di tanah "g 1 !& m s
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'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
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=. Sebuah benda jatuh bebas dari ketinggian 6& m di atas tanah. +ila massa benda 2 kg dan g 1 !& m
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C2
maka energi kinetik tepat 2& m di atas tanah adalah J
'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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>. +enda bermassa 9 kg dilempar 5ertikal ke atas dengan ke.epatan awal !& m s
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!2. Sebuah balok dengan massa 9 kg ditarik dengan seutas tali membentuk sudut /&
&
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mendatar. 'ika ga)a penarik balok tersebut sebesar 2& N dan masa tali diabaikan, maka per.epatan
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2
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tentara bermassa :& kg memanjat tali )ang menjulur dengan ke.epatan tetap ! m/s relati- terhadap
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'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
42
LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X
43

W

Hukum tersebut dapat diartikan bahwa gaya hanya hadir sedikitnya ada dua benda yang saling berinteraksi. Pada interaksi ini gaya-gaya selalu berpasangan. Konsep gaya Aksi-reaksi Yaitu: 1. 2. 3. 2. a. pengaruh gravitasi bumi. Secara matematis dapat dirumuskan:
W = mg ............................. (3.4)

Gaya aksi-reaksi hadir jika dua benda berinteraksi Gaya Aksi-reaksi bekerja pada dua benda yang berbeda Gaya Aksi-reaksi besarnya sama, tetapi arahnya berlawanan Gaya Berat

Beberapa Jenis Gaya/ Macam Gaya Gaya berat yaitu: gaya yang bekerja pada suatu benda akibat benda tersebut berada dalam

Keterangan: W = berat benda ( N) m = massa (kg) g = Percepatan gravitasi (m/s2) Contoh:

b.

Gaya Normal Gaya Normal yaitu: gaya yang dikerjakan oleh bidang pada benda apabila benda tersebut menekan bidang, arah gaya normal selalu tegak lurus dengan permukaan bidang. Contoh: N N

c. dengan tali tersebut. Contoh:

Gaya Tegangan Tali Gaya tegangan tali adalah: gaya yang dikerjakan oleh tali terhadap sebuah benda yang diikat m T

T m W

T m

d.

Gaya Gesekan

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

2

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