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Dinamika Gerak Sma 10|Views: 314|Likes: 0

Published by Adha Sudah BerQurban

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/147736157/Dinamika-Gerak-Sma-10

04/20/2015

text

original

**Standar Kompetensi : Menerapkan Konsep dan Prinsip dasar kinematika dan dinamika benda
**

titik

Kompetensi Dasar : 2.2. Menerapkan hukum Newton sebagai prinsip dasar dinamika untuk

gerak lurus

Kelas/ Semester : / ! "satu#

$lokasi %aktu : !& 'am Pelajaran

BAB 3 DINAMIKA GERAK

RINGKASAN MATERI

Dinamika adalah: (lmu )ang mempelajari tentang gerak suatu benda dengan meninjau pen)ebab dari gerak

benda tersebut.

1. Hukum Newton

a. *ukum ( Newton

*ukum ( Newton men)atakan: +ila resultan ga)a )ang bekerja pada benda sama dengan nol atau

tidak ada ga)a )ang bekerja pada benda, maka benda )ang diam akan tetap diam atau benda )ang

bergerak lurus beraturan akan tetap bergerak lurus beraturan. *ukum ( Newton mengungkapkan

tentang si-at benda )ang .enderung mempertahankan kedudukan)a atau dengan kata lain si-at

kemalasan bendauntuk mengubah kedudukan)a. Si-at ini disebut Kelembaman/ (nersia. *ukum (

Newton disebut juga dengan hukum kelembaman.

Se.ara matematis *ukum ( Newton dapat dituliskan:

∑

=0 F

............................. "/.!#

b. *ukum (( Newton

*ukum (( Newton men)atakan: 0per.epatan )ang dihasilkan oleh resultan ga)a )ang bekerja pada

suatu benda berbanding lurus dengan resultan resultan ga)a )ang bekerja pada benda tersebut dan

berbanding terbalik dengan massa benda itu0

Se.ara matematis *ukum (( Newton dapat dituliskan:

m

F

a

∑

=

atau

∑

=ma F

............................. "/.2#

Keterangan:

∑

F

1 resultan ga)a "N#

m1 massa benda "kg#

a 1 per.epatan benda "m/s

2

#

.. *ukum ((( Newton

*ukum ((( Newton men)atakan: 0 'ika benda pertama mengerjakan

ga)a pada benda kedua, maka benda kedua akan mengerjakan ga)a

pada benda pertama, )ang besarn)a sama tetapi arahn)a

berlawanan. *ukum ((( Newton disebut juga hukum aksi2reaksi.

*ukum (( Newton dapat dituliskan:

aksi Aksi

F F

Re

− =

............................. "/./#

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

1

Gambar 3.1: Mobil yang sidorong dan bergerak dengan

percepatan a

a

F

Aksi

- F

Reaksi

*ukum tersebut dapat diartikan bahwa ga)a han)a hadir sedikitn)a ada dua benda )ang saling

berinteraksi. Pada interaksi ini ga)a2ga)a selalu berpasangan.

Konsep ga)a $ksi2reaksi 3aitu:

!. 4a)a aksi2reaksi hadir jika dua benda berinteraksi

2. 4a)a $ksi2reaksi bekerja pada dua benda )ang berbeda

/. 4a)a $ksi2reaksi besarn)a sama, tetapi arahn)a berlawanan

2. Beberaa !en"# Ga$a% Ma&am Ga$a

a. 4a)a +erat

4a)a berat )aitu: ga)a )ang bekerja pada suatu benda akibat benda tersebut berada dalam

pengaruh gra5itasi bumi.

Se.ara matematis dapat dirumuskan:

mg W =

............................. "/.6#

Keterangan:

% 1 berat benda " N#

m 1 massa "kg#

g 1 Per.epatan gra5itasi "m/s

2

#

7ontoh:

b. 4a)a Normal

4a)a Normal )aitu: ga)a )ang dikerjakan oleh bidang pada benda apabila benda tersebut menekan

bidang, arah ga)a normal selalu tegak lurus dengan permukaan bidang.

7ontoh:

.. 4a)a 8egangan 8ali

4a)a tegangan tali adalah: ga)a )ang dikerjakan oleh tali terhadap sebuah benda )ang diikat

dengan tali tersebut.

7ontoh:

d. 4a)a 4esekan

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

2

%

%

N

N

8

m

8

8

m

m

4a)a gesek )aitu: suatu ga)a )ang bekerja abtara dua permukaan )ang bersentuhan dan bersi-at

melawan ke.enderungan gerak benda.

7ontoh:

Se.ara matematis ga)a gesek dapat dirumuskan:

N f

k Ges

µ =

............................. "/.9#

Keterangan:

Fges1 ga)a gesekan "N#

k

µ

1 Koe-isien gesekan

N1 ga)a Normal "N#

3. 'eneraan Hukum Newton

a. +enda pada bidang datar dan li.in

ma F =

ma Cos F = α . ............................. "/.:#

Keterangan:

F 1 4a)a "N#

m 1 Massa "kg#

a 1 per.epatan benda "m/s

2

#

α 1 Sudut antara ga)a dengan perpindahan

b. +enda pada bidang datar )ang kasar

ma F F

ges

= −

.. +enda pada bidang datar )ang li.in dan ditarik oleh benda )ang lain

;ihat massa m!

∑

= a m F

1

a m T W

1 1

= −

a m T g m

1 1

= −

a m g m T

1 1

− = ................"i#

;ihat massa m2

∑

= a m F

2

a m T

2

= ............."ii#

Substitusi persamaan "i# ke "ii#

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

3

F -

4esekan

F

m

F

<

m

F

α

F -

4esekan

8

8

m

2

m

!

%

!

a

Keterangan:

m!1 Massa benda ! "kg#

m21 Massa benda 2 "kg#

g 1 Per.epatan 4ra5itasi "m/s

2

#

a 1 Per.epatan benda "m/s

2

#

a m a m g m

2 1 1

= −

a m m g m ) (

2 1 1

+ =

g

m m

m

a

) (

2 1

2

+

=

............................. "/.=#

d. +enda pada bidang miring )ang li.in

4a)a arah sumbu <

∑

=ma F

x

ma mg = α sin

α sin g a = ............................. "/.>#

4a)a arah sumbu )

∑

=0

y

F

"?esultan ga)a arah sumbu )1&#

α cos mg N =

............................. "/.@#

e. +enda )ang dihubungkan dengan tali melalui katrol

'ika m2Am!, maka

∑

=ma F

%22%!1 "m!Bm2# . a

m2.g C m!.g 1 "m!Bm2#. a

"m22m!#.g 1 "m!Bm2#. a

g

m m

m m

a

2 1

1 2

) (

+

−

=

............................. "/.!&#

-. +enda )ang digantung dengan tali

!. +enda diam

∑

=ma F

, a1&, karena benda diam

0 = −mg T

mg T =

............................. "/.!!#

2. +enda bergerak keatas dengan per.epatan a

∑

=ma F

ma mg T = −

ma mg T + =

) ( a g m T + = ............................. "/.!2#

/. +enda bergerak kebawah dengan per.epatan a

∑

=ma F

ma T mg = −

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

4

mg

mg sin D

N

mg .os D

D

D

m

m

!

%

!

8

%

2

m

2

8

a

8

m

W=mg

8

m

W=mg

a

8

m

W=mg

a

ma mg T − =

) ( a g m T − =

............................. "/.!/#

g. Erang )ang berada di dalam li-t

!. ;i-t diam/ bergerak dengan ke.epatan tetap

Maka nilai a1&

∑

=ma F

0 = −mg N

mg N =

............................. "/.!6#

2. ;i-t diper.epat ke atas dengan per.epatan a

∑

=ma F

ma mg N = −

ma mg N + =

) ( a g m N + =

............................. "/.!9#

/. ;i-t diper.epat ke bawah dengan per.epatan a

∑

=ma F

ma N mg = −

ma mg N − =

) ( a g m N − =

............................. "/.!:#

6. ;i-t diperlambat ke bawah

Maka nilai a1 2a

∑

=ma F

) ( a m N mg − = −

ma N mg − = −

ma mg N + =

) ( a g m N + =

............................. "/.!=#

h. +enda )ang digantung dengan dua utas tali pada keadaan setimbang.

γ β α sin sin sin

3 2 1

T T T

= =

............................. "/.!>#

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

5

mg

N

mg

N

a

mg

N

a

mg

N

a

α

β

γ

%

8

!

8

2

8

/

KEGIATAN LABORATORIUM (TUGAS KELOMPOK)

$. Nama Kegiatan : Memahami *ukum Newton

+. 8ujuan : Siswa Mampu menjelaskan dan menganalisis penerapan hukum ( Newton,

(( Newton dan ((( Newton tentang gerak

7. $lat dan +ahan

!. 2 buah uang logam.

2. ! lembar kertas *FS.

/. ! buah 8i.ker timer.

6. ! buah Katrol ke.il.

9. ! buah beban "m# ! kg

:. / buah beban "M# : 2,9 kg, 2 kg, dan !,9 kg.

=. ! rol kertas ti.ker timer dan kertas karbon.

>. 2 buah nera.a pegas.

@. ! buah stati-

Kegiatan !

;angkah kerja

!. 8aruhlah 2 uang logam saling bertindihan diatas kertas *FSG

2. 8arik kertas dengan .epat pada posisi mendatar G

/. Hlangi kegiatan ini beberapa kaliG

6. +erilah kesimpulan dari kegiatan iniG

Kegiatan 2

;angkah kerja

!. ?angkaian alat dan bahan seperti pada gambar di bawah iniG

2. 4unakan beban mulai )ang massa terke.il sampai besar se.ara bergantianG

/. $mati pita ti.ker timer pada setiap beban "M#.

6. $pakah kesimpulan dari kegiatan iniI

Kegiatan /

;angkah kerja

!. (katkan sebuah pegas pada stati-, sedangkan nera.a pegas )ang lain anda biarkan bebas lihat gambar di

bawah ini.

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

6

2. Perlahan2lahan, tariklah ujung nera.a pegas )ang bebas sampai pada skala tertentu. 7atat skala )ang

ditunjukkan oleh kedua nera.a pegas. Hlangi tarikan $nda untuk skala2skala lain )ang berbeda.

/. $pa kesimpulan dari kegiatan iniI

TUGAS INDIVIDU

Jawabla !"r#a$%aa$ &'bawa '$' &"$(a$ )"la* &a$ b"$ar

!. Sebuah benda bermassa m, padan)a bekerja ga)a F, hingga benda memperoleh per.epatan a. 'ika

massa benda dijadikan 2 m dan ga)an)a dijadikan 6F, maka per.epatan benda menjadi JJ

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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2. +erilah .ontoh ga)a gesekan )ang menguntungkan J.

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

7

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

/. Di dalam sebuah li-t ditempatkan sebuah timbangan badan. Saat li-t dalam keadaan diam

seseorang menimbang badann)a, didapatkan bahwa berat orang tersebut 9&& N. 'ika li-t bergerak ke

atas dengan per.epatan tetap 9 m/s

22

, g 1 !& m/s

22

, maka berat orang tersebut menjadi JJ

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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6. Perhatikan sistem benda disampingGGG 4esekan tali dan katrol diabaikan "katrol li.in#, maka

per.epatan sistem adalah ......... m/sL

'awab:

9. Perhatikan sistem benda disampingGGG 4esekan tali dan katrol diabaikan "katrol li.in#, maka

tegangan tali sistem adalah ......... N

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

8

li.in

m

2

1 2 kg

m

!

1 ! kg

li.in

m

2

1 2 kg

m

!

1 ! kg

'awab:

'awab:

:. +erilah .ontoh2.ontoh ga)a gesekan )ang merugikan G

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

=. Sebuah mobil bermassa >&& kg pada suatu saat mesinn)a menghasilkan ga)a dorong 96&& N tetapi

han)a mendapat per.epatan :,9 m/sL, maka besar ga)a gesekkan )ang dikerjakan jalan sebesar ......

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

9

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

>. Sebuah benda bermassa : kg bergerak pada bidang datar )ang li.in, ke.epatan benda berkurang

dari 29 m/s menjadi @ m/s setelah bergerak selama 6 sekon besar dan arah ga)a mendatar )ang

bekerja pada benda adalah ......

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

@. Sebuah ele5ator massan)a 6&& kg bergerak 5ertikal keatas dari keadaan diam dengan per.epatan

tetap sebesar 2 m/sL. 'ika per.epatan gra5itasi @,> m/sL, maka tegangan tali penarik ele5ator adalah .....

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

10

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

!&. +enda )ang massan)a !& diletakkan diatas lantai mendatar li.in 'ika benda ditarik dengan ga)a

horisontal /9 N, maka besar per.epatan )ang timbul adalah ........

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

EVALUASI BAB 3 DINAMIKA GERAK

P'l'la *ala *a#+ )awaba$ %a$( !al'$( #"!a# ,

!. 'ika resultan ga)a )ang bekerja pada sebuah benda sama dengan nol, maka:

!# +enda tidak akan diper.epat

2# +enda selalu diam

/# Perubahan ke.epatan benda nol

6# +enda tidak mungkin bergerak

Pern)ataan )ang benar ditunjukkan oleh nomor

a. "!#, "2# dan "/#

b. "!# dan "/#

.. "2# dan "6#

d. "6# saja

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

11

e. "!#, "2#, "/# dan "6#

2. Perhatikan gambar dibawah, 'ika kertas ditariik dengan .epat, maka silinder akan...

a. (kut bergerak bersama kertas

b. +ergerak berlawanan dengan arah gerak kertas

.. +ergerak ke kanan

d. +ergerak ke kiri

e. Diam

/. Suatu benda bisa bergerak karena adan)a...

a. 8enaga

b. Hsaha

.. Mnergi

d. 4a)a

e. 8enaga

6. Satuan per.epatan adalah m/s

2

, jika din)atakan dalam bentuk )ang lain )aitu...

a. N/kg

b. Kg/N

.. m/s

d. .m/s

e. N/s

2

9. Sebuah balok diletakkan diatas meja, balok tersebut bermassa m kg, besar ga)a normal )ang

bekerja pada balok karena dikerjakan olah meja adalah...

a. N1&

b. N1mg

.. N1m

2

d. N12m

e. N1g

:. Sebuah benda bermassa !& kg bekerja resultan ga)a sebesar 6& N. Maka per.epatan )ang dialami

benda adalah....

a. ! m/s

2

b. 2 m/s

2

.. / m/s

2

d. 6 m/s

2

e. 9 m/s

2

=. Sebuah benda bermassa 2 kg, mula2mula benda diam pada lantai datar dan li.in, kemudian ditarik

dengan ga)a konstan > N dengan arah mendatar, berapakah per.epatan bendaI

a. &,29 m/s

2

b. 2 m/s

2

.. 6 m/s

2

d. > m/s

2

e. !: m/s

2

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

12

>. Sebuah mobil )ang sedang melaju dengan kelajuan /: km/jam tiba2tiba di rem hingga berhenti pada

jarak !& m, jika ga)a )ang menghentikan mobil tersebut adalah 2.&&& N, berapakah massa mobil

tersebutI

a. 9.&&& kg

b. 6.&&& kg

.. /.&&& kg

d. 2.&&& kg

e. !.&&& kg

@. +alok bermassa 2& kg diletakkan diatas lantai mendatar )ang li.in, ditarik oleh ga)a 9& N mendatar

ke kanan dan ga)a /& N mendatar ke kiri, maka balok akan bergerak dengan per.epatan...

a. ! m/s

2

ke kanan

b. ! m/s

2

ke kiri

.. 2// m/s

2

ke kanan

d. //2 m/s

2

ke kiri

e. 2 m/s

2

ke kanan

!&. Perhatikan 4ambar berikut ini

4ambar diatas menunjukkan 9 buah benda, diberi ga)a )ang berbeda2beda. 3ang menghasilkan

per.epatan benda paling besar adalah gambar nomor...

a. !

b. 2

.. /

d. 6

e. 9

!!. Sebuah benda bermassa 9 Kg bergerak pada bidang datar )ang li.in, ke.epatan benda bertambah

dari 6 m/s menjadi > m/s setelah menempuh jarak > m. +erapakah besar ga)a )ang men)ebabkan

pertambahan ke.epatan bendaI

a. !&& N

b. :& N

.. /& N

d. !9 N

e. !& N

!2. Dua buah beban bermassa m!dan m2, dihubungkan dengan sebuah katrol "seperti pada gambar#,

'ika m2Am! per.epatan gra5itasi g dan ga)a gesek diabaikan, besarn)a tegangan tali 8! adalah....

a. m!gBm!a

b. m!g2m2g

.. m!g2m!a

d. m2g2m2a

e. m2g2m!a

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

13

T

1

T

1

m

2

m

1

5 Kg

F=10 N

10 Kg

F=20 N

50 Kg

F=150 N

80 Kg

F=160 N

1 Kg

F=5 N

! 2 / 6 9

!/. 'ika katrol li.in dan per.epatan gra5itasi !& m/s

2

, berapakah per.epatan )ang dialami bendaI

a. 6 m/s

2

b. 9 m/s

2

.. : m/s

2

d. = m/s

2

e. > m/s

2

!6. 'ika katrol li.in sistem tersebut bergerak dengan per.epatan 2 m/s

2

, +erapakah besar ga)a

tegangan tali jika g1 !& m/s

2

a. !& N

b. 2& N

.. /& N

d. 6& N

e. 9& N

!9. Sebuah benda diikat dengan seutas tali dan digantung. 'ika benda bermassa 9 kg, berapakah besar

ga)a tegangan tali tersebutI "g 1 !& m/s

2

#

a. !& N

b. 2& N

.. /& N

d. 6& N

e. 9& N

!:. Sebuah ele5ator massan)a /&& kg, bergerak 5ertikal ke atas dari keadaan diam dengan per.epatan

tetap sebesar ! m/s

2

, jika g 1 !& m/s

2

, berapakah besar tegangan tali penarik ele5atorI

a. /&& N

b. :&& N

.. 2=&& N

d. /&&& N

e. //&& N

!=. Seorang anak berada didalam li-t )ang sedang bergerak keatas dengan per.epatan 9 m/s

2

, jika

massa anak tersebut 6& kg, berapakah ga)a normal )ang bekerja pada anak tersebutI "g1!& m/s

2

#

a. 2&& N

b. 6&& N

.. :&& N

d. ::& N

e. >&& N

!>. Pada li-t )ang mulai bergerak ke atas dengan per.epatan 2 m/s

2

, berat seseorang )ang berada

didalam li-t tersebut adalah 6>& N. +erapakah berat orang tersebut dalam keadaan normal "ketika li-t

diam#...

a. :6& N

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

14

8

8

/ kg

Meja li.in

2 kg

8

8

2 kg

Meja li.in

!& kg

b. 9:& N

.. 6>& N

d. 6&& N

e. /2& N

!@. Sebuah balok bermassa !& Kg berada diatas lantai )ang li.in, dan ditarik dengan ga)a mendatar 2

N, berapakah besar per.epatan )ang dialami bendaI

a. &,2 m/s

2

b. ! m/s

2

.. 2 m/s

2

d. 6 m/s

2

e. 9 m/s

2

2&. Sebuah benda )ang bermassa 2 kg berubah ke.epatan)a dari > m/s menjadi 6 m/s dalam waktu 2

sekon kerena dikenai ga)a tetap. +erapakah besara ga)a tersebutI

a. C 2 N

b. C 6 N

.. C : N

d. C > N

e. C !& N

2!. Sebuah benda bermassa 2 kg dikenai sebuah ga)a, menghasilkan per.epatan /m/s

2

. 'ika ga)a

tersebut bekerja pada benda bermassa : kg berapakah per.epatan bendaI

a. ! m/s

2

b. 2 m/s

2

.. / m/s

2

d. 6 m/s

2

e. 9 m/s

2

22. Perhatikan gambar berikutG

+esar dan arah per.epatan )ang dialami balok adalah......

a. !! m/s

2

ke kanan

b. !& m/s

2

ke kiri

.. !& m/s

2

ke kanan

d. 9 m/s

2

ke kanan

e. 9 m/s

2

ke kiri

2/. 'ika balok bermassa 9 kg berada pada lantai )ang li.in ditarik dengan ga)a F1!& N, D1 /&

&

"seperti

terlhat pada gambar#, berapakah per.epatan balokI

a. ! m/s

2

b.

2

m/s

2

.. 3 m/s

2

d. 2 m/s

2

e. 9 m/s

2

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a. !& N

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berapakah per.epatan )ang terjadi...

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ga)a )ang bekerja pada benda sama dengan nol, maka ke.epatan benda tersebut setelah bergerak

selama !& sekon adalah...

a. 9.&&& m/s

b. 9&& m/s

.. 9& m/s

d. 29 m/s

e. 9 m/s

/:. Sebuah benda bermassa 9 kg bergerak pada bidang datar )ang li.in dengan ke.epatan > m/s dan

bertambah menjadi !& m/s setelah menempuh jarak !& m. +esar ga)a mendatar )ang men)ebabkan

pertambahan ke.epatan tersebut adalah...

a. !2 N

b. !& N

.. @ N

d. > N

e. : N

/=. Sebuah benda bermassa : kg bergerak pada bidang datar )ang li.in, ke.epatan benda berkurang

dari 29 m/s menjadi @ m/s setelah bergerak selama 6 sekon. +erapakah besar dan arah ga)a mendatar

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a. !2 N searah dengan arah gerak

b. !2 N berlawanan dengan arah gerak

.. 26 N searah dengan arah gerak

d. 26 N berlawanan dengan arah gerak

e. !: N berlawanan dengan arah gerak

/>. Sebuah ele5ator massan)a 6&& kg bergerak 5ertikal ke atas dari keadaan diam dengan per.epatan

tetap 2 m/s

2

. 'ika per.epatan gra5itasi 1 !& m/s

2

, maka tegangan tali ele5ator adalah...

a. 6&& N

b. >&& N

.. /!2& N

d. /@2& N

e. 6=2& N

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b. !& N

.. !&

2

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d. 9&

2

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e. !&& N

6&. Dua buah massa m!1 9 kg dan m21 / kg dihubungkan dengan tali melalui sebuah katrol "seperti

pada gambar#, anggap tali tidak bermassa, katrol li.in, katrol tidak berputar, dan tegangan seluruh tali

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, berapakah ke.epatan kedua massa pada saat 2 detik setelah

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b. 9 m/s

.. !& m/s

d. !2 m/s

e. !9 m/s

Essay

!. +agaimanakah bun)i hukum ( NewtonI

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Se.ara matematis hukum (( Newton din)atakan dengan persamaan

m

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a = atau F1m.a, 'elaskan

persamaan tersebutI

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2. ?esultan ga)a pada huklum (( Newton tidak sama dengan nol, apa maksudn)aI

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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/. +agaimanakah konsep ga)a $ksi2reaksi menurut *ukum ((( NewtonI

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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6. 'elaskan perbedaan massa benda dan berat bendaI

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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9. Ketika kita naik sepeda pada saat jalan menurun, akan kiata rasakan laju sepeda semakin tinggi

walaupun pedal sepeda tidak dika)uh. $pa )ang men)ebabkan laju sepada semakin tinggiI 'elaskan.

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LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

21

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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:. Sebuah benda )ang diikatkan pada sebuah dinamometer "seperti pada gambar#, menunjukkan

skala tertentu, men)atakan apa skala tersebutI

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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=. Sebuah balok ka)u seberat !&& N diletakkan diatas lantai. 8entukan besar ga)a normal jika:

a. +agian atas balok ditekan dengan ga)a F!1 /& N dan F212& N

b. +agian atas balok ditekan dengan ga)a F1 6& N dengan arah miring /&

&

ke bawah.

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

22

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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>. Sebuh balok berada diatas bidang miring )ang membentuk sudut /&

&

terhadap arah mendatar, jika

massa balok1 /& kg, g1!& m/s

2

dan balok tidak dikenai ga)a luar, berapakah besarn)a ga)a normal

balok tersebutI

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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@. Seorang dengan massa :& kg berada dalam li-t )ang sedang bergerak ke bawah dengan

per.epatan / ms

22

, desakan kaki orang pada lantai li-t adalahI

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

23

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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!&. Suatu benda mempun)ai massa 2 kg dikenai ga)a !&& N )ang membentuk sudut /&

&

dengan arah

perpindahan benda. 8entukan per.epatan bendaG

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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!!. Sebuah mobil )ang bermassa !&&& kg bergerak dari keadaan diam dengan per.epatan konstan ke

lajuan !& m/s dalam waktu 9 sekon pada suatu jalan lurus. +erapakah besar ga)a )ang diperlukan untuk

memper.epat mobil tersebutI

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

24

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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!2. Sebuah peti besar mempun)ai massa :& kg melun.ur pada sebuah bidang miring li.in )ang

memiliki sudut kemiringan /&

&

. 8entukan besarn)a per.epatan dan ga)a normalG

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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>. Dua buah benda m! dan m2 tersusun seperti gambar di bawah ini, m!1 !kg dan m21 2kg. 'ika massa tali

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22

# digantungkan dengan seutas tali, tentukanlah ga)a

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a. Sistem dalam keadaan diam

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22.

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

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:. Sebuah benda dijatuhkan dari ujung sebuah menara tanpa ke.epatan awal. Setelah 2 detik benda

sampai di tanah "g 1 !& m s

2

#. 8inggi menara tersebut J

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

37

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=. Sebuah benda jatuh bebas dari ketinggian 6& m di atas tanah. +ila massa benda 2 kg dan g 1 !& m

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KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

!2. Sebuah balok dengan massa 9 kg ditarik dengan seutas tali membentuk sudut /&

&

terhadap arah

mendatar. 'ika ga)a penarik balok tersebut sebesar 2& N dan masa tali diabaikan, maka per.epatan

balok adalahJ

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

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A B

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!/. 4a)a F sebesar !2 N bekerja pada sebuah benda )ang massan)a m!, men)ebabkan per.epatan m!

sebesar > m/s

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. 'ika F bekerja pada benda )ang bermassa m2, maka per.epatan )ang ditimbulkan

adalah 2 m/s

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. 'ika F bekerja pada benda )ang bermassa m!Bm2, maka per.epatan benda ini adalahJ

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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!6. Didalam sebuha li-t ditempatkan sebuah timbangan badan. Saat li-t dalam keadaan diam seseorang

minimbang bandan)a, didapatkan bahwa berat badan orang tersebut 9&& N. 'ika li-t bergerak ke atas

dengan per.epatan 9 m/s

2

, g1!& m/s

2

, maka berat orang tersebut saat ditimbang menjadiJ

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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!9. Sebuah helikopter bermassa /&& kg bergerak 5ertikal ke atas dengan per.epatan 2 m/s

2

. Seorang

tentara bermassa :& kg memanjat tali )ang menjulur dengan ke.epatan tetap ! m/s relati- terhadap

helikopter, berapakah ga)a tegangan tali saat ituI

'awab: KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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LKS Fisika SMA Kelas X

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W

Hukum tersebut dapat diartikan bahwa gaya hanya hadir sedikitnya ada dua benda yang saling berinteraksi. Pada interaksi ini gaya-gaya selalu berpasangan. Konsep gaya Aksi-reaksi Yaitu: 1. 2. 3. 2. a. pengaruh gravitasi bumi. Secara matematis dapat dirumuskan:

W = mg ............................. (3.4)

Gaya aksi-reaksi hadir jika dua benda berinteraksi Gaya Aksi-reaksi bekerja pada dua benda yang berbeda Gaya Aksi-reaksi besarnya sama, tetapi arahnya berlawanan Gaya Berat

Beberapa Jenis Gaya/ Macam Gaya Gaya berat yaitu: gaya yang bekerja pada suatu benda akibat benda tersebut berada dalam

Keterangan: W = berat benda ( N) m = massa (kg) g = Percepatan gravitasi (m/s2) Contoh:

b.

Gaya Normal Gaya Normal yaitu: gaya yang dikerjakan oleh bidang pada benda apabila benda tersebut menekan bidang, arah gaya normal selalu tegak lurus dengan permukaan bidang. Contoh: N N

c. dengan tali tersebut. Contoh:

Gaya Tegangan Tali Gaya tegangan tali adalah: gaya yang dikerjakan oleh tali terhadap sebuah benda yang diikat m T

T m W

T m

d.

Gaya Gesekan

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LKSPRAKTIKUM-HUKUMOHM

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