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Pengukuran Dengan Jangka Sorong Dan Mikrometer

Pengukuran Dengan Jangka Sorong Dan Mikrometer

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contoh laporan praktikum
contoh laporan praktikum

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Published by: Diah Ayu Sekar Palupi on Jul 05, 2013
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11/15/2013

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PENGGUNAAN ALAT UKUR DASAR

I. TUJUAN
1. Mampu menggunakan alat ukur yang digunakan dalam praktikum Fisika.
2. Mengenal besar ketelitian pengukuran dari alat-alat ukur dasar.
3. Mengenal apa yang dimaksud dengan skala nonius.
II. ALAT DAN BAHAN
1. Batangan besi 4 . Jangka sorong
2. Kelereng 5. Mikrometer Skrup
3. engaris
III. TEORI RINGKAS
Nonius
Banyak alat ukur dilengkapi dengan nonius. !lat bantu ini membuat alat ukur
berkemampuan lebi" besar# karena $arak antara dua garis skala bertetangga seola"-ola"
men$adi lebi" ke%il. Biasanya pembagiuan skala utama dan nonius adala" &
Selan$utnya marila" kita li"at "asil pengukuran lain dengan alat bantu nonius
tersebut seperti yang ditun$ukkan pad gambar. Skala ' pada nonius tidak berimpit dengan
sala" satu angka pada skala alat ukur# melainkan terletak antara kedudukan (.4 dan (.5.
)alam pengukuran ini kita yakin ba"*a "arga + yang diukur adala" lebi" besar dari (.4 tetapi
lebi" ke%il dari (.5. Berapaka" "arga + emnurut "asil pemba%aan ini , -obala" anda
per"atikan .ambar 2 lebi" teliti lagi. /ernyata sala" satu garis skala nonius yang berimpit
dengan skala alat ukur yaitu skala ke-0 dari skala nonius. )alam keadaan pengukuran sema%am
ini menun$ukkan ba"*a "arga + yang diukur adala" (.40.
2. Jangka Sorong
1. Jangka sorong merupakan suatu alat pengukuran yang %epat dan relati1 teliti untuk
mengukur diameter dalam# luar dan dalam suatu tabung# yang memiliki bentuk seperti gambar
1 di ba*a" ini.
Gambar . Jangka Sorong
!. "ikrom#$#r S#kru%
Mikrometer Sekrup dipergunakan untuk mengukur pan$ang benda yang memiliki
ukuran maksimum 2#5' %m# dan bentuk mikrometer sekrup ditun$ukkan pada gambar 2. !lat
ukur ini mempunyai batang pengukur yang terdiri atas skala dalam milimeter# dan $uga sekrup
berskala satu putaran sekrup besarnya sama dengan '.5 mm dan '.5 mm pada skala utama
dibagi men$adi 1'' skala ke%il yang terdapat pada sekrup.
Gambar 2. "ikrom#$#r S#kru%
9 bagian skala ukur – 10 bagian skala nonius
I&. PROSEDUR PER'OBAAN
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2. )ata er%obaan dan er"itungan
a. Jangka Sorong
No ( (
2 _
x
X ∆
(
o
∆ ±
(

2
!
)
*
a. Mikrometer Sekrup
No ( (
2 _
x
X ∆
(
o
∆ ±
(

2
!
)
*
&I. K#sim%u+an
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