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Contoh soal interpolasi kubik.docx

Contoh soal interpolasi kubik.docx

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Published by: Galih Putra Kurniawan on Jul 09, 2013
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11/19/2013

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Contoh soal interpolasi kubik

1. Data hubungan antara temperatur dan kedalaman suatu danau :
Temperatur (
o
C) Kedalaman (m)
19.1 0
19.1 -1
19 -2
18.8 -3
18.7 -4
18.3 -5
18.2 -6
17.6 -7
11.7 -8
9.9 -9
9.1 -10

Tentukan temperatur danau pada kedalaman -7.5 meter dengan menggunakan Interpolasi Kubik
(Menggunakan Operasi Matrik) !

Penyelesaian :




Persamaan umum Metode Langsung (Direct Method) Interpolasi Kubik :


-


3
3
2
2 1 0
) ( z a z a z a a z T + + + =
2 . 18 ) 6 (
6 . 17 ) 7 (
7 . 11 ) 8 (
9 . 9 ) 9 (
= ÷
= ÷
= ÷
= ÷
T
T
T
T
6
7
8
9
÷ =
÷ =
÷ =
÷ =
z
z
z
z
3
3
2
2 1 0
) 9 ( ) 9 ( ) 9 ( ) 9 ( ÷ + ÷ + ÷ + = ÷ a a a a T
3 2 1 0
729 81 9 9 . 9 a a a a ÷ + ÷ = ) 1 ( ...... ..........
-


-


-


















3
3
2
2 1 0
) 8 ( ) 8 ( ) 8 ( ) 8 ( ÷ + ÷ + ÷ + = ÷ a a a a T
3 2 1 0
512 64 8 7 . 11 a a a a ÷ + ÷ =
3
3
2
2 1 0
) 7 ( ) 7 ( ) 7 ( ) 7 ( ÷ + ÷ + ÷ + = ÷ a a a a T
3 2 1 0
343 49 7 6 . 17 a a a a ÷ + ÷ =
3 2 1 0
216 36 6 2 . 18 a a a a ÷ + ÷ =
3
3
2
2 1 0
) 6 ( ) 6 ( ) 6 ( ) 6 ( ÷ + ÷ + ÷ + = ÷ a a a a T
) 4 (
) 3 (
) 2 (
9 . 9 729 81 9
3 2 1 0
= ÷ + ÷ a a a a
7 . 11 512 64 8
3 2 1 0
= ÷ + ÷ a a a a
6 . 17 343 49 7
3 2 1 0
= ÷ + ÷ a a a a
2 . 18 216 36 6
3 2 1 0
= ÷ + ÷ a a a a
) 1 (
) 2 (
) 3 (
) 4 (
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

=
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

×
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
2 . 18
6 . 17
7 . 11
9 . 9
216 36 6 1
343 49 7 1
512 64 8 1
729 81 9 1
3
2
1
0
a
a
a
a
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

×
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
=
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷
2 . 18
6 . 17
7 . 11
9 . 9
216 36 6 1
343 49 7 1
512 64 8 1
729 81 9 1
1
3
2
1
0
a
a
a
a
...... ..........
...... ..........
...... ..........











Dengan demikian, temperatur danau pada kedalaman -7.5 meter adalah :






3 2 1 0
729 81 9 9 . 9 a a a a ÷ + ÷ =
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

×
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
=
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

2 . 18
6 . 17
7 . 11
9 . 9
167 . 0 5 . 0 5 . 0 1667 . 0
4 5 . 11 11 5 . 3
833 . 31 87 5 . 79 333 . 24
84 216 189 56
3
2
1
0
a
a
a
a
3 2
) 5 . 7 ( 567 . 1 ) 5 . 7 ( 55 . 35 ) 5 . 7 ( 583 . 262 9 . 615 ) 5 . 7 ( ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ T
3
3
2
2 1 0
) 5 . 7 ( z a z a z a a T + + + = ÷
) 875 . 421 ( 567 . 1 ) 25 . 56 ( 55 . 35 ) 5 . 7 ( 583 . 262 9 . 615 ) 5 . 7 ( ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ T
078125 . 661 6875 . 1999 3725 . 1969 9 . 615 ) 5 . 7 ( + ÷ + ÷ = ÷ T
863 . 14 ) 5 . 7 ( = ÷ T
5637 . 1
55 . 35
583 . 262
9 . 615
3
2
1
0
÷ =
÷ =
÷ =
÷ =
a
a
a
a
: Jadi

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