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kesuburan tanah

kesuburan tanah

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A.

HASIL PENGAMATAN

Tabel 4.1. Rekapitulasi Tinggi Tanaman per Petak Tanaman Jagung.

PerlakuanSampel

Waktu

3/12/2009
(Minggu ke- 1)

10/12/2009
(Minggu ke-2)

17/12/2009
(Minggu ke- 3)

23/12/2009
(Minggu ke- 4)

P1

1

21

29.4

45

66

2

15.5

25.4

43

63

3

19

19.5

31

44

4

15.9

25

44

66

5

18.5

25.5

36

60

P2

1

16

20

40

41

2

8

13

16

28

3

13

18

25

43

4

9

19

24.7

41

5

13

19.5

45

48

P3

1

22

34

45.7

74

2

21

34

51.3

72

3

22.7

40

59.3

80

4

20.3

34.5

52.2

74

5

17.6

34.5

61

81

P4

1

17

29

46

58.5

2

28

44

73

104

3

25

43

68

94

4

23

39

67

88

5

17.5

30

53

79

P5

1

15.1

25.5

46

70

2

21.1

38.5

67

90

3

15.2

28

55

80

4

15.2

27.5

54

75

5

15

27.5

59

91.5

P6

1

19

32

58

76

2

20

31

35

92

3

18

23

47

65

4

16.5

24.3

51.7

30

5

18.5

29

43.3

65.5

P7

1

16

22

47

73

2

13

21

34.5

47

3

14

22.5

39.5

57

4

15.5

27

49

71

5

18.5

24

45

70

P8

1

13.5

26.9

53.2

78

20

21

2

17

26

44

66

3

13

23

39

59

4

17

26

44

63

5

17.8

28

50.5

69.5

P9

1

20.4

29.1

47.1

62

2

19

27.5

42.4

31.5

3

18.5

28.9

49.3

62

4

13.7

27.5

41.2

63

5

13.2

16.9

27.5

51

Sumber : Laporan Sementara

Tabel 4.2. Rekapitulasi Berat Brangkasan Basah dan Berat Brangkasan
Kering per Petak Tanaman Jagung.

Perlakuan

Berat

Brangkasan Basah

Brangkasan Kering

P1

355.931

65.103

P2

114.454

9.81

P3

636.9

45.515

P4

957.536

89.73

P5

685.854

15.3

P6

901.704

67.095

P7

643.2

31.277

P8

472.048

90.903

P9

430.552

56.438

Sumber : Laporan Sementara

Tabel 4.3. Data Analisis pH H2O dan KCl
pH

Aquades (H2O)

KCl

1

2

1

2

Suhu 26O

C

6,561

6,508

5,411

5,404

Sumber : Laporan Sementara

Tabel 4.4. Larutan standar K tersedia
Y

X

0

0

5

0,15

10

0,29

15

0,38

Sumber: Laporan sementara

Tabel 4.5. Data Analisis Percobaan I Kadar Lengas Tanah

22

Botol

Berat botol
timbang tertutup
(g) (a)

Berat botol
timbang + tutup
+ tanah 5gr (b)

Berat sesudah
dioven (c)

Ø 0,5mm A

50,650

55,642

55,355

Ø 0,5mm B

56,266

61,262

60,986

Ø 2mm A

34,208

39,211

38,920

Ø 2mm B

33,052

38,036

37,709

Sumber : Laporan Sementara

Tabel 4.6. Data Analisis Percobaan II Kadar Lengas Tanah

Botol

Berat botol timbang
tertutup (g) (a)Berat botol timbang +
tutup + tanah 5gr
(b)

Berat sesudah
dioven (c)

Ø 0,5mm A50,635

55,631

55,370

Ø 0,5mm B56,252

61,256

60,996

Ø 2mm A

34,187

39,185

38,909

Ø 2mm B

33,007

38,004

37,724

Sumber : Laporan Sementara

Tabel 4.7. Tinggi Tanaman, Berat basah, Berat kering, Interaksi K dan L dan
Trans Tinggi Tanaman.

K

L

Blok

TinggiBerat BasahBerat Kering

K*L

Trans
Tinggi

0

0

1

143

355.931

65.103

0

11.9583

0

1

1

145

643.2

31.277

0

12.0416

0

2

1

154.26

472.048

90.903

0

12.4201

0

3

1

138

430.552

56.438

0

11.7473

1

0

1

100

114.454

9.81

0

10

1

1

1

205

957.536

89.73

1

14.3178

1

2

1

183

685.854

15.3

2

13.5277

1

3

1

158

901.704

67.095

3

12.5698

2

0

1

186

636.9

45.515

0

13.6382

2

1

1

0

0

0

2

0

2

2

1

0

0

0

4

0

2

3

1

0

0

0

6

0

Sumber: Data Minitab

Tabel 4.8. Data Statistik Tinggi Tanaman

23

Variable N Mean Median TrMean StDev SE Mean
Tinggi 12 117.7 144.0 120.7 75.8 21.9
Variable Minimum Maximum Q1 Q3
Tinggi 0.0 205.0 25.0 176.8

Sumber: Data Minitab

Approximate P-Value: 0.020

D+: 0.125 D-: 0.272 D : 0.272

Kolmogorov-SmirnovNormalityTest

N: 12

StDev: 75.7878

Average: 117.688

200

100

0

.999
.99
.95
.80
.50

.20
.05
.01
.001

Probability

Tinggi

Normal Probability Plot

Gambar 4.1. Grafik Uji Normalitas 1 Tinggi Tanaman (Normal Prob Plot:
Tinggi)

Approximate P-Value < 0.01

D+: 0.194 D-: 0.328 D : 0.328

Kolmogorov-SmirnovNormalityTest

N: 12

StDev: 5.74297

Average: 9.35174

15

10

5

0

.999
.99
.95
.80
.50

.20
.05
.01
.001

Probability

Trans Tinggi

Normal Probability Plot

Gambar 4.2. Grafik Uji Normalitas 2 Tinggi Tanaman (Normal Prob Plot:
Trans Tinggi)

Tabel 4.9. Uji Kruskal-Wallis (Uji Pengaruh perlakuan terhadap Hasil):
Trans Tinggi versus K

24

K N Median Ave Rank Z
0 4 1.20E+01 6.5 0.00
1 4 1.30E+01 8.8 1.53
2 4 0.00E+00 4.3 -1.53
Overall 12 6.5

Sumber: Data Minitab

Tabel 4.10. Uji Kruskal-Wallis: Trans Tinggi versus L

L N Median Ave Rank Z
0 3 11.96 7.0 0.28
1 3 12.04 7.0 0.28
2 3 12.42 6.7 0.09
3 3 11.75 5.3 -0.65
Overall 12 6.5

Sumber: Data Minitab

Average: 433.182
StDev: 345.875
N: 12

Kolmogorov-SmirnovNormalityTest
D+: 0.155 D-: 0.139 D : 0.155
Approximate P-Value > 0.15

0

500

1000

.001

.01

.05

.20

.50

.80

.95

.99

.999

Probability

Berat Basah

Normal Probability Plot

Gambar 4.3. Grafik Uji Normalitas Berat Basah

Tabel 4.11. Uji F (Uji Pengaruh Perlakuan Terhadap Hasil): Berat Basah
Versus K

Source DF Seq SS Adj SS Adj MS F P
K 2 522099 522099 261050 2.96 0.103
Error 9 793825 793825 88203
Total 11 1315924

Sumber: Data Minitab

Tabel 4.12. Uji F (Uji Pengaruh Perlakuan Terhadap Hasil): Berat Basah
Versus L

Source DF Seq SS Adj SS Adj MS F P

25

L 3 49604 49604 16535 0.10 0.955
Error 8 1266320 1266320 158290
Total 11 1315924

Sumber: Data Minitab

Approximate P-Value > 0.15

D+: 0.173 D-: 0.107 D : 0.173

Kolmogorov-SmirnovNormalityTest

N: 12

StDev: 34.5362

Average: 39.2643

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

.999
.99
.95
.80
.50

.20
.05
.01
.001

Probability

Berat Kering

Normal Probability Plot

Gambar 4.4. Grafik Uji Normalitas Berat Kering

Tabel 4.13. Uji F (Uji Pengaruh Perlakuan Terhadap Hasil): Berat Kering
Versus K

Source DF Seq SS Adj SS Adj MS F P
K 2 5142.8 5142.8 2571.4 2.90 0.107
Error 9 7977.4 7977.4 886.4
Total 11 13120.2

Sumber: Data Minitab

Tabel 4.14. Uji F (Uji Pengaruh Perlakuan Terhadap Hasil): Berat Kering
Versus L

Source DF Seq SS Adj SS Adj MS F P
L 3 62 62 21 0.01 0.998
Error 8 13059 13059 1632
Total 11 13120

Sumber: Data Minitab

B.

ANALISIS HASIL PENGAMATAN
1.pH H2O tanah dan KCl

26

a)Kadar lengas Ø 0,5 mm
pH H2O tanah = 6,561 (agak masam) Harkat rendah
pH KCl tanah = 5,411 (masam) Harkat rendah
b)Kadar lengas Ø 2 mm
pH H2O tanah = 6,508 (agak masam) Harkat rendah
pH KCl tanah = 5,404 (masam) Harkat rendah

2.N total tanah

B = 0,13
A= 0,1
N NaOH = 0,1 N
Berat tanah = 1 gr = 1000 mg
KL 0,5 mm = 5,973

N total =

%

100

)

(

100100

4

14

)

(

×

×

+

×

×

×

mg

Tanah

Berat

KL

NaOH

N

A

B

=

%

100

1000

973
,
5
100100

4

14

1,
0

)

1,
0

13
,
0

(

×

×

+

×

×

×

=

%

100

1000

973
,
105100

4

14

1,
0

03
,
0

×

×

×

×

×

=

%

100

637
,
943168

,
0

×

=

%

0178
,
0

Harkat rendah

3.P tersedia

a = 0,0165
b = 2,2189
r = 0,99
hasil tembakan = 0,033
Y = a + bx
Y = -0,0165 + 2,2189x
= -0,0165 + 2,2189(0,033)

27

Y = 0,0567

ppm P =

)

(

100100

35

tan

tan

gr

Tanah

Berat

KL

ah

ppmPLaru

×

+

×

=

1

973
,
5
100100

35

0567
,
0

×

+

×

=

973
,
105100

9845
,
1

= 2,1022 Harkat rendah

4.K tersedia tanah

Hasil tembakan = 0,16
KL Ø 0,5 mm = 5,973
Berat tanah = 250 mg
a = 0,013
b = 0,0256
r = 0,99
y = a + bx
= 0,013 + 0,0256(0,16)
= 0,017096

K tersedia tanah =

%

100

)

(

100100

100

50

550

tan

×

×

+

×

×

mg

BeratTanah

KL

Tanah

ppmklaru

=

%

100

250

973
,
5
100100

100

50

550

017096
,
0

×

×

+

×

×

=

%

100

250

973
,
105100

5

017096
,
0

×

×

×

=

%

100

250

9436
,
008548

,
0

×

×

=

%

100

9091
,
023508548

,
0

×

28

=

%

100

10

6234
,
3

4

×

× −

=

Harkat rendah

5.Kadar Lengas Tanah

KL Ø 0,5mm A=

%

100

×

−−

a
cc

b

=

%

100

650
,

50

355
,

55

355
,

55

642
,

55

×

−−

=

%

100

705
,
4287

,
0

×

= 6,099

KL Ø 0,5mm B =

%

100

266
,

56

986
,

60

986
,

60

262
,
61

×

−−

=

%

100

75
,
4276

,
0

×

= 5,847

KL Ø 0,5mm rata-rata =

2

5,
0

5,
0

mmB

KL

mmA

KL

+

=

2847

,
5

099
,
6 +

= 5,973

KL Ø 2 mm A =

%

100

187
,

34

909
,

38

909
,

38

185
,

39

×

−−

=

%

100

722
,
4276

,
0

×

= 5,844

KL Ø 2mm B =

%

100

007
,
33

724
,

37

724
,

37

004
,

38

×

−−

=

%

100

717
,
428

,
0

×

= 5,935

KL Ø 2mm rata-rata =

2

2

2

mmB

KL

mmA
KL
+

=

2935

,
5

844
,
5 +

29

= 5,8895
Hasil analisis kadar lengas tanah
KL Ø 0,5mm = 5,973
KL Ø 2mm = 5,8895

6.Bahan Organik Tanah

A= 0,12
B= 2
n FeSO4= 0,5
Berat Tanah = 500 mg
Kadar lengas Ø 0,5 mm = 5,973

Kadar C =

%

100

77

100

10

)

(

100100

3

)

(

4

×

×

×

×

+

×

×

mg

BeratTanah

KL

FeSO

N

A

B

=

%

100

77

100

10

500

973
,
5
100100

3

5,
0

)

12
,
0

2

(

×

×

×

×

+

×

×

=

%

100

77

500

973
,
1051002820

×

×

×

=

%

100

36344

2820

×

= 7,759%

BO =

kadarC

×

58

100

=

759
,
7

58

100

×

= 13,378%

7.Tekstur Tanah

A= 30 gr/L ( Fraksi campuran debu dan lempung)

30

B= 13 gr/L ( Fraksi lempung)
C= 43,75 % (% Bahan Organik)
a= 0 gr/L ( Blangko pada pembacaan 1)
b= 0 gr/ L ( Blangko pada pembacaan 2)

Fk =

=

=

= 0,944

% pasir =

%

100

100

25

944
,
025

2)

(

100)

25

(

25

×









C

a

A

C

fk

=

%

100

100378

,
13

25

944
,
025

2)

0

30

(

100

)

378
,
13

25

(

944
,
025

×





×





×

= [

]

[

]

%

100

3445
,
3

483
,
26

15

3445
,
3

483
,
26

×

=

%

100

1385
,
231385

,
8

×

= 35,17%

% debu =

(

)

%

100

100

25

25

2

2)

(

×









C

fk

b

B

a

A

=

(

)

%

100

100378

,
13

25

944
,
025

20

13

2)

0

30
(

×





×





=

%

100

138
,
235,

8

×

= 36,74%

31

% lempung =

(

)

%

100

100

25

252

×









C

fk

b

B

=

%

100

100378

,
13

25

944
,
025

213

×





×





=

%

100

138
,
235,

6

×

= 28,09%

•Jumlah fraksi = % pasir + % debu + % lempung

= 35,17% + 36,74% + 28,09%
= 100%

•Tekstur: Geluh

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