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Published by Mihardi Satrya

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Published by: Mihardi Satrya on May 27, 2010
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12/20/2014

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Arus sinusoidal :

Tegangan yang melewati elemen pasif jika arusnya sinusoidal

elemen

i

ω

sin

m

I

i =

t

ω

cos

m

I

i =

t

R

i

R

VR

.

=

ω

sin

. m

R

I

R

V =

t

ω

cos

. m

R

I

R

V =

t

L

dt

di

L

VL

.

=

ω

ω

cos

.
. m

L

I

L

V =

t

( )

t

I

L

V

m

L

ω

ω

sin

.
. −

=

C

= idt
C

VC

1

( )

t

C

I

V

m

C

ω

ω

cos

=

t

C

I

V

m

C

ω

ωsin

=

Tegangan sinusoidal :

Arus pada elemen pasif jika tegangannya sinusoidal

elemen

v

t

V
V m ω

sin

=

t

V
V m ω

cos

=

R

R

V

iR =

t

R

V

i

m

R

ω

sin

=

t

R

V

i

m

R

ω

cos

=

L

= vdt
L

iL

1

(

)

t

L

V

i

m

L

ω

ω

cos

=

t

L

V

i

m

L

ω

ωsin

=

C

dt

dV

C

iC =

t

CV

i

m

C

ω

ω

cos

=

( )

t

CV

i

m

C

ω

ω

sin

=

Rangkaian Listrik

Mohamad Ramdhani
Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Telkom

146

Sudut Phasa

Pengaruh gelombang AC pada elemen R :

R

Z

impedansi

Magnitude

sama

phasanya

RI

V

t

RI

V

I

I

t

I

i

o

m

R

m

R

o

m

m

=

=

=

=

=

..

..

0

sin

0

sin

ω

ω

Pengaruh gelombang AC pada elemen L :

(

)

L

j

L

Z

I

LI

I

V

Z

lagging

arus

sebesar

tegangan

dibanding

tertinggal

Arus

LI

V

t

LI

t

LI

V

I

I

t

I

i

m

m

L

o

o

m

L

o

m

m

L

o

m

m

ω

ω

ω

ω

ω

ω

ω

ω ω

=

=

∠∠

=

=

=

+

=

=

=

=

o

o

o

90

0

90

90

90

90

sin

cos

0

sin

Pengaruh gelombang AC pada elemen C :

(

)

(

)

o

90

90

sin

cos

0

sin

=

=

=

=

=

C

I

V

t

C

I

t

C

I

V

I

I

t

I

i

m

C

o

m

m

C

o

m

m

ω

ω

ω

ω

ω

ω

Rangkaian Listrik

Mohamad Ramdhani
Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Telkom

147

C

j

C

j

C

Z

I

C

I

I

V

Z

leading

arus

sebesar

tegangan

dibanding

mendahului

Arus

m

m

C

o

ω

ω

ω

ω

ω

1

90

1

0

90

90

=

=

=

=

=

o

o

o

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