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Auxiliaries

Auxiliaries

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Published by: batulayar on Jun 10, 2010
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05/30/2013

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MODAL AUXILIARIES

Modal auxiliaries [kata kerja modal] mempunyai beberapa arti yang berbeda. Mereka biasanya digunakan untuk menunjukkan sesuatu yang potensial atau tidak tentu. Ingat bahwa sebuah modal auxiliary adalah sebuah kata kerja bantu dan dengan demikian tidak pernah digunakan dengan auxiliary [kata bantu] lain, seperti do – does – did. Modal auxiliaries adalah :

 CAN Yang menyatakan suatu kemahiran atau kemampuan. I can speak English fluently [mahir berbicara bahasa Inggris]

 COULD [atau may/might] - Menerangkan kesanggupan masa lampau She couldn’t come yesterday Dia tidak dapat datang kemarin - Merupakan suatu perkiraan James thought he could/may/might win James berpikir dia dapat menang - Merupakan suatu permohonan sopan Could you open the door, please ? Bisakah saya buka jendela ? Catatan : Dalam pengertian kesanggupan/kemahiran/kemampuan, dengan usaha dan daya upaya yang sungguh-2 untuk melakukan sesuatu, digunakan TO BE + ABLE
TO + KATA KERJA 1 COULD/MAY/MIGHT + PERFECTIVE

Kemungkinan di masa lampau It may have rained last night Mungkin tadi malam hujan Bill might have gone already Mungkin Bill sudah pergi kemarin  MAY - Boleh/diperbolehkan You may go home Kamu boleh pulang - Kemungkinan may [might] be ill Mungkin dia sakit - Minta ijin May I close the door ? Boleh saya tutup pintu ? - Semoga May you be happy ‼ Semoga kalian bahagia Catatan : dalam boleh/diperbolehkan digunakan
ALLOWED TO + KATA KERJA 1

He

pengertian
TO BE +

 MUST - Harus You must study harder Kamu harus belajar lebih giat - Tentunya/konklusi yang logis He must feel awful about the accident Pasti dia merasa tidak enak karena .... - Pasti She must have missed the plane Dia pasti ketinggalan pesawat Catatan : Dalam pengertian harus/diharuskan digunakan HAVE TO + KATA KERJA 1.  SHALL

a]. Arti umum :

 SHOULD a] Arti umum : - keharusan[tapi ada pilihan]

- Akan shall go to Atalanta tomorrow pergi ke Atalanta besok - Tidak boleh

Kami

We akan

They shall not consume drugs Mereka tidak boleh menggunakan narkoba

You should study harder kamu harus belajar giat - Akan [pembicara ingin sesuatu akan terjadi] John should come last night Mestinya (coba) John datang tadi malam - Seandainya Should you have any questions, please ask. Seandainya ada pertanyaan b] Arti lain - Bila tidak ada halangan I should be glad to come -Mungkin kami pilih untuk tidak melakukannya We should be glad to visit you - Kewajiban He should pay me for the damage - Pengandaian Should I win the prize, I shall notify you. c] should/had better/ought to/be + supposed to - Keharusan dimana orang itu punya pilihan You should study tonight You had better study tonight You ought to study tonight You are supposed to study tonight - Suatu harapan akan terjadi sesuatu He should arrive tomorrow He had better arrive tomorrow He ought to arrive tomoorow He is supposed to arrive tomorrow  SHOULD + PERFECTIVE - Sesuatu yang harus dilakukan di waktu lampau George should have gone to college this morning - Tapi tidak jadi dilakukan oleh suatu sebab The policeman should have made a report on the burglary.

b] Shall bila digunakan dengan I dan WE

- Keputusanku sendiri I shall do it (tergantung saya mau atau tidak melakukannya) - Kita yang memilih untuk .. We shall fly to London next week. (hal ini merupakan kami sendiri)

c] Shall bila digunakan dengan you – he/she – they
- Perintah You shall study hard Kamu harus belajar giat - Tak seharusnya She shall not do that Tak seharusnya kamu berbuat - Janji shall meet you tomorrow janji akan bertemu kamu besok - Ancaman You shall be punished nanti kamu akan dihukum

begitu they Saya Awas,

 SHALL DALAM BENTUK PERTANYAAN - Keputusan adalah di tangan Anda Shall I meet you tomorrow ? Dapatkah saya bertemu Anda besok ? - Saya ingin tahu apakah Anda ingin di... Shall I open the window ? Akankah saya bukakan jendela ?
 WAS/WERE SUPPOSED TO + KATA KERJA 3 - Sesuatu yang harus dilakukan di waktu lampau George should have gone to college this morning - Tapi tidak jadi dilakukan oleh suatu sebab The policeman should have made a report on the burglary  WILL A] .Arti umum - Akan Glasgow together with my family - Mau I am wrong a]. Penggunaan dengan I dan we - Kebulatan tekad assignment today

I

will

fly

to

I will admit that

 WOULD - Pasti dia akan lupa She said she would send me a message - Kebiasaan di masa lampau Lilianne would spend her holidays in London - Pengandaian If she had taken the medicine, she would have felt better

I will finish my

b]. Penggunaan dengan you, he/she, they - Tergantung pada kesudian mereka They will help me.

 USED TO - Kebiasaan di masa lampau to smoke much when I was young

I

used

 GET USED TO - Menjadi suatu kebiasaaan We got used to cook ourselves when mother was away.  WOULD RATHER [PREFER] - Lebih suka Juan would rather drink cola than orange juice Juan prefers drinking cola to orange juice  WOULD LIKE - Undangan I would like you to have dinner with us. Keinginan We would like to visit Japan

KATA KERJA

KATA BENDA

ASSIST HELP AID SUPPORT BACK UP

George assisted the lecturer during lectures Mary always helps around the house

We must support the government. The residents backed up the police in finding the robbers

Assistance George gave full assistance to Professor Green Help I didn’t get any help from my friends. Aid The government got an aid from Switzerland. Support The support to the government is amazing. Back up Can you give me a back up in this difficult problem ?

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