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Pelabuhan Perikanan

Pelabuhan Perikanan

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Published by: Indra Sidik on Aug 07, 2010
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KATA PENGANTAR

KATA PENGANTAR

Puji dan syukur penyusun panjatkan kehadirat Allah SWT, karena atas rahmat dan
hidayahnya dapat menyelesaikan Laporan Pelabuhan Perikanan Wini dengan baik.
Laporan ini disusun untuk memenuhi tugas mata kuliah Pelabuhan.
Penyusun ingin mengucapkan terima kasih kepada:
1. Orang tua yang telah memberikan doa dan motivasi.
2. Ir. Antono Damayanto, MMBAT selaku dosen pembimbing yang telah
memberikan masukan dan pengarahan.
3. Teman –teman atas bantuan dan motivasinya.

Semoga Laporan ini bermanfaat khususnya bagi penyusun dan umumnya bagi
pembaca. Penyusun mengharapkan kritik dan saran dari berbagai pihak untuk
memperbaiki makalah ini.

Bandung, 4 Agustus 2010

Penyusun

TUGAS PELABUHAN

i

DAFTAR ISI

DAFTAR ISI

KATA PENGANTAR

............................................................... I

DAFTAR ISI

........................................................................ II

DAFTAR TABEL

.................................................................. IV

DAFTAR GAMBAR

............................................................... V
PENDAHULUAN..................................................................1

I.1 LATAR BELAKANG

........................................................................................ 1

I.2 MAKSUD DAN TUJUAN

................................................................................... 2

I.3 LOKASI PEKERJAAN

...................................................................................... 2

I.4 RUANG LINGKUP

........................................................................................ 3

I.5 SISTEMATIKA LAPORAN

................................................................................. 3

KONDISI LOKASI PELABUHAN..............................................4

II.1 ADMINISTRATIF DAN GEOGRAFI

........................................................................ 4

II.2 KONDISI FISIK WILAYAH

............................................................................... 4

II.2.1 Topografi

.................................................................................. 4

II.2.2 Bathimetri

................................................................................. 5

II.3 KONDISI HIDROOCEANOGRAFI

.......................................................................... 5

II.3.1 Pasang Surut.

............................................................................ 5

II.3.2 Angin

......................................................................................... 9

II.3.3 Gelombang

............................................................................. 10

II.3.4 Arus

......................................................................................... 18

II.4 GEOTEKNIK

............................................................................................ 19

II.4.1 Hasil Survey

............................................................................ 19

II.4.2 Hasil Tes Laboratorium

........................................................... 21

II.5 KONDISI PERIKANAN

.................................................................................. 22
II.5.1 Keadaan usaha perikanan di Kawasan Pantura

....................... 22

II.5.2 Penangkapan ikan di Laut

....................................................... 23

II.5.3 Meramu usus teripang gama

................................................... 25

II.5.4 Penangkapan ikan dengan Bagan

........................................... 25

II.5.5 Budidaya tambak

.................................................................... 27

II.5.6 Penangkapan Nener

................................................................ 29

II.5.7 Penanganan ikan hasil tangkapan

........................................... 29

STUDI KELAYAKAN PELABUHAN.........................................31

III.1 ANALISIS SWOT

................................................................................... 31
III.1.1 Penilaian Lingkungan Eksternal (Conductive Environmental
Scanning)

................................................................................. 32
III.1.2 Penilaian Lingkungan Internal (Conducting Internal Analysis
and Position Assessment)

........................................................ 32

III.2 ANALISIS PERMASALAHAN

........................................................................... 32

III.2.1 Umum

..................................................................................... 32

III.2.2 Khusus

.................................................................................... 33

III.3 ANALISIS EKONOMI

.................................................................................. 34

ANALISA KEBUTUHAN DAN LAYOUT...................................36

IV.1 UMUM

................................................................................................ 36

IV.2 DERMAGA

............................................................................................ 36

IV.3 BANGUNAN PENUNJANG

............................................................................. 39

TUGAS PELABUHAN

ii

IV.4 JALAN

................................................................................................. 39

TATA RUANG DAN TAHAP PENGEMBANGAN........................41

V.1 UMUM

................................................................................................. 41

V.2 ZONIFIKASI KEGIATAN

................................................................................ 41

V.3 SIRKULASI DAN PENCAPAIAN

......................................................................... 45

V.4 TAHAPAN PEMBAGUNAN 5 TAHUNAN

............................................................... 46

V.5 TAHAPAN PEMBANGUNAN 10 TAHUNAN

........................................................... 46

V.6 TAHAPAN PEMBANGUNAN 15 TAHUNAN

........................................................... 47

PERENCANAAN LAYOUT PELABUHAN..................................49

VI.1 DASAR PERENCANAAN

.............................................................................. 49

VI.2 FAKTOR-FAKTOR PERENCANAAN

.................................................................... 49

VI.3 STANDAR PERENCANAAN

............................................................................ 50

VI.4 JENIS KAPAL

.......................................................................................... 52

VI.5 PERENCANAAN DERMAGA

........................................................................... 52

VI.5.1 Panjang Dermaga

................................................................... 53

VI.5.2 Lebar Dermaga

...................................................................... 53

VI.5.3 Tinggi Dek/Lantai Dermaga

.................................................... 53

VI.5.4 Alternatif Bentuk dan Struktur Dermaga

................................ 53

VI.5.5 Analisa Berthing

..................................................................... 58

VI.5.6 Analisa Mooring

...................................................................... 58

VI.5.7 Analisa Geoteknik

.................................................................. 59

VI.5.8 Analisa Struktur

..................................................................... 59

VI.6 LAYOUT DERMAGA

.................................................................................. 59

METODE KONSTRUKSI......................................................61

VII.1 DERMAGA

........................................................................................... 61

VII.1.1 Pemancangan tiang

.............................................................. 61

VII.1.2 Pembuatan konstruksi beton

................................................. 61

VII.2 BANGUNAN STRUKTUR BETON

.................................................................... 62

VII.3 JALAN

................................................................................................ 62

ANALISA EKONOMI DAN FINANSIAL...................................66

VIII.1 ANALISA EKONOMI

................................................................................. 66

VIII.2 ANALISA FINANSIAL

................................................................................ 67

VIII.2.1 Kas Masuk (Cash Inflow)

....................................................... 68

VIII.2.2 Kas Keluar (Cash Outflow)

.................................................... 71

VIII.3 KESIMPULAN ANALISA FINANSIAL

................................................................ 77

TUGAS PELABUHAN

iii

DAFTAR TABEL

DAFTAR TABEL

TUGAS PELABUHAN

iv

DAFTAR GAMBAR

DAFTAR GAMBAR

TUGAS PELABUHAN

v

BAB I

BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

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