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Pembahasan Soal Fisika SMA Kelas X

Pembahasan Soal Fisika SMA Kelas X

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07/18/2013

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Penyeleseian Fisika Sma kelas X (Erlangga

)
Bab 1 Besaran Fisika dan Satuannya (hal 45 h 49)

1. ܮ ൌ ݔ

േ οݔ
ൌ ሺͳͳǡͶͷ േ ͲǡͲͷሻ ܿ݉

2. Pengukuran pada jangka sorong:
ݔ

ൌ ͳǡ͸ ܿ݉൅Ͷ ൈ ͲǡͲͳ ܿ݉ ൌ ͳǡ͸Ͷ ܿ݉
οݔ ൌ ͲǡͲͲͷ ܿ݉
݉ܽ݇ܽ ܮ ൌ ݔ

േ οݔ ൌ ሺͳǡ͸ͶͲ േͲǡͲͲͷሻܿ݉

3. Pengukuran pada mikrometersekrup:
a. ݔ

ൌ ͵ǡͷ ݉݉ ൅ Ͷͷ ൈ ͲǡͲͳ ݉݉ ൌ ͵ǡͻͷ ݉݉
οݔ ൌ ͲǡͲͲͷ ݉݉
ܮ ൌ ݔ

േ οݔ ൌ ሺ͵ǡͻͷͲ േ ͲǡͲͲͷሻ݉݉

b. ݔ

ൌ ͳǡͷ ݉݉ ൅ ͳ͹ ൈ ͲǡͲͳ ݉݉ ൌ ͳǡ͸͹ ݉݉
οݔ ൌ ͲǡͲͲͷ ݉݉
ܮ ൌ ݔ

േ οݔ ൌ ሺͳǡ͸͹Ͳ േͲǡͲͲͷሻ݉݉
4. Laporan hasil pengukuran:
Data Dihitung
N D D²
1 11,38 129,5044
2 11,28 127,2384
3 11,32 128,1424
4 11,42 130,4164
5 11,30 127,69
™ 56,7 642,9916

ܦ


σ஽


ହ଺ǡ଻

ൌ ͳͳǡ͵Ͷ ݉݉
οܦ ൌ ܵ


ͳ
ܰ

ܰσܦ

െ ሺσܦሻ

ܰ െ ͳ


ͳ
ͷ

ͷ ൈ ͸Ͷʹǡͻͻͳ͸ െሺͷ͸ǡ͹ሻ

ͷ െ ͳ


ͳ
ͷ

ͲǡͲ͸ͺ
Ͷ

ൌ ͲǡͲʹ͸ ݉݉

Ketidakpastian Relatifൌ
ο஽


ൈ ͳͲͲΨ ൌ
଴ǡ଴ଶ଺
ଵଵǡଷସ
ൈ ͳͲͲ Ψ ൌ Ͳǡʹ͵Ψ (4 angka)
Maka ܦ ൌ ܦ

േ οܦ
ൌ ሺͳͳǡ͵Ͷ േͲǡͲʹ͸ሻ ݉݉
ൌ ሺͳͳǡ͵Ͷ േͲǡͲ͵ሻ ݉݉







5. Penyeleseian No 5 mirip no 4
Diket ܰ ൌ ͷ
෍ܶ ൌ ͳͻͻǡ͸
෍ܶ

ൌ ͹ͻ͸ͺǡͳ
ܶ


σܶ
ܰ

ͳͻͻǡ͸
ͷ
ൌ ͵ͻǡͻʹ ݏ
οܶ ൌ ܵ


ͳ
ܰ

ܰσܶ

െ ሺσܶሻ

ܰ െͳ





ହൈ଻ଽ଺଼ǡଵିሺଵଽଽǡ଺ሻ

ହିଵ


ͳ
ͷ

Ͳǡ͵Ͷ
Ͷ

ൌ ͲǡͲͷͺ ݏ

Ketidakpastian Relatif ൌ
ο்
்ത
ൈ ͳͲͲΨ ൌ
଴ǡ଴ହ଼
ଷଽǡଽଶ
ൈ ͳͲͲ Ψ ൌ ͲǡͳͶͷΨ (4 angka)
Maka ܦ ൌ ܦ

േ οܦ
ൌ ሺ͵ͻǡͻʹ േ ͲǡͲͷͺሻ ݏ

6. Bilangan Penting dan Orde besar
a. 5807, 6 m ĺ Bilangan penting = 5, 8076; orde besar = ͳͲ


b. 200300000 m ĺ Bilangan penting = 2,003; orde besar = ͳͲ


c. .
d. .
7. 500 g adalah terdiri dari 3 angka penting
8. Angka Penting
a. 32, 45 kg = 4 AP
b. 8, 0006 kg = 5 AP
c. 0, 00076 kg = 2 AP
d. 0, 000030 kg = 2 AP

9. Perhitungan angka penting
a 112, 6 m
8, 005 m
13, 48 + m
134, 085 m ĺ 134, 1 m

b 78, 05 ܿ݉


32, 046 ܿ݉

_
46, 004 ܿ݉

ĺ 46, 00 ܿ݉



c 0, 1682 m 4 AP
8, 2 m ൈ 2 AP
1,37924 m² ĺ 1, 4 m²

d ͻͶǡͷͻ ܬሺͶ ܣܲሻ
ͳǡʹ ݏሺʹܣܲሻ
ൌ ͹ͺǡ͹ͺ ܬȀݏ ĺ 79 J/s

e.
଻ǡହ଴଴ൈଵ଴

௞௚
ሺହǡ଴ൈଵ଴

௠ሻൈହǡ଴ ௠ ൈସ ௠
ൌ ͹ǡͷ ൌ ͺ ሺ݁݇ݏܽ݇ሻ

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