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Laporan Kerja Praktek Teknik Industri ITB

Laporan Kerja Praktek Teknik Industri ITB

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Published by Theonanta Pardede
Penerapan Metode Line Balancing pada Lintas Penjahitan Upper Sepatu Levi's Horse Kid PT Prima Inreksa Industries
Penerapan Metode Line Balancing pada Lintas Penjahitan Upper Sepatu Levi's Horse Kid PT Prima Inreksa Industries

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Published by: Theonanta Pardede on Aug 30, 2010
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08/01/2015

1

DAFTAR ISI

LEMBAR PENGESAHAN ..................................................................................................... i

FORMULIR PENILAIAN PELAKSANAAN KERJA PRAKTEK ....................................... iii

KATA PENGANTAR ............................................................................................................ v

DAFTAR ISI ........................................................................................................................ vii

DAFTAR GAMBAR ............................................................................................................ ix

DAFTAR TABEL ................................................................................................................. ix

BAB I PENDAHULUAN....................................................................................................... 1

1.1. Latar Belakang ............................................................................................................ 1

1.2. Perumusan Masalah ................................................................................................... 2

1.3. Tujuan Penelitian ........................................................................................................ 2

1.4. Manfaat Penelitian ...................................................................................................... 2

1.5. Batasan dan Asumsi Masalah ...................................................................................... 3

1.6. Sistematika Pembahasan ............................................................................................. 3

BAB II DATA UMUM PERUSAHAAN ............................................................................... 5

2.1. Jadwal Kerja Praktek................................................................................................... 5

2.2. Lingkup Pekerjaan Perusahaan .................................................................................... 5

2.2.1. Profil Perusahaan ................................................................................................. 5

2.2.2. Sejarah Perusahaan .............................................................................................. 6

2.2.3. Visi, Misi, dan Tujuan Perusahaan ....................................................................... 7

2.2.3.1. Visi Perusahaan ....................................................................................... 7

2.2.3.2. Misi Perusahaan....................................................................................... 7

2.2.3.3. Tujuan Perusahaan ................................................................................... 7

2.2.4. Struktur Organisasi dan Jumlah Karyawan ........................................................... 7

2.2.4.1 Struktur Organisasi ................................................................................... 7

2.2.4.2. Jumlah Karyawan .................................................................................... 8

2.2.5. Proses Bisnis ....................................................................................................... 8

2.3. Ruang Lingkup Pekerjaan yang Dilakukan Penulis ...................................................... 9

BAB III METODOLOGI PEMECAHAN MASALAH......................................................... 11

3.1. Dasar Teori .............................................................................................................. 11

3.1.1. Definisi dan Tujuan Line Balancing ................................................................... 11

3.1.2. Terminologi ....................................................................................................... 12

2

3.1.3. Metode Line Balancing ...................................................................................... 13

3.2. Metodologi Pemecahan Masalah ............................................................................... 16

3.2.1. Langkah Pemecahan Masalah ................................................................................. 16

3.2.2. Flowchart ............................................................................................................... 17

BAB IV PEMECAHAN MASALAH ................................................................................... 19

4.1. Pengolahan Data ............................................................................................................ 19

4.1.1. Kondisi Existing Penjahitan Upper Sepatu ............................................................. 19

4.1.2. Pengukuran Waktu Elemen dan Pehitungan Waktu Aktual ..................................... 20

4.1.3. Perhitungan Waktu Siklus ...................................................................................... 22

4.1.4. Perhitungan Jumlah Stasiun Kerja Minimum .......................................................... 22

4.1.5. Perhitungan Terhadap Kondisi Existing Penjahitan Upper Sepatu .......................... 23

4.1.6. Line Balancing Metode Helgeson-Birnie ................................................................ 24

4.1.7. Line Balancing Metode Largest Candidate Rule .................................................... 28

4.1.8. Line Balancing Metode Region Approach .............................................................. 32

4.2. Analisis ......................................................................................................................... 36

4.2.1. Analisis Kondisi Existing ....................................................................................... 36

4.2.1.1. Analisis Penyebab Ketidakseimbangan Lintas Produksi ............................. 38

4.2.1.2. Analisis Penanggulangan Ketidakseimbangan Lintas Produksi ................... 38

4.2.2. Analisis Hasil Perhitungan (Pemilihan Lintas Terbaik) .......................................... 39

4.2.3. Analisis Perbandingan Kondisi Existing dan Hasil Perhitungan .............................. 39

BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN ................................................................................ 41

5.1. Kesimpulan ................................................................................................................... 41

5.2. Saran ............................................................................................................................. 41

DAFTAR PUSTAKA ........................................................................................................... 43

LAMPIRAN ......................................................................................................................... 45

3

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Gantt Chart Kegiatan Selama Kerja Praktek

II-1

Gambar 3.1 Flowchart Pemecahan Masalah

III-8

Gambar 4.1 Precedence Diagram Penjahitan Upper Sepatu

IV-1

Gambar 4.2 Hasil Pembentukan Kolom-Kolom Region pada

IV-14

Precedence Diagram

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 2.1

Jadwal Kerja Praktek

II-1

Tabel 2.2

Profil Perusahaan

II-2

Tabel 4.1

Nomor dan Nama Proses Penjahitan Upper

IV-1

Tabel 4.2

Hasil Pengukuran Waktu Elemen

IV-2

Tabel 4.3

Hasil Perhitungan Waktu Aktual

IV-3

Tabel 4.4

Perhitungan Kriteria Performansi Existing Penjahitan Upper Sepatu

IV-5

Tabel 4.5

Hasil Pembobotan Posisi

IV-6

Tabel 4.6

Hasil Sorting Bobot Posisi

IV-6

Tabel 4.7

Iterasi I Metode Helgeson-Birnie

IV-7

Tabel 4.8

Iterasi II Metode Helgeson-Birnie

IV-7

Tabel 4.9

Iterasi III Metode Helgeson-Birnie

IV-8

Tabel 4.10 Iterasi IV Metode Helgeson-Birnie

IV-9

Tabel 4.11 Hasil Identifikasi Jumlah Predecessor Tiap Elemen Kerja

IV-10

Tabel 4.12 Hasil Sorting Berdasarkan Waktu Elemen dan Jumlah Predecessor

IV-11

Tabel 4.13 Iterasi I Metode Largest Candidate Rule

IV-11

Tabel 4.14 Iterasi II Metode Largest Candidate Rule

IV-12

Tabel 4.15 Iterasi III Metode Largest Candidate Rule

IV-13

Tabel 4.16 Iterasi IV Metode Largest Candidate Rule

IV-13

Tabel 4.17 Hasil Pengurutan Elemen Pada Tiap Region Berdasarkan Waktu Terbesar IV-15

Tabel 4.18 Iterasi I Metode Region Approach

IV-15

Tabel 4.19 Iterasi II Metode Region Approach

IV-16

Tabel 4.20 Iterasi III Metode Region Approach

IV-17

Tabel 4.21 Iterasi IV Metode Region Approach

IV-17

Tabel 4.22 Hasil Perhitungan Kriteria Performansi Kondisi Existing Penjahitan Upper IV-18

Sepatu

Tabel 4.23 Ringkasan Kriteria Performansi Lintasan Hasil Perhitungan

IV-21

Tabel 4.24 Perbandingan Kriteria Performansi Existing dan Hasil Perhitungan

IV-21

Tabel 5.1

Usulan Rancangan Lintas Penjahitan Upper Sepatu Levi¶s Horse Kid

V-2

4

BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

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