P. 1
Operasi Pecahan Aljabar

Operasi Pecahan Aljabar

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Published by Inzar Ahmad

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Inzar Ahmad on Sep 06, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/15/2012

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5.

2 Penjumlahan Dan Pengurangan Pecahan Aljabar
Sederhanakanlah pecahan-pecahan aljabar berikut ini!
1.
3
) 1 2 ( 2
4
1 2 +

− x x
2.
3
4
10
3

+
− x x
Jawaban :
1.
) 4 ( 3
) 1 2 )( 2 ( 4
) 3 ( 4
) 1 2 ( 3
3
) 1 2 ( 2
4
1 2 +


=
+

− x x x x
2.
) 3 )( 10 (
) 10 ( 4
) 3 )( 10 (
) 3 ( 3
3
4
10
3
− −

+
− −

=

+
− x x
x
x x
x
x x

12
11 10
12
8 1 3 − −
=
− − −
=
x x x

) 3 )( 10 (
4! 13
) 3 )( 10 (
40 4 ! !
− −

=
− −
− + −
=
x x
x
x x
x x
"#" dari 3 dan 4 $12 "#" dari (% & 10) dan (% & 3) $ (% & 10) (% & 3)
5.2 Perkalian Dan Pembagian Pecahan Aljabar
Sederhanakanlah pecahan-pecahan aljabar berikut ini!
1.
3
!
2
+

a
a
x
a
a
2.
a
a a
a
a
2
4 4
:
4
2
2
2
+ − −
Jawaban :
1.
3
) 3 )( 3 (
3
!
2
+
− +
=
+

a
a
x
a
a a
a
a
x
a
a
2.
a
a a
a
a a
a
a a
a
a
2
) 2 )( 2 (
:
) 2 )( 2 (
2
4 4
:
4
2
2
2
2
− − − +
=
+ − −
3
1
) 3 (
− =

= a
a

) 2 (
) 2 ( 2
) 2 )( 2 (
2 ) 2 )( 2 (
2

+
=
− −
− +
=
a a
a
a a
a
x
a
a a

) 2 (
4 2

+
=
a a
a
nb:
bxd
axc
d
c
x
b
a
=
nb:
bxc
axd
c
d
x
b
a
d
c
b
a
= = :
LATIHAN
1.
4
2
3
8 +
+
a
x
a
2.
3
1
4
!
2

+
a
x
a
3.
4

42
12 3
2
2
+

− +
+
m
m
x
m m
m m
4.
x
x x
x
x
x 12
3
2
2
2
2
− −

'.
3
2
:

12 4
+
+
m
m
.
x
x
x
x
2
(
:
4!
2
+ −
(.
2
3
:
48 2
12 4
2
2

+
− −
+
x
x
x x
x x
8.
24
3
3
24 10
2
2 2

− + −
y
y
x
y
y y

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