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Contoh Soal Menentukan Rumus Empiris Dan Rumus Molekul1111

Contoh Soal Menentukan Rumus Empiris Dan Rumus Molekul1111

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Published by: akhiabdul on Sep 28, 2010
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01/06/2013

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Contoh soal menentukan rumus empiris dan rumus molekul ! 1.

Tentukan rumus empiris dari senyawa hidrokarbon yang mengandung 90% C dan sisanya H ! Pemecahan : Unsur = C : H Pesentase = 90% : 10 % Massa atom relatif (Ar) = 12 : 1 Jumlah mol = 90 = 7,5 : 10 = 10 12 1 Perbandingan mol = 3 : 4 Rumus empiris = C3H4.

2. Tentukan massa molekul relatif senyawa H2CO3, jika diketahui massa atom relatif (Ar ) : H = 1, C = 12, O = 16. Pemecahan : Mr H2CO3 = ( 2 x Ar H ) + ( 1 x Ar C ) + ( 3 x Ar O ). = ( 2 x 1 ) + ( 1 x 12 ) + ( 3 x 16 ) = 2 + 12 + 48 = 62. 3. tentukan kadar C dan N dalam persen (%) serta banyaknya massa unsur C (gram ) dalam 200 gram urea (CO(NH2)2! Pemecahan : Mr CO(NH2)2 = ( 1 x Ar C ) + ( 1 x Ar O ) + ( 2 x A r N ) + ( 4 x A r H ) = ( 1 x 12 ) + ( 1 x 16 ) + ( 2 x 14 ) + ( 4 x 1 ) = 60 Kadar C = jumlah atom C . Ar C x 100 % = 1 . 12 x100% = 20 % Mr urea 60 Kadar N = 2. 14 x 100% = 46,7 % 60 Massa c dalam CO(NH2)2 = jumlah atom C x Ar C x m urea= 1x12 x 200 Mr urea 60 = 40 gram

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