P. 1
Paper 1 Selangor

Paper 1 Selangor

|Views: 259|Likes:
Published by Rozaini Othman

More info:

Published by: Rozaini Othman on Oct 24, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/28/2013

pdf

text

original

SULIT

4551/1

Nama :...............................................................................

Tingkatan:..............................

NO. KAD PENGENALAN ANGKA GILIRAN

-

-

JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI SELANGOR PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA SEKOLAH MENENGAH

PROGRAM PENINGKATAN PRESTASI AKADEMIK SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2010
4551/1 BIOLOGI Kertas 1 September 1 ¼ jam

Satu jam lima belas minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU 1. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. 2. Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 30 halaman bercetak

2

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATE 1. These questi

2. Answer all questions. 3. Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet. 4. Blacken only one space for each question. 5. If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made. Then blacken the space for the new answer. 6. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated. 7. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

¡ 

paper consists of 50 questions.

SULIT

3
For Question 1 to 50, each question is followed by four alternative answers, A, B, C or D. Choose one correct answer for each question and blacken the corresponding space in your objec tive answer sheet.
1. Diagram 1 shows structure of a chloroplast. Rajah 1 menunjukkan struktur kloroplas.

C A D B

Diagram 1 Rajah 1 Which of the labelled parts A, B, C and D contains chlorophyll? Yang manakah antara bahagian berlabel A, B, C dan D mengandungi klorofil?

2.

Which of the following structures contains cell sap? Yang manakah antara struktur berikut mengandungi sap sel? A Lysosomes Lisosom Chloroplast Kloroplas C Vacuole Vakuol Secretory vesicles Vesikel perembes

B

D

3.

Diagram 2 shows the structure of plasma membrane of an animal cell. Rajah 2 menunjukkan struktur membran plasma pada sel haiwan .

Diagram 2 Rajah 2 What are P, Q and R? Apakah P, Q dan R ? 4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN SULIT

4

P A Phospholipid Fosfolipid Protein Protein Phospholipid Fosfolipid Phospholipid Fosfolipid

Q Carbohydrate Karbohidrat Cholesterol Kolesterol Carbohydrate Karbohidrat Protein Protein

R Protein Protein Phospholipid Fosfolipid Cholesterol Kolesterol Carbohydrate Karbohidrat

B

C

D

4.

Diagram 3 shows the movement of molecules P across the plasma membrane into a cell through process X . Rajah 3 menunjukkan pergerakan molekul P merentasi membran plasma melalui proses X .

Molecule P Molekul P

Carrier protein Protein pembawa Diagram 3 Rajah 3 What is process X? Apakah proses X? A Osmosis Osmosis Active transport Pengangkutan aktif C Simple diffusion Resapan ringkas Facilitated diffusion Resapan berbantu

B

D

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

SULIT

5
5. Diagram 4 shows an experiment that is carried out to investigate osmosis process. Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu eksperimen yang dijalankan untuk mengkaji proses osmosis. Capillary tube M Tiub Kapilari M 10% sucrose solution Larutan sukrosa 10% Visking tubing Tiub visking Diagram 4 Rajah 4 Which of the following describes the result of the experiment after one hour? Yang manakah antara berikut menerangkan keputusan eksperimen ini selepas satu jam? Volume of liquid in capillary tube M Isipadu cecair di dalam tiub kapilari M A Level P of sucrose solution in the beaker Aras P larutan sukrosa di dalam bikar Increases Meningkat Decreases Menurun Increases Meningkat Decreases Menurun Level P Aras P Distilled water Air suling

Increases Meningkat Increases Meningkat
Decreases Menurun Decreases Menurun

B

C

D

6.

Diagram 5 shows a plant cell immersed in distilled water for 10 minutes. Then the cell is removed and immersed in a 10% sucrose solution for 5 minutes. Rajah 5 menunjukkan satu sel tumbuhan yang dire ndam dalam air suling selama 10 minit. Kemudian sel itu dipindahkan dan direndam di d alam 10% larutan sukrosa selama 5 minit.

Plant cell in distilled water Sel tumbuhan dalam air suling Diagram 5 Rajah 5

Plant cell in 10% sucrose solution Sel tumbuhan dalam 10% larutan sukrosa

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

SULIT

6
If t t Ji t A l t ll lt t ll i i i i i till l l t i f li t l i t , i it, ti t iti f l

7.

t ,X Y A akah W, X a n Y E z Enzi A B C Li Li ase Li Li ase L ct e Laktase L ct se Laktase

F tt ci Asi lemak Gl cose Gl kosa G l ctose Galaktosa

Gl cerol Gliserol G l ctose Galaktosa Gl cose Gl kosa

4551/1

10

i

P

'

!

'

!

( 

"" ! ! 

j

an

W Gl l Gliserol F tt Aci Asi lemak 

 !"  % ! & & & %$ ' & & %$ #

i Rajah 6

t

l

i hi

li i

f at

f t l

l ll

l . a k.

E z me Enzim W +

X
i ram Rajah 6

Y

X

Y

S

¥¤  ££ £ ¥
I

¢ 

¦ ¨ ¥ ¤ ¥ ©£ £ £  §  £§ £ ¥¤   ¦¤  £ § £ £ £ ¦§ ¥¤ § £  ¥   £© ¦ ¨§ ¦ ¥¤ £ ¢ ¢ ' # # #

7

8.

iagram 7 shows a mechanism of enz me reaction. Rajah 7 menunjukkan satu mekanisme tindakbalas enzim. Substrate Substrat

Enzyme Enzim

Enzyme-substrate complex Komplek enzim- substrat iagram 7 Rajah 7

Product Hasil

A

Enz me action is specific. indakan enzim adalah spesifik.

B

C

Enz me is destroyed at the end of the reaction. Enzim dimusnahkan pada akhir tindakbalas.

Enzyme reaction can e inhi ited y heavy metals. indakbalas enzim boleh direncat oleh logam berat.

9.

Cell that synthesizes oestrogen hormone has abundance of organelles X. hat is organelle X? Sel yang mensintesis hormone estrogen mempunyai organel X dengan banyak. Apakah organelle X A Ribosome Ribosom

B

Golgi apparatus Jasad Golgi

4551/1

010

i

P

5432

Enz me is denatured at 5 C. Enzim dinyahasli pada suhu

.

C

Rough endoplasmic reticulum Jalinan endoplasma kasar

D

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum Jalinan endoplasma licin

)
S I

hich of the following can e educed from the diagram? Yang manakah antara berikut boleh disimpulkan dari rajah ini

1

)

0 0

8

.

hich of the following is the process where the chromosome duplicates andforms two sister chromatids? Yang manakah antara berikut merupakan proses dimana kr omosom mengganda dan membentuk dua kromatid kembar? A eiosis e iosis itosis itosis C Synapsis Sinapsis Replication Replikasi

B

.

iagram 8 shows a process in a stage of cell division in a plant. Rajah 8 menunjukkan satu proses dalam peringkat pembahagian sel pada tumbuhan.

hich of the following part of the plant does this process occur? Antara bahagian tumbuhan berikut , dimanakah proses ini berlaku? A Anther Anter Lateral bud u nas sisi C Cambium Kambium Root tip Hujung akar

B

.

hich statements is true about meiosis? Kenyataan yang manakah benar tentang meiosis? A NA replication occurs twice in meiosis. Replikasi NA berlaku dua kali dalam meiosis . Uncontrolled meiosis can cause a disease named cancer . e iosis yang tidak terkawal boleh menyebabkan kanser . he chromosomes behaviour in meiosis I are the same as in mitosis. Perlakuan kromosom dalam meiosis I adalah serupa seperti dalam mitosis. Synapsis and crossing over take place only during prophase I of meiosis . Sinapsis dan silangan kromosom hanya berlaku semasa profasa I meiosis .

B

C

4551/1

010

Ci

8

9

6 6 7

iagram 8 Rajah 8

P

S

I

9

13.

Diagram shows a section through a dicotyledonous leaf. Rajah 9 menunjukkan satu keratan rentas sehelai daun dikotiledon.

A B

C

D
Diagram Rajah 9 Which of the parts A, B, C and D transports glucose that is produced during photosynthesis? Yang manakah antara bahagian A, B, C dan D mengangkut glukos yang dihasilkan semasa fotosintesis?

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

SULIT

10

14.

Which of the following is a commensal? Antara berikut yang manakah komensal ? A C

B

D

15.

Diagram 10 shows the digestive system of a rabbit. Rajah 10 menunjukkan sistem pencernaan seekor arnab.

B A C

D

Diagram 10 Rajah 10 Which part contains symbiotic bacteria and proto oa? Bahagian manakah yang mengandungi bakteria dan protozoa simbiotik ? 4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN SULIT

11

16.

Diagram 11 shows a longitudinal section of a villus. Rajah 11 menunjukkan keratan memanjang satu vilus.

W W

Diagram 11 Rajah 11 What nutrients can be found in ? Apakah nutrien yang terdapat dalam A Vitamin C Vitamin C Amino acids Asid amino

B

1 .

Which of the followin g methods can be used to increase crop¶s yield? Antara kaedah berikut, y ang manakah boleh digunakan untuk menambahkan hasil pertanian? I Tissue culture Kultur tisu enetic engineering Kejuruteraan genetik Direct seeding for rice Tabur terus padi Proper soil management Pengurusan tanah yang cekap III and IV I, II and III C D

II

III

IV

A B

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

@

@

?
C Vitamin E Vitamin E lucose Glukosa

D

I, II and IV I, II, III and IV

SULIT

12

1 .

Table 1 shows an experiment to determine the energy value of a cashew nut. Table 1 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk menentukan nilai tenaga kacang gajus. Volume of water Isipadu air Initial water temperature Suhu awal air Final temperature water Suhu akhir air Mass of cashew nut Jisim kacang gajus Specific heat capacity of water aba pendam ai r 20 cm3

26°C
o

C

0. g 4.2 J g-1 oC-1

Table 1 Jadual 1 What is the energy value of the cashew nut ? Apakah nilai tenaga kacang gajus? A B 1.45 kJ 4. 5 kJ C D 2.23 kJ . 3 kJ

1 .

Diagram 12 shows the equation of fermentation process in yeast. Persamaan berikut menunjukkan process penapaian dalam yis. lucose X + Y + Energy

What is X and Y? Apakah X dan Y? X A Lactic acid Asid laktik Ethanol Etanol Ethanol Etanol Lactic acid Asid laktik

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

A

Diagram 12 Rajah 12 Y Carbon dioxide Karbon dioksida Carbon dioxide Karbon dioksida Oxygen Oksigen Oxygen Oksigen

B

C

D

SULIT

13

20.

Diagram 13 shows a graph during a breathing mechanisme. Rajah 13 menunjukkan graf semasa mekanisma pernafasan. Atmospheric pressure (mmHg) Tekanan atmosfera (mm g)

Which of A, B, C and D, shows the diaphragm when it is flattened? Antara A, B, C dan D ,yang manakah menunjukkan diafragma dalam keadaan mendatar?

21.

The statement below is related to the breathing mechanism in a fish. Peryataan di bawah berkaitan dengan mekanisma pernafasan ikan.
y

The operculum is closed Operculum tertutup

Which of the following is true? Di antara berikut yang manakah benar ? A The pressure in its buccal cavity decreases Tekanan di dalam rongga mulut berkurang The pressure in its buccal cavity increases Tekanan di dalam rongga mulut bertambah There is no change in pressure in its buccal cavity Tiada perubahan tekanan di dalam rongga mulut

B

C

D

The operculum closes due to the pressure in the buccal cavity Operkulum tertutup akibat tekanan dalam rongga mulut SULIT

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

B

Time Masa Diagram 13 Rajah 13

14

22.

Diagram 14 shows the set-up of apparatus to measure the percentage of certain gas in the air. Rajah 14 menunjukkan persediaan radas untuk mengukur peratus gas tertentu di dalam udara J-tube Tiub-J Air Udara

Water Air

Diagram 14 Rajah 14 Diagram 14 Rajah 14

Initial length of the air column Panjang awal kolum udara Length of air column after using potassium hydroxide solution Panjang kolum udara setelah larutan kalium hidroksida digunakan Length of air column after using alkaline potassium pyrogallate Panjang kolum udara setelah alkali kalium pirogalol digunakan

10.00cm . cm . cm

Calculate the percentage of oxygen content in the air. Kirakan peratus oksigen di dalam udara . A B 12 % 16 % C D 1 % 20 %

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

SULIT

15
23. iagram 5 shows the interaction between two organisms. Rajah menunjukkan interaksi antara dua organism.

Diagram 5 Rajah hat is the type of interaction between A and B? Apakah jenis interaksi antara organisma A dan B? A Commensalism Komensalisme Saprophytism Saprofitism C

B

24.

iagram shows a food chain. Rajah 6 menunjukkan satu rantai makanan .

Energy from Sunlight Tenaga dari cahaya matahari Secondary Consumer (9kJ) Pengguna Kedua (9kJ)

Producer (900kJ) Pengeluar (900kJ)

Primary consumer (90kJ) Pengguna Pertama (90kJ)
Diagram Rajah 6

4551/1

010

Ci ta P

E

GF

F

DC C

Obtain food Dapat makanan

Organism A Organisma A

Organism B Organisma B

Obtain protection Dapat perlindungan

Parasitism Parasitisma utualism u tualisme

Tertiary consumer (0.9kJ) Pengguna Ketiga (0.9kJ)

S

I

1
Which of the following statements is not true? Manakah antara kenyataan berikut adalah tidak benar? A Snake is the fourth trophic level of the food chain. Ular adalah di aras trofik ketiga dalam rantai makanan. reen plants are at the base of the pyramid number of the food chain. Tumbuhan hijau adalah dasar kepada piramid nombor dalam rantai makanan. The higher the trophic level, the si e of the organism will become smaller . Semakin tinggi aras trofik, semakin kecil saiz organism. Most of the energy is lost as heat, undigested matter and metabolic activities. Kebanyakan tenaga hilang menjadi haba, bahan tidak te rcerna dan aktiviti metabolisma

B

C

D

25.

Diagram 1 shows parts of nitrogen cycle in the atmosphere. Rajah 1 menunjukkan sebahagian kitar nitrogen di atmosfera.

Plant Tumbuhan What is bacteria X? Apakah bakteria X? A itrogen-fixing bacteria Bakteria pengikat nitrogen Denitrifying bacteria Bakteria pendenitratan Diagram 1 Rajah 1 C

B

D

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

P

I I

Bacteria X Bakteria X

I

H

Atmosferic nitrogen itrogen atmosfera Legumes Kekacang

itrobact er sp. itrobacter sp. Rhizobium sp. Rhizobium sp.

Purifying bacteria Bakteria pengurai itrifying bacteria Bakteria penitritan

SULIT

1
26. Diagram 1 shows eight similar quadrates that are used to estimate the population of Mimosa pudica in a school field. The coverage of each quadrate is recorded. Rajah 1 menunjukkan quadrat yan g digunakan untuk mengkaji populasi Mimosa pudica di padang sekolah. Litupan setiap kuadrat direkodkan.

What is the percentage coverage of Mimosa pudica in this school field? Apakah peratus litupan Mimosa pudica di padang sekolah ini? A B 3 % 4 % C D 6 % %

2 .

What are the effects of sulphur dioxide on human health? Apakah kesan sulfur dioksida kepada kesihatan manusia? I Irritates the eyes Memedihkan mata Binds with haemoglobin in the blood. Bergabung dengan haemoglobin dalam darah. Causes shortness of breath and coughing Menyebabkan kesesakan nafas dan batuk Retards mental development Merencat perkembangan mental . I and III only I dan III sahaja II and IV only II dan IV sahaja C I, II and III only I, II dan III sahaja II, III and IV only II, III dan IV sahaja

II

III

IV

A

B

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

Q

Q

Q

Diagram 1 Rajah 1

D

SULIT

18
28. hich of the following gases destroys the ozone layer? Antara gas berikut, yang manakah memusnahkan lapisan ozon? A Carbon dioxide Karbon dioksida Chlorofluorocarbon Kloroflurokarbon C ethane e tana

B

D

Nitrous oxide Nitrus oksid

29.

hat is the effect when the oxygen content in a river decrease? Apakah kesan apabila kandungan oksigen dalamsungai berkurang? A he river is not polluted. Sungai tidak tercemar BOD value in the river decreases. Nilai BO dalam sungai berkurang Number of aquatic organism in the river increase s. Bilangan organism akuatik dalam sungai meningkat. he number of microorganism in the river increases. Bilangan mikroorganisma dalam sungai meningkat.

B

C

D

30.

Diagram 9 shows a human activity. Rajah menunjukkan suatu akti iti manusia .

Diagram 9 Rajah

hich of the following is the effect of the activity? Manakah antara berikut merupakan kesan daripada akti iti tersebut?

4551/1

010

ak Ci ta P

V

R UT V

S

UT

S

I

19

A

Reduce BOD value of water Menurunkan nilai BOD air Increase acidic value of the soil Meningkatkan nilai asid tanah Increase the vision distance. Meningkatkan jarak penglihatan . Decrease the carbon particle in the atmosphere Mengurangkan partikel karbon di atmosfera

B

C

D

31.

Which organism has open blood circulatory system? Antara organisma berikut, yang manakah mempunyai sistem peredaran terbuka? A Fish Ikan Frog Katak C rasshopper Belalang Elephant Gajah

B

D

32.

Diagram 20 shows a cross section of a dicotyledonous root. Rajah 20 menunjukkan keratan rentas akar dikotiledon.

A B

C D

Diagram 20 Rajah 20 Which of the parts A, B, C and D transports water and mineral ions? Antara bahagian A, B, C dan D yang manakah mengangkut air dan ion mineral?

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

SULIT

20

33.

Diagram 21 shows a graph of a type of immunity. Rajah 21 menunjukkan graf bagi sejenis keimunan.

Aras keimunan

Masa (minggu) Suntikan pertama Suntikan kedua

Diagram 21 Rajah 21 Which of the following statements is true about the graph? Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar tentang graf tersebut? A Second injection contains higher level of antibody. Suntikan kedua mengandungi aras antibody yang lebih tinggi. Second injection is required to boost the production of antibody . Suntikan kedua diperlukan untuk merangsang penghasilan antibodi. Both injections contain pathogen which control production of antibody. Kedua-dua suntikan mengandungi pathogen yang mengawal penghasilan antibodi. Both injections contain serum that can increase antibody level. Kedua-dua suntikan mengandungi serum yang meningkatkan aras antibodi.

B

C

D

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

SULIT

21

34.

Diagram 22 shows structure Z in human lymphatic system. Rajah menunjukkan struktur Z dalam sistem limfa manusia.

hat happen to the human body if Z is malfunction? Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada tubuh manusia jika Z gagal berfungsi? A Fats from intestine will be accumulated in Z. Lemak dari usus kecil akan terkumpul dalam Z. he concentration of antibody in the body decrease. Kepekatan antibodi dalam tubuh berkurang. he immunity level increases. Aras immuniti meningkat. he flow of lymph is obstructed. Aliran limfa akan tersekat.

B

C

D

35.

Diagram 23 shows a human lumbar vertebra. Rajah menunjukkan e rtebra lumbar pada manusia.

R

4551/1

010

ak Ci ta P

a`

``

Y

XW

WW

Diagram 22 Rajah

P

Diagram 23 Rajah S I

22

What are the structures label led P, Q and R ? Apakah struktur berlabel P, Q dan R ? P Transverse process Cuaran lintang Transverse process Cuaran lintang Spinous process Cuaran spinal Spinous process Cuaran spinal Q Spinous process Cuaran spinal Spinous process Cuaran spinal Transverse process Cuaran lintang Transverse process Cuaran lintang R Sternum Sternum Centrum Sentrum Sternum Sternum Centrum Sentrum

A

B

C

D

36.

Diagram 24 shows a pair of pectoralis muscles of two birds. The major pectoralis muscle of bird P is normal while the major pectoralis muscle of bird Q is abnormal. Rajah 24 menunjukkan sepasang otot pektoralis pada dua ekor burung. Otot pektoralis major pada burung P adalah normal manakala otot pektoralis major pada burung Q adalah abnormal.

Sternum

Minor pectoralis muscles Otot pektoralis minor Major pectoralis muscles Otot pektoralis major Bird P

Sternum

Minor pectoralis muscles Otot pektoralis minor Major pectoralis muscles Otot pektoralis major Bird Q Diagram 24 Rajah 24

What is the effect of the abnormality on bird Q? Apakah kesan daripada ketidaknormalan itu pada burung Q? 4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN SULIT

23
A It can fly higher. Ia boleh terbang tinggi . The upward movement of the wings is weaker . Pergerakkan sayap ke atas menjadi lemah . The downward movement of the wing is weaker . Pergerakkan sayap ke bawah menjadi lemah . The upward and downward movements of the wings are more rapid while flying. Pergerakkan ke atas dan ke bawah sayap menjadi lebih cepat ketika terbang.

B

C

D

3 .

Diagram 25 shows structure of a knee joint. Rajah 25 menunjukkan struktur sendi lutut.

Y

X

Diagram 25 Rajah 25

Which tissues joint X to Y? Tisu yang manakah menyambungkan X ke Y? A Tendon Tendon Ligament Ligamen C Cartilage Rawan Skeletal muscle Otot rangka

B

D

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

SULIT

24
38. hich of the following structure is an efferent neurone? Antara struktur berikut yang manakah neuron efferent? A C

B

D

39.

Diagram 26 shows the human endocrine system. Rajah 6 menunjukkan system endokrin manusia.

hich of the glands, A, B , C and D produces growth hormone? Antara kelenjar A, B, dan yang manakah menghasilkan hormon pertumbuhan?

4551/1

010

ak Ci ta P

c

e

d

b

A P Q B

C R

D S
Diagram 26 Rajah 6

S

I

25
40. Diagram 27 shows a section through the human brain. Rajah 7 menunjukkan keratan otak manusia.

hich part A, B ,C and D controls the rate of heartbeat? Antara bahagian A, B dan yang manakah berfungsi mengawal kadar denyutan jantung?

41.

Diagram 28 shows the knee jerk test on a student. Rajah 8 menunjukkan ujian sentakan lutut ke atas seorang pelajar.

Diagram 28
Rajah 8 hich of the diagrams A, B, C and D shows his reflex arc? Antara rajah A, B dan yang manakah menunjukkan arka refleks pelajar tersebut?

4551/1

010

ak Ci ta P

i

r

h

q

g

p

f i

A B

C D

Diagram 27
Rajah 7

S

I

26
A C

B

D

42

Diagram 29 shows a female reproductive system. Rajah menunjukkan sistem pembiakan perempuan.

hat processes occur at X, Y and Z? Apakah proses yang berlaku di X, Y dan Z?

4551/1

010

ak Ci ta P

ts

ts

Z

Diagram 29 Rajah

S

I

27

X A Fertilisation Persenyawaan Fertilisation Persenyawaan Ovulation O u lasi Ovulation O u lasi

Y Ovulation O u lasi Implantation Penempelan Fertilisation Persenyawaan Implantation Penempelan

Z Implantation Penempelan Ovulation O u lasi Implantation Penempelan Fertilisation Persenyawaan

B

C

D

43.

Diagram 30 shows the development of follicle in an ovary. Rajah menunjukkan perkembangan folikel dalam ovary.

Diagram 30 Rajah hich structure A, B, C and D is involved in secreting progesterone? Antara struktur A, B, dan yang manakah terlibat dalam perembesan progesterone?

4551/1

010

ak Ci ta P

u

u

wv

y

x

u u

wv

S

I

28
44. hich of the following structures will be developed from the integument of a flowering plant after fertilisation? Antara berikut yang manakah struktur yang akan berkembang daripada integumen suatu tumbuhan berbunga selepas persenyawaan? A esta e sta C Fruit Buah Ovul Ovul

B

Seed Biji

45.

hich of the following is a characteristic of plant that undergoes primary growth only? Antara berikut, yang manakah ciri tumbuhan yang mengalami pertumbuhan primer sahaja? A he woody stem. Batang pokok berkayu. he non-woody stem . Batang pokok tidak berkayu. he stem with growth rings. Batang yang mempunyai gelang pertumbuhan . Cork is present in the stem. e rdapat gabus dalam batang pokok .

B

C

D

46.

Diagram 31 shows the sequence of genes on a pair of homologous chromosomes. menunjukkan urutan gen pada sepasang kromosom homolog. Rajah

hich of the pair of allele is incorrect? Yang manakah pasangan alel yang tidak benar ? A P and P P dan P S and R S dan R 010 ak Ci ta P C R and r R dan r and q dan

B

4551/1

„

ƒ

†…

‚

€ €

D

Diagram 31 Rajah

D

S

I

29

4 .

A girl has blood group A and her brother has blood group B. Which is the correct combination of genotypes belonging to their parents? Seorang kanak-kanak perempuan mempunyai kumpulan darah A dan abangnya mempunyai kumpulan darah B. Manakah diantara berikut merupakan kombinasi genotip yang betul bagi ibubapa mereka?

Father¶ genotype Genotip bapa A B C D AB AA AO BO

Mother¶s genotype Genotip ibu AB BB AO BO

4 .

Alleles R is dominant to allele r for a characteristic. Alleles Y is dominant to allele y for another characteristic. A male hetero ygous of both characteristic (RrYy) is crossed with a female homo y gous recessive for both characteristic (rryy). Alel R adalah dominan terhadap alel r. Alel Y adalah dominan terhadap alel y. Seorang lelaki heterozigot untuk kedua -dua ciri (RrYy)l dikacukkan dengan seorang perempuan homozigot resesif untuk kedua -dua ciri (rryy). Which of the following are the probable alleles of the offspring? Antara berikut yang manakah kemungkinan alel bagi anak -anak pasangan tersebut?

Alleles of the offspring Alel anak A RRYY RRyy rrYY RrYY

B

RrYy

Rryy

rrYy

rryy

C

rRyy

rryy

RRYy

RrYY

D

RRYY

rryy

rRyY

Rryy

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

SULIT

30

4 .

Which of the following occurrence does not cause variation? Antara kejadian yang berikut, manakah tidak menyebabkan variasi? A Crossing over Pindah silang Random fertili ation Persenyawaan rawak Separation of sister chromatids Pemisahan kromatid beradik Independent assortment of chromosomes Penyusunan kromosom secara bebas

B

C

D

50.

A normal person has 46 chromosome . A person with Down¶s syndrome has 4 chromosomes in his cells. Individu normal mempunyai 4 kromosom. Individu yang menghidap Sindrom Down mempunyai 4 kromosom dalam selnya. Which of the following occurrence cause this abnormality? Antara kejadian berikut, yang manakah menyebabkan keadaan ini?

A

Chromosomal mutation happened during the production of the egg cell or sperm. Mutasi kromosom berlaku semasa penghasilan sel telur atau sperma. More than one sperm fused with one egg during fertili ation. Lebih daripada satu sperma telah mensenyawakan satu telur semasa persenyawaan . Radiation caused a change in the structure of the sperm. Radiasi telah menyebabkan perubahan struktur sperma . The mother was exposed to harmful chemicals during pregnancy. Ibu telah terdedah kepada bahan kimia berbahaya semasa mengandung.

B

C

D

END OF QUESTION PAPER

4551/1 @ 2010 Hak Cipta JPN

‡

ˆ

SULIT

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->