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Active Voice and Passive Voice

Active Voice and Passive Voice

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Active Voice and Passive Voice

Active and Passive Voice
% BE : be
am.is, are
was, were
has been, have been
MALS : must, can, shall, should, etc
do, does, did
Now we are still talking about them especially when we are talking about Passive Voice. In
Bahasa Indonesia there are :
1Ŧ Saya memanggil ÷ I am calling Active
2Ŧ Saya dipanggil ÷ I am called -- Passive
ere is te difference?
It is in te VERB
VERB + ing in no is Active
Verb III or Past Participle is Passive
ow to make a Passive from Active ?
1Ŧ $:bject in Active becomes Object in Passive
Object in Active becomes $:bject in Passive


Ŧ %enses ( %ime) is like in Active
E.g :
Active : I write a letter ÷ $aya men:lis sep:c:k s:rat
Passive : A letter is written by me ÷ $ep:c:k s:rat dit:lis ole sya.
Active : e ated me ÷ Ia membenci saya
Passive : I was ated by im ÷ $aya dibenci olenya
Remember again :
1Ŧ %o be and te s:bject.
I am He is. She is %hey are the police are the lady is etc.
1he changing of Subject to Object
I -> me, vou -> vou, he -> him, she ->her, we-> us, thev -> them, it -> it.
1he changing of irregular verbs and regular verbs.
urder -murdered - murdered, spend -spent - spent - spent, etc
Verb I and Verb II -> Verb III (past particle)
Verb I ÷ Verb III -> %o hate ~ hated, to eat ~ eaten
Verb II ÷Verb II -> new ~ known , wrote ÷written
2Ŧ %e canging of sing:lar and pl:ral of personal prono:ns.
therwise you will have diIIiculties in the placement oI to be (am,is,are,etc)
e.g. : e is typing a letter ÷ A letter is typed by im
%e police arrested the thieI ÷ %he thieI was arrested by the police
Active to passive voice
Simple Present
#umus : Noun ¹ is/am/are ¹ verb III
Active : write a letter
Passive : A letter is written by me
Present Continuous


@ be + verb lll
#umus : Noun ¹ is/am/are ¹ being ¹ verb III
Active : e is buying a car
Passive : A car is being bought by im
Simple past
#umus : Noun ¹ was/were ¹ verb III
Active : %e iudge sentenced the convicted 5 years imprisonment
Passive : %he convicted was sentenced 5 years imprisonment by 9e iudge
Past Continuous
#umus : Noun ¹ was/were ¹ being ¹ verb III
Active : %e officer was investigating the case
Passive : %he case was being investigated by 9e officer
Simple Future
#umus : Noun ¹ shall/will ¹ be ¹ verb III
Active : %e iudges will issue a verdict against the accused.
Passive : A verdict against the accused will be issued by te iudges
Past Future
#umus : Noun ¹ should/would ¹ be ¹ verb III
Active : %he investigator would hand in 9e file
Passive : %e file would be handed in by the investigator
Simple Perfect
#umus : Noun ¹ has/have ¹ been ¹ verb III
Active : %ev have committed another crime
Passive : Another crime has been committed by 9em
Past Perfect
#umus : Noun ¹ had ¹ been ¹ verb III
Active : We had Iound your watch
Passive : Your watch had been Iound by us
Simple Future Perfect
#umus : Noun ¹ shall/will ¹have ¹been ¹ verb III
Active : %e wi9ness shall have shown the evidence
Passive : %he evidence will have been shown by the wi9ness
Past Future Perfect
#umus : Noun ¹ should/would ¹have ¹ been ¹ verb III
Active : %e maior should have been invited the president
Passive : %he president should have been invited by 9e maior
odals :
#umus : Noun ¹ must/shall/will/have to/has to ¹ be ¹verb III
Active : $ugiar9o must report his attendance to the police once a week
Passive : His attendance must be reported by to the police once a week
Passiv¢ Voic¢ Ź%Ya_`a_źŸŸ%
losteJ bv mosJlo lo level loojotooŦ
1oosť posslve volce
ttockbock
Ada dua bentuk 'voice¨ dalam bahasa Inggris, ac9ive voice dan passive voice. Active voice
menuniukkan apa yang dilakukan oleh subiek, contoh:
O @e secreLarv wrLe a leLLer (SekreLarls meoolls sebua suraL)
Passive voice menuniukkan apa yang dilakukan terhadap subiek. Contoh:
O @e leLLer was wrlLLen bv Le secreLarv (SuraL Jltolls le sekreaLlr)
Bent:k
alimat pasiI dibuat dengan kata keria 'to be¨ dan kata keria bentuk ke. Berikut beberapa
tenses bahasa Inggris utama yang digunakan dalam passive voice.
%enses
Simple present:
Present continuous:
Simple past:
Past continuous:
Present perIect:
Past perIect:
Future:
Future continuous:
Present conditional:
Past conditional:
$:bject
lowers
lowers
lowers
lowers
lowers
lowers
lowers
lowers
lowers
lowers
Verb ~to be¨
are
are being
were
were being
ave been
ad been
will be
will be being
would be
would ave been
Verb III
plan9ed every year
plan9ed now.
plan9ed last year
plan9ed last summer.
plan9ed here Ior 10 years.
plan9ed until last year.
plan9ed next year.
plan9ed during the summer.
plan9ed iI we had seeds.
plan9ed iI we had had seeds.
By
Untuk menyatakan apa penyebab sebuah tindakan pasiI, kita bisa menggunakan bv. Contoh:
O @ls pL was Laken mv frlendŦ
O l was alven Lls mv brLerŦ
Seringkali tidak diperlukan untuk menyatakan penyebab tindakan pasiI, khususnya iika
dipahami dengan ielas atau tidak relevan. Sebagai contoh:
O @e meeLlna was cancelled (pettemooo lto Jlbotolkoo)Ŧ (lnfrmasl penLlna vana lnaln
dlsampalkan adala pembaLalan perLemuanţ bukan slapa vana membaLalkannvaŦ)
O @ese bLs were made ln lLalv (sepotoŴsepoto boot lol Jlboot Jl ltollo)Ŧ (lnfrmasl vana
penLlna dalam kallmaL lnl adala bawa sepaLuŴsepaLu LersebuL dlbuaL dl lLallaţ bukan slapa
vana membuaLnva)Ŧ
Born
etika berbicara tentang kelahiran orang tertentu atau suatu peristiwa, kita menggunakan
bentuk pasiI 'to be born¨. Contoh:
O l was brn ln lranŦ
O @e Lwlns were brn [usL lasL vearŦ
et
e9 bisa digunakan menggantikan 9o be pada situasi dimana sesuatu teriadi. Contoh:
ur Ilight got cancelled ÷ ur Ilight was cancelled.
I got paid today ÷ I was paid today.
e9 tidak bisa digunakan pada situasisituasi umum dan apabila bersama dengan kata keria
yang menyatakan keadaan (bukan tindakan). Contoh:
He is liked by a lot oI people. Benar
He gets liked by a lot oI people. %idak benar
She is known to be a hardworking employee. Benar
She gets known to be a hardworking employee. %idak benar
e9 digunakan lebih sering dalam bahasa Inggris inIormal.

¢lajar T¢ns¢s : Tb¢ Simpl¢ Pr¢s¢nt T¢ns¢
Aprll 11Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
Materi pertama belaiar grammar tenses bahasa inggris yaitu
%he Simple Present %ense. %he Simple Present %ense adalah tenses yang puaaaling banyak
digunakan, dan karena paling banyak maka pembahasannya iuga akan lebih paniang.
Arti simple yaitu sederhana, sedangkan present adalah sekarang. Jadi bisa dikatakan bahwa
Simple Present adalah tenses (pola kalimat) yang digunakan untuk menceritakan waktu
sekarang dalam bentuk sederhana. Nama lain daripada Present adalah BEN%U 1.
Jadi kapanpun Anda melihat kata present dalam tenses apapun, bisa dipastikan bahwa dia
menggunakan bentuk 1 bentuk apa? ya bentuk verb, karena semua predicate itu waiib verb
bukan, coba lihat posting awal grammar basic ini. Coba liat contohcontoh kalimat dengan
Simple Present dibawah ini
%BE
I am a teacher
You are a teacher
We are teachers
%hey are teachers
He is a teacher
She is a teacher
It is my cat
alau Anda mengamati, maka kalimat diatas semuanya mengggunakan P#EICA%E1 atau
predikat dalam bentuk 1, lihat saia tobe nya tidak lepas dari AM IS A#E. Contoh diatas
adalah %he simple present tense dalam bentuk nominal, karena semua kalimatnya
menggunakan tobe1
Apakah ada bentuk lainnya? Ada, yaitu %he Simple Present %ense dalam bentuk VE#BAL.
Yaitu yang tidak memiliki tobe tapi memiliki verb. Nanti akan di terangkan. Untuk saat ini
cukup kita simpulkan bahwa ada 2 (dua) ienis Simple Present yaitu
. Nominal $imple Present
2. Verbal $imple Present
Untuk mengubah kalimat NMINAL SIMPLE P#ESEN% kedalam bentuk negative
(menyangkal) ataupun interrogative (bertanya) sangatlah mudah, amati
(¹) You are a teacher
( ) You are N% a teacher
(? ) Are you a teacher?
key, silahkan Anda pahami dan tugas Anda sekarang adalah buatlah minimal 10 kalimat
dengan menggunakan Nominal Simple Present ini.
Sekarang kita laniutkan pada pola kalimat VE#BAL SIMPLE P#ESEN% yaitu simple
present yang tidak menggunakan tobe, tetapi VE#B1 sebagai predicate1 nya.. Amati contoh
berikut
Subiective
Prono:ns Example
I I work
You You work
We We work
%hey %hey work
He He works
She She works
It It works
Lihat, untuk awalan HE, SHE, I% .. verb nya menggunakan s. Amati kembali contoh berikut
He runs every morning
She teaches English
John has an English books
Untuk kata keria yang berakhiran bunyi ESIS (hissing sounds x, ch, s, sh), kita
menggunakan akhira es. sehingga meniadi : teaches, mixes, washes, kisses .. dsb.
Exercise :
read John reads in the morning
1. read
2. sing
. study
4. work
5. arrive
6. leave
7. practice
8. write
9. watch
10. Iinish
11. mix
12. pass
1. go
14. have
15. pray
Answer keys :
. John studies
9. John watches
10 John Iinishes
11. John mixes
12. John passes
1. John goes
14. John have(s) ~ John has
15. John prays
Amati kembali contoh kalimat ini :
. (study) ~ John studies
15. (pray) ~John prays
Untuk verb study sebelum huruI Y adalah huruI konsonan , itulah sebabnya meniadi
S%UIES
Untuk verb pray sebelum huruI Y adalah huruI vokal A, itulah sebabnya tetap P#AYS
Exercise 2 : Yang mana HAVE dan HAS
We ~ We HAVE coIIee in the morning
He ~ He HAS coIIee in the morning
1. he
2 John and Mary
. they
4. Mr. Allen
5. she
6. Mary
7. the students
8. my brothers
9. my brother
10. You and I
11. he and she
12. Mary`s sister
1. Mary`s sisters
14. the teacher
15. people
alam belaiar Grammar tidak boleh terputus. %entunya Anda sudah tahu bahwa ada
kelompok %enses yaitu Present %ense, Past %ense dan Future %ense setiap kelompok masing
masing memiliki 4 tenses. imana untuk setiap tenses nya ada yang memiliki tipe Verbal dan
Nominal.
Sampai sini berhenti dulu ..iangan laniut baca kecuali Anda yakin paham, hehe. key laniut
lagi, untuk Simple Present memiliki tipe Nominal atau yang predicate nya %obe1 serta Verbal
yang predicatenya Verb1. Masih paham dong, okey kita laniut lagi. Untuk Nominal Simple
Present, Anda sudah sangat memahami bagaimana menggunakan %obe untuk setiap
subiective pronounsnya, sedangkan untuk Verbal Simple Present semua yang diawali
dengan He, She, It maka verb nya mendapatkan tambahan ¹S sbb.
I write
You write
We write
%hey write
He writes
She writes
It writes
Begitupun pada kata keria HAVE seperti He Have(s) mendapatkan tambahan (s) sehingga
kalimat tersebut meniadi HE HAS.
Per:baan Kalimat Negative dan Interrogative
I
You N`% (do not) G
We
%hey
contoh : I don`t go, You don`t go, We don`t go, %hey don`t go. Selaniutnya amati sbb.
He
She ESN`% (does not) G
It
Amati, pada kalimat negative/interrogative yang berawalan He, She, It kata keria nya (verb)
nya kembali normal %IA MENGGUNAAN ¹S lagi karena sudah ada ES.
(¹) You write
() You N`% write
(?) you write?
(¹) He writes
() He ESN`% write
(?) oes he write?
Amati contoh lain
(¹) You have a book
() You N`% have a book
(?) you have a book?
(¹) He has a book
() He ESN`% have a book
(?) ES he have a book?
Exercise 1 : Ubahlah kedalam kalimat () dan (?)
1. You have a car
2. My sister has a car
. My sisters have a car
4. You and I learn English
5. John and Bill sing
6. %he cat drinks
7. Joe has breakIast
8. ur brother teaches
9. ur brothers work
10. John`s sisters have a car

Answer Kev . (iangan dilia9 dulu kunci iawaban ini)
My sister has a car
My sister doesn`t have a car
does my sister have a car?
My sisters have a car
My sisters don`t have a car
do my sisters have a car?

¢lajar T¢ns¢s Inggris Ŷ : Pr¢s¢nt Continuous T¢ns¢
une 7Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
Present Continuous tense dalam tenses bahasa inggris digunakan untuk tindakan yang sedang
berlangsung sekarang, keiadian di waktu sedang berbicara dan tindakan yang berlangsung
hanya untuk iangka waktu yang singkat. Present Continuous tense disebut iuga dengan
Present Progressive %ense
Penggunaan :
1. keiadian sekarang atau kegiatan sementara
contoh : Mr. %eguh si writing a new book
Mr. %eguh sedang menulis buku baru
2. #encana di masa depan yang sudah pasti waktunya (pribadi)
I am going to Surabaya at 07.0 tomorrow
Saya akan pergi ke Surabaya iam 7.0 besok
. keiadian terkait atas sesuatu atau seseorang disekitar waktu sekarang atau sedang berbicara
contoh : it is raining day
hari ini sedang huian
#umus Present Continuous %ense :
PositiI (¹):
subiect ¹ to be (am, is, are) ¹ Verb ing ¹ obiect
NegatiI () :
subiect ¹ to be ¹ not ¹ verb ing ¹ obiect
%anya (?) :
to be ¹ subiect ¹ verb ing ¹ obiect
Contoh Present Continuous %ense :
I am watching %V now (¹)
Mr. hanaIi is not going to Jakarta ()
Is Mrs. Annisa cooking in the kitchen ? (?)
Present Continuous tense membutuhkan :
kata keria 'to be¨
%unggal,
I am (orang pertama)
You are (orang kedua)
He / she / it is (orang ketiga)
Jamak,
We are (orang pertama)
You are (orang kedua)
%hey are (orang ketiga)
bentuk kata keria 'ing¨
Contoh :
Go ¹ ing ÷ going
eterangan waktu (adverb oI time) yang sering digunakan dalam Present Continuous tense :
'NW, #IGH% NW, %M##W,etc¨
¢lajar T¢ns¢s Inggris Ÿ : Pr¢s¢nt P¢rf¢ct Continuous T¢ns¢
une 9Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
Present PerIect Continuous mengungkapkan tindakan yang telah dimulai di masa lalu dan
sekarang masih berlaniut. %enses bahasa inggris ini iuga digunakan untuk menceritakan
keiadian yang dimulai dimasa lalu dan baru saia selesai.
Penggunaan
1. tindakan yang telah dimulai dimasa lalu dan masih berlaniut sekarang
2. tindakan yang baru saia berhenti
#umus :
PositiI (¹)
Subiect ¹ has / have ¹ been ¹ verbing
NegatiI ()
Subiect ¹ has / have ¹ not ¹ been ¹ verbing
%anya (?)
Has/have ¹ subiect ¹ been ¹ verbing ?
Contoh :
I have been watching %V Ior two hours (¹)
He has been playing Iootball since elementary school (¹)
Marina has not been learning english Ior two years ()
Have you been reading a book Ior an hour ? (?)
eterangan waktu (adverb oI time) yang digunakan,
'Ior¨ dan 'since¨ merupakan keterangan waktu yang sangat umum digunakan dalam Present
PerIect Continuous tense
Berikut latihan Present PerIect Continuous tense bahasa inggris. Jika mengalami kesulitan
dalam arti kata gunakan kamus bahasa inggris online :
¢lajar T¢ns¢s abasa Inggris Ź : Simpl¢ Past T¢ns¢
une 10Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
Simple past %ense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan keiadian yang telah teriadi pada waktu
tertentu di masa lalu. keiadian bisa pendek atau paniang. Berarti iuga bisa meniadi beberapa
keiadian teriadi satu demi persatu. Secara umum, Ada dua Iakta penting yang perlu diingat
dalam tenses bahasa inggris ini :
kata keria tak beraturan (Irregular Verbs)
kalimat negatiI dan pertanyaan tidak seperti kalimat positiI tetapi mempertahankan bentuk
dasar kata keria
Penggunaan
1. Peristiwa di masa lalu yang telah selesai (misalnya : I went to school)
2. Situasi di masa lalu (they lived a normal liIe until they won a lottery)
. Serangkaian tindakan di masa lalu
#umus
PositiI (¹)
Subiect ¹ to be (was/were) ¹ complement
Subiect ¹ verb 2 ¹ obiect
NegatiI ()
Subiect ¹ to be (was/were) ¹ not ¹ complement
Subiect ¹ did not ¹ verb 1 ¹ obiect
%anya (?)
id ¹ subiect ¹ verb 1 ¹ obiect ?
Contoh Simple Past tense:
He was a businessman in 1999 (¹)
dia adalah seorang pebisnis pada tahun 1999
I sell these motorcycles in Surabaya(¹)
saya meniual sepeda motor ini di Surabaya
She did not visit me yesterday ()
dia tidak menguniungiku kemarin
My parents were not home this aIternoon()
orang tua ku tidak ada di rumah siang ini
id you play Iootball yesterday ? (?)
Apakah kamu bermain sepakbola kemarin ?
eterangan waktu (adverb oI time) yang umum digunakan dalam simple past tense :
Yesterday (kemarin, the other day (lain hari), iust now (sekarang), the day beIore yesterday
(sehari sebelum kemarin), etc
¢lajar T¢ns¢s Inggris ź : Past Continuous T¢ns¢
une 11Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
Past Continuous %ense mengungkapkan tindakan di masa lalu yang sedang berlangsung.
tindakan kadang dapat iuga disela oleh sesuatu. bentuk tenses bahasa inggris ini disebut iuga
Past Progressive %ense
Penggunaan :
1. %indakan yang sedang berlangsung
2. kegiatan sela yang sedang berlangsung
|Past Continuous| ¹ When ¹ |Past Simple|
. kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung pada waktu yang sama di masa lalu
4. Pertanyaan bersyarat / sopan
Misalnya : I was wondering iI you could carry my bag.
#umus
PositiI (¹)
Subiect ¹ to be (was/were) ¹ verbing ¹ obiect
NegatiI ()
Subiect ¹ was/were ¹ not ¹ verbing ¹ obiect
%anya (?)
was/were ¹ subiect ¹ verbing ¹ obiect ?
Contoh Past Continuous tense :
He was sleeping when I came (¹)
ia sedang tidur ketika saya datang
He was not sleeping when I came ()
ia tidak sedang tidur ketika saya datang
Was he sleeping when I came ?
apakah dia sedang tidur ketika saya datang ?
I was working all night yesterday(¹)
saya sedang bekeria sepaniang malam kemarin
I was not working all night yesterday ()
Saya tidak sedang bekeria sepaniang malam kemarin
were you working all night yesterday ?
Apakah kamu sedang bekeria sepaniang malam kemarin ?
Berikut latihan Past continuous tense bahasa inggris. Jika mengalami kesulitan dalam arti
kata gunakan kamus bahasa inggris online :

¢laj¢lajar T¢ns¢s Inggris 8 : Past P¢rf¢ct Continuous T¢ns¢
une 1Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
Past PerIect Continuous %ense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu tindakan yang dimulai
di masa lalu dan berlangsung sampai tindakan lain yang di masa lalu.
Penggunaan :
1. urasi tindakan masa lalu sampai titik waktu tertentu di masa lalu iuga
2. kalimat pengandaian (Conditional Sentence) %ype III
II it hadn`t been raining, we would have played Iootball
. kalimat tak langsung (reported speech)
Ann: I was crying
George: Ann said she had been crying
George : Ann mengatakan bahwa dia telah menangis
#umus
PositiI (¹)
Subiect ¹ had ¹ been ¹ verbing ¹ obiect
NegatiI ()
Subiect ¹ had ¹ not ¹ been ¹ verbing ¹ obiect
%anya (?)
Had ¹ subiect ¹ been ¹ obiect ?
Contoh Past PerIect Continuous tense :
He had been living in Jakarta about ten years (¹)
ia telah tinggal di Jakarta sekitar 10 tahun
He had not been living in Jakarta about ten years ()
dia belum tinggal di Jakarta sekitar 10 tahun
Had He been living in Jakarta about ten years ? (?)
apakah dia telah tinggal di Jakarta selamat 10 tahun ?
Perbedaan antara Present PerIect Continuous and Past PerIect Continuous adalah :
Present PerIect Continuous mengungkapkan tindakan yang terus berlaniut sampai sekarang
sedangkan Past PerIect Continuous tidak.
He has been playing Ior two hours
ia telah bermain selama 2 iam (dia masih bermain atau baru saia selesai)
He had been playing Ior two hours when arrived
ia telah bermain selama 2 iam ketika saya tiba (sekarang tidak sedang bermain.
¢lajar T¢ns¢s Inggris 9 : Simpl¢ Futur¢ T¢ns¢
une 14Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
i antara semua bentuk Future tenses, Simple Future adalah yang paling umum, digunakan
dalam banyak situasi seperti ketika membuat ianii, prediksi atau rencana. Future %ense
disebut iuga dengan Present Future %ense
Simple Future %ense dibagi meniadi dua bentuk yaitu 'Will/shall¨ dan 'going to¨ tetapi
memiliki perbedaan penggunaan.
'going to¨ digunakan dalam mengucapkan suatu rencana tindakan yg telah dibuat iauh2
sebelum berbicara.Juga digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu prediksi berdasarkan tanda
tanda saat ini (pasti teriadi kemungkinan besar)
'going to¨ iuga dikenal dalam kata 'gonna¨ yang sering digunakan dalam situasi tidak resmi.
PEN%ING : Hindari menggunakan kata 'gonna¨ dalam uiian bahasa inggris atau suasana
resmi.
'will¨ digunakan dalam mengucapkan suatu rencana tindakan yang baru saia kamu
pikirkan/belum direncanakan/spontanitas saat berbicara.iuga digunakan untuk
mengungkapkan ramalan yg akan teriadi berdasarkan perhitungan atau perasaan (belum tentu
kepastiannya).
Will sering disingkat
will ÷ ill
Will not ÷ won`t
Will/shall iuga sering digunakan dengan 'problably, most likely, I think, I`m sure, I wonder
(iI, what, when, etc), I expect¨
#umus
PositiI (¹)
Subiect ¹ will/shall ¹ verb I ¹ obiect
Subiect ¹ am/is/are ¹ going to ¹ verb I ¹ obiect
NegatiI ()
Subiect ¹ will/shall ¹ verb I ¹ obiect
Subiect ¹ am/is/are ¹ not ¹ going to ¹ verb I ¹ obiect
%anya (?)
Will/shall ¹ subiect ¹ verb I ¹ obiect
Am/is/are ¹ subiect ¹ going to ¹ verb I ¹ obiect
Contoh Simple Future tense :
We will go to school soon (¹)
kita akan pergi ke sekolah segera
We will not go to school soon ()
kita tidak akan pergi ke sekolah segera
Will we go to school soon ? (?)
apakah kita akan pergi ke sekolah segera
ar T¢ns¢s Inggris Ż : Past P¢rf¢ct T¢ns¢
une 12Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
ita menggunakan Past PeIect (simple) tense untuk menuniukkan suatu tindakan di masa lalu
berkaitan dengan tindakan lain sebelumnya di masa lalu.
Penggunaan :
1. menceritakan sebuah tindakan yang sudah selesai sebelum tindakan lain di masa lalu
2. kalimat pengandaian (Conditional Sentence) %ype III
II ¹ subiect ¹ Past perIect ¹ would have ¹ verb III
II we had known the answer, we would have told you
Seandainya kami telah tahu iawabannya, kami akan telah mengatakan padamu (kenyataanya
kami sudah tidak tahu iawabannya)
. kalimat tak langsung (reported speech)
Ann: I have searched all the rooms.
George: Ann said she had searched all the rooms.
George : Ann mengatakan bahwa dia sudah mencari semua kamar
untuk pembahasan selengkapnya tentang reported speech dalam berbagai tenses disini
#umus Past PerIect %ense :
PositiI (¹)
Subiect ¹ had ¹ verb III ¹ (past participle) ¹ obiect
NegatiI ()
Subiect ¹ had ¹ not ¹ verb III ¹ obiect
%anya (?)
Had ¹ subiect ¹ verb III ¹ obiect ?
Contoh Past PerIect tense :
%hey had been here beIore 1945 (¹)
mereka telah berada disini sebelum tahun 1945
%hey had not been here beIore 1945 ()
mereka belum berada disini sebelum tahun 1945
Had they been here beIore 1945 ? (?)
apakah mereka telah berada disini sebelum 1945 ?
She had gone to Amsterdam when I called her (¹)
dia telah pergi ke Amsterdam ketika aku meneleponnya
She had not gone to Amsterdam when I called her ()
dia belum pergi ke Amsterdam ketika aku meneleponnya
Had she gone to Amsterdam when you called her ?
apakah dia telah pergi ke Amsterdam ketika kamu meneleponnya ?
eterangan waktu (Adverb oI time) yang umum digunakan dalam past PerIect tense ini :
aIter, beIore, already, as soon as, iust, yet, until, till, by the time that.
¢lajar T¢ns¢s Inggris ŵŴ : Futur¢ Continuous T¢ns¢
une 13Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
Future Continuous tense umumnya digunakan untuk menandakan bahwa kita akan berada
ditengahtengah suatu keiadian dalam waktu tertentu di masa depan. Future Continuous
dikenal iuga dengan sebutan Present Future Continuous
Future Continuous iuga memiliki 2 bentuk yaitu 'will¨ dan 'going to¨ memiliki makna yang
sama dan bisa saling menggantikan saat digunakan. Berbeda dengan penggunaan pada simple
Iuture tense.
Penggunaan
1. tindakan di masa depan yang sedang berlangsung
2. dugaan antara masa kini dan masa depan
Joni won`t be sleeping now
Joni tidak akan tidur sekarang (saya pikir Joni tidak tidur sekarang)
. untuk mengaiukan pertanyaan dengan sopan tentang niat seseorang
will you be coming home ?
akankah kamu datang ke rumah ?(saya berharap kamu datang ke rumah)
#umus
PositiI (¹)
Subiect ¹ will/shall ¹ be ¹ verbing ¹ obiect
NegatiI ()
Subiect ¹ will/shall ¹ not ¹ verbing ¹ obiect
%anya (?)
Will/shall ¹ subiect ¹ be ¹ verbing ¹ obiect
Contoh Future Continuous tense :
I will be watching a movie tonight (¹)
saya akan sedang menonton Iilm nanti malam
I will not be watching a movie tonight ()
saya tidak akan sedang menonton Iilm nanti malam
Will you be watching a movie tonight ? (?)
Apakah kamu akan sedang menonton Iilm nanti malam ?
¢lajar T¢ns¢s Inggris ŵŵ : Futur¢ P¢rf¢ct T¢ns¢
une 16Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
ita menggunakan Future PerIect tenses bahasa inggris ini untuk menyatakan keiadian yang
akan selesai dimasa depan yang sudah dimulai dimasa lalu. Future PerIect disebut iuga
Present Future PerIect %ense atau Future PerIect Simple %ense
#umus
PositiI (¹)
Subiect ¹ shall/will ¹ have ¹ been ¹ complement
Subiect ¹ shall/will ¹ have ¹ verb III ¹ obiect
NegatiI ()
Subiect ¹ shall/will ¹ not ¹ been ¹ complement
Subiect ¹ shall/will ¹ not ¹ have ¹ verb III ¹ obiect
%anya (?)
Shall/will ¹ subiect ¹ been ¹ complement
Shall/will ¹ subiect ¹ have ¹ verb III ¹ obiect ?
Contoh Future perIect tense :
I will have been in this hospital until tomorrow morning (¹)
saya akan telah berada di rumah sakit ini sampai besok pagi
I will not have been in this hospital until tomorrow morning ()
saya tidak akan telah berada di rumah sakit ini sampai besok pagi
Will you have been in this hospital until tomorrow morning ? (?)
apakah kamu akan telah berada disini sampai besok pagi ?
Maiid will have rented my house next month (¹)
Maiid akan telah menyewa rumahku bulan depan
Maiid will not have rented my house next month ()
Maiid tidak akan telah menyewa rumahku bulan depan
Will Maiid have rented my house next month ? (?)
apakah Maiid akan telah menyewa rumahku bulan depan ?
eterangan waktu (adverb oI time) yang umum digunakan :
BeIore, by tomorrow/7 o`clock/next month, until/till
¢lajar T¢ns¢s Inggris ŵŶ : Futur¢ P¢rf¢ct Continuous T¢ns¢
une 17Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
ita menggunakan Future PerIect Continuous tenses bahasa inggris ini untuk menceritakan
keiadian yang akan berlangsung pada waktu tertentu di masa depan. Future PerIect
Continuous %ense dikenal iuga dengan sebutan Present Future PerIect Continuous atau
Future PerIect Progressive.
#umus
PositiI (¹)
Subiect ¹ shall/will ¹ have ¹ been ¹ verbing ¹ obiect
NegatiI ()
Subiect ¹ shall/will ¹ not ¹ have ¹ been ¹ verbing ¹ obiect
%anya (?)
Shall/will ¹ subiect ¹ have ¹ been ¹ verbing ¹ obiect ?
Contoh Future PerIect Continuous tense :
My grandmother will have been visiting us tomorrow morning (¹)
nenek saya akan telah sedang menguniungi kami besok pagi
My grandmother will not have been visiting us tomorrow morning ()
nenek saya tidak akan telah sedang menguniungi kami besok pagi
Will your grandmother have been visiting you tomorrow morning? (?)
apakah nenek kamu akan telah sedang menguniungi kamu besok pagi ?
Ungkapan waktu yang umum digunakan :
By tomorrow / 8 o`clock, %his year / month / week, Next year / month / week
Berikut latihan Future PerIect Continuous tense bahasa inggris. Jika mengalami kesulitan
dalam arti kata gunakan kamus bahasa inggris online :
¢lajar T¢ns¢s Inggris ŵŷ : Past Futur¢ T¢ns¢
une 18Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
Simple Past Future %ense ini digunakan untuk mengungkapkan keiadian yang akan teriadi
pada masa lalu (bukan masa sekarang, kebalikan dari simple Iuture tense).
#umus
PositiI (¹)
Subiect ¹ should/would ¹ be ¹ obiect
Subiect ¹ should/would ¹ verb I ¹ obiect
NegatiI ()
Subiect ¹ should/would ¹ not ¹ be ¹ obiect
Subiect ¹ should/would ¹ not ¹ verb ¹ obiect
%anya (?)
Should/would ¹ subiect ¹ be ¹ obiect ?
Should/would ¹ subiect ¹ verb I ¹ obiect ?
Contoh simple past Iuture tense :
He should be in Banten next month (¹)
dia akan telah berada di Banten bulan depan
He should not be in Banten next month ()
dia tidak akan telah berada di Banten bulan depan
Should he be in Banten next month ? (?)
apakah dia akan telah berada di Banten bulan depan ?
I should be pick up when you arrive at the station tomorrow (¹)
saya akan sedang sudah meniemput ketika kamu tiba di stasiun besok
I should not be pick up when you arrive at the station tomorrow ()
saya tidak akan sedang sudah meniemput ketika kamu tiba di stasiun besok
should you be pick up when I arrive at the station tomorrow ? (?)
apakah kamu akan sedang sudah meniemput ketika saya tiba di stasiun besok ?
Berikut latihan simple past Iuture tense bahasa inggris. Jika mengalami kesulitan dalam arti
kata gunakan kamus bahasa inggris online :
¢lajar T¢ns¢s Inggris ŵŸ : Past Futur¢ Continuous T¢ns¢
une 19Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
ita menggunakan Past Future Continuous atau Past Future Progressive tense bahasa inggris
ini untuk menceritakan suatu tindakan yang akan sedang teriadi pada masa lalu ( untuk yang
sedang teriadi di masa sekarang disebut Future Continuous %ense).
#umus
PositiI (¹)
Subiect ¹ should/would ¹ be ¹ verbing ¹ obiect
NegatiI ()
Subiect ¹ should/would ¹ not ¹ be ¹ verbing ¹ obiect
%anya (?)
Should/would ¹ subiect ¹ be ¹ verbing ¹ obiect ?
Contoh Past Future Continuous tense :
My brother would be Iinishing %hesis last week (¹)
akakku akan telah sedang menyelesaikan tesis minggu lalu
My brother would not be Iinishing %hesis last week ()
akakku tidak akan telah sedang menyelesaikan tesis minggu lalu
Would your brother be Iinishing %hesis last week? (?)
apakah kakakmu akan telah sedang menyelesaikan tesis minggu lalu ?
Berikut latihan simple past Iuture continuous tense bahasa inggris. Jika mengalami kesulitan
dalam arti kata gunakan kamus bahasa inggris online :
¢lajar T¢ns¢s Inggris ŵŹ : Past Futur¢ P¢rf¢ct t¢ns¢
une 20Lţ 2010 ÞsLed ln ArLlkel
Past Future PeIect %ense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan tindakan yang akan sudah selesai
di masa lalu (silahkan bandingkan perbedaannya dengan Future PerIect %ense)
#umus
PositiI (¹)
Subiect ¹ should/would ¹ have ¹ been ¹ complement
Subiect ¹ should/would ¹ have ¹ verb III ¹ obiect
NegatiI ()
Subiect ¹ should/would ¹ not ¹ have ¹ been ¹ complement
Subiect ¹ should/would ¹ not ¹ have ¹ verb III ¹ obiect
%anya (?)
Should/would ¹ subiect ¹ have ¹ been ¹ complement ?
Should/would ¹ subiect ¹ have ¹ verb III ¹ obiect ?
Contoh Past Future PerIect tense :
My mother should have been here at nine o`clock tomorrow (¹)
Ibu saya akan sudah berada disini iam 9 besok
My mother should not have been here at nine o`clock tomorrow ()
Ibu saya tidak akan sudah berada disini iam 9 besok
Should your mother have been here at nine o`clock tomorrow ? (?)
Apakah ibu kamu akan sudah berada disini iam 9 besok ?
Mar`i would have worked in leading companies next month (¹)
Mar`I akan sudah bekeria di perusahaan ternama bulan depan
Mar`i will not have worked in leading companies next month ()
Mar`I tidak akan sudah bekeria di perusahaan ternama bulan depan
Will Mar`i have worked in leading companies next month ? (?)
Apakah Mar`I akan sudah bekeria di perusahaan ternama bulan depan
¢lajar T¢ns¢s Inggris ŵź : Past Futur¢ P¢rf¢ct Continuous t¢ns¢
une 21sLţ 2010 ÞsLed ln Þela[aran
%ense bahasa inggris terakhir ini digunakan untuk mengungkapkan keiadian yang akan sudah
sedang teriadi pada masa lalu. Past Iuture perIect continuous tense memiliki persamaan
dengan Iuture perIect continuous tense.
#umus
PositiI (¹)
Subiect ¹ should/would ¹ have ¹ been ¹ verbing ¹ obiect
NegatiI ()
Subiect ¹ should/would ¹ not ¹ have ¹ been ¹ verbing ¹ obiect
%anya (?)
Should/would ¹ subiect ¹ have ¹ been ¹ verbing ¹ obiect ?
Contoh Past Future PerIect Continuous tense :
I would have working in leading companies Ior 10 years (¹)
Aku akan sudah sedang bekeria di perusahaan ternama selama 10 tahun
I would not have working in leading companies Ior 10 years ()
Aku tidak akan sudah sedang bekeria di perusahaan ternama selama 10 tahun
Would you have working in leading companies Ior 10 years ? (?)
apakah kamu akan sudah sedang bekeria di perusahaan ternama selama 10 tahun ?
Berikut latihan Past Future PerIect Continuous tense bahasa inggris. Jika mengalami
kesulitan dalam arti kata gunakan kamus bahasa inggris online :

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