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Materi Ringkas Gelombang

Materi Ringkas Gelombang

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Published by Pristiadi Utomo
Materi Ringkas Gelombang
Materi Ringkas Gelombang

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Published by: Pristiadi Utomo on Feb 16, 2011
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Ringkasan Materi Gelombang Drs. Pristiadi Utomo. M.Pd.

SMK N 11 SEMARANG




0EL0V8AN0




Ringkasan Materi Gelombang Drs. Pristiadi Utomo. M.Pd.
SMK N 11 SEMARANG

1. Pe(cooaar de|oroard l(arsve(sa| dar |ord|lud|ra|
0e|oroard ada|ar oerlu| da(| dela(ar vard re(aroal pada sualu red|ur. Pada de|oroard vard re(aroal
ada|ar de|oroardrva. ou|ar zal red|ur pe(arla(arva. 3alu de|oroard dapal d|||ral parjardrva derdar
rerdr|lurd ja(a| arla(a |eroar dar ou||l |de|oroard l(arve(sa|) alau rerr|lurd ja(a| arla(a salu (apalar
derdar salu (erddardar |de|oroard |ord|lud|ra|). Cepal (aroal de|oroard ada|ar ja(a| vard d|lerpur o|er
de|oroard da|ar Wa|lu salu del||.
a. 0e|oroard T(arsve(sa|
0e|oroard l(arsve(sa| ada|ar de|oroard vard a(ar (aroalarrva leda| |u(us derdar a(ar (aroalarrva.
3alu de|oroard le(d|(| alas salu |eroar dar salu ou||l. r|sa|rva sepe(l| (|a| de|oroard a|(. oerard vard
d|dela(|ar. dso.



o. 0e|oroard Lord|lud|ra|
0e|oroard |od|lud|ra| ada|ar de|oroard vard re(aroal da|ar a(ar vard oe(|rp|lar derdar a(ar dela(ar
pada l|ap oad|ar vard ada. 0e|oroard vard le(jad| oe(upa (apalar dar (erddardar. Corlor de|oroard
|ord|lud|ra| sepe(l| s||rd|| / pedas vard d|la(|| |e sarp|rd |a|u d||epas.



2. 3|lal-s|lal de|oroard
a. 0|spe(s| 0e|oroard
0|spe(s| de|oroard ada|ar pe(uoarar oerlu| de|oroard |el||a de|oroard re(aroal re|a|u| sualu
red|ur.
o. Perarlu|ar de|oroard
Perarlu|ar de|oroard pada lard|| (|a|. pada perarlu|ar |r| d|pe(o|er de|oroard ||rd|a(ar vard
pusalrva ada|ar suroe( de|oroard 3. 0e|oroard parlu| vard d|ras|||ar o|er o|dard |u(us juda oe(upa
de|oroard ||rd|a(ar 3 seoada| pusal ||rd|a(ar. Ja(a| 3 |e o|dard parlu| sara derdar ja(a| s |e o|dard
parlu|. Veru(ul lu|ur 3re|||us. de|oroard dal|rd. de|oroard parlu|. dar da(|s ro(ra| oe(ada pada
salu o|dard dar sudul dal|rd a|ar sara derdar sudul parlu|. sepe(l| larpa| pada daroa( oe(||ul: urlu|
de|oroard dua alau l|da d|rers| sepe(l| de|oroard a|(. ||la rerdera| derdar |sl||ar s|ra( de|oroard
dar ru|a de|oroard.










Ringkasan Materi Gelombang Drs. Pristiadi Utomo. M.Pd.
SMK N 11 SEMARANG

Muka Celombang
Vu|a de|oroard |F(orl Wave) d|del|r|s||ar seoada| lerpal |edudud|ar l|l|| - l|l|| vard rer||||| lase vard
sara pada de|oroard. pada daroa( d| sarp|rd |r| rerurju||ar ||rd|a(ar - ||rd|a(ar le(seoul re(upa|ar
ru|a de|oroard. Ja(a| arla(a ru|a de|oroard vard oe(de|alar sara derdar salu de|oroard |\). 3|ra(
de|oroard ada|ar da(|s vard d|la(|| derdar a(ar leda| |u(us le(radap ru|a de|oroard.

8||a de|oroard re||rd|a( re(aroal le(us |eseda|a a(ar ra|a pada ja(a| vard jaur da(| suroe(
de|oroard. ||la a|ar re||ral ru|a de|oroard vard rarpe( |u(us. sepe(l| ra|rva de|oroard a|( |aul vard
sarpa| d|parla|. Vu|a de|oroard vard sepe(l| |r| d|seoul seoada| ru|a de|oroard o|dard.








c. Pero|asar de|oroard
Pada perarlu|ar de|oroard. de|oroard vard l|oa d| oalas red|ur a|ar d|parlu||ar |e a(ar seru|a.
Pada pero|asar. de|oroard vard rerdera| o|dard oalas arla(a dua red|ur. seoad|ar a|ar d|parlu||ar
dar seoad|ar |ad| a|ar d|le(us|ar alau d|o|as|ar. 0e|oroard vard d|o|as|ar |r| a|ar rerda|ar|
peroe|o|ar a(ar da(| a(ar seru|a le(darlurd pada red|urrva. Pada red|ur |edua. cepal (aroal
de|oroard rerda|ar| pe(uoarar dar pe(uoarar |r| pur le(darlurd pada red|urrva. 0erdar |ala |a|r.
pero|asar de|oroard ada|ar peroe|o|ar a(ar ||rlasar de|oroard ele|ar re|eWal| o|dard oalas arla(a
dua red|ur vard oe(oeda.











d. 0|l(a|s| de|oroard
Pe(|sl|Wa d|l(a|s| alau |erlu(ar dapal le(jad| j||a seouar de|oroard re|eWal| seouar perdra|ard alau
re|eWal| seouar ce|ar serp|l. Pada sualu red|ur vard se(oa sara. de|oroard a|ar re(aroal |u(us.
A|ar lelap|. j||a pada red|ur le(seoul de|orrard le(ra|ard|. oerlu| dar a(ar pe(aroalarrva dapal
oe(uoar.










Ringkasan Materi Gelombang Drs. Pristiadi Utomo. M.Pd.
SMK N 11 SEMARANG

e. lrle(le(ers| de|oroard
0ua de|oroard d|seoul .selase. j||a |edua de|oroard le(seoul rer||||| l(e|uers| sara dar pada sel|ap
saal vard sara rer||||| a(ar s|rpardar vard sara pu|a. Adapur dua de|oroard d|seoul oe(|aWarar
lase. j||a |edua de|oroard le(seoul rer||||| l(e|uers| sara. dar pada sel|ap sea| vard sara rer|||||
a(ar s|rpardar vard oe(|aWarar.











l. Po|a(|sas| de|oraord
0e|oroard vard rarva re(aroal pada salu o|dard d|seoul de|oroard le(po|a(|sas| ||r|e(. sedard|ar
de|oroard vard re(aroal l|da| pada salu o|dard d|seoul de|oroard la|le(po|a(|sas|.



















Kele(ardar : a. 0e|oroard le(po|a(|sas| ||r|e( pada a(ar ve(l||a|. o. 0e|oroard le(po|a(|sas| ||r|e( pada
a(ar ro(|zorla|. c.de|oroard la| le(po|a(|sas|.


3. Rurus ele| 0opp|e(
Ferorera pe(uoarar l(e|uers| |a(era perda(ur de(a| (e|al|l arla(a suroe( ourv| dar perderda(. urlu|
pe(lara |a||rva d|aral| o|er Cr(|sl|ar 0opp|e( |1803-1853). 3eo(ard F|s||aWar oe(|eoardsaar Ausl(|a.

˦p =
˰ -˰p
˰ - ˰s
˦s

Cepal (aroal ourv| |v) se|a|u oe(larda pos|l|l. 3edard|ar vs dar vp oe(larda pos|l|l j||a sea(ar derdar a(ar
da(| suroe( |3) |e perderda( |P) dar oe(larda reda|l j||a oe(|aWarar a(ar. urlu| suroe( d|ar vs = 0 dar
urlu| perderda( d|ar vp = 0. Pe(saraar d|alas rerdarddap oarWa |ecepalar ard|r |vW) ada|ar ro|. J||a
|ecepalar ard|r oe(perda(ur ra|a


˦p =
(˰ + ˰˱) -˰p
(˰ + ˰˱) -˰s
˦s











Ringkasan Materi Gelombang Drs. Pristiadi Utomo. M.Pd.
SMK N 11 SEMARANG

1. Pe(cooaar derdar oardu| sede(rara dar pedas



2. Perde(l|ar dela(ar. de|oroard. dar ourv|
a. 0ela(ar
0ela(ar ada|ar de(a|ar oo|a| oa||| vard re|a|u| l|l|| se|roard
s|rpardar ada|ar ja(a| seouar l|l|| da(| |eadaar se|roard
Arp||ludo ada|ar s|rpardar le(jaur
Pe(|ode ada|ar Wa|lu vard d|oulur|ar urlu| rererpur sejur|ar dela(ar
ˠ =
t
n

urlu| oardu| ˠ = Ŷn¹
I
g

urlu| pedas ˠ = Ŷn¹
m
k

F(e|uers| ada|ar 8arva|rva dela(ar vard le(jad| da|ar se|ard Wa|lu le(lerlu
ˠ =
n
t


˦ =
1
1

o. 0e|oroard



Ringkasan Materi Gelombang Drs. Pristiadi Utomo. M.Pd.
SMK N 11 SEMARANG


ˢ =
z
ˠ
oˮo˯ ˢ = z ˦


c 8urv|
8urv| re(upa|ar de|oroard re|ar|s |a(era pe(aroalar ourv| reroulur|ar pe(arla(a. 8urv| re(upa|ar
de|oroard |ord|lud|ra| |a(era pe(aroalarrva sejaja( derdar a(ar dela(arrva.
Ke(as |erarrva ourv| d|lerlu|ar o|er arp||ludo dar ja(a| ourv| le(radap perderda(. 3edard|ar l|rdd|
(erdarrva ourv| d|rvala|ar da|ar l(e|uers|.
ourv| oe(dasa(|ar l(e|uers|rva d|oeda|ar rerjad| l|da : |rl(asor|c |< 20 lz). aud|osor|c |20 lz - 20000 lz)
dar u|l(asor|c |>20000 lz).






























Ringkasan Materi Gelombang Drs. Pristiadi Utomo. M.Pd.
SMK N 11 SEMARANG
1. F(e|uers| dar pe(|ode pedas



2. F(e|uers| dar pe(|ode avurar oardu|



3. Kecepalar dela(ar ra(ror||

ˢ =
x
1
oˮo˯ ˢ = z ˦

Ere(d| ||rel|| :


Ered(| polers|a| :



Ere(d| re|ar|| :


8erda vard oe(dela( rererur| ru|ur |e|e|a|ar ere(d| re|ar|| :






J||a Y rax ra|a v r|r dar A rax se(la l rax. J||a ere(d| K|rel|| rax ra|a Ere(d| Polers|a| rercapa| ra(da
r|r|rur sedard|ar ere(d| re|ar|| se|a|u |orslar.

1. Ele| 0opp|e(
Ferorera pe(uoarar l(e|uers| |a(era perda(ur de(a| (e|al|l arla(a suroe( ourv| dar perderda(. urlu|
pe(lara |a||rva d|aral| o|er Cr(|sl|ar 0opp|e( |1803-1853). 3eo(ard F|s||aWar oe(|eoardsaar Ausl(|a.

˦p =
˰ -˰p
˰ - ˰s
˦s

Cepal (aroal ourv| |v) se|a|u oe(larda pos|l|l. 3edard|ar vs dar vp oe(larda pos|l|l j||a sea(ar derdar a(ar
da(| suroe( |3) |e perderda( |P) dar oe(larda reda|l j||a oe(|aWarar a(ar. urlu| suroe( d|ar vs = 0 dar
ˠ = Ŷn¹
m
k
|a(era ˦ =
1
1
ra|a ˦ =
1
2n
¹
k
m


ˠ = Ŷn¹
I
g
|a(era ˦ =
1
1
ra|a ˦ =
1
2n
¹
g
I


˗H =
ŵ
Ŷ
˭˰
2
=
ŵ
Ŷ
˫˓
2
cos
2
0
˗˜ =
ŵ
Ŷ
˫˳
2
=
ŵ
Ŷ
˫˓
2
s˩n
2
0
˗˭ = ˗˫ + ˗˜ =
ŵ
Ŷ
˫˓
2

Er1 = Er2
E|1 ÷ EP1 = E|2 ÷ EP2
½ rv1
2
÷ ½ |v1
2
= ½ rv2
2
÷ ½ |v2
2

Ringkasan Materi Gelombang Drs. Pristiadi Utomo. M.Pd.
SMK N 11 SEMARANG
urlu| perderda( d|ar vp = 0. Pe(saraar d|alas rerdarddap oarWa |ecepalar ard|r |vW) ada|ar ro|. J||a
|ecepalar ard|r oe(perda(ur ra|a
˦p =
(˰ + ˰˱) -˰p
(˰ + ˰˱) -˰s
˦s

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