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limit fungsi-soal-jawab

limit fungsi-soal-jawab

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Soal Latihan dan Pembahasan

Limit Fungsi


Di susun Oleh :

Yuyun Somantri
1


http://bimbinganbelajar.net/





Di dukung oleh :

Portal edukasi Gratis Indonesia
Open Knowledge and Education

http://oke.or.id




Tutorial ini diperbolehkan untuk di copy, di sebarluaskan, di print dan diperbaiki dengan tetap
menyertakan nama penulis、tanpa ada tujuan komersial



1
Lahir di Bandung tahun 1956, Lulus dari SMK Kimia melanjutkan studinya ke UPI (IKIP Bandung), lalu
meneruskan studinya lagi bidang matematika dan dari tahun 1984 sampai saat ini mengajar matematika di
SMA Negeri 3 Tasikmalaya

Limit Fungsi
1. .....
1
4
2
lim
3
2
=
+

→ x
x
x
Jawab :
0
1 8
4 4
1
4
2
lim
3
2
=
+

=
+

→ x
x
x
2. ....
3
18 3
3
lim
2
2
=

− +
→ x x
x x
x
Jawab :
3
3
6 3
) 3 (
) 3 )( 6 (
3
lim
=
+
=

− +
→ x x
x x
x
3. ....
4
2
4
lim
=


→ t
t
t
Jawab :
4
1
2 2
1
) 2 )( 2 (
2
4
lim
=
+
=
+ −

→ t t
t
t
4. ....
7 4
9
3
lim
2
2
=
+ −


x
x
x
Jawab :
8 4 4
7 4
) 7 4 )( 7 4 (
3
lim
7 4
) 7 ( 16
3
lim
2
2 2
2
2
= + =
+ −
+ + + −

=
+ −
+ −

x
x x
x
x
x
x
5. .....
1
4
lim
3
2
=
+

∞ → x
x
x
Jawab :
0
1
lim lim
3
2
=
∞ →
=
∞ → x x x
x
x
1
6.
....
) 1 )( 2 (
) 2 )( 5 4 (
lim
=
− +
− +
∞ → x x
x x
x
Jawab :
5
5
lim
2
2
=


∞ → x
x
x
7. ..... 3 2 5
lim
2 2
= + − − + +
∞ →
x x x x
x
Jawab :
2
3
1 2
2 1
3 2 5
lim
2
lim
2 2
2 2
=
+
= + − − + +
∞ →

= + + − + +
∞ →
x x x x
x
a
p b
q px ax c bx ax
x
8.
......
) cos (sin
sin 1
lim
2
2
1
2
1
2
2
=


→ x x
x
x
π
Jawab :
2 1 1
sin 1
) sin 1 )( sin 1 (
lim
cos sin 2 cos sin
) sin 1 )( sin 1 (
lim
2 2
1
2
1
2
1 2
2
1 2
2
= + =

+ −

=
− +
+ −
→ x
x x
x x x x x
x x
x
π π
9. .....
2 sin
6 sin
0
lim
=
→ x
x
x
Jawab :
3
2
6
2 sin
6 sin
0
lim
= =
→ x
x
x
10. ......
1 2 cos
0
lim
2
=

→ x
x
x
Jawab :
2 1 . 1 . 2
sin
.
sin
. 2
0
lim
1 sin 2 1
0
lim
2
2
− = − = −

=
− −
→ x
x
x
x
x x
x
x
2
11. .......
4
) 2 sin(
2
lim
2
=


→ x
x
x
Jawab :
4
1
2 2
1
. 1
2
1
.
2
) 2 sin(
2
lim
) 2 )( 2 (
) 2 sin(
2
lim
=
+
=
+ −


=
+ −

→ x x
x
x x x
x
x
12. ......
6 5
6
3
lim
2
2
=
+ +
− +
→ x x
x x
x
Jawab :
5
1
6 15 9
6 3 9
6 5
6
3
lim
2
2
=
+ +
− +
=
+ +
− +
→ x x
x x
x
13. ......
2 3
1 2
1
lim
2
2
=
− −
− −
→ x x
x x
x
Jawab :
5
3
1 6
1 4
1
lim
=


→ x
x
x
(Menggunakan bantuan turunan)
14. ......
1
1
1
lim
2
=


→ x
x
x
Jawab :
2
1
2
1
lim
− =


x
x
15. ......
1
2 2
1
lim
2
=


→ x
x
x
Jawab :
4
1
4
1
lim
=

x
x
3
16. ......
6
8
2
lim
2
3
=
− +

→ t t
t
t
Jawab :
5
12
1 2
3
2
lim
2
=
+ → t
t
t
17. ......
5 4
4 ) 1 3 (
1
lim
2
2
=
− +
− −
→ x x
x
x
Jawab :
2
6
12
4 2
6 18
1
lim
= =
+

→ x
x
x
18. ......
4 2
2
2
8 2
2
lim
2 2
=










+


→ x
x x
x
x
x
Jawab :
9
2
2
4 4
) 2 ( 2
) 2 (
2
) 4 2 )( 2 (
2
lim
= + + =










+

+ −
→ x
x x
x
x x
x
19. ......
2
1
4
6
2
lim
2
= 









→ x x
x
x
Jawab :
2
1
4
2
) 2 )( 2 (
) 2 ( 2
2
lim
− =

=
+ −
− −
→ x x
x
x
20. .....
2
4 6
0
lim
2
2
=
+

→ x x
x x
x
Jawab :
4
1
4
1 4
4 12
0
lim
− =

=
+

→ x
x
x
4
21. .......
1
1
1
lim
=


→ x
x
x
Jawab :
2
1 1
1
lim
2
1
2
1
− = − =
− →
x
x
22. ......
4
16
4
lim
2
=


→ x
x
x
Jawab :
0 8 . 0 ) 4 ( 4
4
lim
4
) 4 ( ) 4 (
4
lim
2
= = + −

=

+ −

x x
x x
x x
x
23. .....
9 2 3
0
lim
=
+ −
→ x
x
x
Jawab :
3
1
3 3
2
) 9 2 3 (
9 2 9
0
lim
9 2 3
9 2 3
.
9 2 3
0
lim
− =
+

=
+ +
− −

=
+ +
+ + + −
→ x x
x
x x
x
x
x
x
24. ......
5 16
9
3
lim
2
2
=
− +


x
x
x
Jawab :
10 5 5
5 16
) 5 16 )( 5 16 (
3
lim
2
2 2
= + =
− +
+ + − +

x
x x
x
25. .......
0
lim
=
+

→ x x
x x
x
Jawab :
1
0 1
0 1
) 1 (
) 1 (
0
lim
=
+

=
+

→ x x
x x
x
5
26. ......
3
7 3 2 6
3
lim
=

+ − −
→ x
x x
x
Jawab :
8
3
) 7 3 2 6 )( 3 (
) 3 ( 3
3
lim
7 3 2 6
7 3 2 6
.
3
7 3 2 6
3
lim
=
+ + − −


=
+ + −
+ + −

+ − −

x x x
x
x
x x
x x
x
x x
x
27. ......
9 3
5 2
0
lim
2
=
+ −

→ x
x x
x
Jawab :
30
1
) 3 3 ( 5 ) 9 3 )( 5 2 (
9 3
9 3
.
9 3
5 2
0
lim
2
=

+ −
=

+ + −
=
+ +
+ +
+ −

→ x
x x x
x
x
x
x x
x
28. .......
1
1 3
1
lim
2
2
=

− − +
→ x
x x
x
Jawab :
4
1
) 1 3 )( 1 )( 1 (
) 1 ( 2
1
lim
) 1 ( 3
) 1 ( 3
.
1
) 1 ( 3
1
lim
2 2
2
2
2
=
+ + + + −


=
+ + +
+ + +

+ − +

x x x x
x
x
x x
x x
x
x x
x
29. ......
) 1 (
1 2
1
lim
2
3 3 2
=

+ −
→ x
x x
x
Jawab :
9
1
) 1 1 1 (
1
) 1 )( 1 (
) 1 (
1
lim
2
2 3 3 2 3
2 3
=
+ +
=
+ + −


x x x
x
x
30. ......
3
27
27
lim
3
=


→ x
x
x
Jawab :
27 9 9 9
3
) 9 3 ( ) 3 (
27
lim
3
3 3 2 3
= + + =

+ + −
→ x
x x x
x
6
31. .......
lim
=


→ b a
b b a a
b a
Jawab :
b b b b b
b a
b ab a b a
b a
3 .
) )( (
lim
= + + =

+ + −

32. Jika
4
3
4 4
lim
=

− +
→ x
x b ax
x
maka tentukan a + b
Jawab :
Bentuk di atas jika x = 4 maka harus berbentuk
0
0
.
Jadi 4a + b – 2 = 0 atau 4a + b = 2 .. (!)
"engan menggunakan bantuan turunan maka :
1 2 1
2 2 1 . 4
1
4
3
4
1
4
3
1 4
lim
2
1
− = − = +
− = ⇔ = +
= ⇔ = − ⇒ =


b a
b b
a a
a
x
x
33. .......
) 1 (
) 1 )( 1 3 2 (
1
lim
2
=

− + −
→ x
x x x
x
Jawab :
4
1
) 1 1 (
1 2
) 1 ( ) 1 (
) 1 2 ( ) 1 (
1
lim
2 2
2
=
+

=
+ −
− −
→ x x
x x
x
34. ......
1 1
1 1
0
lim
3
=
− +
− +
→ x
x
x
Jawab :
2
3
1 1
1 1 1
) 1 1 )( 1 1 (
) 1 1 ) 1 ( )( 1 1 (
0
lim
6 6
6 6
2 6
=
+
+ +
=
+ + − +
+ + + + − +
→ x x
x x x
x
7
35.
........
2 2
0
lim
=
− − +
→ x
x x
x
Jawab :
2
2
1
2 2
2
) 2 2 (
2
0
lim
2 2
2 2
.
2 2
0
lim
=
+
=
− + +

=
− + +
− + + − − +

x x x
x
x
x x
x x
x
x x
x
36. .......
8 2
3
4
2
2
lim
2 2
= 





− +

− → x x x x
Jawab :
24
1
) 4 )( 2 )( 2 (
) 2 (
2
lim
) 4 )( 2 )( 2 (
) 2 ( 3 ) 4 ( 2
2
lim
− =
+ + −
− −

=
+ + −
+ − +
→ x x x
x
x x x x
x x
x
37. ....... ) 5 2 ( ) 1 2 )( 5 2 (
lim
= − − + −
∞ →
x x x
x
Jawab :
3
4 2
) 20 ( 8
25 20 4 5 8 4
lim
2 2
=
− − −
= + − − − −
∞ →
x x x x
x
38. ......
3 2
lim
2
2
=

+
∞ →
x x
x x
x
Jawab :
∞ =
∞ →
=
∞ →
x
x
x
x
x
2
lim
2
lim
2
2
39. ....... 3 4 ) 5 4 (
5
lim
2
= + − +

x x x
x
Jawab :
4
5
4 2
0 5
3 0 4 5 4
5
lim
2 2
=

= + + − +

x x x x
x
8
40. ....... ) )( (
lim
= − + +
∞ →
x b x a x
x
Jawab :
2 1 2
0
0 ) (
lim
2 2
b a b a
x x ab x b a x
x
+
=
− +
= + − + + +
∞ →
41. .........
cos sin
2 cos
lim
4
=
− → x x
x
x
π
Jawab :
2
1
2 2
) sin (cos
) sin )(cos sin (cos
lim
2
1
2
1
4
− =

+
=
− −
+ −
→ x x
x x x x
x
π
42. .......
sin
sin
0
lim
=
→ bx
ax
x
Jawab :
b
a
b
a
b
a
bx
bx
ax
ax
x b
a
ax
bx
bx
ax
x
= =

=

. 1 . 1 .
sin
.
sin
0
lim
. .
sin
sin
0
lim
43. .......
9 2 3
2 sin
0
lim
=
+ − → x
x
x
Jawab :
6
1
) 3 3 .( 1
. 1
1
) 9 2 3 .( cos
.
sin
0
lim
9 2 3
9 2 3
.
9 2 3
cos sin 2
0
lim
− =

+
=

+ +

=
+ +
+ +
+ − →
x x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x x
x
44. ........
2 sin
cos 1
0
lim
=

→ x x
x
x
Jawab :
4
1
2
. 1
2 sin
sin
.
sin
0
lim
2 sin
sin 2
0
lim
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1 2
= =

=
→ x
x
x
x
x x x
x
x
9
45. ........
2 cos 1
tan
0
lim
=
− → x
x x
x
Jawab :
2
1
sin
tan
.
sin
.
2
1
0
lim
sin 2
tan
0
lim
2
=

=
→ x
x
x
x
x x
x x
x
46. .......
2
tan
0
lim
2
=
+ → x x
x
x
Jawab :
2
1
2
1
. 1
2
1
.
tan
0
lim
= =
+ → x x
x
x
47. ......
5
cos 1
0
lim
2
=

→ x
x
x
Jawab :
10
1
2
1
.
2
1
.
5
2
5
sin 2
0
lim
2
2
1 2
= =
→ x
x
x
48. ......
1 1
sin
0
lim
=
− − → x
x
x
Jawab :
2
1
1 1
. 1
1
1 1
.
sin
0
lim
1 1
1 1
.
1 1
sin
0
lim
− =

+
=

+ −

=
+ −
+ −
− − →
x
x
x
x x
x
x
x
x
49. ......
2 cot
cot
0
lim
=
→ x
x
x
Jawab :
2
tan
2 tan
0
lim
0
lim
2 tan
1
tan
1
=

=
→ x
x
x x
x
x
10
50. ......
cos 3
2 sin 4 sin
0
lim
=
+
→ x x
x x
x
Jawab :
2 1 . 2
cos 3
cos 3 sin 2
0
lim
= =
→ x x
x x
x
51. .......
4 cos 1
sin
0
lim
=
− → x
x x
x
Jawab :
8
1
2
1
.
2
1
.
2
1
2 sin
sin
.
2 sin
.
2
1
0
lim
2 sin 2
sin
0
lim
2
= =

=
→ x
x
x
x
x x
x x
x
52. .......
2 tan
1 4 cos
0
lim
=

→ x x
x
x
Jawab :
4
2
2
.
1
2
. 2
2 tan
2 sin
.
2 sin
. 2
0
lim
2 tan
2 sin 2
0
lim
2
− = − = −

=

→ x
x
x
x
x x x
x
x
53. ........
2 cos
2 sin
0
lim
2
2
=
→ x x
x
x
Jawab :
4
1
1
.
1
2
.
1
2
2 cos
1
.
2 sin
.
2 sin
0
lim
= =
→ x x
x
x
x
x
54. ........
3 tan
) 2 sin( 7
0
lim
2
2 2
=
+
→ x
x x
x
Jawab :
1
9
2
9
7
) 3 (tan
) 2 sin(
) 3 (tan
) 7 (
0
lim
2
2
2
2
= + = +
→ x
x
x
x
x
11
55. ........
3 cos 5 cos
1 4 cos
0
lim
=


→ x x
x
x
Jawab :
1
1
2
.
4
2
sin
2 sin
.
4 sin
2 sin
0
lim
sin 4 sin 2
2 sin 2
0
lim
2
= =

=


→ x
x
x
x
x x x
x
x
56. ........
3 sin
4
0
lim
=
+ → x x
x
x
Jawab :
1
1 1
0
lim
1
0
lim
4
3
4
1
4
3 sin
4
1
4
3 sin
=
+
=
+ →
=

+
x
x
x
x x
x x
57. ........
3 sin
) 2 sin(
0
lim
2 2
2
=
+ → x x
x
x
Jawab :
5
1 1 1
0
lim
2
9
2
1
) 2 sin(
3 sin
2 sin
2
2
2
2
=
+
=
+ →
x
x
x
x
x
58. ..........
2 cos . 3 sin . 2
6 3 tan . 4 sin
0
lim
2
3 2
=
+
→ x x x
x x x
x
Jawab :
7 1 .
3
1
. 1 . 3 1 .
2
9
.
3
4
2 cos
1
.
3 sin
. .
2
6
2 cos
1
.
) 2 (
3 tan
.
3 sin
4 sin
0
lim
2
2
2
2
= + =
+
→ x x
x
x
x
x x
x
x
x
x
59. ........
sin cos cos 1
0
lim
4
2 2
=
− −
→ x
x x x
x
Jawab :
2
1
) .( 1 . 2
sin
.
sin
. 2
0
lim
) cos 1 ( sin
0
lim
2
2
1 2
2
2
1 2
2
2
4
2
= =

=

→ x
x
x
x
x x
x x
x
12
60. ........
1
) 1 ( cos ) 1 ( sin
1
lim
1 1
=

− −
→ x x
x x
Jawab :
1 1 . 1
) 1 ( cos
.
1
) 1 ( sin
1
lim
) 1 (
) 1 ( cos ) 1 ( sin
1
lim
1
1
1
1
1 1
= =




=

− −
→ x x x x
x
x
x
x
x x
61.
........
) ( cos ) 1 (
) ( sin
1
lim
=
− −

→ π π
π π
x x
x
x
Jawab :
π π
π π
π
= =
− −


1 .
) ( cos
1
.
1
) 1 ( sin
1
lim
x x
x
x
62.
........
2 2 ) ( sin
lim
=
− + −

→ x k k x
k x
k x
Jawab :
1
2 1
1 1
lim
) ( 2 ) sin(
− =

=
− →




k x
k x
k x
k x
k x
63. ........
12 12 3
) 2 ( cos 1
2
lim
2
2
=
+ −
− −
→ x x
x
x
Jawab :
3
1
3
1
.
2
) 2 sin(
.
2
) 2 sin(
2
lim
) 6 3 )( 2 (
) 2 ( sin
2
lim
2
=





=
− −

→ x
x
x
x
x x x
x
x
64. .......
10 3
) 2 ( sin ) 6 (
2
lim
2
=
− −
+ +
− → x x
x x
x
Jawab :
7
4
2
) 2 ( sin
.
5
6
2
lim
− =
+
+

+
− → x
x
x
x
x
65. .......
2 sin
lim
2
=
− → π π x
x x
x
Jawab :
2 2
2
2 2 0
1
2 cos 2 2 sin 2
lim
π π
π
= + =
+

x x x x
x
13

..1 Limit Fungsi 1. lim x 2 + 3 x − 18 = .. x → ∞ x3 + 1 Jawab : lim x 2 lim 1 = = 0 x → ∞ x3 x → ∞ x . x → 2 x3 + 1 Jawab : lim x 2 − 4 4 − 4 = = 0 x → 2 x3 + 1 8 + 1 2.. lim 9 − x2 = .... x → 3 x 2 − 3x Jawab : lim ( x + 6)( x − 3) 3 + 6 = = 3 x → 3 x ( x − 3) 3 3. t→ 4 t− 4 Jawab : lim t− 2 1 1 = = t → 4 ( t − 2)( t + 2) 2 + 2 4 4. lim x 2 − 4 = .. lim t− 2 = ..... lim x 2 − 4 = ..... x → 3 4 − x2 + 7 Jawab : lim 16 − ( x 2 + 7) lim (4 − = x → 3 4 − x2 + 7 x → 3 x 2 + 7 )(4 + 4− x2 + 7 x2 + 7 ) = 4+ 4 = 8 5..

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