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Contoh soal kalkulus

Contoh soal kalkulus

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Published by: deny eriyawan on Mar 31, 2011
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10/01/2013

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Tugas 2 Kalkulus II

SOAL – SOAL 5.1
Jika anti turunan F(x) + C yang umum untuk masing – masing yang berikut :
1. F(x) = 4
Jawab : F’(x) = ∫ 4 dx
= 4x + C
3. F(x) = 3x
2
+ √2
Jawab : F’ (x) = ∫ 3x
2
+ √2 dx
= 3x
3
+ √2x
3
= x
3
+ √2x + C
5. F(x) = x
2/3
dx
Jawab : F’ (x) = ∫ x
2/3
dx
= 1 x
2/3
+1
2/3+1
= 1 x
5/3
5/3
= 3/5 x
5/3
+ C
7. F(x) = 6x
2
– 6x + 1 dx
Jawab : F’(x) = ∫ 6x
2
– 6x + 1 dx
= 6 x
3
– 6 x
2
+ x
3 2
= 2x
3
– 3x
2
+ x + C
9. F(x) = 18x
8
– 25x
4
+ 3x
2
dx
Jawab : F’(x) = ∫ 18x
8
– 25x
4
+ 3x
2
dx
= 18 x
9
– 25 x
5
+ 3 x
3
9 5 3
= 2x
9
– 5x
5
+ x
3
+ C
11. F(x) = 4 - 3 dx
x
5
x
4
Jawab : F’(x) = ∫4 - 3 dx
x
5
x
4
= ∫ 4x
-5
– 3x
-4
dx
= 4 x
-5+1
- 3
x-4+1
-5+1 -4+1
= 4 x
-4
– 3 x
-3
-4 -3
= -x
-4
+ x
-3
+ C
13. F(x) = 4x
6
+ 3x
5
- 8dx
x
5
Jawab : F’(x) = ∫ 4x
6
+ 3x
5
- 8dx
x
5
= ∫ 4x + 3 – 8 dx
x
5
= ∫ 4x + 3 – 8x
-5
dx
= 4 x
2
+ 3x – 8 x
-5+1
2
-5+1
= 2x
2
+ 3x + 2x
-4
+ C
Dalam Soal – soal 15 – 22, cari integaral tak tentu.
15. ∫ (x
3
+ √x) dx =
Jawab : ∫ x
3
+ x
1/2
dx = 1 x
4
+ 1 x
3/2
4 3/2
= 1/4 x
4
+ 2/3 x
3/2
+ C
17. ∫ (y
2
+ 4y)
2
dy =
Jawab : ∫ (y
2
+ 4y)
2
dy = ∫ (y
4
+ 8y
3
+ 16y
2
) dy
= 1/5 y
5
+ 8/4 y
4
+16/3 y
3
+ C
= 1/5 y
5
+ 2y
4
+16/3 y
3
+ C
19. ∫ x
4
– 2x
3
+ 1 dx =
x
2
Jawab : ∫ x
4
– 2x
3
+ 1 dx = ∫ x
2
– 2x + 1/x
2
dx = ∫ x
2
– 2x + x
-2
dx
x
2
= 1/3 x
3
– x
2
+ -1 x
-1
= 1/3 x
3
– x
2
-1 x
-1
+ C
21. ∫ (3 sin t – 2 cos t) dt =
Jawab : ∫ (3 sin t – 2 cos t) dt =
= - 3 cos t – 2 sin t + C
Dalam soal – soal 23 – 38, gunakan metode – metode pada contoh 5 dan 6 untuk mencari integral
tak tentu.
23. ∫ (3x + 1)
4
3 dx =
Jawab : Andaikan g (x)= 3x + 1
g'(x) = 3
dengan demikian ∫ (3x + 1)
4
3 dx = ∫(g(x))
4
g’ dx
= (g(x))
5
+ C

5
= (3x + 1)
5
+ C

5
25. ∫ (5x
3
- 18)
7
15x
2
dx =
Jawab : Andaikan g (x) = 5x
3
– 18
g' (x) = 15x
2
dengan demikian ∫ (5x
3
- 18)
7
15x
2
dx = ∫ ∫(g(x))
7
g’ dx
= (g(x))
8
+ C

8
= (5x
3
– 18)
8
+ C

8
27. ∫ 3x
4
(2x
5
+ 9)
3
dx =
Jawab : ∫ 3x
4
(2x
5
+ 9)
3
dx = ( 2x
5
+ 9 )
4
. 3x
4
4 10x
4
= ¼ (2x
5
+ 9 )
4
. 3/10
= 3(2x
5
+ 9 )
4
+ C
40
29. ∫ (5x
2
+ 1) (5x
3
+ 3x - 8) dx =
Jawab : Misalkan :
V = 5x
3
+ 3x - 8
dv = 15x
2
+ 3
Dengan demikian = ∫ 5x
2
+ 1. v
6
dv
15x
2
+ 3
= ∫ 1/3 v
6
= 1/3 (5x
3
+ 3x - 8)
7
7
= (5x
3
+ 3x – 8)
7
21
31. =
Jawab : ∫ 3t (2t
2
– 11)

dt t = 2t
2
-11
∫ 3t (t∫

1/4t dt dt = 4t x du
3/4 ∫ t

du = 1/4t x dt
3/4 x 3/4t

9/16 x t
4/3
9/16 (2t
2
– 11)
4/3
+ C
33. ∫ sin
4
x cos x dx =
Jawab : Misalnya V = sin x
dv = cos x dx
Sehingga ∫ v
4
dv = 1/5 v
5
+C
35. ∫ (sin
5
x
2
) (x cos x
2
) =
Jawab : 1/6 sin
6
x
2
1/12 sin
6
x
2
+ C
37. ∫(x
2
+ 1)
3
x
2
dx =
Jawab : ∫(x
2
+ 1)
3
x
2
dx = ∫ (x
6
+ 3x
4
+ 3x
2
+1). x
2
dx
= x
8
+ 3x
6
+ 3x
4
+ x
2
= 1/9 x
9
+ 3/7 x
7
+ 3/5 x
5
+ 1/3 x
3
+ C

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