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Contoh Perhitungan Kekuatan Las Besi

Contoh Perhitungan Kekuatan Las Besi

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Published by: tamajagakarsa on May 28, 2011
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08/25/2015

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109

Pendekatan yang cukup teliti yaitu dengan menganggap bidang geser las terletak pada bidang gambar
walaupun tebal las diambil pada arah sedemikian sehingga tebalnya menjadi minimum.
150 250 P = 100kN
H

300 P


H
Banyak cara menghitung gaya dan tegangan yang terjadi pada las. Salah satu yang paling sederhana
ialah bahwa menganggap gaya P dilawan oleh bagian las yang vertikal, tetapi momen yang ditimbulkan
akibat eksentrisitas P terhadap bagian las vertikal dilawan oleh bagian las horizontal.
Gaya vertikal P = 100 kN (keseimbangan vertikal)
Gaya horizontal H = 100 x 400/300 = 133 kN (keseimbangan momen)
Jika panjang las tidak dapat diubah lagi maka ketebalan las tegak dan las mendatar tidak dapat dibuat
sama :
Tebal las vertikal = 100000/(0.6 x 0.75 x 240 x 300) = 3,1 mm
Lebar las (ukuran kaki las) = tξʹ + 1 mm = 5,4 mm
Tebal las horizontal = 133000/(0.6 x 0.75 x 240 x 150) = 8,2 mm
Lebar las (ukuran kaki las) = tξʹ + 1 mm = 12,6 mm
Dapat dilakukan jika tebal plat 1.5 cm
Contoh 7.3 :Momen tegak lurus bidang
P 150 R = 100 kN

150
P

250
P = 150 x 100/150 = 100 kN
t xʏ
v
= 100000/(2 x 250) = 200 N/mm (akibat R gaya vertikal)
t xʏ
h
= 100000/250 = 400 N/mm (akibat P gaya horizontal)
t x ʏ = (400
2
+ 200
2
)
1/2
= 447 N/mm
karena ada tegangan geser, sesuai Persamaan (7.3) tebal las dapat dicari :
t = 447 / (0.8 x 0.6 x 240) = 3.9 mm
Lebar las (ukuran kaki las) = tξʹ + 1 mm = 6.5 mm
110

Lampiran : Tabel Profil dan Kapasitas Penampang
(Tabel-tabel ini hanya digunakan untuk latihan saja. Tidak untuk perencanaan sesungguhnya)



111


H t
f

t
w

r

B
Tabel L-1 : Penampang Balok dan Kolom Baja (WF)
Berat H B t
w
t
f
r A I
x
I
y
S
x
S
y
i
x
i
y

Ukuran kg/m mm mm mm mm mm cm
2
cm
4
cm
4
cm
3
cm
3
cm cm
100x50 9.3 100 50 5 7 8 11.8 187 14.7 37 6 4.0 1.12
100x100 17.2 100 100 6 8 10 21.7 382 133.5 76 27 4.2 2.48
125x60 13.2 125 60 6 8 9 16.8 413 29.1 66 10 5.0 1.32
125x125 23.8 125 125 6.5 9 10 30.3 847 293.3 136 47 5.3 3.11
150x75 14.0 150 75 5 7 8 17.8 666 49.4 89 13 6.1 1.67
150x100 21.1 148 100 6 9 11 26.6 1020 150.3 138 30 6.2 2.38
150x150 31.5 150 150 7 10 11 40.1 1641 563.0 219 75 6.4 3.75
175x90 18.1 175 90 5 8 9 22.9 1213 97.4 139 22 7.3 2.06
175x125 23.3 169 125 5.5 8 12 29.2 1527 260.7 181 42 7.2 2.99
175x175 40.2 175 175 7.5 11 12 51.1 2883 983.3 329 112 7.5 4.39
200x100 18.2 198 99 4.5 7 11 22.7 1580 113.4 160 23 8.3 2.23
200x100 21.3 200 100 5.5 8 11 26.8 1843 133.7 184 27 8.3 2.23
200x150 30.6 194 150 6 9 13 38.5 2688 506.7 277 68 8.4 3.63
200x200 49.9 200 200 8 12 13 63.4 4714 1601.0 471 160 8.6 5.03
200x200 65.7 208 202 10 16 13 84.2 6529 2199.9 628 218 8.8 5.11
250x125 25.7 248 124 5 8 12 32.1 3535 254.5 285 41 10.5 2.81
250x125 29.6 250 125 6 9 12 37.3 4049 293.5 324 47 10.4 2.81
250x175 44.1 244 175 7 11 16 55.3 6117 983.4 501 112 10.5 4.22
250x250 66.5 258 249 8 13 16 84.1 9926 3346.2 800 269 10.9 6.31
250x250 72.4 250 250 9 14 16 91.8 10828 3647.6 866 292 10.9 6.30
300x150 32.0 298 149 5.5 8 13 40.1 6314 441.5 424 59 12.5 3.32
300x150 36.7 300 150 6.5 9 13 46.3 7205 507.0 480 68 12.5 3.31
300x200 56.8 294 200 8 12 18 71.2 11330 1601.5 771 160 12.6 4.74
300x200 65.4 298 201 9 14 18 82.5 13303 1897.0 893 189 12.7 4.79
300x300 87.0 298 299 9 14 18 110.0 18840 6239.4 1264 417 13.1 7.53
300x300 94.0 300 300 10 15 18 119.2 20402 6752.9 1360 450 13.1 7.53
300x300 106.0 304 301 11 17 18 134.6 23372 7730.6 1538 514 13.2 7.58
350x175 41.4 346 174 6 9 14 52.0 11088 790.9 641 91 14.6 3.90
350x175 49.6 350 175 7 11 14 62.6 13553 983.7 774 112 14.7 3.96
350x250 69.2 336 249 8 12 20 86.5 18491 3089.4 1101 248 14.6 5.98
350x250 79.7 340 250 9 14 20 100.2 21663 3648.3 1274 292 14.7 6.03
112


Catatan : i
2
= I/A

Berat H B t
w
t
f
r A I
x
I
y
S
x
S
y
I
x
i
y

Ukuran kg/m mm mm Mm mm mm cm
2
cm
4
cm
4
cm
3
cm
3
cm cm
350x350 115.0 344 343 10 16 20 143.4 32851 10764.4 1910 628 15.1 8.66
350x350 136.0 350 350 12 19 20 173.6 40281 13582.9 2302 776 15.2 8.85
350x350 159.0 356 352 14 22 20 202.5 47576 16001.0 2673 909 15.3 8.89
400x200 56.6 396 199 7 11 16 71.3 20008 1446.1 1011 145 16.8 4.50
400x200 66.0 400 200 8 13 16 83.5 23694 1735.3 1185 174 16.8 4.56
400x300 94.3 396 299 9 14 22 119.1 35604 6240.1 1798 417 17.3 7.24
400x300 107.0 390 300 10 16 22 134.4 38653 7203.9 1982 480 17.0 7.32
400x400 147.0 394 398 11 18 22 185.7 56124 18918.6 2849 951 17.4 10.09
400x400 172.0 400 400 13 21 22 218.3 66600 22408.4 3330 1120 17.5 10.13
400x400 200,0 406 403 16 24 22 255.6 78018 26195.7 3843 1300 17.5 10.12
400x400 232.0 414 405 18 28 22 297.3 92750 31022.8 4481 1532 17.7 10.22
450x200 66.2 446 199 8 12 18 83.2 28680 1578.3 1286 159 18.6 4.36
450x200 76.0 450 200 9 14 18 95.9 33433 1869.7 1486 187 18.7 4.42
450x300 106.0 434 299 10 15 24 132.8 46762 6687.0 2155 447 18.8 7.10
450x300 124.0 440 300 11 18 24 155.6 56037 8105.9 2547 540 19.0 7.22
500x200 79.5 499 199 9 14 20 99.9 41843 1842.2 1687 185 20.5 4.29
500x200 103.0 501 201 11 19 20 130.8 56490 2577.9 2233 257 20.8 4.44
500x300 114.0 480 300 11 15 26 142.8 60320 6756.1 2503 450 20.6 6.88
500x300 128.0 480 300 11 18 26 161.1 70906 8106.6 2906 540 21.0 7.09
600x200 94.6 599 199 10 15 22 118.8 68670 1975.7 2304 199 24.0 4.08
600x200 134.0 612 202 13 23 22 170.5 103442 3172.1 3380 314 24.6 4.31
600x300 137.0 582 300 12 17 28 171.4 102634 7659.6 3527 511 24.5 6.68
600x300 175.0 594 302 14 23 28 220.5 137245 10574.1 4621 700 24.9 6.92
700x300 166.0 692 300 13 20 28 209.0 172323 9014.3 4980 601 28.7 6.57
700x300 215.0 708 302 15 28 28 272.8 237041 12876.8 6696 853 29.5 6.87
800x300 191.0 792 300 14 22 28 241.4 253512 9920.1 6402 661 32.4 6.41
800x300 2410 808 302 16 30 28 307.3 339106 13803.1 8394 914 33.2 6.70
900x300 213.0 890 299 15 23 28 270.9 345157 10274.1 7756 687 35.7 6.16
900x300 286.0 912 302 18 34 28 365.0 497628 15657.1 10913 1037 36.9 6.55
113





e
Tabel L-2 : Penampang Baja Kanal
ukuran t
f
t
w
Luas Berat e I
x
I
y
i
x
I
y
S
x
S
y

mm mm cm
2
kg/m cm cm
4
cm
4
cm cm cm
3
cm
3

75x40 5.0 7.0 8.82 6.92 1.27 75.9 12.4 2.93 1.19 20.2 4.54
80x45 6.0 8.0 11.00 8.63 1.45 106.0 19.4 3.10 1.33 26.5 6.36
100x50 5.0 7.5 11.92 9.36 1.55 189.0 26.9 3.98 1.50 37.8 7.80
6.0 8.5 13.50 10.60 1.55 206.0 29.3 3.91 1.47 41.2 8.49
120x55 7.0 9.0 17.00 13.34 1.60 364.0 43.2 4.63 1.59 60.7 11.08
125x65 6.0 8.0 17.11 13.43 1.94 425.0 65.5 4.98 1.96 68.0 14.36
140x60 7.0 10.0 20.40 16.01 1.75 605.0 62.7 5.45 1.75 86.4 14.75
150x75 6.5 10.0 23.71 18.61 2.31 864.0 122.0 6.04 2.27 115.2 23.51
9.0 12.5 30.59 24.01 2.31 1050.0 147.0 5.86 2.19 140.0 28.32
160x65 7.5 10.5 24.00 18.84 1.84 925.0 85.3 6.21 1.89 115.6 18.30
180x70 8.0 11.0 28.00 21.98 1.92 1350.0 114.0 6.94 2.02 150.0 22.44
180x75 7.0 10.5 27.20 21.35 2.15 1380.0 137.0 7.12 2.24 153.3 25.61
200x70 7.0 10.0 26.92 21.13 1.85 1620.0 113.0 7.76 2.05 162.0 21.94
200x75 8.5 11.5 32.20 25.27 2.01 1910.0 148.0 7.70 2.14 191.0 26.96
200x80 7.5 11.0 31.33 24.59 2.24 1950.0 177.0 7.89 2.38 195.0 30.73
200x90 8.0 13.5 38.63 30.32 2.77 2490.0 296.0 8.03 2.77 249.0 47.51
220x80 9.0 12.5 37.40 29.36 2.14 2690.0 197.0 8.48 2.30 244.5 33.62
240x85 9.5 13.0 42.30 33.20 2.23 3600.0 248.0 9.23 2.42 300.0 39.55
250x90 9.0 13.0 44.07 34.59 2.42 4180.0 306.0 9.74 2.64 334.4 46.50
250x90 11.0 14.5 51.17 40.16 2.39 4690.0 342.0 9.57 2.59 375.2 51.74
260x90 10.0 14.0 48.30 37.91 2.36 4820.0 317.0 9.99 2.56 370.8 47.74
280x95 10.0 15.0 53.30 41.84 2.53 6280.0 399.0 10.85 2.74 448.6 57.25
300x90 9.0 13.0 48.57 38.12 2.23 6440.0 326.0 11.51 2.59 429.3 48.15
10.0 15.5 55.74 43.75 2.33 740.0 373.0 11.52 2.59 493.3 55.92
12.0 16.0 61.90 48.59 2.25 7870.0 391.0 11.28 2.51 524.7 57.93
300x100 10.0 16.0 58.80 46.15 2.70 8030.0 495.0 11.69 2.90 535.3 67.81
320x100 14.0 17.5 75.80 59.50 2.60 10870.0 597.0 11.98 2.81 679.4 80.68
350x100 14.0 16.0 77.30 60.68 2.40 12840.0 570.0 12.89 2.72 733.7 75.00
380x100 10.5 16.0 69.39 54.47 2.41 14500.0 557.0 14.46 2.83 763.2 73.39
13.0 20.0 85.71 67.28 2.50 17600.0 671.0 14.33 2.80 926.3 89.47
380x102 13.5 16.0 79.70 62.56 2.35 15730.0 613.0 14.05 2.77 827.9 78.09
400x110 14.0 18.0 91.50 71.82 2.65 20350.0 846.0 14.91 3.04 1017.5 101.32

114

y
u

x

e v

Tabel L-3 : Penampang Baja Siku Sama Kaki.
Ukuran t Berat A e I
x
= I
y
I
u
I
v
r
x
= r
y
r
u
r
v

mm mm kg/m cm
2
cm cm
4
cm
4
cm
4
cm cm cm
25x25 3 1.11 1.42 0.72 0.80 1.26 0.33 0.75 0.94 0.48
4 1.45 1.85 0.76 1.01 1.60 0.43 0.74 0.93 0.48
5 1.77 2.26 0.80 1.20 1.87 0.52 0.73 0.91 0.48
30x30 3 1.36 1.74 0.84 1.40 2.23 0.58 0.90 1.13 0.58
4 1.78 2.27 0.88 1.80 2.85 0.75 0.89 1.12 0.58
5 2.18 2.78 0.92 2.16 3.41 0.92 0.88 1.11 0.57
40x40 4 2.42 3.08 1.12 4.47 7.09 1.85 1.21 1.52 0.78
5 2.97 3.79 1.16 5.43 8.60 2.26 1.20 1.51 0.77
6 3.52 4.48 1.20 6.31 9.98 2.65 1.19 1.49 0.77
45x45 4 2.74 3.49 1.23 6.43 10.20 2.67 1.36 1.71 0.87
5 3.38 4.3 1.28 7.84 12.40 3.25 1.35 1.70 0.87
6 4.00 5.09 1.32 9.16 14.50 3.82 1.34 1.69 0.87
50x50 5 3.77 4.8 1.40 11.00 17.40 4.54 1.51 1.90 0.97
6 4.47 5.69 1.45 12.80 20.40 5.33 1.50 1.89 0.97
7 5.82 7.41 1.52 16.30 25.70 6.87 1.48 1.86 0.96
60x60 5 4.57 5.82 1.64 19.40 35.70 8.02 1.82 2.30 1.17
6 5.42 6.91 1.69 22.80 36.20 9.43 1.82 2.29 1.17
8 7.09 9.03 1.77 29.20 46.20 12.10 1.80 2.26 1.16
10 8.69 11.1 1.85 34.90 55.10 14.80 1.78 2.23 1.16
70x70 6 6.38 8.13 1.93 36.90 58.50 15.20 2.13 2.68 1.37
8 8.36 10.6 2.01 47.51 75.30 19.70 2.11 2.66 1.36
10 10.30 13.1 2.09 57.20 90.50 23.90 2.09 2.63 1.35
80x80 6 7.34 9.35 2.17 55.80 88.50 23.10 2.44 3.08 1.57
8 9.63 12.3 2.26 72.20 115.00 29.80 2.43 3.06 1.56
10 11.90 15.2 2.34 87.50 139.00 36.30 2.41 3.03 1.55
90x90 6 8.30 10.6 2.41 80.30 127.00 33.30 2.76 3.47 1.78
8 10.90 13.9 2.50 104.00 166.00 43.10 2.74 3.45 1.76
10 13.40 17.1 2.58 127.00 201.00 52.60 2.72 3.42 1.76
12 15.90 20.3 2.66 148.00 234.00 61.70 2.70 3.40 1.75
115

Tabel L-3 (Lanjutan)
Ukuran t Berat A e I
x
= I
y
I
u
I
v
r
x
= r
v
r
u
r
v

mm mm kg/m cm
2
cm cm
4
cm
4
cm
4
cm cm cm
100x100 8 12.20 15.5 2.74 145.00 230.00 59.80 3.06 3.85 1.96
12 17.80 22.7 2.90 207.00 328.00 85.70 3.02 3.80 1.94
15 21.90 27.9 3.02 249.00 393.00 104.00 2.98 3.75 1.93
120x120 8 14.70 18.7 3.23 255.00 405.00 105.00 3.69 4.65 2.37
10 18.20 23.2 3.31 313.00 497.00 129.00 3.67 4.63 2.36
12 21.60 27.5 3.40 368.00 584.00 151.00 3.65 4.60 2.35
15 26.60 33.9 3.51 445.00 705.00 185.00 3.62 4.56 2.33
150x150 10 23.00 29.3 4.03 624.00 991.00 258.00 4.62 5.82 2.97
12 27.30 34.8 4.12 737.00 1170.00 303.00 4.60 5.80 2.95
15 33.80 43.3 4.25 898.00 1430.00 370.00 4.57 5.76 2.93
18 40.10 51.1 4.37 1050.00 1670.00 435.00 4.54 5.71 2.92
200x200 16 48.50 61.8 5.52 2340.00 3720.00 959.00 6.16 7.76 3.94
18 54.20 69.1 5.60 2600.00 4130.00 1070.00 6.13 7.73 3.93
20 59.90 76.3 5.68 2850.00 4530.00 1170.00 6.11 7.70 3.92
24 71.10 90.6 5.84 3330.00 5280.00 1380.00 6.06 7.64 3.9


116

u y

ɲ


x
e
x

e
y
v
Tabel L-4 : Penampang Siku Tidak Sama Kaki
Ukuran tebal e
x
e
y
I
x
I
y
A Berat rx r
y
r
u
r
v
Tan ɲ
mm mm cm mm
4
cm
4
cm
2
kg/m cm cm cm cm
20x30 3 0.99 0.50 1.24 0.46 1.44 1.13 0.94 0.56 1.00 0.42 0.431
4 1.03 0.54 1.59 0.55 1.83 1.44 0.92 0.55 0.99 0.42 0.423
5 1.07 0.58 1.90 0.66 2.25 1.77 0.92 0.54 0.98 0.42 0.412
20x40 3 1.43 0.44 2.79 0.46 1.72 1.35 1.27 0.52 1.31 0.42 0.259
4 1.47 0.48 3.59 0.60 2.24 1.76 1.26 0.52 1.30 0.42 0.252
30x45 3 1.43 0.70 4.48 1.60 2.18 1.71 1.43 0.86 1.54 0.64 0.441
4 1.48 0.74 5.78 2.05 2.85 2.24 1.42 0.85 1.52 0.64 0.436
5 1.52 0.78 6.99 2.47 3.51 2.75 1.41 0.84 1.51 0.64 0.430
30x60 5 2.15 0.68 15.60 2.60 4.30 3.37 1.90 0.78 1.96 0.63 0.256
7 2.24 0.76 20.70 3.41 5.88 4.62 1.88 0.76 1.93 0.62 0.248
40x60 5 1.96 0.97 17.20 6.11 4.80 3.77 1.89 1.13 2.03 0.86 0.437
6 2.00 1.01 20.10 7.12 5.68 4.46 1.88 1.12 2.02 0.85 0.433
7 2.04 1.05 23.00 8.07 6.56 5.15 1.87 1.11 2.00 0.85 0.429
40x80 4 2.76 0.80 31.10 5.32 4.68 3.67 2.57 1.07 2.65 0.85 0.265
6 2.85 0.88 44.90 7.59 6.89 5.41 2.55 1.05 2.63 0.84 0.259
8 2.94 0.95 57.60 9.68 8.97 7.04 2.53 1.04 2.60 0.84 0.253
50x100 6 3.49 1.04 89.70 15.30 8.77 6.88 3.20 1.32 3.30 1.06 0.263
8 3.59 1.13 116.00 19.50 11.42 8.96 3.18 1.31 3.28 1.05 0.258
10 3.67 1.20 141.00 23.40 14.09 11.06 3.16 1.29 3.25 1.04 0.252
60x90 6 2.89 1.41 71.70 25.80 8.71 6.84 2.87 1.72 3.09 1.30 0.442
8 2.97 1.49 92.50 33.00 11.40 8.95 2.85 1.70 3.06 1.29 0.437
10 3.05 1.56 112.00 39.60 14.06 11.03 2.82 1.68 3.02 1.28 0.431
65x100 7 3.23 1.51 113.00 37.60 11.18 8.77 3.17 1.84 3.39 1.39 0.419
9 3.32 1.59 141.00 46.70 14.15 11.11 3.15 1.82 3.36 1.39 0.415
11 3.40 1.67 167.00 55.10 17.03 13.36 3.13 1.80 3.34 1.38 0.410

Lampiran : Tabel Profil dan Kapasitas Penampang (Tabel-tabel ini hanya digunakan untuk latihan saja. Tidak untuk perencanaan sesungguhnya) 110 .

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