Modal auxiliary, merupakan kata bantu yang berhubungan dengan perasaan dan pengandaian.

Dapat digunakan untuk semua subyek, baik tunggal maupun jamak. Tanpa mengalami perubahan bentuk. Macam-macam modal auxiliary : A Will be going to akan B Can be able to bisa, sanggup C May have permission to boleh, meminta izin D Might possibility mungkin, kemungkinan E Should ought to sebaiknya, seharusnya F Must have to harus, musti, pasti. ( Bisa digunakan untuk kal present dan future. ) G Could be able to bolehkah

Will Will digunakan untuk menyatakan : kegiatan yang akan terjadi Contoh : I will go to Semarang tomorrow kemauan Contoh : I will help you kebenaran abadi Contoh : Stone will sink in the water permintaan secara halus Contoh : Will you come in please ? janji atau tekad yang akan dilakukan Contoh : I will ask her if I see her Bentuk umum penggunaan will

noun. adv) Contoh : We can be clever. They can finish the work on time. May the join the meeting ?. Subject + can + be + complement ary (adj. 2.Subject + will + verb + object + complement Will + subject + verb + object + complement ? Contoh: He will be here at 6:00 (future only) Will you please pass the salt ? Can Can dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan : kesanggupan atau kemahiran seseorang Contoh : he can lift the big box menyatakan izin Contoh : you can go home now menyatakan kemungkinan Bentuk umum dari can adalah : 1. You can be sick. May May digunakan untuk menyatakan : permintaan dan izin suatu kemungkinan penolakan izin untu melakukan sesuatu jika digunakan dalam kaimat negatif Contoh : the students may not smoke in te class mendoakan kondisi sesorang atau sesuatu 1. May + subject + verb + object + complement Contoh: May i see the picture now ?. They can be present. You can see me tomorrow. Subject + can + verb + object Contoh : We can speak english. May we visit you tommorow ?. .

Subject + May + verb + object (memberi ijin) Contoh: You may leave the room. The lady should take medicine and rest.2. Should Should digunakan untuk menyatakan : perintah yang tidak terlaksana Contoh : you should have recieved my letter anjuran atau nasehat Contoh : we should take a rest kemungkinan yang tidak terjadi Contoh : we should obey our parents Bentuk umum dari penggunaan should : Subject + Should + verb + complement Contoh: She should do well on the test. Must Must digunakan untuk menyatakan : suatu keharusan Contoh : I must do my homework kemungkinan yang kuat . She might be a worker t here. Might Might digunakan untuk : kalimat tidak langsung kemungkinan yang lebih lemah dari may Contoh : she might come last night izin yang lebih halus dari may Contoh : might I know your name ? Bentuk umum penggunaan might : Subject + Might + verb + complement Contoh: Linda goes to that bulding every morning. Burhan is not at home. He might go to a bookstore. Boby wants to buy a book. They may join the meeting. He might go to his office.

Mr. Jenny can play piano well. Will has many companies. He might go to his office. Could Could digunakan untuk menyatakan : kemampuan dimasa lampau Contoh : he could play volleyball when he was young permintaan izin yang lebih formal Contoh : could you helpme for a mom ment ? kemungkinan yang ada namun belum diputuskan Contoh : you could meet him in his home or his office Bentuk umum dari could : Subject + Could + verb Kata kerja could dapat diganti dengan mengunakan kata to be + able to untuk menyatakan usaha keras untuk memperoleh sesuatu. Boby wants to buy a book. She must practice a lot. digunakan apabila digunakan dalam kalimat negatif Contoh : she musn't do that Subject + Must + verb + object + complement Example: Rio is from Indonesian. He must be rich. He might go to a bookstore. She must speak indonesian well. Burhan is not at home. Contoh : I am able to pay him .sutu larangan. Might Might digunakan untuk : kalimat tidak langsung kemungkinan yang lebih lemah dari may Contoh : she might come last night izin yang lebih halus dari may Contoh : might I know your name ? Bentuk umum penggunaan might : Subject + Might + verb + complement Contoh: Linda goes to that bulding every morning. She might be a worker there.

might.Modal Auxiliaries (VERBA BANTU MODAL) Sumber : www. must. 3. She. have to. He. have got to} + go there II.belajar-gratis. You. had batter. They. Pola : S + Auxiliaries + V(I) Contoh : { I. could. She. They. could contoh : o It may rain tomorrow o It might rain tomorrow o It could be rainning tomorrow o Maybe tomorrow is rainning o Tomorrow maybe rainning . He. Fungsi : Mengekpresikan kemungkinan o o o o Auxiliaries : may. maybe. Pola : S + Auxiliaries + to + V(I) Contoh : { I. FUNGSI FUNGSI MODAL AUXILIARIES 1. would } + go there 2. + should.com I. might. Fungsi : Mengekpresikan kemampuan Auxiliaries : can. BENTUK-BENTUK MODAL AUXILIARIES 1. We. could Contoh : o I can go there o I Could not go there Keterangan : Can digunakan untuk present atau future Could adalah bentuk past can Can not disingkat can't Could not disingkat couldn't . It} { can. shall. 2. It} + { ought to. You. We. will.

will. 3. dan can untuk bertanya secara sopan Tingkat kesopanan : could > may > can .Keterangan : May. could Contoh : o May I go there ? o Could I go there ? o Can I go there ? Keterangan : May. 4. 5. Fungsi : Meminta ijin o o Auxiliaries : may. could. can Contoh : o Would you go there ? o Could you go there ? o Will you go there ? o Can you go there ? Keterangan : . could be} = auxiliaries + be . Fungsi : Meminta bantuan o o Auxiliaries : would. Fungsi : Mengekspresikan ijin o o o o Auxiliaries : may. can Contoh : o He may have it now o He can have it now Keterangan : Bentuk positif untuk memberi ijin Bentuk negatif (may not / can not) menandakan tidak memberi ijin . might dan colud digunakan untuk present atau future Kedua contoh memiliki makna yang sama Maybe merupakan adverb dengan sinonim perhaps {may be. could.

ought to. will. Fungsi : Meyimpulkan o o Auxiliaries : Must Contoh : o His house is empty. could.Would. 7. 8. Fungsi : Mengekpresikan keharusan o o Auxiliaries : should. ought to. dan can untuk bertanya secara sopan Tingkat kesopanan : would > could > will > can . Fungsi : Memberi nasehat o o Auxiliaries : should. had better Contoh : o You should go o You ought to go o You had better go Keterangan : Ketiganya memiliki arti dan tingkat kesopanan yang sama You had better = you'd better . had better Contoh : o You should go o You ought to go o You had better go Keterangan : Ketiganya memiliki arti dan tingkat kesopanan yang sama You had better = you'd better . He must go to school Keterangan : o Kesimpulan biasanya di dahului oleh fakta / prediksi suatu kondis . 6.

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