Modal auxiliary, merupakan kata bantu yang berhubungan dengan perasaan dan pengandaian.

Dapat digunakan untuk semua subyek, baik tunggal maupun jamak. Tanpa mengalami perubahan bentuk. Macam-macam modal auxiliary : A Will be going to akan B Can be able to bisa, sanggup C May have permission to boleh, meminta izin D Might possibility mungkin, kemungkinan E Should ought to sebaiknya, seharusnya F Must have to harus, musti, pasti. ( Bisa digunakan untuk kal present dan future. ) G Could be able to bolehkah

Will Will digunakan untuk menyatakan : kegiatan yang akan terjadi Contoh : I will go to Semarang tomorrow kemauan Contoh : I will help you kebenaran abadi Contoh : Stone will sink in the water permintaan secara halus Contoh : Will you come in please ? janji atau tekad yang akan dilakukan Contoh : I will ask her if I see her Bentuk umum penggunaan will

2. May May digunakan untuk menyatakan : permintaan dan izin suatu kemungkinan penolakan izin untu melakukan sesuatu jika digunakan dalam kaimat negatif Contoh : the students may not smoke in te class mendoakan kondisi sesorang atau sesuatu 1. You can be sick. May we visit you tommorow ?. They can finish the work on time.Subject + will + verb + object + complement Will + subject + verb + object + complement ? Contoh: He will be here at 6:00 (future only) Will you please pass the salt ? Can Can dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan : kesanggupan atau kemahiran seseorang Contoh : he can lift the big box menyatakan izin Contoh : you can go home now menyatakan kemungkinan Bentuk umum dari can adalah : 1. Subject + can + be + complement ary (adj. noun. May + subject + verb + object + complement Contoh: May i see the picture now ?. May the join the meeting ?. They can be present. You can see me tomorrow. adv) Contoh : We can be clever. . Subject + can + verb + object Contoh : We can speak english.

Subject + May + verb + object (memberi ijin) Contoh: You may leave the room.2. He might go to a bookstore. Might Might digunakan untuk : kalimat tidak langsung kemungkinan yang lebih lemah dari may Contoh : she might come last night izin yang lebih halus dari may Contoh : might I know your name ? Bentuk umum penggunaan might : Subject + Might + verb + complement Contoh: Linda goes to that bulding every morning. They may join the meeting. Should Should digunakan untuk menyatakan : perintah yang tidak terlaksana Contoh : you should have recieved my letter anjuran atau nasehat Contoh : we should take a rest kemungkinan yang tidak terjadi Contoh : we should obey our parents Bentuk umum dari penggunaan should : Subject + Should + verb + complement Contoh: She should do well on the test. Boby wants to buy a book. Burhan is not at home. She might be a worker t here. Must Must digunakan untuk menyatakan : suatu keharusan Contoh : I must do my homework kemungkinan yang kuat . The lady should take medicine and rest. He might go to his office.

She must speak indonesian well. Could Could digunakan untuk menyatakan : kemampuan dimasa lampau Contoh : he could play volleyball when he was young permintaan izin yang lebih formal Contoh : could you helpme for a mom ment ? kemungkinan yang ada namun belum diputuskan Contoh : you could meet him in his home or his office Bentuk umum dari could : Subject + Could + verb Kata kerja could dapat diganti dengan mengunakan kata to be + able to untuk menyatakan usaha keras untuk memperoleh sesuatu. Contoh : I am able to pay him . Mr. Burhan is not at home. She must practice a lot.sutu larangan. He must be rich. Jenny can play piano well. Might Might digunakan untuk : kalimat tidak langsung kemungkinan yang lebih lemah dari may Contoh : she might come last night izin yang lebih halus dari may Contoh : might I know your name ? Bentuk umum penggunaan might : Subject + Might + verb + complement Contoh: Linda goes to that bulding every morning. Boby wants to buy a book. He might go to his office. She might be a worker there. Will has many companies. digunakan apabila digunakan dalam kalimat negatif Contoh : she musn't do that Subject + Must + verb + object + complement Example: Rio is from Indonesian. He might go to a bookstore.

shall. He. would } + go there 2. might. must. had batter. might. BENTUK-BENTUK MODAL AUXILIARIES 1. She. It} { can. could. It} + { ought to. Fungsi : Mengekpresikan kemampuan Auxiliaries : can. You. Pola : S + Auxiliaries + to + V(I) Contoh : { I. He. You. + should.com I. She. have got to} + go there II. FUNGSI FUNGSI MODAL AUXILIARIES 1. have to. They. They. could contoh : o It may rain tomorrow o It might rain tomorrow o It could be rainning tomorrow o Maybe tomorrow is rainning o Tomorrow maybe rainning . could Contoh : o I can go there o I Could not go there Keterangan : Can digunakan untuk present atau future Could adalah bentuk past can Can not disingkat can't Could not disingkat couldn't .belajar-gratis. will. We. We. 2. Fungsi : Mengekpresikan kemungkinan o o o o Auxiliaries : may. Pola : S + Auxiliaries + V(I) Contoh : { I.Modal Auxiliaries (VERBA BANTU MODAL) Sumber : www. 3. maybe.

could Contoh : o May I go there ? o Could I go there ? o Can I go there ? Keterangan : May. Fungsi : Meminta bantuan o o Auxiliaries : would. 5. could. Fungsi : Mengekspresikan ijin o o o o Auxiliaries : may. can Contoh : o Would you go there ? o Could you go there ? o Will you go there ? o Can you go there ? Keterangan : . can Contoh : o He may have it now o He can have it now Keterangan : Bentuk positif untuk memberi ijin Bentuk negatif (may not / can not) menandakan tidak memberi ijin . might dan colud digunakan untuk present atau future Kedua contoh memiliki makna yang sama Maybe merupakan adverb dengan sinonim perhaps {may be. dan can untuk bertanya secara sopan Tingkat kesopanan : could > may > can . could. will. 3. Fungsi : Meminta ijin o o Auxiliaries : may. could be} = auxiliaries + be .Keterangan : May. 4.

6. ought to. 7. will. Fungsi : Meyimpulkan o o Auxiliaries : Must Contoh : o His house is empty. had better Contoh : o You should go o You ought to go o You had better go Keterangan : Ketiganya memiliki arti dan tingkat kesopanan yang sama You had better = you'd better . dan can untuk bertanya secara sopan Tingkat kesopanan : would > could > will > can . ought to. 8. could. had better Contoh : o You should go o You ought to go o You had better go Keterangan : Ketiganya memiliki arti dan tingkat kesopanan yang sama You had better = you'd better . Fungsi : Memberi nasehat o o Auxiliaries : should. Fungsi : Mengekpresikan keharusan o o Auxiliaries : should.Would. He must go to school Keterangan : o Kesimpulan biasanya di dahului oleh fakta / prediksi suatu kondis .

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