Modal auxiliary, merupakan kata bantu yang berhubungan dengan perasaan dan pengandaian.

Dapat digunakan untuk semua subyek, baik tunggal maupun jamak. Tanpa mengalami perubahan bentuk. Macam-macam modal auxiliary : A Will be going to akan B Can be able to bisa, sanggup C May have permission to boleh, meminta izin D Might possibility mungkin, kemungkinan E Should ought to sebaiknya, seharusnya F Must have to harus, musti, pasti. ( Bisa digunakan untuk kal present dan future. ) G Could be able to bolehkah

Will Will digunakan untuk menyatakan : kegiatan yang akan terjadi Contoh : I will go to Semarang tomorrow kemauan Contoh : I will help you kebenaran abadi Contoh : Stone will sink in the water permintaan secara halus Contoh : Will you come in please ? janji atau tekad yang akan dilakukan Contoh : I will ask her if I see her Bentuk umum penggunaan will

May + subject + verb + object + complement Contoh: May i see the picture now ?. Subject + can + verb + object Contoh : We can speak english. Subject + can + be + complement ary (adj. adv) Contoh : We can be clever. They can finish the work on time. They can be present. 2.Subject + will + verb + object + complement Will + subject + verb + object + complement ? Contoh: He will be here at 6:00 (future only) Will you please pass the salt ? Can Can dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan : kesanggupan atau kemahiran seseorang Contoh : he can lift the big box menyatakan izin Contoh : you can go home now menyatakan kemungkinan Bentuk umum dari can adalah : 1. . noun. May we visit you tommorow ?. You can see me tomorrow. May the join the meeting ?. May May digunakan untuk menyatakan : permintaan dan izin suatu kemungkinan penolakan izin untu melakukan sesuatu jika digunakan dalam kaimat negatif Contoh : the students may not smoke in te class mendoakan kondisi sesorang atau sesuatu 1. You can be sick.

Might Might digunakan untuk : kalimat tidak langsung kemungkinan yang lebih lemah dari may Contoh : she might come last night izin yang lebih halus dari may Contoh : might I know your name ? Bentuk umum penggunaan might : Subject + Might + verb + complement Contoh: Linda goes to that bulding every morning. Should Should digunakan untuk menyatakan : perintah yang tidak terlaksana Contoh : you should have recieved my letter anjuran atau nasehat Contoh : we should take a rest kemungkinan yang tidak terjadi Contoh : we should obey our parents Bentuk umum dari penggunaan should : Subject + Should + verb + complement Contoh: She should do well on the test. She might be a worker t here. He might go to his office.2. Subject + May + verb + object (memberi ijin) Contoh: You may leave the room. Must Must digunakan untuk menyatakan : suatu keharusan Contoh : I must do my homework kemungkinan yang kuat . The lady should take medicine and rest. Boby wants to buy a book. He might go to a bookstore. Burhan is not at home. They may join the meeting.

Boby wants to buy a book. She must speak indonesian well. He must be rich. Jenny can play piano well.sutu larangan. digunakan apabila digunakan dalam kalimat negatif Contoh : she musn't do that Subject + Must + verb + object + complement Example: Rio is from Indonesian. She must practice a lot. Might Might digunakan untuk : kalimat tidak langsung kemungkinan yang lebih lemah dari may Contoh : she might come last night izin yang lebih halus dari may Contoh : might I know your name ? Bentuk umum penggunaan might : Subject + Might + verb + complement Contoh: Linda goes to that bulding every morning. Contoh : I am able to pay him . Burhan is not at home. She might be a worker there. Mr. He might go to his office. Could Could digunakan untuk menyatakan : kemampuan dimasa lampau Contoh : he could play volleyball when he was young permintaan izin yang lebih formal Contoh : could you helpme for a mom ment ? kemungkinan yang ada namun belum diputuskan Contoh : you could meet him in his home or his office Bentuk umum dari could : Subject + Could + verb Kata kerja could dapat diganti dengan mengunakan kata to be + able to untuk menyatakan usaha keras untuk memperoleh sesuatu. He might go to a bookstore. Will has many companies.

will. It} + { ought to. They. could Contoh : o I can go there o I Could not go there Keterangan : Can digunakan untuk present atau future Could adalah bentuk past can Can not disingkat can't Could not disingkat couldn't . BENTUK-BENTUK MODAL AUXILIARIES 1. would } + go there 2. have to. He. We.belajar-gratis. must. could. might. 2. It} { can.com I. Pola : S + Auxiliaries + to + V(I) Contoh : { I. We.Modal Auxiliaries (VERBA BANTU MODAL) Sumber : www. Pola : S + Auxiliaries + V(I) Contoh : { I. He. She. You. might. You. shall. 3. They. Fungsi : Mengekpresikan kemampuan Auxiliaries : can. FUNGSI FUNGSI MODAL AUXILIARIES 1. have got to} + go there II. + should. maybe. had batter. Fungsi : Mengekpresikan kemungkinan o o o o Auxiliaries : may. She. could contoh : o It may rain tomorrow o It might rain tomorrow o It could be rainning tomorrow o Maybe tomorrow is rainning o Tomorrow maybe rainning .

Fungsi : Mengekspresikan ijin o o o o Auxiliaries : may. could. could. can Contoh : o Would you go there ? o Could you go there ? o Will you go there ? o Can you go there ? Keterangan : . could be} = auxiliaries + be . Fungsi : Meminta bantuan o o Auxiliaries : would. will. 5. Fungsi : Meminta ijin o o Auxiliaries : may.Keterangan : May. dan can untuk bertanya secara sopan Tingkat kesopanan : could > may > can . can Contoh : o He may have it now o He can have it now Keterangan : Bentuk positif untuk memberi ijin Bentuk negatif (may not / can not) menandakan tidak memberi ijin . might dan colud digunakan untuk present atau future Kedua contoh memiliki makna yang sama Maybe merupakan adverb dengan sinonim perhaps {may be. 4. 3. could Contoh : o May I go there ? o Could I go there ? o Can I go there ? Keterangan : May.

had better Contoh : o You should go o You ought to go o You had better go Keterangan : Ketiganya memiliki arti dan tingkat kesopanan yang sama You had better = you'd better .Would. He must go to school Keterangan : o Kesimpulan biasanya di dahului oleh fakta / prediksi suatu kondis . 6. 8. had better Contoh : o You should go o You ought to go o You had better go Keterangan : Ketiganya memiliki arti dan tingkat kesopanan yang sama You had better = you'd better . dan can untuk bertanya secara sopan Tingkat kesopanan : would > could > will > can . could. will. Fungsi : Meyimpulkan o o Auxiliaries : Must Contoh : o His house is empty. Fungsi : Memberi nasehat o o Auxiliaries : should. ought to. ought to. 7. Fungsi : Mengekpresikan keharusan o o Auxiliaries : should.

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