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Makalah tugas Akhir

Makalah tugas Akhir

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Published by: Resha Rdp on Dec 15, 2011
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Assalamualaikum Wr Wb

Puji dan Syukur kehadirat Allah SWT, karena dengan rahmat dan karuni-

Nyalah saya dapat menyelesaikan Makalah Akhir Instlalasi LAN.

Tujuan dibuatnya makalah ini tidak lain hanyalah untuk memenuhi Tugas

Akhir Pelajaran Produktif yaitu Instalasi LAN. Di samping itu tujuannya untuk

memenuhi tugas juga makalah ini sebagai kumpulan materi dari semester 1 .

Akhir kata saya ucapkan banyak terima kasih kepada semua pihak yang

telah membantu saya dalam membuat laporan ini. Semoga makalah ini

bermanfaat bagi yang membacanya.

Wassalamualaikum Wr Wb

Cimahi, 13 Desember 2011

Penyusun

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3

Daftar Isi

Kata Pengantar ........................................................................................................................................ 2

Daftar Isi ................................................................................................................................................. 3

Bab 1 Pendahuluan ................................................................................................................................. 5

1.1 Latar Belakang ................................................................................................................................. 5

1.2 Tujuan Pembuatan Makalah ............................................................................................................ 6

1.3 Manfaat Penulisan ............................................................................................................................ 6

1.4 Sistematika Pembahasan................................................................................................................... 6

Bab 2 Isi

2.1 Komunikasi Data, Jaringan Komputer

2.1.1 Pengertian Komunikasi................................................................................... 8

2.1.2 Cara Kerja Komunikasi Data .......................................................................... 9

2.1.3 Komponen Komunikasi Data .......................................................................... 10

2.1.4 Mode Transmisi .............................................................................................. 11

2.1.5 Perbedaan Komunikasi Data dan Komunikasi Audio ..................................... 13

2.1.6 Jaringan Komputer ......................................................................................... 13

2.1.7 Jenis Komputer Pada Jaringan ....................................................................... 16

2.1.8 Standar Organizations .................................................................................... 17

2.1.9 DTE, DCE, CPE, dan CO ............................................................................... 17

2.1.10 Aturan 5-4-3 ................................................................................................... 18

2.2 Model referensi OSI dan TCP/IP ........................................................................................ 19

2.2.1 Cara Kerja Model Referensi Osi ..................................................................... 23

2.3 Ethernet............................................................................................................................... 24

2.4 Topologi Jaringan Komputer............................................................................................... 28

2.5 Perangkat Jaringan Komputer ............................................................................................ 34

2.6 Jenis Jenis Media Transmisi Jaringan ............................................................................. 41

2.6.1 Open Wire ....................................................................................................... 41

2.6.2 Twisted Pair .................................................................................................... 42

2.6.3 Coaxial Cable.................................................................................................. 45

2.6.4 Fiber Optic ...................................................................................................... 47

2.6.5 Perbanding Guided Media .............................................................................. 50

2.6.6 Sejarah Wireless LAN ..................................................................................... 51

2.6.7 Standarisasi Wireless LAN .............................................................................. 51

4

2.6.8 Spread Spectrum ............................................................................................. 52

2.7 Kelemahan Media Transmisi Jaringan ............................................................................... 55

2.7.1 Attenuation ..................................................................................................... 56

2.7.2 Delay Distortion .............................................................................................. 56

2.7.3 Noise ............................................................................................................... 57

2.8 Beberpa Istilah Dalam Pemasangan Kabel ......................................................................... 59

Bab 3 Penutup

3.1 Kesimpulan ............................................................................................................ 62

3.2 Kritik dan Saran .....................................................................................................62

Daftar Pustaka ........................................................................................................................................ 63

5

Bab 1

Pendahuluan

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