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Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences

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Published by Auliya Azmie

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Published by: Auliya Azmie on Jan 28, 2012
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Materi: Conditional Sentences

MATERI: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES Conditional Sentences yaitu kalimat pengandaian yang terdiri dari 3 tipe. Untuk tingkat SMP, yang harus dikuasai yaitu tipe 1. Type 1 : Future-Probable Condition (Kondisi yang mungkin terjadi di masa mendatang) Pola : If + Subj + V1 (s/es), Subj + will + V1

(Klausa-if: simple present,

klausa akibat: present future)

Contoh : If I have much money, I will buy a new car. Klausa – if Klausa akibat (Seandainya/jika saya punya banyak uang, saya akan membeli sebuah mobil baru). If she comes on time, I will be very happy. If it rains, I will not come. If it doesn’t rain, I will come. My father will give me a present if I win the competition. He will study abroad if he has money. He will not study abroad if he does not have money. CATATAN: 1. Perhatikan penambahan s/es untuk Verb 1 jika Subject he, she, it (pada klausa – if ). 2. Perhatikan penambahan be jika bukan kata kerja setelah ‘will’ (pada klausa akibat)

CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( ‘CONDITIONAL SENTENCES’) 1. If I win the election, I ______ the salaries of the workers and hire more women in the government offices. (UN 2006/P1) A. increase B. increased C. will increase D. have increased PEMBAHASAN: Kalimat Pengandaian. Klausa –if menggunakan tenses ”present”: Verb 1 (win), maka pada Klausa Akibat menggunakan tenses ”present future”: will + V1 (will increse). JAWAB: C 2. Susi : Will you come to my party next week? Dony : Maybe, but I am not sure. Susi : Please, Dony. Dony : Ok. I will come if ______. (UN 2006/P4-Susulan) A. I am busy B. I have time C. you are not there D. it rains PEMBAHASAN: Menanyakan Klausa-if. Dari segi struktur Kalimat, semua pilihan sudah menggunakan tenses ”simple present”. Analisa berikutnya, dari segi makna. Pilihan yang kemungkinan besar membuat Doni bisa datang adalah ”jika saya punya waktu”(if I have time). JAWAB: B

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