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PEMBANGKIT TENAGA LISTRIK

PEMBANGKIT TENAGA LISTRIK

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Published by Dasrinal Tessal

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Published by: Dasrinal Tessal on Jan 30, 2012
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11/17/2013

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Turbine Output dihitung berdasarkan rumus

9,8X

Rated Discharge
Capacity

Rated Head
(m)

Efficiency
Turbine yang

X

X

,

p y

(m3

/sec)

( )

y g
diharapkan

X

X

Dimana :
9,8 = Gaya Gravitasi (m/sec2

)

Turbine Efficiency yang diharapkan berkisar 80 % - 92 %

29

Lanjutan 3.10.

Hubungan antara jumlah Pole Generator dan Rotasi Mesin Turbine adalah :

N = R . f
P

Dimana :
N = Putaran Mesin (RPM)
F Frequency

P

F = Frequency
P = Jumlah Pole

Dimana :
Pt

= Out Put Turbine

Tenaga Generator :

1

ng = Efficiency Generator
cos φ = Rated Power Factor

Pg = Pt.ng 1

cos φ

30

Lanjutan 3.10.

Kecepatan Turbine dapat digunakan rumus :
Kecepatan Turbine dapat digunakan rumus :

N = NS.Hd 5/4
Pt

Dimana :
NS = Spesific Speed (m-kw)
NS Spesific Speed (m kw)
Hd = Design Head (m)
Pt = Turbine Output (kw)

NS ≤ 20.000

Hd + 20 + 30

S

+ 50


Francis Turbine

Propeler Turbine

NS ≤

Hd + 20 + 50

NS ≤

Hd + 20 + 12 - 23


Propeler Turbine

Pelton

31

Hd + 20

Lanjutan 3.10.

Rated Voltage pada umumnya adalah :

Generator Output (Kva)

Rated Voltage (kw)

< 5000

6,6 atau 3,3

4.000 – 25.000

6,6

15.000 – 80.000

11

35.000 – 150.000

13,2 atau 13,8

> 150 000

18 - 21

> 150.000

18 21

32

Lanjutan 3.10.

33

Lanjutan 3.10.

34

Lanjutan 3.10.

35

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