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Ujian 2 Physics f4 2011

Ujian 2 Physics f4 2011

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Published by: Che Zaitun on Apr 23, 2012
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PHYSICS

4531

Section A 1. A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the stretching force, F, acting on a spring and the extension of the spring, x. The results of the experiment is shown in the graph of F against x as shown in Diagram 1.
Seorang murid menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara daya regangan, F yang bertindak ke atas sebuah spring dan pemanjangan spring, x. Keputusan eksperimen ditunjukkan pada graf F melawan x Seperti dalam Rajah 1.

(a)

Based on the graph in Diagram 1, determine the value of F when x = 1.5 cm. Show on the graph, how do you determined the value of F.
Berdasarkan graf pada Rajah 1, tentukan nilai F apabila x = 1.5 cm Tunjukkan pada graf bagaimana anda menentukan nilai F.

[2 marks ]

(b)

Hooke’s Law states that the extension of a spring is directly proportional to the stretching force acting on it provided the elastic limit of the spring is not exceeded. Based on the statement above, determine the range of the stretching force where the spring obeys Hooke’s Law. Show on the graph how do you determined the range of the stretching force.
Hukum Hooke menyatakan bahawa pemanjangan spring berkadar langsung kepada daya regangan yang bertindak ke atasnya dengan syarat had kekenyalan spring tidak dilampaui. Berdasarkan pernyataan di atas, tentukan julat daya regangan di mana spring mematuhi Hukum Hooke. Tunjukkan pada graf bagaimana anda menentukan julat daya regangan

[2 marks ]

1

0 2.0 3.5 3.5 2 .5 2.5 3.5 1.0 0.PHYSICS 4531 Graph of F against x F/N 4.0 x / cm 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 1.0 0.5 0 3.

Tentukan panjang asal spring? [ 3 marks ] (d) What will happen to the spring after a forcé stretching of 3. where k is the spring constant.0 cm when the stretching force is 1. kecerunan graf mewakili pemalar spring (i) Determine the spring constant. [ 1 mark ] Section B 3 .5 N.0 cm apabila daya regangan ialah 1. Based on the formula. Berdasarkan formula. dalam julat dimana spring mematuhi Hukum Hooke.5 N.PHYSICS 4531 (c) The stretching force. F is given by the formula F = kx . k. [3 marks ] (ii) The length of spring is 20. Tentukan pemalar spring. Determine the initial length of the spring? Panjang spring adalah 20. Daya regangan. k in range where spring obeying Hooke’s Law.. dimana k adalah pemalar spring. the gradient of the graph represents spring constant.5 N yang bertindak ke atasnya dikeluarkan? ……………………………………………………………………………………………. F diberi formula F = kx.5 N acting on it is removed? Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada spring selepas daya regangan 3.

[ketumpatan air = 1 x 103 kg m-3 .6 x 103 kg m-3 .5 N 8. [1 mark] (d) Give a reason for your answer in (c)? Berikan satu sebab pada jawapan anda di (c)? …………………………………………………………………………………………….. .6 N ……………………………………………………………………………………………. Nyatakan perubahan kepada turus merkuru h. 4 . Tekanan atmosfera = 1 x 105 Pa] water (a) Calculate the pressure at Y due to water in N m-2.. h. Figure shows an U-tube filled with mercury and water [Density of water = 1 x 103 kg m-3 .. h? [3 marks] (c) State the change to the mercury column . Ketumpatan merkuri = 13. if water is replaced by alcohol .6 x 103 kg m-3 . Figure 1 Figure 2 [1mark] 3. density of mercury = 13. jika air diganti dengan alkohol? 10. h ? Berapakah ketinggian merkuri.PHYSICS 4531 2. Atmospheric pressure = 1 x 105 Pa] Rajah menunjukkan tiub U diisi dengan merkuri dan air.. Hitung tekanan Y disebabkan oleh air dalam N m-2 [3 marks] (b) What is the height of the mercury column .

Rajah 2 menunjukkan blok logam P ditenggelamkan sepenuhnya di dalam air dan air yang tersesar dikumpulkan dalam bikar Q [ Density of water / ketumpatan air = 1000 kg m-3] (a) What are the three forces acting on block P in Figure 2 ? Nyatakan tiga daya yang bertindak ke atas blok P dalam Rajah 2? …………………………………………………………………………………………………….PHYSICS 4531 Figure 1 shows a metal block P is hung to a spring balance in air. [1 mark] (c) Name the principle involved in part (b) when block P is immersed in water? Namakan prinsip yang terlibat dalam bahagian (b) apabila blok P tenggelam dalam air? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (d) What is the buoyant force acting on block P ? Berapakah daya apungan yang bertindak ke atas blok P? [2 marks] (e) Calculate the volume of water collected by beaker Q? Hitung isipadu air yang dikumpulkan dalam bikar Q? 5 .. Figure 2 shows the metal block P being immersed totally in water and the water displaced is collected by a beaker Q. [3 marks] (b) State the relationship of the three forces acting on block P in Figure 2? Nyatakan hubungan antara tiga daya yang bertindak ke atas blok P dalam Rajah 2? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. Rajah 1 menunjukkan blok logam P digantung pada neraca spring di udara.

PHYSICS 4531 [3 marks] (f) Calculate the mass of the water displaced? Hitung jisim air yang tersesar? [2 marks] (g) Determine the density of block P? Tentukan ketumpatan blok P? [2 marks] (h) (i) What will happen to the reading of the spring balance in figure 2 if the water is replaced with oil? Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada bacaan neraca spring dalam Rajah 2 apabila air digantikan dengan minyak? …………………………………………………………………………………………. [2 marks] …. Berikan satu sebab untuk jawapan anda dalam bahagian (h)(i)? …………………………………………………………………………………………. 6 ..END OF QUESTION PAPER…. (ii) Give one reason for your answer in part (h)(i).

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