SMK TAMAN SELAYANG, JALAN SUNGAI TUA, 68100 BATU CAVES, SELANGOR PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2011 SAINS

TINGKATAN 2 KERTAS 1 1 JAM ARAHAN : Kertas ini mengandungi 40 soalan. Jawab semua soalan.

1. The Diagram 1 above shows a measuring cylinder containing salt solution. Rajah 1 di atas menunjukkan silinder penyukat yng mengandungi larutan garam.

30 ml

20 ml

Diagram 1/ Rajah 1 What is the volume of the salt solution? Berapakah isipadu larutan garam tersebut? A 32 ml C 29 ml B 28 ml D 27.5 ml 2. Diagram 2 shows a plant cell. Rajah 2 menunjukkan sel tumbuhan. A B C D

Diagram 2 / Rajah 2 Which of the structures labelled A, B, C or D maintains the shape of the cell? Antara struktur yang bertanda A, B, C dan D yang manakah mengekalkan bentuk sel? 1

3. Which of the following is a unicellular animal? Antara berikut. yang manakah menunjukkan urutan yang betul bagi organisasi sel dalam tubuh badan manusia? A Cell → tissue → organ → system → organism Sel → tisu → organ → sistem → organisma B Tissue → cell → organ → system → organism Tisu → sel → organ → sistem → organisma C Cell → tissue → system → organ → organism Sel → tisu → sistem → organ → organisma D Tissue → cell → system → organ → organism Tisu → sel → sistem → organ → organism 2 . yang manakah adalah haiwan unisel? A C B D 4. Which is the correct sequence of cell organisation in our human body? Antara berikut.

Diagram 4 / Rajah 4 What is gas X? / Apakah gas X? A Argon C Nitrogen B Helium D Oxygen 3 . Diagram 4 shows a balloon filled with gas X.5. Diagram 3 shown one type of tissues in human body. Diagram 3 / Rajah 3 What is the type of tissue as shown in Diagram 3? Apakah jenis tisu seperti yang ditunjukkan pada Rajah 3? A muscle tissue / tisu otot B epithelial tissue / tisu epitilium C connective tissue / tisu penghubung D nerve tissue / tisu saraf 6. Rajah 3 menunjukkan sejenis tisu di dalam badan manusia. Ice cube floats on the surface of water because it Kiub ais terapung di atas permukaan air kerana A is denser than water / lebih tumpat daripada air B does not dissolve in water / tidak larut di dalam air C is less dense than water / kurang tumpat daripada air D does not react with water / tidak bertindak balas dengan air 7. Rajah 4 menunjukkan sebuah belon yang di isi gas X.

Diagram 5 / Rajah 5 A student tastes honey with his tongue. L. Antara kawasan berlabel K. M and N which will be stimulated? Seorang pelajar merasa madu dengan menggunakan lidahnya. padanan manakah yang betul? Sense / Deria Hearing / Mendengar Taste / Rasa Smell / Bau Touch / Sentuhan Sensory organ / Organ deria Tongue / Lidah Skin / Kulit Eye / Mata Skin / Kulit A B C D 9. L. Diagram 5 shows the areas of the tongue which are sensitive towards a certain taste. Which part of the eye detects light stimulus? Bahagian mata yang manakah mengesan tindak balas cahaya? A Iris B Retina C Cornea D Pupil 4 . Which of the following senses is correctly matched with its sensory organ? Antara deria dan organ deria berikut. Rajah 5 menunjukkan kawasan lidah yang sensitif terhadap sesuatu rasa.8. Among the areas labelled K. M dan N yang manakah akan dirangsangkan? A K B L C D M N 10.

11. yang manakah menunjukkan laluan cahaya memasuki mata dengan betul? A. and III 13. Cornea  Pupil Aqueous Humour  Lens Vitreous Humour Retina Kornea  pupil  gelemair  lens gelemaca  retina D. yang manakah mengesan bahan kimia? I Smell / Bau II Taste / Rasa III Touch / Sentuhan A I only C II and III only B I and II only D I. Cornea Pupil Vitreous Humour  Aqueous Humour Lens Retina Kornea  pupil  gelemaca  gelemair  lens  retina 5 . P Diagram 6 / Rajah 6 What is the function of the part labelled P? Apakah fungsi bagi bahagian berlabel P? A To filter the air / Menapis udara B To produce mucus / Menghasilkan mukus C To send impulses to the brain / Menghantar impuls ke otak D To detect and identify smells / mengesan dan mengenal pasti bau 12. Diagram 6 shows a cross-section of the human nose. Of the following senses. Which of the following shows the correct pathway of light entering the eye? Antara berikut. Cornea  Vitreous Humour  Pupil  Lens Aqueous Humour  Retina Kornea  gelemaca  pupil  lens  gelemair retina C. Cornea Aqueous Humour Pupil  Vitreous humour Retina Kornea  gelemair  pupil  gelemaca  retina B. Rajah 6 menunjukkan keratan rentas hidung manusia. which can detect chemicals? Antara deria berikut. II.

Among the following statements. Bekalan tenaga / Serkup kaca Loceng / Tukul / Ke pam vakum Diagram 7 / Rajah 7 Electric current is switched on and the air inside the bell jar is removed with a vacuum pump.14. Refraction of light takes place when Pembiasan cahaya berlaku apabila A Light rays travel in opposite directions Sinar cahaya bergerak dalam arah bertentangan B Light rays are blocked by an object Sinar cahaya di haling oleh sesuatu objek C Light rays fall on highly polished metal surface Sinar cahaya jatuh pada permukaan besi yang berkilat D Light rays travel from one medium to another of different densities Sinar cahaya merambat dari satu medium ke medium yang berlainan ketumpatan 6 . yang manakah benar? A The electric bell stops working Loceng elektrik berhenti B The hammer strikes the bell slower Tukul yang memukul loceng menjadi perlahan C The sound weakens as more air is removed Bunyi semakin perlahan apabila semakin banyak udara dikeluarkan D The hammer stops striking when all the air is removed from the bell jar Tukul berhenti memukul loceng apabila semua udara dikeluarkan dari serkup kaca 15. which is true? Suis elektrik dihidupkan dan udara di dalam serkup kaca dikeluarkan menggunakan pam vakum. Antara pernyataan berikut. Rajah 7 menunjukkan loceng elektrik yang diletakkan dalam serkup kaca. Diagram 7 shows an electric bell that is placed inside a bell jar.

yang manakah membekalkan tenaga kepada badan? A. Fibre / Serat B. Mineral / Mineral D. Apabila sampel makanan yang mengandungi kanji ditambah larutan iodin. Carbohydrates / Karbohidrat 7 . Which of the following is not a part of the eye? Antara berikut. yang manakah bukan bahagian mata? A Choroid / Koroid B Cornea / Kornea C Cochlea / Koklea D Central fovea / Bintik kuning 17.16. A A purple colour appears / Warna ungu kelihatan B A blue-black colour appears / Warna biru tua kelihatan C A dark red precipitate is formed / Mendakan merah bata terbentuk D An orange-red precipitate is formed / Mendakan merah jingga terbentuk 19. Rajah 8 menunjukan tindak balas tumbuhan terhadap suatu ransangan Diagram 8 / Rajah 8 What response by the plant? Apakah tindak balas yang ditunjukkan oleh tumbuhan ? A Seismonastic response / Tindak balas seismonasti B Phototropism response / Tindak balas fototropisme C Thigmotropism response / Tindak balas tigmotropisme D Hydrotropism response / Tindak balas hidrotropisme 18. Diagram 8 shows the response of plant from certain stimulus. Vitamins / Vitamin C. Which of the following classes of food supply energy to the body? Antara kelas makanan berikut. When a sample of food containing starch is added with iodine solution.

apakah yang dapat diperhatikan pada larutan tersebut? I Dark red precipitate is formed when it is heated with Millon’s reagent Mendakan merah tua terbentuk apabila dipanaskan dengan bahan uji Millon II Orange-red precipitate is formed when it is heated with Benedict's solution Mendakan merah jingga terbentuk apabila dipanaskan larutan Benedict III A dark blue colour is formed when it is tested with iodine solution Warna biru tua terbentuk apabila diuji dengan larutan iodin A B C D II only I and II only II and III only I. hidrogen. Diagram 9 shows a solution of saliva and starch that is kept at a fixed temperature of 37C. Diagram 9 menunjukkan larutan kanji dan saliva disimpan pada suhu yang tetap iaitu 37C.oksigen dan nitrogen. What is probably the food? Makanan ini mengandungi karbohidrat. Antara yang berikut. There is a class of food that consists of carbon. hydrogen. oxygen and nitrogen. A type of food contains of carbohydrate.20. Apakah makanan tersebut? A Egg / Telur C Rice / Nasi B Fish / Ikan D Milk / Susu 21. yang manakah fungsi bagi kelas makanan seperti yang diterangkan di atas? A To supply energy / Untuk membekalkan tenaga B To replace damaged cells / Untuk menggantikan tisu rosak C To protect the body against diseases / Untuk melindungi tubuh badan daripada penyakit D To dissolve certain vitamins in the body / Untuk melarutkan sesetengah vitamin di dalam badan 22. II and III 8 . / Kanji + air liur Diagram 9 / Rajah 9 After a few minutes. what can be observed in the solution? Selepas beberapa minit. which is the function of the class of food mentioned to human beings? Kelas makanan ini mengandungi karbon. Among the following.

T S S Diagram 10 / Rajah 10 Which of the parts does the absorption of food occurs? Bahagian manakah berlakunya proses penyerapan makanan berlaku? A P B Q C R D S 25. Part label R are called Bahagian berlabel R dikenali sebagai A Pancreas / Pankreas B Oesophagus / Esofagus C Bile duct / Duktus hempedu D Gall bladder / Pundi hempedu 9 .23. Which part of digestive system provides an acidic environment for digestive enzymes to function properly? Bahagian manakah dalam sistem pencernaan membekalkan medium berasid bagi enzim pencernaan berfungsi dengan baik? A Mouth / Mulut B Stomach / Perut C Oesophagus / Esofagus D Small intestine / Usus kecil Questions 24 and 25 are based on the Diagram 10 Soalan 24 dan 25 berdasarkan rajah 10 24. The Diagram 10 shows the human alimentary canal Rajah 10 menunjukkan salur pencernaan manusia.

Ali had two pieces of bread with margarine and a glass of milk for his breakfast. A box below shows the characteristics of certain class of animals.26. What is probably solution X? Seorang pelajar ingin menguji sama ada dia menghidap diabetis. He heats up some sample of his urine in solution X. Dia memanaskan sampel air kencing dengan larutan X. Apakah larutan X tersebut? A Iodine solution / larutan iodin B Millon's reagent / bahan uji Millon C Liquid alcohol / cecair alkohol D Benedict's solution / larutan Benedict 28. Choose the correct match of animal with its respiratory organ. Kotak di bawah menunjukkan cirri-ciri bagi suatu kelas haiwan. Pilih padanan yang betul bagi haiwan dan organ pernafasannya Animal Respiratory organ Haiwan Organ pernafasan A Crocodile Gills Buaya Insang B Lizard Skin Cicak Kulit C Whale Lungs Ikan paus Peparu D Snake Gills Ular Insang 29.    Cold blood / Berdarah sejuk Moist skin / Berkulit lembab External fertilization / Persenyawaan luar Which animal belongs to the class of animals having the above characteristics? Haiwan manakah yang mempunyai ciri-ciri seperti di atas? A Frog / Katak B Lizard / Cicak C Snake / Ular D Lion / Singa 10 . Sarapan pagi. Ali's breakfast lacks Ali mempunyai 2 keping roti bersama margerin dan segelas susu untuk sarapan paginya. Ali kekurangan A fat / Lemak B protein / Protein C fibre / Pelawas D carbohydrate / Karbohidrat 27. A student wants to test whether he is having diabetes.

Invertebrate Invertebrata With legs Berkaki Without legs Tidak Berkaki X Y Diagram 12 / Rajah 12 Which of the following animals can be classified correctly into groups X and Y? Antara haiwan berikut. Rajah 11 menunjukkan salah satu daripada tumbuhan tidak berbunga. yang manakah boleh dikelaskan dalam kumpulan X dan Y? X Lobster Udang karang Jellyfish Obor-obor Spider Labah-labah Caterpillar Beluncas Y Starfish Tapak Sulaiman Crab Ketam Beetle Kumbang Bee Lebah 11 A B C D . Rajah 12 menunjukkan pengelasan bagi invetebrata. Diagram 11 / Rajah 11 The plants in the Diagram 13 belong to the class of Tumbuhan pada Rajah 13 berada dalam kumpulan A algae / alga C dicotyledons / dikotiledon B ferns / lumut D fungi / kulat 31. Diagram 11 shown one of non-flowering plant.30. The Diagram 12 shows the classification of invertebrate.

Kotak di bawah menunjukkan jenis-jenis tumbuhan. Pilih padanan yang tepat bagi organisma dan habitatnya. II. The population in the same habitat is Populasi di habitat yang sama adalah A a group of organism of the same species Sekumpulan organisma yang sama spesis B a group of organisms of different species Sekumpulan organisma yang berbeza spesis C a group of animals of the same species Sekumpulan haiwan yang sama spesis D all the organisms and the non living things Semua organisma dan benda bukan hidup 12 .32. Choose the correct match of organisms with their habitats. A box below shows type of plants. II.    Fern / Lumut Moss / Paku pakis Seaweed / Rumpai laut What are their common characteristics? Apakah ciri sepunya tumbuhan tersebut? I Have chlorophyll / mempunyai klorofil II Make own food / membuat makanan sendiri III Do not produce flower / tidak menghasilkan bunga A B C D I only I and II only II and III only I. and III 33. Organism Earthworm / Cacing tanah Camel / Unta Toad / Puru Habitats Damp soil / tanah lembab Desert / padang pasir Sea / laut I II III A I and II only B I and III only C D II and III only I. and III 34.

yang manakah kelemahan kawalan biologi? A It pollutes the environment / Mencemarkan alam sekitar B It increases the population of the predator / Meningkatkan populasi pemangsa C It does not kill other animals except the pest / Tidak membunuh organism lain selain haiwan perosak D It destroys the pest in a natural way / Menghapuskan haiwan perosak secara semula jadi 13 .     Paddy plants / pokok padi Birds / burung Larvae / jentik-jentik Small fish / ikan kecil    Grass / rumput Grasshoppers / belalang Snails / siput babi Where would you find the organisms given above? Di manakah haiwan-haiwan di atas boleh ditemui? I II III IV A B In a vegetable garden / kebun sayur In a rainforest / hutan By the side of a hill / kaki bukit In a paddy field / kawasan tanaman padi I only C IV only D I. III and IV only 36. II and IV only I. Kotak di bawah menunjukkan sekumpulan organisma. Rajah 13 menunjukan jenis interaksi Diagram 13 / Rajah 13 Which type of interaction ? Antara berikut. Which of the following shows a disadvantage of biological control? Antara berikut. The box below shows a group of organisms. manakah mempunyai jenis interaksi? A Algae and fungi / alga dan kulat B Remora fish and sharks / ikan remora dan jerung C Tapworm in human intestines / cacing pita dalam usus manusia D sea anemone and hermit crab / buran dan umang-umang 37. Diagram 13 shown a type of interaction.35.

The Diagram 17 represents a food web in a pond Rajah 17 menunjukkan sebuat siratan makanan di kolam air.38. Rajah 14 menunjukkan jenis interaksi. Diagram 14 / Rajah 14 What type of interaction as shown in Diagram 14? Apakah jenis interaksi seperti yang ditunjukkan pada Rajah 14? A Commensalism B Mutualism C Symbiosis D Parasitism 39. Diagram 14 shown a type of interaction. Algae alga Water lice Kutu air Water snail Siput air Tadpole Berudu Fish Ikan Water beetle Kumbang air Diagram 15 / Rajah 15 How many food chains are there in the food web? Berapa banyakkah rantai makanan yang berada dalam siratan makanan tersebut? A 3 C 5 B 4 D 6 14 .

40. Carbon dioxide + water chlorophyll glucose + oxygen P The equation above represents a process that takes place in plants. What is P? Persamaan di atas menunjukkan proses yang berlaku pada tumbuhan. Apakah P? A Chemical energy / tenaga kimia B Sunlight / cahaya matahari C Stored energy / tenaga simpanan D Green plant / tumbuhan hijau Prepared by : _________________ (En Mohd Naim Hassan) Approved by : _________________ (Pn Rasidah bt Abdullah Sani) Checked by : __________________ (Pn Zainab bt Mohd Jan) 15 .