Turunan / Differential

Definisi:

( )
h
x f h x f
x f
h
) ( ) (
lim '
0
÷ +
=
÷
, jika limitnya ada

Bentuk
h
x f h x f
h
) ( ) (
lim
0
÷ +
÷
dikenal sebagi turunan fungsi y = f(x), yang dinotasikan dengan
dx
dy
, y’ ,
dx
df
, atau f’(x).
Dengan demikian secara geometri, turunan fungsi merupakan gradien dari garis singgung kurva fungsi tersebut.
Karena turunan dedifinisikan dengan menggunakan limit sedangkan limit fungsi bisa tidak ada, maka fungsi mungkin
tidak mempunyai turunan di beberapa titik tertentu.

1. ( ) k x f = , dengan k dalah konstanta real,
( ) 0 0 lim
0
lim lim
) ( ) (
lim '
0 0 0 0
= = =
÷
=
÷ +
= ¬
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ h h h h
h h
k k
h
x f h x f
x f
( ) k x f = ¬ ( ) 0 ' = x f

2. ( )
n
x x f =
( )
] ... [ lim
] ... [
lim
...
lim
) (
lim
) ( ) (
lim '
1 2
2
) 1 ( 1
0
1 2
2
) 1 ( 1
0
2 2
2
) 1 ( 1
0 0 0
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
÷
÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷
+ + + =
+ + +
=
÷ + + + +
=
÷ +
=
÷ +
= ¬
n n n n n
h
n n n n n
h
n n n n n n n
h
n n
h h
h h x nx
h
h h x nx h
h
x h h x h nx x
h
x h x
h
x f h x f
x f

( ) ( )
1
'
÷
= ¬ =
n n
nx x f x x f

3. ( ) ( ) ( ) x v x u x f ± =
( )
{ } ( ) ( ) { } ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
h
x v h x v
h
x u h x u
h
x v h x v
h
x u h x u
h
x v x u h x v h x u
h
x v x u h x v h x u
h
x f h x f
x f
h h h
h h h
÷ +
+ ±
÷ +
=
(
¸
(

¸
÷ +
±
÷ +
=
÷ + ± +
=
± ÷ + ± +
=
÷ +
= ¬
÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷
) (
lim
) (
lim
) ( ) (
lim
) ( ) (
lim
) ( ) (
lim
) ( ) (
lim '
0 0 0
0 0 0


( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) x v x u x f x v x u x f ' ' ' ± = ¬ ± =

4. ( ) ( ) ( ) x v x u x f . =
( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
) ( lim .
) (
lim ) ( lim .
) (
lim
.
) (
) ( .
) (
lim
) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
lim
) ( ) (
lim
) ( ) (
lim '
0 0 0 0
0
0
0 0
x u
h
x v h x v
h x v
h
x u h x u
x u
h
x v h x v
h x v
h
x u h x u
h
x v x u h x v x u h x v x u h x v h x u
h
x v x u h x v h x u
h
x f h x f
x f
h h h h
h
h
h h
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
÷
÷
÷ ÷
÷ +
+ +
÷ +
=
(
¸
(

¸
÷ +
+ +
÷ +
=
÷ + + + ÷ + +
=
÷ + +
=
÷ +
= ¬

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) x u x v x v x u x f x v x u x f . ' . ' ' . + = ¬ =

5. ( )
( )
( ) x v
x u
x f =
( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) x v h x hv
x u h x v x v x u x v x u x v h x u
x v h x hv
x u h x v x v h x u
h
x v
x u
h x v
h x u
h
x f h x f
x f
h
h h h
) (
) ( ) (
lim
) (
) ( ) (
lim
) (
) (
lim
) ( ) (
lim '
0
0 0 0
+
+ ÷ + ÷ +
=
+
+ ÷ +
=
÷
+
+
=
÷ +
= ¬
÷
÷ ÷ ÷

( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) { }
( )
( )
( ) { }
2 2
0
. ' . '
) (
.
) (
) (
.
) (
lim
x v
x u
x v
x v
x v
x u
x v h x v
x u
h
x v h x v
x v h x v
x v
h
x u h x u
h
÷ =
(
¸
(

¸

+
÷ +
÷
+
÷ +
=
÷

( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) { }
2
' '
'
x v
x u x v x v x u
x f
x v
x u
x f
÷
= ¬ =

6. ( ) x x f sin =
( )

2
1
. 1 . cos 2
2
1
.
2
2
sin
lim
2
2
cos lim 2
2
sin
2
2
cos 2
lim
sin ) sin(
lim
) ( ) (
lim '
0 0 0 0 0
x
h
h
h x
h
h h x
h
x h x
h
x f h x f
x f
h h h h h
=
+
=
+
=
÷ +
=
÷ +
= ¬
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷

( ) ( ) x x f x x f cos ' sin = ¬ =

7. ( ) x x f cos =
( )
2
1
. 1 . sin 2
2
1
.
2
2
sin
lim
2
2
sin lim 2
2
sin
2
2
sin 2
lim
cos ) cos(
lim
) ( ) (
lim '
0 0 0 0 0
x
h
h
h x
h
h h x
h
x h x
h
x f h x f
x f
h h h h h
÷ =
+
÷ =
+
÷
=
÷ +
=
÷ +
= ¬
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷

( ) ( ) x x f x x f sin ' cos ÷ = ¬ =


Latihan Soal 1

Tentuka turunan dari fungsi-fungsi berikut:
1. () (

)(

)
2. () (

)
















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